Reading Prisoners

State, who in 1844 published a poetry collection dedicated to Richard Vaux, Buds and Flowers, of Leisure Hours (1844).155 The pairing illustrates two (literal) generations of inmate efforts to negotiate access to an elite sphere ...

Author: Jodi Schorb

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813562681

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

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Shining new light on early American prison literature—from its origins in last words, dying warnings, and gallows literature to its later works of autobiography, exposé, and imaginative literature—Reading Prisoners weaves together insights about the rise of the early American penitentiary, the history of early American literacy instruction, and the transformation of crime writing in the “long” eighteenth century. Looking first at colonial America—an era often said to devalue jailhouse literacy—Jodi Schorb reveals that in fact this era launched the literate prisoner into public prominence. Criminal confessions published between 1700 and 1740, she shows, were crucial “literacy events” that sparked widespread public fascination with the reading habits of the condemned, consistent with the evangelical revivalism that culminated in the first Great Awakening. By century’s end, narratives by condemned criminals helped an audience of new writers navigate the perils and promises of expanded literacy. Schorb takes us off the scaffold and inside the private world of the first penitentiaries—such as Philadelphia’s Walnut Street Prison and New York’s Newgate, Auburn, and Sing Sing. She unveils the long and contentious struggle over the value of prisoner education that ultimately led to sporadic efforts to supply prisoners with books and education. Indeed, a new philosophy emerged, one that argued that prisoners were best served by silence and hard labor, not by reading and writing—a stance that a new generation of convict authors vociferously protested. The staggering rise of mass incarceration in America since the 1970s has brought the issue of prisoner rehabilitation once again to the fore. Reading Prisoners offers vital background to the ongoing, crucial debates over the benefits of prisoner education.

In the Shadow of the Gallows

... notably prison poet Harry Hawser's Buds and Flowers, of Leisure Hours (1844) and James A. Clay's A Voicefrom the Prison (1856).80 These real-life voices from the prison found their analogues in fictional characters created by ...

Author: Jeannine Marie DeLombard

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812206333

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 456

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From Puritan Execution Day rituals to gangsta rap, the black criminal has been an enduring presence in American culture. To understand why, Jeannine Marie DeLombard insists, we must set aside the lenses of pathology and persecution and instead view the African American felon from the far more revealing perspectives of publicity and personhood. When the Supreme Court declared in Dred Scott that African Americans have "no rights which the white man was bound to respect," it overlooked the right to due process, which ensured that black offenders—even slaves—appeared as persons in the eyes of the law. In the familiar account of African Americans' historical shift "from plantation to prison," we have forgotten how, for a century before the Civil War, state punishment affirmed black political membership in the breach, while a thriving popular crime literature provided early America's best-known models of individual black selfhood. Before there was the slave narrative, there was the criminal confession. Placing the black condemned at the forefront of the African American canon allows us to see how a later generation of enslaved activists—most notably, Frederick Douglass—could marshal the public presence and civic authority necessary to fashion themselves as eligible citizens. At the same time, in an era when abolitionists were charging Americans with the national crime of "manstealing," a racialized sense of culpability became equally central to white civic identity. What, for African Americans, is the legacy of a citizenship grounded in culpable personhood? For white Americans, must membership in a nation built on race slavery always betoken guilt? In the Shadow of the Gallows reads classics by J. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur, Edgar Allan Poe, Frederick Douglass, Herman Melville, George Lippard, and Edward Everett Hale alongside execution sermons, criminal confessions, trial transcripts, philosophical treatises, and political polemics to address fundamental questions about race, responsibility, and American civic belonging.

Bulletin of the Library Company of Philadelphia

FLOWER's Political Review and Monthly Register , vol . II . Harlow , 1807 . On2 , 62013 , O. FONTENELLE ... Lancaster , 1808. Od2 , 59845 , D. HAWSER , Harry - Buds and flowers of leisure hours . Ph . 1844. Od2 , 62056 , 0 ) .

Author: Library Company of Philadelphia

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3037684

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Catalogue of the Library of the Boston Athenaeum

( In Field , D. D. History of Berkshire , pt . 2. 1829. ) Hawser , Harry , pseud . Buds and flowers of leisure hours . Phila . , 1844 , 8 ° Hawtayne , Rer . Wm . Sermon , St. Mary , Whitechapel , anniv . of the Roy . Humane Soc . , Mar.

Author: Boston Athenaeum

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044089275713

Category: American literature

Page:

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Buried Lives

The general rule of silence was broken, however, in 1844, with the publication of Buds and Flowers, of Leisure Hours, a book of poems by a Philadelphia convict using the pen name Harry Hawser} Composed at Pennsylvania's renowned Eastern ...

Author: Michele Lise Tarter

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820341200

Category: History

Page: 303

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Buried Lives offers the first critical examination of the experience of imprisonment in early America. These interdisciplinary essays investigate several carceral institutions to show how confinement shaped identity, politics, and the social imaginary both in the colonies and in the new nation. The historians and literary scholars included in this volume offer a complement and corrective to conventional understandings of incarceration that privilege the intentions of those in power over the experiences of prisoners. Considering such varied settings as jails, penitentiaries, almshouses, workhouses, floating prison ships, and plantations, the contributors reconstruct the struggles of people imprisoned in locations from Antigua to Boston. The essays draw upon a rich array of archival sources from the seventeenth century to the eve of the Civil War, including warden logs, petitions, execution sermons, physicians' clinical notes, private letters, newspaper articles, runaway slave advertisements, and legal documents. Through the voices, bodies, and texts of the incarcerated, Buried Lives reveals the largely ignored experiences of inmates who contested their subjection to regimes of power.

Catalogue

Budget , The , or Humble Attempts at Immortality , by Messrs . von Dunderhead . 12mo . Hallowell ( Me . ) , 1830 . Buds and Flowers of Leisure Hours , by Harry Hawser . 8vo . Philadelphia , 1844 . BULWER , Sir E. L. Asmodeus at Large .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433076011802

Category: Bibliography

Page:

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Catalogue of the Porcellian Club of Harvard University

BUDGET , The , or Humble Attempts at Immortality , by Messrs . von Dunderhead . 12mo . Hallowell ( Me . ) , 1830 . Buds and Flowers of Leisure Hours , by Harry Hawser . 8vo . Philadelphia , 1844 . BULWER , Sir E. L. Asmodeus at Large .

Author: Harvard University. Porcellian Club

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951002487841C

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Page:

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Catakigue of the Private Library of Samuel Gardner Drake

Buds and Flowers of Leisure Hours . Phila .: 1844. 8 ° . 4346 HAWTHORNE , NATHANIEL . Life of Franklin Pierce . Boston : 1852. 12o . Portrait . 4347 Grandfather's Chair : a History for Youth . Boston : 1841. 21 ° . 4348 Same . 2d ed .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOMDLP:aez2073:0001.001

Category:

Page:

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Catalogue of the Honorary and Immediate Members and of the Library of the Porcellian Club of Harvard University

BUDGET , The , or Humble Attempts at Immortality , by Messrs . von Dunderhead . 12mo . Hallowell ( Me . ) , 1830 . Buds and Flowers of Leisure Hours , by Harry Hawser . 8vo . Philadelphia , 1844 . BULWER , Sir E. L. Asmodeus at Large .

Author: Harvard University. Porcellian Club

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015076388654

Category: Electronic book

Page: 170

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Catalogue of American Poetry

Buds and Flowers , of Leisure Hours . Svo , cloth . Philadelphia , 1844. $ 1.25 . 431 HAYDN , and other Poems . 12mo , cloth . New York , 1870. 65c . 432 HAYNES ( W. ) . Poem delivered before the H. L. of I. 0. of O. F. , July 7 ...

Author: Caleb Fiske Harris

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015033687024

Category: American poetry

Page: 83

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The Prison and the American Imagination

In Chevigny, ed., Doing Time, 14–21. Hawser, Harry. Buds and Flowers, of Leisure Hours. Philadelphia: Geo. Johnson, for the Author, 1844. Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The House of Seven Gables. Ed. Robert S. Levine. New York: Norton, 2006.

Author: Caleb Smith

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300156300

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 258

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How did a nation so famously associated with freedom become internationally identified with imprisonment? After the scandals of Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo Bay, and in the midst of a dramatically escalating prison population, the question is particularly urgent. In this timely, provocative study, Caleb Smith argues that the dehumanization inherent in captivity has always been at the heart of American civil society. Exploring legal, political, and literary texts--including the works of Dickinson, Melville, and Emerson--Smith shows how alienation and self-reliance, social death and spiritual rebirth, torture and penitence came together in the prison, a scene for the portrayal of both gothic nightmares and romantic dreams. Demonstrating how the cellular soul has endured since the antebellum age, The Prison and the American Imagination offers a passionate and haunting critique of the very idea of solitude in American life.

Catalogue 1807 1871

Buddeus , Johann Franz . NICERON , J. P. ( In his Mém . , v . ... Paris , 1844. 49 . CATECHISM of the Shamans ; or , Laws , etc. , of the priesthood of Buddha . ( In Neumann . ... Buds and flowers of leisure hours , by Harry Hawser .

Author: Boston Mass, Athenaeum, libr

Publisher:

ISBN: OXFORD:590103886

Category:

Page:

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Buds and Flowers

SIR :I beg leave to dedicate to you the following humble effusions of my pen , the result of leisure hours , in a situation which your kindness tended to transform into a seat on the banks of Repentance . I am sincerely grateful for the ...

Author: George Reno

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433076036148

Category:

Page: 132

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Catalogue of the Miscellaneous Library of William B Mann

New York , 1844 . B 7. 288. HALLECK , FITZ - GREENE . Alnwick Castle , with other Poems . By Fitz - Greene Halleck . New York , Harper & Brothers , 1845 . E 3 . 531. HAWSER , HARRY . Buds_and Flowers of Leisure Hours .

Author: William Benson Mann

Publisher:

ISBN: PRNC:32101074713056

Category:

Page: 142

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Report of the State Librarian and Director of Museum of Pennsylvania

Buds and flowers of leisure hours . Philadelphia : 1844 . Hayden , Hand and Jordan . Genealogical and family history of the Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys , Pennsylvania . 2 v . , 1906 . Haydn . Words of the Creation of the world ...

Author: Pennsylvania State Library and Museum (Harrisburg)

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3036475

Category:

Page:

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