Capacity Oriented Analysis and Design of Production Systems

capacity oriented objectives: a certain desired aggregate throughput, average aggregate throughput time, aggregate service degree, aggregate work-in-process, etc. In existing production systems capacity oriented objectives also play a ...

Author: M.B.M. de Koster

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642516665

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 245

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In production systems there are often capacity oriented performance objectives, like a desired total throughput, a desired average throughput time and average work in-process. Such performance objectives are expressed in "units of products" rather than in specific product types. This book presents a way of modeling and analyzing production systems so, that such capacity oriented performance criteria can be measured in a simple way. The model consists of three basic elements. 1. The product types in the system are aggregated. 2. The product flow is modeled as being continuous. 3. The machines in the model have a finite number of states. Each state has a phase-type sojourn distribution and an associated production speed. Transitions between the states are determined by an irreducible Markov transition matrix. In the book both the mathematical properties and the practical applicabilities of the model are investigated. The model is extensively analyzed for various layouts, like flow lines, assembly disassembly systems and networks where parallel machines share common buffers. Furthermore various ways of controlling the product flow in the model are investigated, such as Base Stock Control, Workload Control, control by finite buffers and control by the Reorder Point System. An approximation technique is developed for a quick estimation of performance measures like throughput and average work-in-process, for networks with layouts and control techniques like those above-mentioned.

Capacity Oriented Analysis and Design of Production Systems

This book presents a way of modeling and analyzing production systems so, that such capacity oriented performance criteria can be measured in a simple way. The model consists of three basic elements. 1.

Author: M.B.M. de Koster

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: STANFORD:36105032455730

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 245

View: 340

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This book gives an analysis of capacity performance of multi-stage, multi-product production systems. Special attention is given to performance criteria like throughput, average work-in-process and average throughput time. A model is developed to represent such production systems. A development of a single-product continuous product-flow model is given along with an analysis of the model for different layouts and different control-systems. Attention is given to layouts like flow-lines, assembly/disassembly-systems, buffersharing networks and control systems like base stock control, workload control, control by finite buffers and control by reorder point systems. The model and analysis techniques are applied to three different multi-stage, multi-product case situations.

Queueing Theory in Manufacturing Systems Analysis and Design

Approximate analysis of production systems . Euro- pean Journal of Operational Research , 37 : 214–226 , 1988 . [ DK88b ] M. B. M. De Koster . Capacity oriented analysis and design of production systems . PhD thesis , Department of Ind ...

Author: H.T. Papadopolous

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0412387204

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 426

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The objective of the book is to acquaint the reader with the use of queueing theory in the analysis of manufacturing systems.

User Oriented Methodology and Techniques of Decision Analysis and Support

323; M.B.M. de Koster, Capacity Oriented Analysis and Design of Production Systems. XII, 245 pages. 1989. Vol. 324: I.M. Bomze, B.M. Pötscher, Game Theoretical Foundations of Evolutionary Stability. VI, 145 pages. 1989. Vol.

Author: Jaap Wessels

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662225875

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

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This book presents selected papers from an international workshop devoted tothe theory, techniques and tools of decision analysis and support. Major trends in the development of this field are stressed, such as the tendency to place the final user of a decision support system in the center of attention, or an emerging connection between tools and software environments for modeling and for decision support. The volume is acontinuation of the reports on earlier meetings which were published in the same series.

Industrial Assembly

Buzacott , J.A. and Shanthikumar , J.G. ( 1992 ) ' Design of manufacturing systems using queueing models ' , Queueing ... Capacity Oriented Analysis and Design of Production Systems ' , Eindhoven University of Technology , PhD thesis .

Author: Shimon Y. Nof

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0412557703

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 522

View: 921

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Industrial Assembly is a rapidly changing field with significant importance in production. This book is the first of its kind to combine technology, design, methods, and planning and control models of assembly operations and systems. With the increasing importance of assembly in industry and of simultaneous engineering approaches, this timely publication provides: comprehensive coverage of technological, engineering, and management aspects of this field; multi-disciplinary approaches to rationalization of assembly operations and systems; explanation of qualitative models, information technologies, and design techniques, which have been practised effectively in industrial assembly; as well as theoretical foundations and emerging trends that shape the future of assembly.

Modern Production Concepts

De Koster, M.B.M. (1989) "Capacity Oriented Analysis and Design of Production Systems", Springer Verlag. Buzacott, J.A. (1967) "Automatic Transfer Lines with Buffer Stocks", Int. Journal of Production Research 5, 183-200.

Author: Günter Fandel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642764011

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 740

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Modern production concepts can be considered as an essential field of economics nowadays. They help to give valuable insights and thus provide important competitive advantages. There is a broad variety of new approaches to Production Planning and Control (PPC), Just-in-Time (JIT), Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS), Flexible Automation (FA), Automated Guided Vehicle Systems (AGVS), Total Quality Control (TQC), and Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM), all of which are indispensable cornerstones in this context. This book presents in a condensed and easy-to-comprehend form the different contributions of a group of internationally recommended scientists. The varied approaches to modern production concepts are not only based on theoretical foundations but also go one step further in that they present the implementation of these concepts and methods in detail. This close link with practical aspects will help to illuminate the theoretical material for researchers and students in universities. The book will be of major importance for practitioners involved in solving everyday industrial problems. The interdisciplinary nature of these contributions will help to create a new and valuable perspective on the field of production concepts.

Performance Analysis of Flow Lines with Non Linear Flow of Material

International Journal of Production Research, 5(3):183–200. ... Stochastic Models of Manufacturing Systems. ... Capacity Oriented Analysis and Design of Production Systems, volume 323 of Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical ...

Author: Stefan Helber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642958632

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 611

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Flow line design is one of the major tasks in production management. The decision to install a set of machines and buffers is often highly irreversible. It determines both cost and revenue to a large extent. In order to assess the economic impact of any possible flow line design, production rates and inventory levels have to be estimated. These performance measures depend on the allocation of buffers whenever the flow of material is occasionally disrupted, for example due to machine failures or quality problems. The book describes analytical methods that can be used to evaluate flow lines much faster than with simulation techniques. Based on these fast analytical techniques, it is possible to determine a flow line design that maximizes the net present value of the flow line investment. The flow of material through the line may be non-linear, for example due to assembly operations or quality inspections.

Equity Efficiency and Evolutionary Stability in Bargaining Games with Joint Production

Systems. Vol. 315: I. Orishimo, G.J.D. Hewings, P. Nijkamp (Eds), Information Technology: Social and Spatial Perspectives. Proceedings 1986. ... 323; M.B.M. de Koster, Capacity Oriented Analysis and Design of Production Systems.

Author: Manfred Königstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642457821

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 197

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Result 1.10 Simple equity standards were superior to more complex ones, even though the latter might be economically more relevant. Result 1.11 Equity based on quantity (input) and return (output) was most successful and received a hit rate of almost i within a range of 10%, i.e., within a distance of ±5% of the predicted share. Result 1.12 A substantial share of observations is consistent with egalitarian considerations. 1.7 Summary The study investigates the predictive power of equity theory and strategic concepts within ultimatum bargaining with advance produc tion. This is different from many other experimental studies on non cooperative bargaining games, since usually the ressource to be dis tributed between the subjects is given by the experimenter. Here, the "pie" is produced via joint production effort. This scenario is more general than bargaining without production, and we think it is more natural as well. The description of the raw data showed that the production choices are considerably dispersed, but nevertheless systematically biased to ward the respective player's efficient production level. The distribu tions of demanded return shares and demanded surplus shares partly replicated findings of other studies; namely, a low percentage of high demands and a considerable proportion of equal surplus splits. But, they also indicate that "advance production" compared to "no pro duction" should be considered an important treatment in studies on ultimatum bargaining.

Design of Master Agreements for OTC Derivatives

and Mathematical Systems For information about Vols. 1–305 Vol. ... 311: R. Färe, Fundamentals of Production Theory. IX, 163 pages. 1988. Vol. ... 323; M.B.M. de Koster, Capacity Oriented Analysis and Design of Production Systems.

Author: Dietmar Franzen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642569326

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 184

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I first came across the issue of derivatives documentation when writing my diploma thesis on measuring the credit risk ofOTC derivatives while I was an economics student at the University of Bonn. Despite the fact that security design has been an area of research in economics for many years and despite the widespread use of derivatives documentation in financial practice, the task of designing contracts for derivatives transactions has not been dealt with in financial theory. The one thing that aroused my curiosity was that two parties with usually opposing interests, namely banking supervisors and the banking industry's lobby, unanimously endorse the use ofcertain provisions in standardized contracts called master agreements. Do these provisions increase the ex ante efficiency of contracts for all parties involved? I actually began my research expecting to find support for the widely held beliefs about the efficiency or inefficiency of certain provisions and was sur prised to obtain results that contradicted the conventional wisdom. I would strongly advise against using these results in any political debate on deriva tives documentation. They were obtained within a highly stylized model with some restrictive assumptions. This work should rather be seen as an attempt to formalize the discussion on derivatives documentation and to challenge the notion that certain provisions are generally ex ante efficient. It is also an invitation to all those advocating the use of certain provisions in master agreements to formalize their arguments and to explain the economic ratio nale behind these provisions.

Production Planning in Automated Manufacturing

323; M.B.M. de Koster, Capacity Oriented Analysis and Design of Production Systems. XII, 245 pages. 1989. Vol. 324: I.M. Bomze, B.M. Pötscher, Game Theoretical Foundations of Evolutionary Stability. VI, 145 pages. 1989. Vol.

Author: Yves Crama

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662004593

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 229

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In this book quantitative approaches are proposed for production planning problems in automated manufacturing. In particular techniques from operations research/combinatorial optimization provide ways to tackle these problems. Special attention is devoted to the efficient use of tools in production planning for automated manufacturing systems. The book presents models and tests solution strategies for different kinds of production decisions. A case study in the manufacturing of printed circuit boards highlights the methodology. This book will help understand the nature of production planning problems emerging in automated manufacturing and show how techniques from operations research may contribute to their solution.