Biotechnology and International Security

This book contextualizes the militarization of biotechnology by examining its strategic uses throughout history, how genetic engineering has changed the nature of bioweapons, and its impact on warfare and security.

Author: David Malet

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442268913

Category: Political Science

Page: 206

View: 837

DOWNLOAD →

This book contextualizes the militarization of biotechnology by examining its strategic uses throughout history, how genetic engineering has changed the nature of bioweapons, and its impact on warfare and security.

Insecurity and Emerging Biotechnology

This book examines how emergent trends in innovation and its governance are raising new and old questions about how to control technology.

Author: Brett Edwards

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030021887

Category: Political Science

Page: 97

View: 617

DOWNLOAD →

This book examines how emergent trends in innovation and its governance are raising new and old questions about how to control technology. It develops a new framework for understanding how emergent fields of science and technology emerge as security concerns; and the key challenges these fields pose from a global security perspective. The study focuses on the politics which have surrounded the emergent field of Synthetic Biology, a field which has become emblematic of both the potentials and limits of more preemptive approaches to governance. This highly accessible work will be of interest to both scholars and practitioners working on the ethical responsibilities of innovators and the assessment of emergent technology as well as the global governance of weapons.

International Security Peace Development and Environment Volume II

Editors: Horst W. Doelle, MIRCEN-Biotechnology, Australia Edgar J. DaSilva, Section of Life Sciences, Division of Basic and Engineering Sciences, UNESCO, ...

Author: Ursula Oswald Spring

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848260832

Category:

Page: 358

View: 337

DOWNLOAD →

International Security, Peace, Development, and Environment is a component of Encyclopedia of Institutional and Infrastructural Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on International Security, Peace, Development, and Environment deals, in seven parts and two volumes , with a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: human, social, gender and environmental security; the transition in earth history from the holocene to the anthropocene potentially causing disasters and increasing resource scarcity; limits to growth, use of na­tural resources, sustainable livelihood and productive system through technology; rise of conflicts due to scarce and polluted resources and the concentration of humans in limited spaces of big cities; the gender violence; peace education and peace teaching as mechanisms to strengthen citizenship and to improve the understanding of cultural diversity; mechanisms to strengthen the resistance against monopolist interests in the present global world and whistle blowing as a phenomenon to protect social peace and civil resistance. The presentation culminates with a discussion on the means of active nonviolence to reinforce democratic behavior and to reduce tensions and violent outcomes in a complex world. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

International Security Peace Development and Environment Volume I

Editors: Horst W. Doelle, MIRCEN-Biotechnology, Australia Edgar J. DaSilva, Section of Life Sciences, Division of Basic and Engineering Sciences, UNESCO, ...

Author: Ursula Oswald Spring

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848260825

Category:

Page: 430

View: 987

DOWNLOAD →

International Security, Peace, Development, and Environment is a component of Encyclopedia of Institutional and Infrastructural Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on International Security, Peace, Development, and Environment deals, in seven parts and two volumes , with a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: human, social, gender and environmental security; the transition in earth history from the holocene to the anthropocene potentially causing disasters and increasing resource scarcity; limits to growth, use of na­tural resources, sustainable livelihood and productive system through technology; rise of conflicts due to scarce and polluted resources and the concentration of humans in limited spaces of big cities; the gender violence; peace education and peace teaching as mechanisms to strengthen citizenship and to improve the understanding of cultural diversity; mechanisms to strengthen the resistance against monopolist interests in the present global world and whistle blowing as a phenomenon to protect social peace and civil resistance. The presentation culminates with a discussion on the means of active nonviolence to reinforce democratic behavior and to reduce tensions and violent outcomes in a complex world. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Biotechnology and International Law

November 2002,26 and its guidelines on the right to food (the 'Right to Food Guidelines') were formally adopted by the FAO Committee on World Food Security ...

Author: Francesco Francioni

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781847312693

Category: Law

Page: 486

View: 362

DOWNLOAD →

As with any rapid technological development, the biotechnology revolution is putting great strains on the ability of law to adapt to new challenges and threats. Although there is general agreement on the need to regulate biotechnology in many different fields of human activity (agriculture, life sciences, forensic science) domestic law remains deeply divided over the best approach to take. This book is the first attempt at covering the most pressing legal issues raised by the impact of biotechnologies on different categories of international norms. Through the contribution of a selected group of international scholars and experts from international organizations, the book addresses 1) the international status of genetic resources, both in areas of national jurisdiction and in common spaces such as the international sea bed area and Antarctica; 2) the relevance of environmental principles in the governance of modern biotechnologies; 3) the impact of biotechnologies on trade rules, including intellectual property law; 4) the human rights implications, especially in the field of human genetics; and 5) the intersection between general international law and regional systems, especially those developed in Europe and Latin America. The overall objective of the book is to provide an up-to-date picture of international law as it stands today and to stimulate critical reflection and further research on the solutions that will be required in years to come.

The International Politics of Biotechnology

Investigating Global Futures John Vogler, Alan M. Russell ... national security ( of states ) , and international security ( potentially of humankind ...

Author: John Vogler

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719058686

Category: Political Science

Page: 259

View: 690

DOWNLOAD →

There are three sections. The first considers the nature of the science itself, the normative questions rasied and the significance of gender responses. Following these broad issues, the second section addresses biotechnology in relation to international policial economy, trade and the environment, highlighting the politics of food and patents. The final section tackles the question of biological knowledge applied to weapons and the global responses.

National Security and Arms Control in the Age of Biotechnology

The UN Security Council (UNSC) is the central body for “managing” the international security system; it has five permanent members and a rotating membership ...

Author: Daniel M. Gerstein

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781442223134

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 830

DOWNLOAD →

Daniel M. Gerstein, a former Army Colonel and current Under Secretary in the Department of Homeland Security, traces the origins of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention while prescribing ways for the world’s military leaders to move forward with regards to (what Gerstein calls) “the most important arms control treaty of the 21st Century.”

Biotechnology Security and the Search for Limits

In doing so the book considers the place of biological and social research in creating and responding to societal problems through drawing on diverse academic traditions such as discourse analysis, social problems studies, philosophy, ...

Author: Brian Rappert

Publisher: New Security Challenges

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123333721

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 667

DOWNLOAD →

Since 9/11 and the U.S. anthrax attacks, public, and policy concerns about the security threats posed by biological weapons has increased significantly. As a result, there are now active international deliberations about what restrictions should be placed on the openness of scientific research. Biotechnology, Security and the Search for Limits examines these security implications for life science research as well as the methodological issues associated with conducting social research. In doing so the book considers the place of biological and social research in creating and responding to societal problems through drawing on diverse academic traditions such as discourse analysis, social problems studies, philosophy, action research, science and technology studies, politics, and public policy.

Biotechnology Security and the Search for Limits

So rather than centering security attention on isolated findings, it made more sense ... about the role of their science in securing international security.

Author: B. Rappert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230223158

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 623

DOWNLOAD →

Biotechnology, Security and the Search for Limits examines the post 9/11 security implications for life science research as well as the methodological issues associated with conducting social research. In doing so the book considers the place of biological and social research in creating and responding to societal problems.

Biotechnology and Agriculture in 2020

First , CSIS addresses the new drivers of global security , with programs on the international financial and economic system , foreign assistance , energy ...

Author: Anthony J. Cavalieri

Publisher: CSIS

ISBN: 0892064617

Category: Science

Page: 34

View: 239

DOWNLOAD →

PEACE STUDIES PUBLIC POLICY AND GLOBAL SECURITY Volume VII

Volume 1: Fundamentals in Biotechnology eISBN 978-1-84826-255-3 ISBN ... An Overview and an Appraisal of Biotechnology in a Changing World – Part I eISBN ...

Author: Ursula Oswald Spring, Ada Aharoni, Ralph V. Summy, Robert Charles Elliot

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848263505

Category:

Page: 496

View: 263

DOWNLOAD →

Peace Studies, Public Policy and Global Security is a component of Encyclopedia of Social Sciences and Humanities in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Peace Studies, Public Policy and Global Security provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: Processes of Peace and Security; International Security, Peace, Development, and Environment; Security Threats, Challenges, Vulnerability and Risks; Sustainable Food and Water Security; World Economic Order. This 11-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, issues on Peace studies, Public Policy and Global security. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Biotechnology Agriculture and Food Security in Southern Africa

Biotechnology and international trade. Power Point presentation at a conference on Agricultural Biotechnology: Can it help reduce hunger in Africa?

Author: Steven Were Omamo

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 9780896297371

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 934

DOWNLOAD →

This book brings together experts from within and outside Africa to discuss the current status of biotechnology in southern Africa, the conceptual framework for multistakeholder dialogues, the political and ethical issues surrounding biotechnology, food safety and consumer issues, biosafety, intellectual property rights, and trade involving genetically modified foods.

The Gene Revolution and Global Food Security

Using the concept of innovation capacity, this book, using recent field data from countries in Asia and Africa, competently demonstrates how biotechnology can contribute to sustainable economic development.

Author: Padmashree Gehl Sampath

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230228828

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 982

DOWNLOAD →

Using the concept of innovation capacity, this book, using recent field data from countries in Asia and Africa, competently demonstrates how biotechnology can contribute to sustainable economic development. The approach articulates the imperative for developing countries to build up specific capabilities backed up by policies and institutions.

Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia

In July 2005, the National Academies released the report Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security.

Author: Russian Academy of Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309097048

Category: Science

Page: 156

View: 345

DOWNLOAD →

In July 2005, the National Academies released the report Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security. The report offered a number of recommendations that could help restore Russia’s ability to join with the United States and the broader international community in leading an expanded global effort to control infectious diseases. A proposed bilateral intergovernmental commission could play a pivotal role toward that end as cooperation moves from assistance to partnership. The report proposed the establishment of two model State Sanitary Epidemiological Surveillance Centers in Russia, more focused support of competitively selected Russian research groups as centers of excellence, the promotion of investments in biotechnology niches that are well suited for Russian companies, and expanded opportunities for young scientists to achieve scientific leadership positions in Russia. Also, the report highlighted the importance of U.S. programs that support the integration of former Soviet defense scientists with civilian researchers who had not been involved in military-related activities.

Maximizing the Security and Development Benefits from the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention

The first Workshop entitled " BTWC Security Implications of Human ... to security from international cooperation in microbiology and biotechnology might be ...

Author: Malcolm R. Dando

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402009127

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 927

DOWNLOAD →

The Editors would like to thank the authors of the papers at the Advanced Research Workshops for their excellent presentations at the workshops and the production of their drafts. We are indebted to those who helped in the preparation of this volume. We should particularly like to acknowledge the help of Piers Millett, who compiled the papers, set them into camera-ready format and produced the index and Dr. Simon Whitby who made the final changes to the manuscript. Any remaining errors are, of course, our responsibility. Malcolm R. Dando Cyril Klement Marian Negut Graham S. Pearson IX ACHIEVING SECURITY BENEFITS FROM TECHNICAL COOPERATION UNDER THE BIOLOGICAL AND TOXIN WEAPONS CONVENTION GRAHAM S. PEARSON Visiting Professor of International Security, Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire BD7 IDP, UK 1. Background l The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention which opened for signature in 1972 2 and entered into force in 1975 currently has 144 States Parties and 18 Signatory States Article I of the Convention is all-embracing in its complete prohibition of biological weapons stating that: Each State Party to this Convention undertakes never in any circumstances to develop, produce, stockpile or otherwise acquire or retain: (1) Microbial or other biological agents, or toxins whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; (2) Weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such

BIOTECHNOLOGY Volume XIV

Fundamentals in Biotechnology Horst W. Doelle , J. Stefan Rokem, Marin Berovic ... on disarmament and allied issues concerning international security ...

Author: Horst W. Doelle

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848262683

Category:

Page: 348

View: 808

DOWNLOAD →

This Encyclopedia of Biotechnology is a component of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Biotechnology draws on the pure biological sciences (genetics, animal cell culture, molecular biology, microbiology, biochemistry, embryology, cell biology) and in many instances is also dependent on knowledge and methods from outside the sphere of biology (chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, information technology, biorobotics). This 15-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It carries state-of-the-art knowledge in the field and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.