Composition As a Human Science

This groundbreaking collection of essays is one of the first works to reflect directly and systematically on the conceptual and ethical basis for composition studies as a new discipline of written language.

Author: Louise Wetherbee Phelps

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195361822

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines


View: 537


This groundbreaking collection of essays is one of the first works to reflect directly and systematically on the conceptual and ethical basis for composition studies as a new discipline of written language. Phelps articulates a philosophy of composition generous enough to accommodate all the strands of current work without being overly eclectic--an open framework subject to modification and addition as the field develops. She draws on wide reading in the humanities and social sciences--including cognitive science, linguistics, literary theory, education, philosophy, hermeneutics, rhetoric, and psychology--to define the contribution and place of composition studies within the larger intellectual and cultural community. The book will therefore interest theorists and scholars in a wide variety of fields.

Rhetorica in Motion

I'm drawn to the positioning of composition as a human science as a starting ... links between empirical re- search in our field and other human sciences.

Author: Eileen E Schell

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 9780822973676

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 172

View: 326


Rhetorica in Motion is the first collected work to investigate feminist rhetorical research methods in both contemporary and historical contexts. The contributors analyze the decision-making processes and methodologies employed in deciphering the origins, meanings, theories, workings, and manifestations of feminist rhetoric. The volume examines familiar themes, such as archival, literary, and online research, but also looks to other areas of rhetoric, such as disability studies; gerontology/aging studies; Latina/o, queer, and transgender studies; performance studies; and transnational feminisms in both the United States and larger geopolitical spaces. Rhetorica in Motion incorporates previous views of feminist research, outlines a set of principles that guides current methods, and develops models for undertaking future inquiry, including working as individuals or balancing the dynamics of group research. The text explores how feminist research embodies what has come before and reflects what researchers, institutions, and instructors bring to it and what it brings to them. Underlying the discovery of this volume is the understanding that feminist rhetoric is in constant motion in a dynamic that resists definition.

Contemporary Composition Studies

Composition as a Human Science (1988) incorporates these essays in a still broader attempt to provide a theoretical frame for composition.

Author: Edith H. Babin

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313300879

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 330

View: 660


Composition studies is a rapidly growing and constantly changing field. At present, however, graduate students and writing teachers have little choice of current reference works that define key terms in the field and provide information about the scholars and researchers who have shaped and are shaping the discipline. This volume provides alphabetically arranged entries for 108 scholars and 128 terms and concepts central to composition studies. The entries for individuals chronicle the history of their contributions to the field, while the entries for terms record term development over time. The book includes generous bibliographical information and an appendix of scholars from other disciplines who have contributed to composition studies.

The Practice of Theory

human sciences , " and to define the structure of a field that takes on the ... Composition as a Human Science was read and reviewed immediately after its ...

Author: Michael F. Bernard-Donals

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521595061

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 251

View: 560


Examines the practical use of theory as a pedagogical aid and argues for a broader conception of rhetoric in the human sciences.

Human Evolutionary Biology

Journal of Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science, 23, 25–30. Fomon, S. J., Haschke, F., Ziegler, E. E., et al. (1982). Body composition of ...

Author: Michael P. Muehlenbein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139789004

Category: Social Science


View: 739


Wide-ranging and inclusive, this text provides an invaluable review of an expansive selection of topics in human evolution, variation and adaptability for professionals and students in biological anthropology, evolutionary biology, medical sciences and psychology. The chapters are organized around four broad themes, with sections devoted to phenotypic and genetic variation within and between human populations, reproductive physiology and behavior, growth and development, and human health from evolutionary and ecological perspectives. An introductory section provides readers with the historical, theoretical and methodological foundations needed to understand the more complex ideas presented later. Two hundred discussion questions provide starting points for class debate and assignments to test student understanding.

Human Body Composition

This book is the compilation of papers presented at the International Symposium on In Vivo Body Composition Studies, held in Houston, Texas, November 10-12, 1992.

Author: Kenneth J. Ellis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489912688

Category: Science

Page: 402

View: 893


This book is the compilation of papers presented at the International Symposium on In Vivo Body Composition Studies, held in Houston, Texas, November 10-12, 1992. The purpose of this conference was to report on the state-of-the-art techniques for in vivo body composition measurements and to present the most recent human data on normal body composition and changes during disease. This conference was the third in a series of meetings on body composition studies held in North America, and follows the successful meetings at Brookhaven National Laboratory in 1986, and the one in Toronto in 1989. A large number of excellent research papers were offered for consideration at this Conference which demonstrates the rapid growth of the field in the last three years. However, we had to limit the presentations to approximately 90 papers which provided a broad spectrum of the applications and recent interest in the subject. The proceedings of the Brookhaven meeting "In Vivo Body Composition Studies", is published by The Institute of Physical Sciences in Medicine, London. The proceedings of the Toronto meeting "In Vivo Body Composition Studies" was published by Plenum Press in its basic life science series. Both these meetings placed more emphasis on technical aspects while the current Houston meeting tried to emphasize more the emerging clinical applications of these techniques. The general sessions used at the Conference for presentations forms the basis of the order of appearance of the papers in this book.

The Longman Guide to Writing Center Theory and Practice

When composition is looked upon as an art form , in the sense of a creation of a
set of symbols , composition as a “ human science " becomes tenuous , if not
erroneous , for even Phelps admits that " sciences differ ( from the humanities ...

Author: Robert W. Barnett

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: 0205574173

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 576

View: 454


The Longman Guide to Writing Center Theory and Practice offers, in unparalleled breadth and depth, the major scholarship on writing centers. This up-to-date resource for students, instructors, and scholars anthologizes essays on all major areas of interest to writing center theorists and practitioners. Seven sections provide a comprehensive view of writing centers: history, progress, theorizing the writing center, defining the writing center's place, writing-across-the curriculum, the practice of tutoring, cultural issues, and technology.

Human Body Composition

Forbes G.B. (1962) Methods for determining composition of the human body. Pediatrics, 29:477–494. ... Science, 1.11:177–179. Forbes G. B. and Drenick E.J. ...

Author: Gilbert B. Forbes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461246541

Category: Medical

Page: 350

View: 298


Man has always been curious about himself, a curiosity that began centuries ago with an examination of the soul, and that extended in the period of the Renaissance to his anatomy and certain functions such as the circulation of the blood. Chemical science entered the scene in the 18th century, and burst into prominence in the 19th century. As the various chemical elements were discovered, many were found to be present in body fluids and tissues. Organic compounds were recognized; it became known that body heat was produced by the combustion of food; chemical transformations such as the production of fat from carbohydrate were recognized; and in the 1850s it was determined that young animals differed from adults in certain aspects of body composition. As methods for chemical analysis evolved, they were applied to samples of body fluids and tissues, and it became apparent that life depended on chemical normality; and most importantly it was realized that given the necessary amount of food and water the body had the ability to maintain a degree of constancy of what Claude Bernard called the milieu interieur, in other words its interior chemical en vironment.

Theorizing Composition

Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences: Essays on Language, Action, ... Phelps, Louise W. Composition as a Human Science: Contributions to the Self- ...

Author: Mary Lynch Kennedy

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313299277

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 405

View: 302


The last 25 years have witnessed extraordinary growth in the field variously known as composition studies or as rhetoric and composition. What was noticeable about the field in its infancy was a preoccupation with practice, a lack of emphasis on theory, and an exclusive reliance on writing as a process. As its disciplinary status has grown, composition studies has expanded its focus, reconceptualized the writing process, and embraced a wide range of contemporary critical perspectives. This reference book is a guide to the numerous theories that now form the foundation for composition studies.

Composition Theory for the Postmodern Classroom

Composition as a Human Science: Contributions to the Self- Understanding of a Discipline. New York: Oxford UP, 1988. Pirsig, Robert.

Author: Gary A. Olson

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791423050

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 360

View: 429


Composition Theory for the Postmodern Classroom is a collection of the most outstanding articles published in the Journal of Advanced Composition over the last decade. Together these essays represent the breadth and strength of composition scholarship that has fruitfully engaged with critical theory in its many manifestations. In drawing on the critical discourses of philosophers, feminists, literary theorists, African Americanists, cultural theorists, and others, these compositionists have enriched discourse in the field, broadened intellectual conceptions of the multiple roles and functions of discourse, and opened up an infinite number of questions and new possibilities for composition theory and pedagogy.

Human Science

Social scientists , however , have pointed out that the new economic pattern , so
far as it affects women , has emerged in ... their way of life , especially concerning
family composition , interpersonal relationships , economic role and status , etc.



ISBN: UCAL:B4617212

Category: Anthropology


View: 373


Composition in the Twenty first Century

Col. lege Composition and Communication 46 ( 1995 ) : in press . Phelps , Louise Wetherbee . Composition as a Human Science . New York : Oxford UP , 1988 .

Author: Lynn Z. Bloom

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809321289

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 306

View: 811


The essays in this book, stemming from a national conference of the same name, focus on the single subject required of nearly all college students-- composition. Despite its pervasiveness and its significance, composition has an unstable status within the curriculum. Writing programs and writing faculty are besieged by academic, political, and financial concerns that have not been well understood or addressed. At many institutions, composition functions paradoxically as both the gateway to academic success and as the gatekeeper, reducing access to academic work and opportunity for those with limited facility in English. Although writing programs are expected to provide services that range from instruction in correct grammar to assisting-- or resisting-- political correctness, expanding programs and shrinking faculty get caught in the crossfire. The bottom line becomes the firing line as forces outside the classroom determine funding and seek to define what composition should do. In search of that definition, the contributors ask and answer a series of specific and salient questions: What implications-- intellectual, political, and institutional-- will forces outside the classroom have on the quality and delivery of composition in the twenty-first century? How will faculty and administrators identify and address these issues? What policies and practices ought we propose for the century to come? This book features sixteen position papers by distinguished scholars and researchers in composition and rhetoric; most of the papers are followed by invited responses by other notable compositionists. In all, twenty-five contributors approach composition from a wide variety of contemporary perspectives: rhetorical, historical, social, cultural, political, intellectual, economic, structural, administrative, and developmental. They propose solutions applicable to pedagogy, research, graduate training of composition teachers, academic administration, and public and social policy. In a very real sense, then, this is the only book to offer a map to the future of composition.

History Reflection and Narrative

Composition as a human science : Contributions to the self - understanding of a discipline . New York : Oxford University Press . Ricoeur , P. ( 1979 ) .

Author: Mary Rosner

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 1567503977

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 874


Offers an important contribution to our ongoing understanding of how composition came to be the profession it is, how the present builds on the past and how the present may challenge the future.

The Uncertain Sciences

This is what Marx was groping toward: a recognition that human aspirations enter into the composition of any human science.

Author: Bruce Mazlish

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351302388

Category: History

Page: 348

View: 196


This sweeping inquiry into the present condition of the human sciences addresses the central questions: What sort of knowledge do the human sciences claim to be offering? To what extent can that knowledge be called scientific? and What do we mean by "scientific" in such a context? In this wide-ranging book, one of the most esteemed cultural historians of our time turns his attention to major questions about human experience and various attempts to understand it "scientifically." Mazlish considers the achievements, failings, and possibilities of the human sciences--a domain that he broadly defines to include the social sciences, literature, psychology, and hermeneutic studies. In a rich and original synthesis built upon the work of earlier philosophers and historians, Mazlish constructs a new view of the nature and meaning of the human sciences. Starting with the remote human past and moving through the Age of Discovery to the present day, Mazlish discusses the sort of knowledge the human sciences claim to offer. He looks closely at the positivistic aspirations of the human sciences, which are modeled after the natural sciences, and at their interpretive tendencies. In an analysis of scientific method and scientific community, he explores the roles they can or should assume in the human sciences. His approach is genuinely interdisciplinary, drawing upon an array of topics, from civil society to globalization to the interactions of humans and machines.

Invention in Rhetoric and Composition

Journal of Advanced Composition 11 (1991): 37-55. Phelps, Louise. Composition as a Human Science: Interpretive, Critical, and Rhetorical Perspectives.

Author: Janice M. Lauer

Publisher: Parlor Press LLC

ISBN: 193255906X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 257

View: 712


Invention in Rhetoric and Composition examines issues that have surrounded historical and contemporary theories and pedagogies of rhetorical invention, citing a wide array of positions on these issues in both primary rhetorical texts and secondary interpretations. It presents theoretical disagreements over the nature, purpose, and epistemology of invention and pedagogical debates over such issues as the relative importance of art, talent, imitation, and practice in teaching discourse. After a discussion of treatments of invention from the Sophists to the nineteenth century, Invention in Rhetoric and Composition introduces a range of early twentieth-century multidisciplinary theories and calls for invention's awakening in the field of English studies. It then showcases inventional theories and pedagogies that have emerged in the field of Rhetoric and Composition over the last four decades, including the ensuing research, critiques, and implementations of this inventional work. As a reference guide, the text offers a glossary of terms, an annotated bibliography of selected texts, and an extensive bibliography. Janice M. Lauer is Professor of English, Emerita at Purdue University, where she was the Reece McGee Distinguished Professor of English. In 1998, she received the College Composition and Communication Conference's Exemplar Award. Her publications include Four Worlds of Writing: Inquiry and Action in Context, Composition Research: Empirical Designs, and New Perspectives on Rhetorical Invention, as well as essays on rhetorical invention, disciplinarity, writing as inquiry, composition pedagogy, historical rhetoric, and empirical research.


In other words, in many ways, when it comes to ecocomposition, I've changed my mind. 4. ... of Knowledge in Composition” and Composition as a Human Science, ...

Author: Sidney I Dobrin

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 9780809387885

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 812


Leading a burgeoning self-critical moment in composition studies and writing program administration, Postcomposition is a fundamental reconsideration of the field that attempts to shift the focus away from pedagogy and writing subjects and toward writing itself. In this forceful and reasoned critique of many of the primary tenets and widely accepted institutional structures of composition studies, Sidney I. Dobrin delivers a series of shocks to the system meant to disrupt the pedagogical imperative and move beyond the existing limits of the discipline. Dobrin evaluates the current state of composition studies, underscoring the difference between composition and writing and arguing that the field's focus on the administration of writing students and its historically imposed prohibition on theory greatly limit what can be understood about writing. Instead he envisions a more significant approach to writing, one that questions the field's conservative allegiance to subject and administration and reconsiders writing as spatial and ecological. Using concepts from ecocomposition, spatial theory, network theory, complexity theory, and systems theory, Postcomposition lays the groundwork for a networked theory of writing, and advocates the abandonment of administration as a useful part of the field. He also challenges the usefulness of rhetoric in writing studies, showing how writing exceeds rhetoric. Postcomposition is a detailed consideration of how posthumanism affects the field's understanding of subjectivity. It also tears at the seams of the "contingent labor problem." As he articulates his own frustrations with the conservatism of composition studies and builds on previous critiques of the discipline, Dobrin stages a courageous-and inevitably polemical-intellectual challenge to the entrenched ideas and assumptions that have defined composition studies.

Toward Sustainable Literacies

She reasons that because “ science , in the form of general laws , cannot tell us
precisely how to make practical - moral ... This is not merely a theory for
composition or even the humanities , but for the expanse of human knowledge -
making .

Author: David Michael Grant


ISBN: WISC:89097475016


Page: 246

View: 444