Central Regulation of Energy Metabolism With Special Reference To Circadian Rhythm

This excellent book describes the roles of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus as a regulatory center of homeostatic mechanism and a circadian oscillator in mammals, including humans.

Author: Katsuya Nagai

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849366577

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 738

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This excellent book describes the roles of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus as a regulatory center of homeostatic mechanism and a circadian oscillator in mammals, including humans. The authors emphasize two important points based on their findings: 1) SCN plays a critical role in central regulation of energy metabolism through which a constant supply of glucose to the central nervous system (CNS) is well maintained; and 2) neurons responsible for the regulation of energy metabolism are located in the ventrolateral part of the SCN and receive retinal neural inputs through both the retinohypothalamic tract and the geniculohypothalamic tract. The authors then discuss the evolutionary importance of these points to the survival of mammals on earth. Other topics examined include the involvement of light in the regulation of neural activity of the autonomic nervous system through the retina and SCN, in addition to the relation of the SCN with regulations of other autonomic nerve functions, such as blood pressure and body temperature. Central Regulation of Energy Metabolism with Special Reference to Circadian Rhythm is important reading for researchers and students in neuroendocrinologists, neurobiologists, biochemists, endocrinologists, physiologists, chronobiologists, psychologists, pharmacologists, and others interested in the topic.

Central Regulation of Energy Metabolism With Special Reference To Circadian Rhythm

This excellent book describes the roles of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus as a regulatory center of homeostatic mechanism and a circadian oscillator in mammals, including humans.

Author: Katsuya Nagai

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351461955

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 964

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This excellent book describes the roles of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus as a regulatory center of homeostatic mechanism and a circadian oscillator in mammals, including humans. The authors emphasize two important points based on their findings: 1) SCN plays a critical role in central regulation of energy metabolism through which a constant supply of glucose to the central nervous system (CNS) is well maintained; and 2) neurons responsible for the regulation of energy metabolism are located in the ventrolateral part of the SCN and receive retinal neural inputs through both the retinohypothalamic tract and the geniculohypothalamic tract. The authors then discuss the evolutionary importance of these points to the survival of mammals on earth. Other topics examined include the involvement of light in the regulation of neural activity of the autonomic nervous system through the retina and SCN, in addition to the relation of the SCN with regulations of other autonomic nerve functions, such as blood pressure and body temperature. Central Regulation of Energy Metabolism with Special Reference to Circadian Rhythm is important reading for researchers and students in neuroendocrinologists, neurobiologists, biochemists, endocrinologists, physiologists, chronobiologists, psychologists, pharmacologists, and others interested in the topic.

Sleep Circadian Rhythms and Metabolism

Circadian variation in stress-evoked increases in plasma corticosterone. American Journal of Physiology, ... Central Regulation of Energy Metabolism with Special Reference to Circadian Rhythm. CRC Press, Boca Raton. 107. 108. 109. 110.

Author: William Olds

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482262650

Category: Medical

Page: 378

View: 365

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This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Providing a nuanced study of the connections between sleep, circadian rhythms, and metabolis, this informative book examines how circadian actions affect the liver and adipose tissue, the brain, and metabolism. This important book introduces the reader to circadian rhythms in the body and the external cues that set them, discusses on a molecular and organ level how disrupting these clocks results in metabolic and sleep disorders, and looks at the clinical applications of circadian rhythms, with a focus on sleep. The book covers a variety of important research in the field, including: • The power of computational biology to uncover new nodes in the network of circadian rhythms • Circadian rhythms as they relates to obesity • How late-night shift conditions impair the body’s ability to keep time and promote metabolic diseases and how this can be mitigated by strategic planning of feeding times • The relationship between the suprachiasmatic nuclei and orexin neurons, demonstrating the elegant interplay between our biological clocks and wakefulness • How sleep disorders can result from irregular circadian rhythms and potential ways to diagnose this in individuals • How sleeping behaviors can disturb the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the repercussions of this disruption on female reproduction • How disruption of sleep can be clinically beneficial for depressed patients • How mental state is influenced by circadian rhythm

Diabetes and the Nervous System

Central regulation of energy metabolism with special reference to circadian rhythm. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Nagai K, Fujii T, Inoue Set al. (1988). Electrical stimulation of the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus causes ...

Author: Douglas W. Zochodne

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444635419

Category: Medical

Page: 640

View: 792

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This is a unique compilation, by experts worldwide, addressing how diabetes impacts the nervous system. For example, diabetic polyneuropathy, a disorder more common than MS, Parkinson’s disease, and ALS combined, is a major source of disability to diabetic persons worldwide. This book addresses diabetic polyneuropathy and how diabetes alters other parts of the nervous system. Offers a unique emphasis on the neurological manifestations of diabetes Provides thorough coverage of the clinical, experimental, mechanistic, therapeutic, peripheral, and central aspects of diabetic neuropathy Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

Liver Innervation and the Neural Control of Hepatic Function

Frohman , L.A. , Müller , E.E. & Cocchi , D. ( 1973 ) : Central nervous system mediated inhibition of insulin ... Nagai , K. & Nakagawa , H. ( 1992 ) : Central regulation of energy metabolism with special reference to circadian rhythm .

Author: Takashi Shimazu

Publisher: John Libbey Eurotext

ISBN: 0861965353

Category: Liver

Page: 484

View: 299

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In the liver, nutrients taken up from food are utilized for the synthesis of different components of the body, and the waste matter and harmful substances produced are disposed or detoxicated. These functions of the liver must be regulated in accordance with the state of the body. The nervous system plays this regulatory role, one which is reminiscent of the production management system in a factory.

Current Catalog

Central regulation of energy metabolism with special reference to circadian rhythm / Katsuya Nagai and Hachiro Nakagawa . -- Boca Raton : CRC Press , c1992 . -- 194 p . : ill . Includes bibliographical references and index .

Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015074107692

Category: Medicine

Page:

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First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

Hypothalamic Integration of Energy Metabolism

This volume in the Progress in Brain Research series examines the emerging role of the hypothalamus as a crucial link between the sensing of nutrients and the control of insulin sensitivity, glucose uptake, and glucose production, the ...

Author: A. Kalsbeek

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080463487

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 423

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The prevalence of obesity in developed countries is fast becoming a health issue on par with infectious diseases and malnutrition. Research in this area has grown substantially and includes the neurochemical pathways of the hypothalamus and its role in regulating energy expenditures in the body. This volume in the Progress in Brain Research series examines the emerging role of the hypothalamus as a crucial link between the sensing of nutrients and the control of insulin sensitivity, glucose uptake, and glucose production, the integrative role of the hypothalamus in thyroid and bone metabolism, the interaction between circadian information and energy metabolism, and the important interplay between the immune system and energy metabolism. · All contributors are recognized experts in their respective specialities · Provides expanded coverage of hypothalamic mechanisms involved in energy metabolism · Includes many outstanding full-colour illustrations · Contains special sections on circadian rhythms, immune system, thyroid and bone metabolism

Chronobiology and Obesity

Bray MS, Young ME (2009) The role of cell-specific circadian clocks in metabolism and disease. ... Nagai K and Nakagawa H (1992) Central Regulation of Energy Metabolism with special reference to circadian rhythm. CRC Press, Boca Raton, ...

Author: Marta Garaulet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461450825

Category: Medical

Page: 188

View: 370

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Circadian rhythms are such an innate part of our lives that we rarely pause to speculate why they even exist. Some studies have suggested that the disruption of the circadian system may be causal for obesity and manifestations of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). Shift-work, sleep-deprivation and bright-light-exposure at night are related to increased adiposity (obesity) and prevalence of MetS. It has been provided evidence of clock genes expression in human adipose tissue and demonstrated its association with different components of the MetS. Moreover, current studies are illustrating the particular role of different clock genes variants and their predicted haplotypes in MetS. The purpose of “Chronobiology and Obesity” is to describe the mechanisms implicated in the interaction between chonodisruption and metabolic-related illnesses, such as obesity and MetS, with different approaches.

Toward Consilience

1992 Central Regulation of Energy Metabolism with Special Reference to Circadian Rhythm. Tokyo: CRC Press. Naranjo, C. and R. Ornstein. 1971. The Psychology of Meditation. Shambala. Nestler, E. J. and S. E. Hyman 1999.

Author: Gerald A. Cory Jr.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461542711

Category: Medical

Page: 294

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The present work is the second in a series constituting an extension of my doctoral thesis done at Stanford in the early 1970s. Like the earlier work, The Reciprocal Modular Brain in Economics and Politics, Shaping the Rational and Moral Basis ofOrganization, Exchange, and Choice (Plenum Publishing, 1999), it may also be considered to respond to the call for consilience by Edward O. Wilson. I agree with Wilson that there is a pressing need in the sciences today for the unification of the social with the natural sciences. I consider the present work to proceed from the perspective of behavioral ecology, specifically a subfield which I choose to call interpersonal behavioral ecology th Ecology, as a general field, has emerged in the last quarter of the 20 century as a major theme of concern as we have become increasingly aware that we must preserve the planet whose limited resources we share with all other earthly creatures. Interpersonal behavioral ecology, however, focuses not on the physical environment, but upon our social environment. It concerns our interpersonal behavioral interactions at all levels, from simple dyadic one-to-one personal interactions to our larger, even global, social, economic, and political interactions.

Obesity and Brain Function

Diabetes 61:1455–1462 Minokoshi Y (2017) Hypothalamic control of glucose and lipid metabolism in skeletal muscle. ... Nakagawa H (1994) Circadian rhythms and energy metabolism with special reference to the suprachiasmatic nucleus.

Author: Liliana Letra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319632605

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 876

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This compendium provides a wide view covering everything from molecular mechanisms and risk factors for neurological disorders to the effects of bariatric surgery on brain function and functional neuroimaging applied to obesity research. The impact of obesity on brain function and the development of neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disorders has been understudied, despite the recent proliferation of obesity research. Among the topics covered are adipose biology, the adipose tissue - gut - brain axis, brain energy metabolism, dementia, cerebrovascular disease, and multiple sclerosis.