Cocoa and Chocolate 1765 1914

Cocoa and Chocolate,1765-1914 focuses on the period from the Seven Years War, to the First World War, when a surge of economic liberalism and globalisation should have helped cocoa producers to overcome rural poverty, just as wool ...

Author: William Gervase Clarence-Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134607785

Category: History

Page: 336

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Cocoa and Chocolate,1765-1914 focuses on the period from the Seven Years War, to the First World War, when a surge of economic liberalism and globalisation should have helped cocoa producers to overcome rural poverty, just as wool transformed the economy of Australia, and tea that of Japan. The addition of new forms of chocolate to Western diets in the late nineteenth century led to a great cocoa boom, and yet economic development remained elusive, despite cocoa producers having certain advantages in the commodity lottery faced by exporters of raw materials. The commodity chain, from sowing a cocoa bean to enjoying a cup of hot chocolate, is examined in Cocoa and Chocolate, 1765-1914 under the broad rubrics of chocolate consumption, the taxation of cocoa beans, the manufacture of chocolate, private marketing channels, land distribution, ecological impact on tropical forests, and the coercion of labour. Cocoa and Chocolate, 1765-1914 concludes that cocoa failed to act as a dynamo for development.

Hidden Persuaders in Cocoa and Chocolate

In addition to exploring tastes, aromas and notes, the book broadens the language for describing chocolate by relating tasting experiences to the process of pairing flavors.

Author: Renata Januszewska

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing Limited

ISBN: 0128154470

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 165

View: 873

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Hidden Persuaders of Cocoa and Chocolate: A Flavor Lexicon for Cocoa and Chocolate Sensory Professionals provides an overview of the tastes, aromas and notes describing cocoa and chocolate. In addition to exploring tastes, aromas and notes, the book broadens the language for describing chocolate by relating tasting experiences to the process of pairing flavors. This resource, designed for both academics and those working in research and development, equips the reader to describe these attributes in a sensory language for the purposes of new product development or quality improvement.

Chocolate Science and Technology

This second edition provides information on recent advances in the science and technology of chocolate manufacture and the entire international cocoa industry.

Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118913789

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 340

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This second edition provides information on recent advances in the science and technology of chocolate manufacture and the entire international cocoa industry. It provides detailed review on a wide range of topics including cocoa production, cocoa and chocolate manufacturing operations, sensory perception of chocolate quality, flavour release and perception, sugar replacement and alternative sweetening solutions in chocolate production, industrial manufacture of sugar-free chocolates as well as the nutrition and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption. The topics cover modern cocoa cultivation and production practices with special attention on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations in the bean, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation and drying processes, and the biochemical basis of these operations. The scientific principles behind industrial chocolate manufacture are outlined with detailed explanations of the various stages of chocolate manufacturing including mixing, refining, conching and tempering. Other topics covered include the chemistry of flavour formation and development during cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture; volatile flavour compounds and their characteristics and identification; sensory descriptions and character; and flavour release and perception in chocolate. The nutritional and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption as well as the application of HACCP and other food safety management systems such as ISO 22,000 in the chocolate processing industry are also addressed. Additionally, detailed research on the influence of different raw materials and processing operations on the flavour and other quality characteristics of chocolates have been provided with scope for process optimization and improvement. The book is intended to be a desk reference for all those engaged in the business of making and using chocolate worldwide; confectionery and chocolate scientists in industry and academia; students and practising food scientists and technologists; nutritionists and other health professionals; and libraries of institutions where agriculture, food science and nutrition is studied and researched.

The Complete Technology Book on Cocoa Chocolate Ice cream and other Milk Products

Some of the fundamentals of the book are cocoa bean production, sources of cocoa bean supplies, refining for production of chocolate masses for different uses, shipment of cocoa beans, cocoa processes , cocoa for drinking, instant cocoas, ...

Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers

Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

ISBN: 9788186623909

Category: Chocolate

Page: 624

View: 986

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Cocoa, Chocolate and Ice Cream are the products which has a good nutritious value and relatively inexpensive food. Cocoa butter is used in chocolate and to cover other confectionery products. Now a day chocolate and ice cream are gaining good popularity among the society all over the world. Chocolate is a key ingredient in many foods such as milk shakes, candy bars, ice creams etc. It is ranked as one of the most favorite flavors in the world. Despite its popularity, most people do not know the unique origins of this popular treat. Chocolate is a product that requires complex procedures to produce. The process involves harvesting coca, refining coca to cocoa beans, and shipping the cocoa beans to the manufacturing factory for cleaning, coaching and grinding. These cocoa beans will then be imported or exported to other countries and be transformed into different type of chocolate products. Ice cream is a frozen dessert usually made from dairy products, such as milk and cream, and often combined with fruits or other ingredients and flavors. The meaning of ice cream varies from one country to another like frozen custard, frozen yogurt, sorbet, and gelato and so on. The ice cream industry has traditionally grown at a healthy rate of 12% per annum. India is the second largest milk producing country. Milk products like butter, curd, ghee, etc have become an essential part of our food and are consumed in good quantity every day. In spite of the huge demand that exists for such milk based items conventional methods are employed for producing these items. The growth in cocoa, chocolate, Ice cream and other milk product industry has been primarily due to strengthening of distribution network and cold chain infrastructure. Some of the fundamentals of the book are cocoa bean production, sources of cocoa bean supplies, refining for production of chocolate masses for different uses, shipment of cocoa beans, cocoa processes , cocoa for drinking, instant cocoas, drinking chocolates manufacturing cocoa, cocoa butter & replacement fats , coatings and cocoa , chocolate manufacture, chocolate bars and covered confectionery , chocolate molding, determination of fat in cocoa and chocolate products, determination of cooling curve of cocoa butter and similar fats, the manufacture of dairy products, ice cream manufacture, energy value and nutrients of ice cream etc. The present book contain formulae, processes and other relevant details related to manufacture of cocoa products, chocolates, ice cream and other milk products. An attempt has been made to bring in to focus the significant aspect of cocoa products, dairy products manufacturing. It is hoped that the subject matter contain and its presentation will be very helpful to new entrepreneurs, professionals, institutions, technocrats and students etc.

Cocoa And Chocolate Their History From Plantation To Consumer

This is a fascinating work and is thoroughly recommended for anyone interested in the chocolate industry. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce.

Author: Arthur Knapp

Publisher: Read Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781447486138

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 472

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This early work on chocolate manufacturing is both expensive and hard to find in its first edition. It details the many stages of chocolate production from the cocoa bean to the shelf. This is a fascinating work and is thoroughly recommended for anyone interested in the chocolate industry. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

Food Safety Management

Food safety management in cocoa and chocolate focuses mainly on incoming hazards and their controls at different stages of processing, as well as prevention of recontamination during further processing.

Author: Anett Winkler

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128056493

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1192

View: 103

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Food safety management in cocoa and chocolate focuses mainly on incoming hazards and their controls at different stages of processing, as well as prevention of recontamination during further processing. Due to the nature of the products (low moisture, high fat) some specifics need to be taken into account in order to ensure efficient and successful food safety management. The risks associated with these products had been recognized by European industry organizations for chocolate, confectionery and biscuits. In the 1990s, the IOCCC published two codes of practice: one based on the HACCP, and one for specific GMPs for the cocoa, chocolate and confectionery industry [(Caobisco) Brochures available from CAOBISCO (Association of Chocolate, Biscuit and Confectionery Industry of the EU).(accessed 02.06.11)]. The microbiological safety of chocolate products can be ensured by consequent application of the HACCP concept and adherence to prerequisite programs to ensure good manufacturing and agricultural practices, throughout the whole processing chain. This includes not only the final processing steps of making chocolate, but starts at the level – and sourcing – of raw agricultural materials used in chocolate making like cocoa and nuts. Microbial data can play an important role in the verification of implemented controls, but their validity and limitations need to be understood (Kvenberg, J.E., Schwalm, D.J., 2000. Use of microbial data for hazard analysis and critical control point verification – Food and Drug Administration perspective. J. Food Prot. 63 (6), 810 -814; Swanson, K.M.J., Anderson, J.E., 2000. Industry perspective on the use of microbial data for hazard analysis and critical control point validation and verification. J. Food Prot. 63 (6), 815–818; Kornacki, J.L., 2006. Microbiological sampling in the dry foods processing environment. Food Safety. Mag., pp.66).

Chocolate Cocoa and Confectionery Science and Technology

The second edition of this book achieved worldwide recognition within the chocolate and confectionery industry. I was pressed to prepare the third edition to include modern developments in machinery, production, and packaging.

Author: Bernard Minifie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401179249

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 642

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The second edition of this book achieved worldwide recognition within the chocolate and confectionery industry. I was pressed to prepare the third edition to include modern developments in machinery, production, and packaging. This has been a formidable task and has taken longer than anticipated. Students still require, in one book, descriptions of the fundamental principles of the industry as well as an insight into modern methods. Therefore, parts of the previous edition describing basic technology have been retained, with minor alterations where necessary. With over fifty years' experience in the industry and the past eighteen years working as an author, lecturer, and consultant, I have collected a great deal of useful information. Visits to trade exhibitions and to manufacturers of raw materials and machinery in many parts of the world have been very valuable. Much research and reading have been necessary to prepare for teaching and lecturing at various colleges, seminars, and manufacturing establishments. The third edition is still mainly concerned with science, technology, and production. It is not a book of formulations, which are readily available elsewhere. Formulations without knowledge of principles lead to many errors, and recipes are given only where examples are necessary. _ Analytical methods are described only when they are not available in textbooks, of which there are many on standard methods of food analysis. Acknowledgments I am still indebted to many of the persons mentioned under "Acknowledgments" in the second edition. I am especially grateful to the following.

Cocoa

The cocoa plant and the manufacturing process which transforms it into chocolate are described in this 1892 book.

Author: Richard Cadbury

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108082273

Category: Science

Page: 142

View: 874

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The cocoa plant and the manufacturing process which transforms it into chocolate are described in this 1892 book.

Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use

Since the third edition of this standard work in 1999, there has been a significant increase in the amount of chocolate manufactured worldwide.

Author: Steve T. Beckett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444357554

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 720

View: 757

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Since the third edition of this standard work in 1999, there has been a significant increase in the amount of chocolate manufactured worldwide. The fourth edition of Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use provides up-to-date coverage of all major aspects of chocolate manufacture and use, from the growing of cocoa beans to the packaging and marketing of the end product. Retaining the important and well-received key features of the previous edition, the fourth edition also contains completely new chapters covering chocolate crumb, cold forming technologies, intellectual property, and nutrition. Furthermore, taking account of significant changes and trends within the chocolate industry, much new information is incorporated, particularly within such chapters as those covering the chemistry of flavour development, chocolate flow properties, chocolate packaging, and chocolate marketing. This fully revised and expanded new edition is an essential purchase for all those involved in the manufacture and use of chocolate.

Bean to Bar Chocolate

Author Megan Giller invites fellow chocoholics on a fascinating journey through America’s craft chocolate revolution.

Author: Megan Giller

Publisher: Storey Publishing

ISBN: 9781612128214

Category: Cooking

Page: 240

View: 731

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Author Megan Giller invites fellow chocoholics on a fascinating journey through America’s craft chocolate revolution. Learn what to look for in a craft chocolate bar and how to successfully pair chocolate with coffee, beer, spirits, cheese, or bread. This comprehensive celebration of chocolate busts some popular myths (like “white chocolate isn’t chocolate”) and introduces you to more than a dozen of the hottest artisanal chocolate makers in the US today. You’ll get a taste for the chocolate-making process and understand how chocolate’s flavor depends on where the cacao was grown — then discover how to turn your artisanal bars into unexpected treats with 22 recipes from master chefs.

Cocoa Chocolate and Human Health

This book entitled “Cocoa, Chocolate, and Human Health” presents the most recent findings about cocoa and health in 14 peer-reviewed chapters including nine original contributions and five reviews from cocoa experts around the world.

Author: Sabine Ellinger

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039285884

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 739

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This book entitled “Cocoa, Chocolate, and Human Health” presents the most recent findings about cocoa and health in 14 peer-reviewed chapters including nine original contributions and five reviews from cocoa experts around the world. Bioavailability and metabolism of the main cocoa polyphenols, i.e., the flavanols like epicatechin, are presented including metabolites like valerolactones that are formed by the gut microbiome. Many studies, including intervention studies or epidemiological observations, do not focus on single compounds, but on cocoa as a whole. This proves the effectiveness of cocoa as a functional food. A positive influence of cocoa on hearing problems, exercise performance, and metabolic syndrome is discussed with mixed results; the results about exercise performance are contradictive. Evidence shows that cocoa flavanols may modulate some risk factors related to metabolic syndrome such as hypertension and disorders in glucose and lipid metabolism. However, several cardiometabolic parameters in type 2 diabetics were not affected by a flavanol-rich cocoa powder as simultaneous treatment with pharmaceuticals might have negated the effect of cocoa. The putative health-promoting components of cocoa are altered during processing like fermentation, drying, and roasting of cocoa beans. Chocolate, the most popular cocoa product, shows remarkable losses in polyphenols and vitamin E during 18 months of storage.

The Story of Chocolate

Now in ebook format, this is a static, generic epub.

Author: Caryn Jenner

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd

ISBN: 9781409380948

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 941

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Now in ebook format, this is a static, generic epub. Stunning images combine with lively illustrations and engaging age-appropriate stories in this ebook, a multi-level reading programme guaranteed to capture children's interest while developing their reading skills and general knowledge.

The Diversified Benefits of Cocoa and Chocolate

The principal objective of this work was to evaluate the floristic diversity and biomass quantity of three different categories of cocoa agro forest, and the plot or quadrate method was used to collect the floristic data.

Author: Bonifacia Zayas Espinal

Publisher:

ISBN: 1536132586

Category:

Page:

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