Creating the Intellectual

This book deepens our understanding of the tortured relationship between the Party and these individuals, one that would have catastrophic consequences during the Cultural Revolution.”—Andrew Walder, Professor of Sociology, Stanford ...

Author: Eddy U

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 9780520303690

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 818


A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, University of California Press’s Open Access publishing program. Visit to learn more. Creating the Intellectual redefines how we understand relations between intellectuals and the Chinese socialist revolution of the last century. Under the Chinese Communist Party, “the intellectual” was first and foremost a widening classification of individuals based on Marxist thought. The party turned revolutionaries and otherwise ordinary people into subjects identified as usable but untrustworthy intellectuals, an identification that profoundly affected patterns of domination, interaction, and rupture within the revolutionary enterprise. Drawing on a wide range of data, Eddy U takes the reader on a journey that examines political discourses, revolutionary strategies, rural activities, urban registrations, workplace arrangements, organized protests, and theater productions. He lays out in colorful detail the formation of new identities, forms of organization, and associations in Chinese society. The outcome is a compelling picture of the mutual constitution of the intellectual and the Chinese socialist revolution, the legacy of which still affects ways of seeing, thinking, acting, and feeling in what is now a globalized China.

Reports and Documents

Johnson , Chalmers A. Freedom of thought and expression in China : Communist policies toward the intellectual class . Kowloon , Hong Kong , The Union Research Institute , 1959 . ( Communist China Problem Research Series . ) JC599.

Author: United States. Congress


ISBN: MINN:31951D02196800O



View: 360


Education in the People s Republic of China Past and Present

About China's intellectuals from mid-nineteenth century to 1949, such as liberal pragmatist Hu Shih. ... Johnson, Chalmers A. FREEDOM OF THOUGHT AND EXPRESSION IN CHINA: COMMUNIST POLICIES TOWARD THE INTELLECTUAL CLASS.

Author: Franklin Parker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351378871

Category: Social Science

Page: 893

View: 283


The 3,053 entries in this work, first published in 1986, comprise the compliers' attempt at a comprehensive annotated bibliography of the most useful locatable books, monographs, pamphlets, regularly and occasionally issued serials, scholarly papers, and selected newspaper accounts dealing in a significant way with formal and informal, public and private education in the People's Republic of China before and since 1949.

Routledge Library Editions Education in Asia

Johnson , Chalmers A. FREEDOM OF THOUGHT AND EXPRESSION IN CHINA : COMMUNIST POLICIES TOWARD THE INTELLECTUAL CLASS . Hong Kong : Union Research Institute , 1959 . Description of the ad - hoc ideological campaigns launched , , 1949-59 .

Author: Various

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351378765

Category: Social Science

Page: 4471

View: 144


This set of reissued books examines education in Asia from a variety of different angles. From the westernisation of early twentieth century Chinese education, to the impact of the Communist revolution, to education and society in Korea, to Asian women’s experiences of education – this set collects some key texts by a range of original thinkers.

The Communist Manifesto in the Revolutionary Politics of 1848

This book examines why, on the eve of the pamphlet’s 175th anniversary, the Communist Manifesto left so faint an imprint on Europe’s most revolutionary year of 1848, when it has had such a huge impact on posterity.

Author: David Ireland

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030994648

Category: History

Page: 283

View: 762


This book examines why, on the eve of the pamphlet’s 175th anniversary, the Communist Manifesto left so faint an imprint on Europe’s most revolutionary year of 1848, when it has had such a huge impact on posterity. The Manifesto that year misread bourgeois intentions, put too much faith in the industrial proletariat, too little in peasants, too much emphasis on the German states, and none on England. Marx and Engels preferred in 1848–9 to focus on the middle-class Neue Rheinische Zeitung, declining to galvanise working-class groups whose leadership they had actively sought. They neglected to return swiftly to the German states in their crucial 1848 ‘March days’. The Manifesto’s programme barely overlapped with contemporary campaigners or comparative pamphleteers, or the replacement Demands of the Communist Party in Germany. The book considers the consequences of Marx opting to write the Manifesto alone in January 1848. It also questions the source and significance of the pamphlet’s most memorialised phrase, ‘the spectre of Communism’, whether it was written for the ‘working men of all countries’ addressed in its finale, and whether Marx and Engels regarded the Manifesto as highly in 1848, as they undoubtedly did in later life.

Chinese Education Since 1949

(7) Chalmers A. Johnson, Communist Policies Toward the Intellectual Class (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1973), p. 124. (8) Morris R. Wills, in interview, published in Look magazine, February 22, 1966. (9) For example: Ssu-hsiang Kai-tsao ...

Author: Theodore Hsi-en Chen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483188904

Category: Education

Page: 260

View: 827


Chinese Education Since 1949: Academic and Revolutionary Models covers the developments in the education in China. This book is composed of 11 chapters that discuss the contrasting models of education: Academic Model and Revolutionary Model. It addresses the effectiveness of combining these models. This book begins with the description of a political education; ideological remolding; development of a new school system; assessment of worker-peasant education; types of literacy campaigns; review of the Language Reform after 1949; description of Spare-time Education; and analysis of Sovietized Education. Other chapters consider the study of Friendship Association, the Hundred Flowers campaign, and the response of the so-called intellectuals. A chapter is devoted to the educational revolution and transitional period. The last chapter focuses on the revolutionary model of education. The book can provide useful information to historians, sociologists, students, and researchers.

Liu Shaoqi and the Chinese Cultural Revolution

Townsend has noted acorresponding transition fromamore nearly symmetrical massline relationship to amanipulative, ... Freedom ofThought and Expression in China: Communist Policies Toward the Intellectual Class (Hong Kong, ...

Author: Lowell Dittmer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317466000

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 290


By addressing the issues that decimated China's monolithic elite in the late 1960s, this text illuminates not only the life and fate of Liu Shaoqi, but also the policy-making process of a revolutionary state facing the diverting exigencies of economic modernization and political development.

The Cambridge History of China

The Sino - Soviet alliance and the extensive Soviet presence in China further encouraged analysts to stress the Sovietlike ... and Chalmers Johnson , Communist policies toward the intellectual class . which they were based did not yield ...

Author: John King Fairbank

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052124336X

Category: China

Page: 748

View: 182