Pathologies of Body Self and Space

PATHOLOGIES OF BODY , SELF AND SPACE COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHIATRY What happens when the physical body and the subjective sense of self part company ? How do we explain phantom limbs and alien abduction ?

Author: Sean A. Spence

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1841699330

Category: Psychology

Page: 112

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What happens when the physical body and the subjective sense of self part company? How do we explain phantom limbs and alien abduction? What are the cognitive, neurobiological mechanisms that support such phenomena? In this special issue of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Spence and Halligan explore all these issues and more, with contributions drawn from an internationally renowned panel of authors, most of whom contributed to a symposium held in Sheffield, England in June 2001 ('The Neuropsychiatry of the Body in Space'). That meeting was primarily concerned with those bizarre and disturbing syndromes that arise when 'body' and 'self', soma and psyche are dissociated from each other, within or beyond the body's surface. Some disorders constrain the space of the body (as in neglect and dissociation syndromes), others seem to extend the boundaries (as with phantom limbs and autoscopy). Still others suggest a permeability of those boundaries (as in alien control and thought insertion, each occurring in schizophrenia). Finally, the body may itself be perceived as having passed into space, the most extreme exemplar being 'alien abduction'. Each paper contains a description of disturbed phenomenology and an account and critique of current cognitive neuropsychiatric findings.

Food the Body and the Self

Food and eating practices are at the centre of the new concern in western societies about the body, self-control, health, risk, consumption and identity. While individuals enter the world with the need to eat to survive, from the moment ...

Author: Deborah Lupton

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0803976488

Category: Social Science

Page: 175

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In this wide-ranging and thought-provoking analysis of the sociocultural and personal meanings of food and eating, Deborah Lupton explores the relationship between food and embodiment, the emotions and subjectivity. She includes discussion of the intertwining of food, meaning and culture in the context of childhood and the family, as well as: the gendered social construction of foodstuffs; food tastes, dislikes and preferences; the dining-out experience; spirituality; and the `civilized' body. She draws on diverse sources, including representations of food and eating in film, literature, advertising, gourmet magazines, news reports and public health literature, and her own empirical research into people's preferences, memories, experiences

Where are you Self and body part localization using virtual reality setups

2008] by improving people's sense of the boundaries of their body in space (see the end of section 1.4). Instead, as the avatar was scaled to the user's dimensions, our results suggest that adaptation to a self-avatar from a normal ...

Author: Albert van der Veer

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 9783832549879

Category: Psychology

Page: 184

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This volume presents a line of original experimental studies on the bodily self, investigating where people locate themselves in their bodies and how accurate they are at localizing their body parts. So far, it was not well known whether people locate themselves in one or more specific regions of their bodies. On the other hand, some systematic distortions in indicating bodily locations were already documented. In the present studies, participants were therefore asked to indicate their self-locations, as well as the locations of several of their body parts, using a self-directed, first-person perspective pointing paradigm in various virtual reality (VR) setups (different head-mounted displays and a large-screen immersive display). Overall, participants were found to locate themselves mainly in the (upper) face and the (upper) torso. However, striking differences in self-localization were found when testing in different VR setups. Upon further investigation, these differences were found to be foremost due to inaccuracies in body part localization. When taking these inaccuracies into account, differences between setups—and also with self-localization outside of VR—largely disappear. Another striking finding was that providing participants—in between pointing phases—with information about their bodies in the form of a real-time animated self-avatar, did not make them more accurate at locating their own body parts. While manipulating their viewpoint to chest-height of their self-avatar did shift the afterwards indicated locations of their own body parts upwards, towards where they were seen on the avatar. Potential explanations for the various new findings, also from tasks outside of VR, are discussed. Taken together, this volume suggests a differential involvement of multi-sensory information processing in experienced self-location within the body and the ability to locate body parts. Self-localization seems to be less flexible, possibly because it is strongly grounded in the 'bodily senses', while body part localization appears more adaptable to the manipulation of sensory stimuli, at least in the visual modality.

The Self in Transition

These differences are obtained because the self lives in a different body than the other and because self - organizing properties exist . At the simplest , biological level , healthy neonates breathe for themselves and digest their food ...

Author: Dante Cicchetti

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226106624

Category: Psychology

Page: 399

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Twenty-four distinguished behavioral scientists present recent research on the self during the pivotal period of transition from infancy to childhood and place it in historical perspective, citing earlier work of such figures as William James, George Herbert Mead, Sigmund Freud, and Heinz Kohut. Contributors are Elizabeth Bates, Marjorie Beeghly, Barbara Belmont, Leslie Bottomly, Helen K. Buchsbaum, George Butterworth, Vicki Carlson, Dante Cicchetti, James P. Connell, Robert N. Emde, Jerome Kagan, Robert A. LeVine, Andrew N. Meltzoff, Editha Nottelmann, Sandra Pipp, Marian Radke-Yarrow, Catherine E. Snow, L. Alan Sroufe, Gerald Stechler, Sheree L. Toth, Malcolm Watson, and Dennie Palmer Wolf.

Body Self and Society

Anne E. Becker examines the cultural context of the embodied self through her ethnography of bodily aesthetics, food exchange, care, and social relationships in Fiji.

Author: Anne E. Becker

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812213971

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

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Anne E. Becker examines the cultural context of the embodied self through her ethnography of bodily aesthetics, food exchange, care, and social relationships in Fiji. She contrasts the cultivation of the body/self in Fijian and American society, arguing that the motivation of Americans to work on their bodies' shapes as a personal endeavor is permitted by their notion that the self is individuated and autonomous. On the other hand, because Fijians concern themselves with the cultivation of social relationships largely expressed through nurturing and food exchange, there is a vested interest in cultivating others' bodies rather than one's own.

Wisdom of the Eternal Self

Matter type Human Form Preparatory Cause Additional aspect of Form Human M4 Animal Body parts responsible for image retrieving capability. Body parts responsible for intellection learning capability and associated features.

Author: Sayyed Aamir Raza

Publisher: Wasila Society

ISBN: 9781095384480

Category: Philosophy

Page: 322

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This book discusses the reality of human being by pointing out some of the very fundamental issues that remain hidden from the eyes of the modern and post-modern western thought. By elaborating Mulla Sadra’s concept of Soul’s origination from the body and its survival through the Spirit, this book explains how the human soul develops stage by stage in a gradual manner from a vegetative body in the womb. By using Mulla Sadra’s principles of causality, this book shows how God and his Angels create man and other species on the Earth without denying Darwin’s evolutionary theory. In this reference, the role of metaphysical worlds in actualizing human knowledge is also discussed. This book also shows how the human life is a journey back towards its origin i.e. towards God and how this journey would continue even after death. In this reference, this book also explains the principles on the basis of which human soul would continue its life in the post-humus world. This book also clarifies the benefits of focusing onto the self and how this focus may lead to the realization of the Eternal Self of God. In this way, it shows how it is not impossible to experience the post-humus conditions even before death. It also specifies what kind of lifestyle may possibly ensure the occurrence of such mystic experiences.

The Body Is Not an Apology

This book moves us beyond our all-too-often hidden lives, where we are easily encouraged to forget that we are whole humans having whole human experiences in our bodies alongside others.

Author: Sonya Renee Taylor

Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers

ISBN: 9781626569775

Category: Self-Help

Page: 168

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The Body Is Not an Apology The Power of Radical Self-Love Against a global backdrop of war, social upheaval, and personal despair, there is a growing sense of urgency to challenge the systems of oppression that dehumanize bodies and strip us of our shared humanity. Rather than feel helpless in the face of oppression, world-renowned activist, performance poet, and author Sonya Renee Taylor teaches us how to turn to the power of radical self-love in her new book, The Body Is Not an Apology. Radical self-love is the guiding framework that transforms the learned self-hatred of our bodies and the prejudices we have about other people's bodies into a vision of compassion, equity, and justice. In a revolutionary departure from the corporate self-help and body-positivity movement, Taylor forges the inextricable bond between radical self-love and social justice. The first step is recognizing that we have all been indoctrinated into a system of body shame that profits off of our self-hatred. When we ask ourselves, “Who benefits from our collective shame?” we can begin to make the distinction between the messages we are receiving about our bodies or other bodies and the truth. This book moves us beyond our all-too-often hidden lives, where we are easily encouraged to forget that we are whole humans having whole human experiences in our bodies alongside others. Radical self-love encourages us to embark on a personal journey of transformation with thoughtful reflection on the origins of our minds and bodies as a source of strength. In doing this, we not only learn to reject negative messages about ourselves but begin to thwart the very power structures that uphold them. Systems of oppression thrive off of our inability to make peace with bodies and difference. Radical self-love not only dismantles shame and self-loathing in us but has the power to dismantle global systems of injustice—because when we make peace with our bodies, only then do we have the capacity to truly make peace with the bodies of others.

Dreambody

Bridging the gaps between depth psychology, somatic psychology, spirituality, and energy-based mind-body practices, "Dreambody" is the foundational introduction to process-oriented psychology, by its founder Mindell, an MIT physicist and ...

Author: Arnold Mindell

Publisher: Deep Democracy Exchange

ISBN: 9781619710009

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 226

View: 917

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Krishna s Song

This simple reflection on the nature of consciousness makes it clear that there is a separation between the body and the self, the living being within who is conscious of the body. To extend this idea, let us admit that we do not really ...

Author: Steven Rosen

Publisher: Greenwood

ISBN: UVA:X030263261

Category: Religion

Page: 172

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Rosen offers Westerners an easy-to-read introduction to a sacred text, demystifying its considerable philosophy in a user-friendly way. This is not yet another translation, merely reiterating what the Gita itself has to say. It is rather an attempt to culturally translate the text, making use of concepts and categories to which Western readers are accustomed. By engaging familiar motifs--such as issues of modernity, pop-culture icons, and well-known philosophers in the West--the author brings the Gita into focus for non-specialists and scholars alike. Through a series of contemporary news references and insightful summaries, readers will finally understand the facts and personalities that make up the Bhagavad Gita. Using his many years of Gita-centered research, Rosen unlocks the mysteries of the text's spiritual underpinnings. He provides an overview of the Gita's narrative and teachings alongside documentation of its traditional application and more modern ways in which the text can be understood. Students and scholars alike will rejoice in how well this book lays bare the culture and the context of the Gita, resulting in a reader's deep familiarity with this most sacred of all the world's wisdom texts.

Self Study in Physical Education Teacher Education

In her singular association of her selfhood with her cognitive-interpretive capacity (my wisdom) is the simultaneous disassociation of her sense of self from her physical being (the body). In this construction of her selfhood, ...

Author: Alan Ovens

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319056630

Category: Education

Page: 192

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In this in-depth examination of self-study as a research methodology, an international selection of physical education scholars share their ideas and experiences and consider the value of self-study as a vector for highlighting the emerging conflicts, dilemmas, and debates currently developing in teaching and teacher education pedagogies. A vital new addition to Springer’s series Self-Study of Teacher Education Practices, the volume is divided into three sections assessing the significance of the approach itself, offering detailed subject-relevant case studies, and exploring the nuances and controversies attending the evolution of the methodology. The contributors show how self-study enables reflexivity in pedagogical practice, a notable lacuna in current critical research, and at the same time they make the technique accessible to scholars of physical education wanting a practicable introduction to the subject. The analysis also explores the implications of applying self-study to pedagogy itself, to the curriculum, and to human movement and educational practice more generally. By embracing more organic, emergent notions of research practice and learning, the book achieves a broader and more inclusive survey of pedagogical work in physical education teacher education that fully acknowledges the complexities of the field.

The Immune Self

As an object , consciousness somehow resides separate - closer and more intimate to our true self , but always distinct . ... They [ body , its adjustments , reaction ) are the kernel to which the represented parts of the Self are ...

Author: Alfred I. Tauber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521574439

Category: Philosophy

Page: 354

View: 906

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The Immune Self is the first extended philosophical critique of immunology.

A measure of the Self

When the Prana leaves the body, it is accompanied by the mind encapsulating it with soul at the core of the capsule. Among 84 lakh bodies of living species, the knowledge of soul is bestowed only in humans. We are struggling with the ...

Author: Hari Prasad Bangalore

Publisher: Notion Press

ISBN: 9781645465492

Category: Religion

Page: 388

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The whole Creation is a spiritual system. How to understand this. “Life has to be lived forward but understood backward”. In this Creation, everything leads to something. That something leads to something further. That something significant leads us to something Ultimate. But the sure way to lose sight of spirituality in the Creation is to take everything for granted. That’s how we lost sight of valuable clues already. The rarest miracle is to be born as an awakened human being. Science is required for the welfare of the world and spirituality is required for the wellbeing of mankind. Human beings need to be guided very responsibly. We have to inquire into the spiritual dimension of Creation by serious contemplation, even while science is on a romantic trip with cognizable phenomena. Simple awareness takes us to a higher pedestal of awakening - a hyper-awareness. This is awakening. Ordinarily, we lead to three kinds of lives. One-the life we want to lead; two - the life we are leading; three - the life we should be leading. Through Sadhana, we can narrow the gap and make life and more purposeful. God limits Himself to the limits of our understanding.

Self efficacy in Sport

The effects of model similarity and model talk on self - efficacy and muscular endurance . ... who varied on clothing ( sport - specific vs. general sportswear ) and body language ( positive vs. negative posture and eye contact ) .

Author: Deborah L. Feltz, Ph.D.

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 0736059997

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 405

View: 812

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With this book, students, researchers, and practitioners now have a go-to reference on efficacy research packed with psychological strategies for helping athletes and coaches overcome specific weaknesses. Self-Efficacy in Sport - the first book devoted entirely to this important topic - compiles over 30 years of burgeoning self-efficacy research into a comprehensive and up-to-date analysis. Written by three eminent researchers in the field, it introduces theory-based and research-tested guidelines and recommendations for designing, implementing, and evaluating interventions to improve self-efficacy, yet it remains easy for readers to find research and interventions that fit their needs. An annotated bibliography allows readers to quickly and critically evaluate all the self-efficacy research cited in the book, which prevents this text from becoming simply a long literature review. Practitioners will be able to put research into practice to serve clients, and students and researchers will be challenged to think critically about the subject and chart the course for new directions in research.

The Power of Self Healing

How the Body Self-Heals In the chiropractic profession, we emphasize innate intelligence. It simply means that “the power that made the body, heals the body.” Benjamin Franklin put it this way: “God heals and the doctor takes the fee.

Author: Fabrizio Mancini, Dr.

Publisher: Hay House, Inc

ISBN: 9781401936235

Category: Self-Help

Page: 312

View: 985

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Most of us are no strangers to health problems, illness, or pain, but what if there's a solution to restore our well-being that doesn't involve drugs, surgery, or other medical procedures? Well, there is, and you'll find it within your own body. That's right! Your body has a built-in capacity to heal itself-a remarkable system of self-repair that works day in and day out-and improving its ability to heal is within your control. Yet most people don't fully grasp the body's incredible power to heal itself, largely because traditional medicine has led us to believe that health comes from the outside in and not from the inside out. Did you know, for example, that approximately 50 percent of all illnesses, when left alone, will eventually heal themselves? If you choose to take care of your body every day, it will reward you a thousand times over-improving your odds against everything from heart disease, cancer, and diabetes; to arthritis, allergies, colds, late-winter flu, and more. Remember, you have the power to be and stay healthy because healing truly comes from within. The Power of Self-Healing will help you accomplish all this and more!

Body Sense The Science and Practice of Embodied Self Awareness Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology

The science and practice of feeling our movements, sensations, and emotions.

Author: Alan Fogel

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393708660

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 999

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The science and practice of feeling our movements, sensations, and emotions. When we are first born, before we can speak or use language to express ourselves, we use our physical sensations, our “body sense,” to guide us toward what makes us feel safe and fulfilled and away from what makes us feel bad. As we develop into adults, it becomes easy to lose touch with these crucial mind-body communication channels, but they are essential to our ability to navigate social interactions and deal with psychological stress, physical injury, and trauma. Combining a ground-up explanation of the anatomical and neurological sources of embodied self-awareness with practical exercises in touch and movement, Body Sense provides therapists and their clients with the tools to attain mind-body equilibrium and cultivate healthy body sense throughout their lives.