Hidden Persuaders in Cocoa and Chocolate

In addition to exploring tastes, aromas and notes, the book broadens the language for describing chocolate by relating tasting experiences to the process of pairing flavors.

Author: Renata Januszewska

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780128154489

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 165

View: 402

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Hidden Persuaders of Cocoa and Chocolate: A Flavor Lexicon for Cocoa and Chocolate Sensory Professionals provides an overview of the tastes, aromas and notes describing cocoa and chocolate. In addition to exploring tastes, aromas and notes, the book broadens the language for describing chocolate by relating tasting experiences to the process of pairing flavors. This resource, designed for both academics and those working in research and development, equips the reader to describe these attributes in a sensory language for the purposes of new product development or quality improvement. Provides an overview of the tastes, aromas and notes describing cocoa and chocolate Features scientific explanations of the volatile and non-volatile aspects of each flavor Contains science-based categorization of taste, various aromas, trigeminal sensations and atypical flavors

From Cocoa Bean to Chocolate

How does a cocoa bean turn into tasty chocolate? Follow each step in the food production cycle—from planting cocoa trees to eating a sweet treat—in this fascinating book!

Author: Robin Nelson

Publisher: Lerner Publications

ISBN: 9781467701075

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 24

View: 715

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How does a cocoa bean turn into tasty chocolate? Follow each step in the food production cycle—from planting cocoa trees to eating a sweet treat—in this fascinating book! Read all the Start to Finish titles and discover how one thing becomes another.

Cocoa and Chocolate 1765 1914

Cocoa and Chocolate,1765-1914 focuses on the period from the Seven Years War, to the First World War, when a surge of economic liberalism and globalisation should have helped cocoa producers to overcome rural poverty, just as wool ...

Author: William Gervase Clarence-Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134607785

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 668

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Cocoa and Chocolate,1765-1914 focuses on the period from the Seven Years War, to the First World War, when a surge of economic liberalism and globalisation should have helped cocoa producers to overcome rural poverty, just as wool transformed the economy of Australia, and tea that of Japan. The addition of new forms of chocolate to Western diets in the late nineteenth century led to a great cocoa boom, and yet economic development remained elusive, despite cocoa producers having certain advantages in the commodity lottery faced by exporters of raw materials. The commodity chain, from sowing a cocoa bean to enjoying a cup of hot chocolate, is examined in Cocoa and Chocolate, 1765-1914 under the broad rubrics of chocolate consumption, the taxation of cocoa beans, the manufacture of chocolate, private marketing channels, land distribution, ecological impact on tropical forests, and the coercion of labour. Cocoa and Chocolate, 1765-1914 concludes that cocoa failed to act as a dynamo for development.

Cocoa And Chocolate Their History From Plantation To Consumer

This is a fascinating work and is thoroughly recommended for anyone interested in the chocolate industry. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce.

Author: Arthur Knapp

Publisher: Read Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781447486138

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 398

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This early work on chocolate manufacturing is both expensive and hard to find in its first edition. It details the many stages of chocolate production from the cocoa bean to the shelf. This is a fascinating work and is thoroughly recommended for anyone interested in the chocolate industry. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

Chocolate Science and Technology

This second edition provides information on recent advances in the science and technology of chocolate manufacture and the entire international cocoa industry.

Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118913789

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 695

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This second edition provides information on recent advances in the science and technology of chocolate manufacture and the entire international cocoa industry. It provides detailed review on a wide range of topics including cocoa production, cocoa and chocolate manufacturing operations, sensory perception of chocolate quality, flavour release and perception, sugar replacement and alternative sweetening solutions in chocolate production, industrial manufacture of sugar-free chocolates as well as the nutrition and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption. The topics cover modern cocoa cultivation and production practices with special attention on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations in the bean, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation and drying processes, and the biochemical basis of these operations. The scientific principles behind industrial chocolate manufacture are outlined with detailed explanations of the various stages of chocolate manufacturing including mixing, refining, conching and tempering. Other topics covered include the chemistry of flavour formation and development during cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture; volatile flavour compounds and their characteristics and identification; sensory descriptions and character; and flavour release and perception in chocolate. The nutritional and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption as well as the application of HACCP and other food safety management systems such as ISO 22,000 in the chocolate processing industry are also addressed. Additionally, detailed research on the influence of different raw materials and processing operations on the flavour and other quality characteristics of chocolates have been provided with scope for process optimization and improvement. The book is intended to be a desk reference for all those engaged in the business of making and using chocolate worldwide; confectionery and chocolate scientists in industry and academia; students and practising food scientists and technologists; nutritionists and other health professionals; and libraries of institutions where agriculture, food science and nutrition is studied and researched.

The Economics of Chocolate

This book, written by global experts, provides a comprehensive and topical analysis on the economics of chocolate.

Author: Mara P. Squicciarini

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191039911

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 899

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This book, written by global experts, provides a comprehensive and topical analysis on the economics of chocolate. While the main approach is economic analysis, there are important contributions from other disciplines, including psychology, history, government, nutrition, and geography. The chapters are organized around several themes, including the history of cocoa and chocolate — from cocoa drinks in the Maya empire to the growing sales of Belgian chocolates in China; how governments have used cocoa and chocolate as a source of tax revenue and have regulated chocolate (and defined it by law) to protect consumers' health from fraud and industries from competition; how the poor cocoa producers in developing countries are linked through trade and multinational companies with rich consumers in industrialized countries; and how the rise of consumption in emerging markets (China, India, and Africa) is causing a major boom in global demand and prices, and a potential shortage of the world's chocolate.

Cocoa and Chocolate

Until that appears, I offer this little book, which attempts to cover lightly but accurately the whole ground, including the history of cacao, its cultivation and manufacture.

Author: Arthur W. Knapp

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1508506523

Category:

Page: 110

View: 124

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Although there are several excellent scientific works dealing in a detailed manner with the cacao bean and its products from the various view points of the technician, there is no comprehensive modern work written for the general reader. Until that appears, I offer this little book, which attempts to cover lightly but accurately the whole ground, including the history of cacao, its cultivation and manufacture.

Cocoa

In this incisive book, Kristy Leissle reveals how cocoa, which brings pleasure and wealth to relatively few, depends upon an extensive global trade system that exploits the labor of five million growers, as well as countless other workers ...

Author: Kristy Leissle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781509513208

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 129

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Chocolate has long been a favorite indulgence. But behind every chocolate bar we unwrap, there is a world of power struggles and political maneuvering over its most important ingredient: cocoa. In this incisive book, Kristy Leissle reveals how cocoa, which brings pleasure and wealth to relatively few, depends upon an extensive global trade system that exploits the labor of five million growers, as well as countless other workers and vulnerable groups. The reality of this dramatic inequity, she explains, is often masked by the social, cultural, emotional, and economic values humans have placed upon cocoa from its earliest cultivation in Mesoamerica to the present day. Tracing the cocoa value chain from farms in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean, through to chocolate factories in Europe and North America, Leissle shows how cocoa has been used as a political tool to wield power over others. Cocoa's politicization is not, however, limitless: it happens within botanical parameters set by the crop itself, and the material reality of its transport, storage, and manufacture into chocolate. As calls for justice in the industry have grown louder, Leissle reveals the possibilities for and constraints upon realizing a truly sustainable and fulfilling livelihood for cocoa growers, and for keeping the world full of chocolate.

Cocoa and Chocolate

This slim volume written by an author associated with the company discusses the history of chocolate products in the U.S., botanical information about the cocoa plant and method of processing the fruit, properties of different parts of the ...

Author: Walter Baker & Company

Publisher: Andrews McMeel Publishing

ISBN: 9781449436315

Category: Cooking

Page: 190

View: 968

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Chocolate and chocolate recipes had become hugely popular in America in the late nineteenth century, and Baker’s Chocolate, later acquired by Kraft Foods, was one of the largest national brands in the country. This slim volume written by an author associated with the company discusses the history of chocolate products in the U.S., botanical information about the cocoa plant and method of processing the fruit, properties of different parts of the fruit and its value as a foodstuff according to eminent physicians, early use of cocoa in South America and Europe, the purity and healing qualities of cocoa-butter, and over 50 recipes for chocolate drinks, candies, cakes, tartlets, macaroons, wafers, jumbles, custards, creams, soufflés, meringues, pies, ice cream, caramels, syrups, and even wine.

The Complete Technology Book on Cocoa Chocolate Ice cream and other Milk Products

Some of the fundamentals of the book are cocoa bean production, sources of cocoa bean supplies, refining for production of chocolate masses for different uses, shipment of cocoa beans, cocoa processes , cocoa for drinking, instant cocoas, ...

Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers

Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

ISBN: 9788186623909

Category: Chocolate

Page: 624

View: 855

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Cocoa, Chocolate and Ice Cream are the products which has a good nutritious value and relatively inexpensive food. Cocoa butter is used in chocolate and to cover other confectionery products. Now a day chocolate and ice cream are gaining good popularity among the society all over the world. Chocolate is a key ingredient in many foods such as milk shakes, candy bars, ice creams etc. It is ranked as one of the most favorite flavors in the world. Despite its popularity, most people do not know the unique origins of this popular treat. Chocolate is a product that requires complex procedures to produce. The process involves harvesting coca, refining coca to cocoa beans, and shipping the cocoa beans to the manufacturing factory for cleaning, coaching and grinding. These cocoa beans will then be imported or exported to other countries and be transformed into different type of chocolate products. Ice cream is a frozen dessert usually made from dairy products, such as milk and cream, and often combined with fruits or other ingredients and flavors. The meaning of ice cream varies from one country to another like frozen custard, frozen yogurt, sorbet, and gelato and so on. The ice cream industry has traditionally grown at a healthy rate of 12% per annum. India is the second largest milk producing country. Milk products like butter, curd, ghee, etc have become an essential part of our food and are consumed in good quantity every day. In spite of the huge demand that exists for such milk based items conventional methods are employed for producing these items. The growth in cocoa, chocolate, Ice cream and other milk product industry has been primarily due to strengthening of distribution network and cold chain infrastructure. Some of the fundamentals of the book are cocoa bean production, sources of cocoa bean supplies, refining for production of chocolate masses for different uses, shipment of cocoa beans, cocoa processes , cocoa for drinking, instant cocoas, drinking chocolates manufacturing cocoa, cocoa butter & replacement fats , coatings and cocoa , chocolate manufacture, chocolate bars and covered confectionery , chocolate molding, determination of fat in cocoa and chocolate products, determination of cooling curve of cocoa butter and similar fats, the manufacture of dairy products, ice cream manufacture, energy value and nutrients of ice cream etc. The present book contain formulae, processes and other relevant details related to manufacture of cocoa products, chocolates, ice cream and other milk products. An attempt has been made to bring in to focus the significant aspect of cocoa products, dairy products manufacturing. It is hoped that the subject matter contain and its presentation will be very helpful to new entrepreneurs, professionals, institutions, technocrats and students etc.

Food Safety Management

Food safety management in cocoa and chocolate focuses mainly on incoming hazards and their controls at different stages of processing, as well as prevention of recontamination during further processing.

Author: Anett Winkler

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128056493

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1192

View: 121

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Food safety management in cocoa and chocolate focuses mainly on incoming hazards and their controls at different stages of processing, as well as prevention of recontamination during further processing. Due to the nature of the products (low moisture, high fat) some specifics need to be taken into account in order to ensure efficient and successful food safety management. The risks associated with these products had been recognized by European industry organizations for chocolate, confectionery and biscuits. In the 1990s, the IOCCC published two codes of practice: one based on the HACCP, and one for specific GMPs for the cocoa, chocolate and confectionery industry [(Caobisco) Brochures available from CAOBISCO (Association of Chocolate, Biscuit and Confectionery Industry of the EU).(accessed 02.06.11)]. The microbiological safety of chocolate products can be ensured by consequent application of the HACCP concept and adherence to prerequisite programs to ensure good manufacturing and agricultural practices, throughout the whole processing chain. This includes not only the final processing steps of making chocolate, but starts at the level – and sourcing – of raw agricultural materials used in chocolate making like cocoa and nuts. Microbial data can play an important role in the verification of implemented controls, but their validity and limitations need to be understood (Kvenberg, J.E., Schwalm, D.J., 2000. Use of microbial data for hazard analysis and critical control point verification – Food and Drug Administration perspective. J. Food Prot. 63 (6), 810 -814; Swanson, K.M.J., Anderson, J.E., 2000. Industry perspective on the use of microbial data for hazard analysis and critical control point validation and verification. J. Food Prot. 63 (6), 815–818; Kornacki, J.L., 2006. Microbiological sampling in the dry foods processing environment. Food Safety. Mag., pp.66).

Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use

Since the third edition of this standard work in 1999, there has been a significant increase in the amount of chocolate manufactured worldwide.

Author: Steve T. Beckett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444357554

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 720

View: 618

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Since the third edition of this standard work in 1999, there has been a significant increase in the amount of chocolate manufactured worldwide. The fourth edition of Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use provides up-to-date coverage of all major aspects of chocolate manufacture and use, from the growing of cocoa beans to the packaging and marketing of the end product. Retaining the important and well-received key features of the previous edition, the fourth edition also contains completely new chapters covering chocolate crumb, cold forming technologies, intellectual property, and nutrition. Furthermore, taking account of significant changes and trends within the chocolate industry, much new information is incorporated, particularly within such chapters as those covering the chemistry of flavour development, chocolate flow properties, chocolate packaging, and chocolate marketing. This fully revised and expanded new edition is an essential purchase for all those involved in the manufacture and use of chocolate.

Chocolate as Medicine

Looks at the history of using chocolate as medicine and describes the health benefits and myths of cocoa.

Author: Philip K. Wilson

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781849734110

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 805

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Looks at the history of using chocolate as medicine and describes the health benefits and myths of cocoa.

Chocolate Cocoa and Confectionery Science and Technology

The second edition of this book achieved worldwide recognition within the chocolate and confectionery industry. I was pressed to prepare the third edition to include modern developments in machinery, production, and packaging.

Author: Bernard Minifie

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401179263

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 740

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The second edition of this book achieved worldwide recognition within the chocolate and confectionery industry. I was pressed to prepare the third edition to include modern developments in machinery, production, and packaging. This has been a formidable task and has taken longer than anticipated. Students still require, in one book, descriptions of the fundamental principles of the industry as well as an insight into modern methods. Therefore, parts of the previous edition describing basic technology have been retained, with minor alterations where necessary. With over fifty years' experience in the industry and the past eighteen years working as an author, lecturer, and consultant, I have collected a great deal of useful information. Visits to trade exhibitions and to manufacturers of raw materials and machinery in many parts of the world have been very valuable. Much research and reading have been necessary to prepare for teaching and lecturing at various colleges, seminars, and manufacturing establishments. The third edition is still mainly concerned with science, technology, and production. It is not a book of formulations, which are readily available elsewhere. Formulations without knowledge of principles lead to many errors, and recipes are given only where examples are necessary. _ Analytical methods are described only when they are not available in textbooks, of which there are many on standard methods of food analysis. Acknowledgments I am still indebted to many of the persons mentioned under "Acknowledgments" in the second edition. I am especially grateful to the following.

Cocoa Production and Processing Technology

This volume presents innovative techniques for sustainability and traceability in high-quality cocoa production and explores new product development with potential for cost reduction as well as improved cocoa bean and chocolate product ...

Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466598232

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 605

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One of the largest food commodities exported from the developing countries to the rest of the world, cocoa has gained increasing attention on the global market—raising many questions about its quality, sustainability and traceability. Cocoa Production and Processing Technology presents detailed explanations of the technologies that could be employed to assure sustainable production of high-quality and safe cocoa beans for the global confectionary industry. It provides overviews of up-to-date technologies and approaches to modern cocoa production practices, global production and consumption trends as well as principles of cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture. The book covers the origin, history and taxonomy of cocoa, and examines the fairtrade and organic cocoa industries and their influence on smallholder farmers. The chapters provide in-depth coverage of cocoa cultivation, harvesting and post-harvest treatments with a focus on cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations and their influence on quality, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation techniques, drying, storage and transportation. The author provides details on cocoa fermentation processes as well as the biochemical and microbiological changes involved and how they influence flavour. He also addresses cocoa trading systems, bean selection and quality criteria, as well as industrial processing of fermented and dried cocoa beans into liquor, cake, butter and powder. The book examines the general principles of chocolate manufacture, detailing the various stages of the processes involved, the factors that influence the quality characteristics and strategies to avoid post-processing quality defects. This volume presents innovative techniques for sustainability and traceability in high-quality cocoa production and explores new product development with potential for cost reduction as well as improved cocoa bean and chocolate product quality.

The Story of Chocolate

Now in ebook format, this is a static, generic epub.

Author: Caryn Jenner

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd

ISBN: 9781409380948

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 361

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Now in ebook format, this is a static, generic epub. Stunning images combine with lively illustrations and engaging age-appropriate stories in this ebook, a multi-level reading programme guaranteed to capture children's interest while developing their reading skills and general knowledge.