Break All the Borders

This book offers a unique and detailed account of the separatist movements that aim to remake those borders-the southern movement in Yemen, the federalists in eastern Libya, the Kurdish nationalists in Syria and Iraq, and the Islamic State ...

Author: Ariel I. Ahram

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190917377

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 528

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In Break all the Borders, Ariel Ahram focuses on why these conflicts erupted and how separatist movements were able to gain control over territory and population centers in the years since 2011. After explaining how contemporary Arab states were established in the twentieth century, he emphasizes that the separatist movements that did gain traction were the descendants of movements and populations that lost independence in the twentieth century. That is important because Arab politics is often caricatured as a contest of ancient clans, tribes, and sects masquerading under the banner of modern states and political parties. Given the presumed ubiquity of sub-state identities and artificiality of state borders, the Arab world should be rife with rebellions bent on breaking the borders of existing states. Yet most of the rebels involved in the 2011 uprisings sought to overthrow individual rulers and regimes and did not contest the integrity of the state. There are only a handful of actors bent on separation, and they have been trying to reinstate political entities that were repressed within the last one hundred years. Their appeals are distinctly modern: they ask the international community to make good on the promises of popular sovereignty and point to recent histories of self-rule or failed bids for independence to justify their campaigns. Ahram ends by stressing that if we look at the actual sources of separatism in the region, we can see that they do not necessarily signal a breakdown of 'order'--an order that was always tenuous given that its foundations lay in repression of legitimate territorially-based political movements. We should not dismiss contemporary separatists them but rather engage with them.

Break all the Borders

This is not the first border we will break. God willing [inshallah], we will break all the borders.”1 Where Iraq and Syria's red, green, and black tricolors had flown side by side like fraternal twins for nearly nine decades, ...

Author: Ariel I. Ahram

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190917395

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 540

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Since 2011, civil wars and state failure have wracked the Arab world, underlying the misalignment between national identity and political borders. In Break all the Borders, Ariel I. Ahram examines the separatist movements that aimed to remake those borders and create new independent states. With detailed studies of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, the federalists in eastern Libya, the southern resistance in Yemen, and Kurdish nationalist parties, Ahram explains how separatists captured territory and handled the tasks of rebel governance, including managing oil exports, electricity grids, and irrigation networks. Ahram emphasizes that the separatism arose not just as an opportunistic response to state collapse. Rather, separatists drew inspiration from the legacy of Woodrow Wilson and ideal of self-determination. They sought to reinstate political autonomy that had been lost during the early and mid-twentieth century. Speaking to the international community, separatist promised a more just and stable world order. In Yemen, Syria, Iraq, and Libya, they served as key allies against radical Islamic groups. Yet their hopes for international recognition have gone unfulfilled. Separatism is symptomatic of the contradictions in sovereignty and statehood in the Arab world. Finding ways to integrate, instead of eliminate, separatist movements may be critical for rebuilding regional order.

Break All the Borders

This text is about the separatist movements that aim to remake those borders-the Southern Movement in Yemen, the federalists in eastern Libya, Kurdish nationalists in Syria and Iraq, and the Islamic State (IS).

Author: Ariel Ira Ahram

Publisher:

ISBN: 0190917415

Category: HISTORY

Page:

View: 563

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In Break all the Borders, Ariel Ahram focuses on why these conflicts erupted and how separatist movements were able to gain control over territory and population centers in the years since 2011. After explaining how contemporary Arab states were established in the twentieth century, he emphasizes that the separatist movements that did gain traction were the descendants of movements and populations that lost independence in the twentieth century. That is important because Arab politics is often caricatured as a contest of ancient clans, tribes, and sects masquerading under the banner of modern states and political parties. Given the presumed ubiquity of sub-state identities and artificiality of state borders, the Arab world should be rife with rebellions bent on breaking the borders of existing states. Yet most of the rebels involved in the 2011 uprisings sought to overthrow individual rulers and regimes and did not contest the integrity of the state. There are only a handful of actors bent on separation, and they have been trying to reinstate political entities that were repressed within the last one hundred years. Their appeals are distinctly modern: they ask the international community to make good on the promises of popular sovereignty and point to recent histories of self-rule or failed bids for independence to justify their campaigns. Ahram ends by stressing that if we look at the actual sources of separatism in the region, we can see that they do not necessarily signal a breakdown of 'order'--an order that was always tenuous given that its foundations lay in repression of legitimate territorially-based political movements. We should not dismiss contemporary separatists them but rather engage with them.

Breaking Borders

His strategy was to break through our lines and surrender to the Americans across the Elba River. Our divi— sion was part of the forces assigned ... Many were abandoned with all household items left behind. My new orderly, Bronek Mazur, ...

Author: Alexander Harris

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9780595454150

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 292

View: 913

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In 1939 Alexander Harris, a teenager in Lodz, Poland, experienced the darkness of World War II and the Russian occupation of his native country. He lived through a Soviet gulag and the battlefields of Germany, but never let his spirit be broken. He tells of friendship and betrayal, war, love and hate. Separated from his family at a young age, he triumphed over many obstacles, including discrimination and torture. Harris was thankful to arrive in the United States, the cradle of freedom and land of opportunity in which he could begin his life anew. Remaining steadfast in his determination to help overcome ignorance, misconceptions and prejudices that divide people and nations, he worked in the tourism profession to do his part to abolish the barriers between hostile worlds. His father's words, "When you come to a border, cross it. If you cannot cross it, go around it. If you can't go around it, break it" inspired him throughout his life, providing the motivation he needed to devote his professional life to breaking borders and promoting peace via the international tourism industry. His work led to the receipt of numerous awards, including the Ellis Island Medal of Honor.

Jihad Co

We will break all of the borders. We will break the barriers of Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, all of the countries until we reach Quds [Jerusalem].”12 Daesh not only achieved tremendous battlefield success but also demonstrated an uncanny ...

Author: Aisha Ahmad

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190656799

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 208

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For two decades, militant jihadism has been one of the world's most pressing security crises. In civil wars and insurgencies across the Muslim world, certain Islamist groups have taken advantage of the anarchy to establish political control over a broad range of territories and communities. In effect, they have built radical new jihadist proto-states. Why have some ideologically-inspired Islamists been able to build state-like polities out of civil war stalemate, while many other armed groups have failed to gain similar traction? What makes jihadists win? In Jihad & Co., Aisha Ahmad argues that there are concrete economic reasons behind Islamist success. By tracking the economic activities of jihadist groups in Afghanistan, Somalia, Pakistan, Mali, and Iraq, she uncovers an unlikely actor in bringing Islamist groups to power: the local business community. To illuminate the nexus between business and Islamist interests in civil war, Ahmad journeys into war-torn bazaars to meet with both jihadists and the smugglers who financed their rise to power. From the arms markets in the Pakistani border region to the street markets of Mogadishu, their stories reveal a powerful economic logic behind the rise of Islamist power in civil wars. Behind the fiery rhetoric and impassioned, ideological claims is the cold, hard cash of the local war economy. Moving readers back and forth between mosques, marketplaces, and battlefields, Ahmad makes a powerful argument that economic savvy, as much as ideological fervor, explains the rise of militant jihadism across the modern Muslim world.

Borders and Shadows

Gimme a break! “All right,” he said, after a moment's silence. Billy didn't say anything at all. He just climbed in on the passenger side of the truck and then made a production of fastening his seatbelt. The locale they now headed ...

Author: Deirdre O'Dare

Publisher: JMS Books LLC

ISBN: 9781646563234

Category: Fiction

Page: 100

View: 796

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First-year Border Patrol officers Rhys Davis and Liam Malone have been friends since second grade. When their new assignment puts them on the front line in tracking down a vicious and inhuman killer, an unearthly Soul-Eater, along the southern border, they must call on every resource at their disposal. The most potent of these resources turns out to be memories they share from two thousand years ago, a time in the British Isles when they were partners in every way, forming an eternal bond that allowed them to defeat this same enemy in that lifetime. Now, Rhys and Liam can't help but wonder...will crossing the line from friends to lovers in this lifetime destroy their friendship or build on it?

Education Across Borders

The good news that this book brings, in the face of the complications and challenges, is that the proper design, management, and evaluation of cross-border education could break down all the barriers that have delayed the global use of ...

Author: James Fegan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402094118

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 405

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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights endorsed in 1948 by member states of the United Nations continues to remain very much valid as it provides the solid foundation for most actions and activities that are aimed at guaranteeing the rights of everybody. The rights enunciated in the Declaration are comprehensive and two that are relevant to the content of this book are the right to education and the right to learn. The right to education and the right to learn are known to have been hotly debated by politicians, policy makers, and implementers. Sometimes, the rights in question here have found their way into political parties’ manifestoes, and advocates oftherighttoeducation andtherighttolearnhavebeenquicktobringintojudgment politicians who have not lived up to their promises. Even at that, many member states of the United Nations have taken steps to ensure that access to learning is jealously guarded. For education and lifelong learning remain among the primary forces that can guarantee individual, community and national development, as they had always been from time immemorial. Globally, there has been ample evidence of efforts made by governments to p- mote the widening of access to participation in learning activities. Even so, the literature on the subject of access and participation has not captured suf ciently what has happened across the world in terms of providing access outside national boundaries in the context of globalization and the rapid creation of the knowled- based economies of the 21st century.

Borders and Memories

As has since been shown, however, it would appear not to be very difficult at all to revive these natural stories and to ... the Ukrainian orthodoxy implemented a deliberate break from the Moscow Patriarchate and, thus, shattered the ...

Author: Katarzyna Stoklosa

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643910943

Category:

Page: 162

View: 418

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Borders and border regions are shaped by many phenomena connected with both co-operation and conflict. The neighbourhood, cross-border contacts, illegal migration, border crossings, prejudices and stereotypes, border guards, and perceptions of borders are some of the key words that characterize the articles in this volume. The book deals with European border regions that have experienced numerous changes over the 20th century. Because of this changeable, frequently painful past, different human stories – mostly tragic or romanticized – individual and collective memories, mythologies with heroes, and divergent perceptions of history developed. Most authors in this volume deal with conflicts and co-operation that can either be remembered or forgotten.

Skip the Borders

A quilt like that needs a border to help visually contain all that's going on in the design. Whether you're already pushing the limits, or this book is your attempt at breaking out of what you know, or you haven't made a single quilt ...

Author: Julie Herman

Publisher: Martingale

ISBN: 9781604684025

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 80

View: 894

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Create quilts with simple designs, strong lines, and a modern aesthetic. With this innovative collection, popular blogger and designer Julie Herman, the owner of Jaybird Quilts, inspires you to create stunning quilts--without borders! Choose from 15 easy quilt patterns where design is the star and fabric is the supporting actor Learn the structure of a borderless quilt; explore various bindings and their effect on the overall look See what can be done when color is used in bold ways to support a borderless quilt design

Office Home and Student 2010 All in One For Dummies

If you want to place a border around a page in the middle of a document, you must create a section break where the page is. Before you create your border, place the cursor on the page where the border is to appear.

Author: Peter Weverka

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470948825

Category: Computers

Page: 672

View: 435

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One-stop shopping for all the essentials of Office Home & Student 2010 The Home & Student version of Microsoft Office is ideal for anyone who needs the essential Office applications and can do without tools like Access and Outlook. The version includes Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote. Each minibook offers straightforward advice, helpful projects, and real-world examples that target the home and student audiences. You’ll benefit from instructions for creating a resume in Word, establishing a home budget in Excel, jazzing up a school presentation with PowerPoint, and taking notes in OneNote. Targets home and school users of Office 2010, who primarily need and use Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and OneNote Demonstrates common, everyday projects, such as creating a cover letter in Word and creating reusable templates in Excel Walks you through spiffing up a school presentation with PowerPoint Offers straightforward instructions for taking notes in OneNote Reviews common Office 2010 tools and details the basics of the Office ribbon Office Home & Student 2010 All-in-One For Dummies is your fun and friendly guide to the essentials of Office 2010!

Migrant Form

... marital border policy then breaks all the rules of family life and goes from timely to untimely , from proper to improper . Charulata had no such opportunity . It was very difficult for her to break the newspaper barrier and get ...

Author: Gaurav Majumdar

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 1433105039

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 169

View: 733

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Migrant Form examines the works of James Joyce, Salman Rushdie, and Satyajit Ray for the anti-colonial arguments in their unsettled, and unsettling, aesthetics. Among the questions it engages are the following: What are the aesthetic moves through which art expresses its resistance to dominance and demands for conformity? How can we define anti-colonial aesthetics? How do these aesthetics manifest themselves in different media such as literature and film? Contending that Joyce inaugurates an anti-colonial «aesthetics of reconstitution», the book mines such aesthetics in Ulysses and Finnegans Wake to propose a formal model for postcolonialism. It also draws on that exercise to consider how Rushdie extends a play with reconfigured forms into an overt politics in two of his novels (Midnight's Children and The Satanic Verses). Turning its attention to film, the book contests the common view of Ray as a gentle realist and examines a formal restlessness in Ray's earlier work, Charulata (The Lonely Wife), before demonstrating how Ray stages his preference for restlessness in his final film, Agantuk (The Stranger).

Borderlines

But eventually we all break down and use the word that fits—addiction. What else do you call craving the very thing that destroys you? And when I go back to see how it started, like all good addicts I have to admit that the problem ...

Author: Caroline Kraus

Publisher: Broadway Books

ISBN: 9780307418852

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 368

View: 772

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What would you do if your best friend was also your worst enemy? When Caroline Kraus leaves behind her sheltered, upper-middle-class home in St. Louis for San Francisco following the death of her mother, she is searching for clarity and a fresh perspective to help her escape her mother’s ghost. Instead, in a dreamlike city of beatnik bookstores and coffeehouses, she meets Jane. Bewitching and free-spirited, Jane offers Caroline the warmth, intuitive understanding, and female companionship she craves, and soon the two women are inseparable. But gradually, Caroline discovers that behind the intensity that makes the friendship so intoxicating lies a dangerous, symbiotic stranglehold. As their lives and psyches become evermore intertwined, Jane begins to reveal some disturbing qualities and pulls Caroline further into her troubled depths. And as her subtle manipulations blossom into emotional blackmail, financial ruin, alarming promiscuity, and ultimately, physical aggression, Caroline must fight to regain her sense of self, and her understanding of where Jane ends and she begins. Gripping and unforgettable, Borderlines distills the author’s terrifying experience into a mesmerizing memoir that will hold you captive until the last page. At its heart lies an unflinching look at the potent, hidden dynamics beneath the surface of any intimate relationship—and the dangerous blurring of individual boundaries that can occur when these dynamics are unleashed. An extraordinary tale that illuminates the power of love, loss, loyalty, and grief, Borderlines is an unprecedented account of the dark side of friendships between women, and marks a striking literary debut. From the Hardcover edition.

Beyond All Borders

After much reflection, I concluded that I had to return to the estate to save my relationship, at least what was left of it and decided that these women could not break us. Our union was solid and we loved each other sincerely.

Author: Vaniliane

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781445726922

Category:

Page: 103

View: 573

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Elly is a young orphan and resourceful student. For holidays, she found a job. She meets a man. But their differences will turn everything upside down in their lives. This inequality does not exist. So will she be accepted for what it is?

Borders Boundaries and Frames

All future references are to “The Specular Border Intellectual” and will be cited parenthetically. ... “contrapuntal” aware ness can be a source of power: “Exiles cross borders, break barriers of thought and experience,” he writes.

Author: Mae Henderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317959137

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 256

View: 303

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The essays in this volume take up the challenge of working out -- or reworking -- the problematics of the borders, the boundaries and the frameworks that structure our various and multiple notions of identity -- textual, personal, collective, generic, and disciplinary. The contributors to this volume write about subjects (and are often themselves subjects) who "refuse to occupy a single territory" -- who cross geographical, cultural, national, linguistic, generic, specular and disciplinary borders. Essays by Kathryn Hellerstein, Anita Goldman, Jane Marcus and Scott Malcomson exlpore the semiotics of exile and the problem of its representation in the lives and writings of individual aritists and intellectuals. Autobiographical criticism, as represented in the essays by Nancy Miller and Sara Suleri, enlargess our conventional notions of what consitutes literature in general and criticism in particular.

Bhangra Moves

Eis duniya vitch jine risthe Sabjuthe te beroop Maa da rishta sab to sachcha Maa hai rab da roop all worldly ... is mine That Chenab is also mine Of the broken body Put together the pieces join hands Break all borders (Hans Raj Hans.

Author: AnjaliGera Roy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351574006

Category: Music

Page: 304

View: 486

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Bhangra is commonly understood as the hybrid music produced in Britain by British Asian music producers through mixing Panjabi folk melodies with western pop and black dance rhythms. This is derived from a Punjabi harvest dance of the same name. This book looks at Bhangra's global flows from one of its originary sites, the Indian subcontinent, to contribute to the understanding of emerging South Asian cultural practices such as Bhangra or Bollywood in multi-ethnic societies. It seeks to trace Bhangra's moves from Punjab and its 'return back' to look at the forces that initiate and regulate global flows of local texts and to ask how their producers and consumers redirect them to produce new definitions of culture, identity and nation. The critical importance of this book lies in understanding the difference between the present globalizing wave and previous trans-local movements. Gera Roy contrasts the frames of cultural imperialism with those of cultural invasion to show how Indian cultures have constantly reinvented themselves by cross-pollinating with 'invading' cultures such as Hellenic, Persian, Arabic and many others in the past. By looking at Bhangra's flows to and from India, the book revises the relation between culture, space and identity and challenges boundaries. It weighs both the uses and costs of visibility provided by global networks to marginalized groups in diverse localities and explores whether collaborations between Bhangra practitioners, largely of working class origin, give ordinary people any control over the circulation of culture in the global village. Finally, the book considers whether cultural practices can alter hierarchies and power structures in the real world.

Thinking Past Post 9 11

Clearly, for Hiroko then the border-opening processes are not sufficient to reimagine trauma and break all barriers that arise ... What are required are the “detection of relational geographies which are disrupted by this state border”, ...

Author: Jayana Jain

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000423457

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 100

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This book offers new ways of constellating the literary and cinematic delineations of Indian and Pakistani Muslim diasporic and migrant trajectories narrated in the two decades after the 9/11 attacks. Focusing on four Pakistani English novels and four Indian Hindi films, it examines the aesthetic complexities of staging the historical nexus of global conflicts and unravels the multiple layers of discourses underlying the notions of diaspora, citizenship, nation and home. It scrutinises the “flirtatious” nature of transnational desires and their role in building glocal safety valves for inclusion and archiving a planetary vision of trauma. It also provides a fresh perspective on the role of Pakistani English novels and mainstream Hindi films in tracing the multiple origins and shifts in national xenophobic practices, and negotiating multiple modalities of political and cultural belonging. It discusses various books and films including The Reluctant Fundamentalist, Burnt Shadows, My Name is Khan, New York, Exit West, Home Fire, AirLift and Tiger Zinda Hai. In light of the twentieth anniversary of 9/11 attacks, current debates on terror, war, paranoid national imaginaries and the suspicion towards migratory movements of refugees, this book makes a significant contribution to the interdisciplinary debates on border controls and human precarity. A crucial work in transnational and diaspora criticism, it will be of great interest to researchers of literature and culture studies, media studies, politics, film studies, and South Asian studies.

Racial Borders

A leading cultural historian writes : “ All borders are dangerous . If left unguarded , they could break down , our categories could collapse , and our world dissolve in chaos . ” This statement could have served as the motto for the ...

Author: James N. Leiker

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 160344159X

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 373

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“With the publication of Racial Borders Leiker has established himself as a leading authority on African American military history. This is a fine example of new social history and should be widely read.”—Journal of America's Military Past “. . . presents a nuanced approach to understanding this border area . . . helps the reader to understand the reactions of the many groups in the area to the presence of the United States Army and its four African American units.”—Journal of American History

War Violence and the Modern Condition

The break-down takes place in the borderland between the fronts. This border-experience in the zone which is at the same time the experience of the break-down of all borders is the very image of the marginal, the liminal, the 'betwixt ...

Author: Bernd Hüppauf

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110817256

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 422

View: 192

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Migrating Borders

... to any territorial group that wants to break away from the post-secession territory. The empirical puzzle for all these theories is why in real-world democracies secession is handled so differently at different territorial levels.

Author: Jean-Thomas Arrighi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000709841

Category: Political Science

Page: 148

View: 678

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Migrating Borders explores the relationship between territory and citizenship at a time when the very boundaries of the political community come into question. Made up of an interdisciplinary team of social scientists, the book provides new answers to the age-old ‘question of nationalities’ as it unfolds in a particular context – the European multilevel federation – where polities are linked to each other through a complex web of vertical and horizontal relations. Individual chapters cover and compare well-known cases such as Catalonia, Kosovo and Scotland, but also others that often fall under the radar of mainstream analysis, such as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus or the Roma. At a time of heightened uncertainty surrounding the European integration project, the book offers an invaluable theoretical and empirical compass to navigate some of the most pressing issues in contemporary European politics. Exploring what happens to citizenship when borders ‘migrate’ over people, Migrating Borders will be of great interest to scholars of Ethnic and Migration Studies, European Politics and Society, Nationalism, European Integration and Citizenship. This book was originally published as a special issue of Ethnopolitics.

Conflict Management in Kashmir

But I am sure we will manage to break all impediments and make this trade a reality for future generations' ... The Indian Prime Minister argued, 'We cannot change the borders but lessen the restrictions on travel between the two ...

Author: Debidatta Aurobinda Mahapatra

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108642576

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 654

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The book examines the intersections of political violence, deprivation and conflict, and explores the prospects of its management by studying one of the world's most complex political turmoils - Kashmir. It closely investigates the vertical aspect of the conflict, in which the Indian state and a section of Kashmiris are engaged in a turbulent relationship, and explores ways to stimulate conflict management. By employing the protracted social conflict theory, the author argues that a conflict between a state and a social group ensues when the political elite fail to address the non-material needs of the marginalized. By documenting narratives of the Kashmiri traders and the state officials, and the impact of the opening of the two intra-Kashmir trade routes during the 1990s, this book emphasizes the need to focus on peace initiatives taken by the government, and the significance of accommodation and engagement to address a state-people conflict.