Cave and Karst Systems of Romania

This book focuses on Romania’s more than 12,000 caves, which developed in limestone (including thermal water caves), salt, gypsum, and occasionally in sandstone.

Author: Gheorghe M. L. Ponta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319907475

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 888


This book focuses on Romania’s more than 12,000 caves, which developed in limestone (including thermal water caves), salt, gypsum, and occasionally in sandstone. It examines these caves and related topics in a format suitable for cavers, while also addressing a broad range of aspects useful for students and researchers. Since the Institute of Speleology was first established by Emil Racovita in 1920, a great deal of research has been conducted on all cave and karst types. As such, the book examines a variety of scientific fields, including karst geology, hydrogeology, biospeleology, paleoclimatology, mineralogy and archaeology.

Cave Ecology

In: Ponta GML, Onac BP (eds) Cave and karst systems of Romania. Cave and karst systems of the world. Springer, ISBN: 978-3-31990745-1. Schirmack J, Mangelsdorf K, Ganzert L et al (2014) ...

Author: Oana Teodora Moldovan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319988528

Category: Science

Page: 545

View: 367


Cave organisms are the ‘monsters’ of the underground world and studying them invariably raises interesting questions about the ways evolution has equipped them to survive in permanent darkness and low-energy environments. Undertaking ecological studies in caves and other subterranean habitats is not only challenging because they are difficult to access, but also because the domain is so different from what we know from the surface, with no plants at the base of food chains and with a nearly constant microclimate year-round. The research presented here answers key questions such as how a constant environment can produce the enormous biodiversity seen below ground, what adaptations and peculiarities allow subterranean organisms to thrive, and how they are affected by the constraints of their environment. This book is divided into six main parts, which address: the habitats of cave animals; their complex diversity; the environmental factors that support that diversity; individual case studies of cave ecosystems; and of the conservation challenges they face; all of which culminate in proposals for future research directions. Given its breadth of coverage, it offers an essential reference guide for graduate students and established researchers alike.

Cave and Karst Systems of Hungary

Mezőgazda Kiadó, Budapest, pp 315– 316 (in Hungarian) Onac BP, Ghergari L, Gàl A (1995) Crytallographical studies on gypsum crystals in Ponoraş Cave (Pădurea Craiului Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology 8:63–67 ...

Author: Márton Veress

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030929602

Category: Science

Page: 629

View: 607


This book describes Hungarian karst areas and Hungarian karst research results. The chapters present the general characteristics of karst areas, their geology, their paleokarst, their hydrology, their surface and subsurface morphology (more significant caves are classified according to karst areas and their morphology and development is described), ecology and flora and fauna. This book also includes a separate chapter which deals with the history of Hungarian karst and cave research. Another chapter deals with theories that were made during Hungarian karst researches.

Studies on the Palaeolithic of Western Eurasia

Anghelinu, M. and Boroneanț, A. 2019. 'The archaeology of caves in Romania', in Ponta, G.M.L. and Onac, B.P. (eds) Cave and Karst Systems of Romania. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Cave and Karst Systems of ...

Author: György Lengyel

Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781789697186

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 869


Papers from Session 4 disseminate a wealth of archaeological data from Bavaria to the Russian Plain, and discuss Aurignacian, Gravettian, Epigravettian, and Magdalenian perspectives on lithic tool kits and animal remains. Session 6 was concerned with lithic raw material procurement in the Caucasus and in three areas of the Iberian peninsula.

Encyclopedia of Caves

On Earth, caves are hosted by almost every major type of rock that has a soluble component (as well as in basalt lava tubes). Caves are natural traps for ... In: Ponta, G.M.L., Onac, B.P. (Eds.), Cave and Karst Systems of Romania.

Author: William B. White

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128141250

Category: Science

Page: 1250

View: 917


Encyclopedia of Caves, Third Edition, provides detailed background information to anyone with a serious interest in caves. This includes students, both undergraduate and graduate, in the earth, biological and environmental sciences, and consultants, environmental scientists, land managers and government agency staff whose work requires them to know something about caves and the biota that inhabit them. Caves touch on many scientific interests in geology, climate science, biology, hydrology, archaeology, and paleontology, as well as more popular interests in sport caving and cave exploration. Case studies and descriptions of specific caves selected for their special features and public interest are also included. This book will appeal to these audiences by providing in-depth essays written by expert authors chosen for their expertise in their assigned subject. Features 14 new chapters and 13 completely rewritten chapters Contains beautifully illustrated content, with more than 500 color images of cave life and features Provides extensive bibliographies that allow readers to access their subject of interest in greater depth

Hypogene Karst Regions and Caves of the World

J Cave Karst Stud 65(2):111–125 Ghergari L, Tămaş T, Damm P, Forray F (1997) Hydrothermal paleokarst in Peştera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theor Appl Karstol 10:115–125 Hill CA (1987) Geology of Carlsbad Cavern and other ...

Author: Alexander Klimchouk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319533483

Category: Science

Page: 911

View: 557


This book illustrates the diversity of hypogene speleogenetic processes and void-conduit patterns depending on variations of the geological environments by presenting regional and cave-specific case studies. The cases include both well-known and newly recognized hypogene karst regions and caves of the world. They all focus on geological, hydrogeological, geodynamical and evolutionary contexts of hypogene speleogenesis. The last decade has witnessed the boost in recognition of the possibility, global occurrence, and practical importance of hypogene karstification (speleogenesis), i.e. the development of solutional porosity and permeability by upwelling flow, independent of recharge from the overlying or immediately adjacent surface. Hypogene karst has been identified and documented in many regions where it was previously overlooked or misinterpreted. The book enriches the basis for generalization and categorization of hypogene karst and thus improves our ability to adequately model hypogene karstification and predict related porosity and permeability. It is a book which benefits every researcher, student, and practitioner dealing with karst.

Reading Prehistoric Human Tracks

Karst and caves of Romania: A brief outlook. In G. M. L. Ponta & B. P. Onac (Eds.), Cave and karst systems of Romania (pp. 37–40). Cham: Springer. Onac, B. P., & Lauritzen, S. E. (1996). The climate of the last 150,000 years recorded in ...

Author: Andreas Pastoors

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030604066

Category: Archaeology

Page: 437

View: 179


This Open Access book explains that after long periods of prehistoric research in which the importance of the archaeological as well as the natural context of rock art has been constantly underestimated, research has now begun to take this context into focus for documentation, analysis, interpretation and understanding. Human footprints are prominent among the long-time under-researched features of the context in caves with rock art. In order to compensate for this neglect an innovative research program has been established several years ago that focuses on the merging of indigenous knowledge and western archaeological science for the benefit of both sides. The book gathers first the methodological diversity in the analysis of human tracks. Here major representatives of anthropological, statistical and traditional approaches feature the multi-layered methods available for the analysis of human tracks. Second it compiles case studies from around the globe of prehistoric human tracks. For the first time, the most important sites which have been found worldwide are published in a single publication. The third focus of this book is on firsthand experiences of researchers with indigenous tracking experts from around the globe, expounding on how archaeological sciencecan benefit from the ancestral knowledge. This book will be of interest to professional archaeologists, graduate students, ecologists, cultural anthropologists and laypeople, especially those focussing on hunting-gathering and pastoralist communities and who appreciate indigenous knowledge.--

Groundwater Ecology and Evolution

Reserve selection for conserving groundwater biodiversity. Freshwater Biology 54, 861e876. Moldovan, O.T., 2019. Cave protection in Romania. In: Ponta, G.M., Onac, B.P. (Eds.), Cave and Karst Systems of Romania. Springer, Cham, pp.

Author: Florian Malard

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128191200

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 167


Groundwater Ecology and Evolution, Second Edition is designed to meet a multitude of audience needs. The state of the art in the discipline is provided by the articulation of six sections. The first three sections successively carry the reader into the basic attributes of groundwater ecosystems (section 1), the drivers and patterns of biodiversity (section 2), and the roles of organisms in groundwater ecosystems (section 3). The next two sections are devoted to evolutionary processes driving the acquisition of subterranean biological traits (section 4) and the way these traits are differently expressed among groundwater organisms (section 5). Finally, section 6 shows how knowledge acquired among multiple research fields (sections 1 to 5) is used to manage groundwater biodiversity and ecosystem services in the face of future groundwater resource use scenarios. Emphasis on the coherence and prospects of the whole book is given in the introduction and conclusion. Provides a modern synthesis of research dedicated to the study of groundwater biodiversity and ecosystems Bridges the gap between community ecology, evolution, and functional ecology, three research fields that have long been presented isolated from each other Explains how this trans-disciplinary integration of research contributes to understanding and managing of groundwater ecosystem functions Reveals the contribution of groundwater ecology and evolution in solving scientific questions well beyond the frontiers of groundwater systems

European Glacial Landscapes

First 14C datings of Late Glacial and Holocene pollen sequences from Romanian Carpathes. Comptes Rendus de l'Acade ́mie des ... In: Ponta, G., Onac, B. (Eds.), Cave and Karst Systems of Romania. Cave and Karst Systems of the World, ...

Author: David Palacios

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128236079

Category: Science

Page: 546

View: 826


European Glacial Landscapes: Maximum Extent of Glaciations brings together relevant experts on the history of glaciers and their impact on the landscape of the main regions of Europe. In some regions the largest recorded glaciations occurred before the Last Glacial Cycle, in one of the major glacial cycles of the Middle Pleistocene. However, the best-preserved evidence of glaciation in the landscape is from the Last Glacial Cycle (Late Pleistocene). The book also analyses these older glacial landforms that can sometimes still be seen in the landscape today. This analysis provides a better understanding of the succession of Pleistocene glaciations and the intervening interglacial periods, examining their possible continental synchrony or asynchrony of past glacier behaviour. The result of this analysis gives important new insights and information on the origin and effects of climatic and geomorphological variability across Europe. European Glacial Landscapes: Maximum Extent of Glaciations examines the landscapes produced by glaciers throughout Europe, the geomorphological effects of glaciations, as well as the chronology and evolution of the past glaciers, with the aim of understanding the interrelationship between glacial expansion and climate changes on this continent. This book is a valuable tool for geographers, geologist, environmental scientists, researchers in physics and earth sciences. Provides a synthesis that highlights the main similarities or differences, through both space and time, during the maximum recorded expansions of Pleistocene glaciers in Europe Features research from experts in glacial geomorphology, palaeo-glaciology, palaeo-climatology and palaeo-oceanography on glacial expansion in Europe Includes detailed color figures and maps, providing a comprehensive comparison of the glacial landscapes of European Pleistocene glaciers

Microbial Life of Cave Systems

A minor percentage of actively forming caves and karst systems globally also form from sulfuric acid dissolution, ... Kraushöhle in Austria [9], caves within Şălitrari Mountain in the Cerna Valley of Romania [10], Provalata Cave in ...

Author: Annette Summers Engel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110339888

Category: Nature

Page: 350

View: 478


The earth's subsurface contains abundant and active microbial biomass, living in water, occupying pore space, and colonizing mineral and rock surfaces. Caves are one type of subsurface habitat, being natural, solutionally- or collapse-enlarged openings in rock. Within the past 30 years, there has been an increase in the number of microbiology studies from cave environments to understand cave ecology, cave geology, and even the origins of life. By emphasizing the microbial life of caves, and the ecological processes and geological consequences attributed to microbes, this book provides the first authoritative and comprehensive account of the microbial life of caves for students, professionals, and general readers.