Biology of Nutrition in Growing Animals

Part of the Biology of Growing Animals series, this book presents up-to-date information on the biology of animal nutrition.

Author: R. Mosenthin

Publisher: Elsevier Science Health Science Division

ISBN: 0444512322

Category: Medical

Page: 614

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Part of the Biology of Growing Animals series, this book presents up-to-date information on the biology of animal nutrition. It describes how dietary modulation of the gastrointestinal function in young and growing farm animals is achieved through different kinds of feed additives, such as probiotics, prebiotics, organic acids, and novel sources of feed enzymes, as well as bioactive components and metabolic modifiers. The book also discusses the role of nutrition in immune response and animal health, the problem of antinutrients - including mucotoxins and some minerals - in animal nutrition, and the biotechnological, molecular, and ecophysiological aspects of nutrition. In addition, safety and legal aspects are presented. Critical review and state-of-the art articles written by recognized specialsists in animal nutrition and gastrointestinal physiology Novel approaches for improving gastrointestinal function in young farm animals New ways of interpretation of basic knowledge of nutrition

Biology of Metabolism in Growing Animals

This book presents contributions from leading scientists in nutrition and physiology that highlight important new developments in interorgan and tissue-specific metabolism of protein and amino acids, lipids and fatty acids, and ...

Author: Douglas G. Burrin

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780444510136

Category: Medical

Page: 483

View: 657

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The book is intended to provide in-depth reviews of the recent advances in major areas of metabolism in growing domestic animals. The study of metabolism represents a nexus of biological phenomenon that integrates the impact of nutrition, physiology, endocrinology, immunology, biochemistry, and cell biology in an organism. The development of new methodological techniques and experimental approaches have provide scientists with a greater understanding of how key nutrients or substrates are metabolized at the cellular, organ, and whole animal level. This book presents contributions from leading scientists in nutrition and physiology that highlight important new developments in interorgan and tissue-specific metabolism of protein and amino acids, lipids and fatty acids, and carbohydrates in monogastric and runinant species. Authors will describe the impact of specific biochemical pathways and expression of critical enzymes, routes of nutrient or substrate input, and anatomical or structural influences on the rates of metabolism in a given tissue or cell type. Major substrates/ fuels for oxidative metabolism, key signaling pathways, and intracellular molecules that regulate the major metabolic processes will be described. Also included is how the metabolism of growing animals is influenced by ontogeny, stage of differentiation, and major changes in diet, or the environment. The concepts and specific findings in each area are discussed in the context of their impact on the nutrient requirements, growth, environmental impact, healt and well-being of animals. The book will be a useful reference for research scientists, teachers and students interested in and advanced understanding of metabolism in growing animals. The book is written by leading experts and highlights some of the most recent advances in the field of metabolism. It is a useful reference for researchers and advanced level graduate students in nutrition, physiology and animal science. Presents recent advances in the field of metabolism.

Principles of Animal Nutrition

Thus, nutrition is a foundational subject in livestock, poultry and fish production, as well as the rearing and health of companion animals. This book entitled Principles of Animal Nutrition consists of 13 chapters.

Author: Guoyao Wu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351646376

Category: Medical

Page: 772

View: 455

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Animals are biological transformers of dietary matter and energy to produce high-quality foods and wools for human consumption and use. Mammals, birds, fish, and shrimp require nutrients to survive, grow, develop, and reproduce. As an interesting, dynamic, and challenging discipline in biological sciences, animal nutrition spans an immense range from chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy and physiology to reproduction, immunology, pathology, and cell biology. Thus, nutrition is a foundational subject in livestock, poultry and fish production, as well as the rearing and health of companion animals. This book entitled Principles of Animal Nutrition consists of 13 chapters. Recent advances in biochemistry, physiology and anatomy provide the foundation to understand how nutrients are utilized by ruminants and non-ruminants. The text begins with an overview of the physiological and biochemical bases of animal nutrition, followed by a detailed description of chemical properties of carbohydrates, lipids, protein, and amino acids. It advances to the coverage of the digestion, absorption, transport, and metabolism of macronutrients, energy, vitamins, and minerals in animals. To integrate the basic knowledge of nutrition with practical animal feeding, the book continues with discussion on nutritional requirements of animals for maintenance and production, as well as the regulation of food intake by animals. Finally, the book closes with feed additives, including those used to enhance animal growth and survival, improve feed efficiency for protein production, and replace feed antibiotics. While the classical and modern concepts of animal nutrition are emphasized throughout the book, every effort has been made to include the most recent progress in this ever-expanding field, so that readers in various biological disciplines can integrate biochemistry and physiology with nutrition, health, and disease in mammals, birds, and other animal species (e.g., fish and shrimp). All chapters clearly provide the essential literature related to the principles of animal nutrition, which should be useful for academic researchers, practitioners, beginners, and government policy makers. This book is an excellent reference for professionals and a comprehensive textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate students in animal science, biochemistry, biomedicine, biology, food science, nutrition, veterinary medicine, and related fields.

Principles of Animal Nutrition

This book contains the fundamental and basic information of subject and the selection of contents makes it an appropriate book for the students as well as for scholars.

Author: Robin Moore

Publisher: Scientific e-Resources

ISBN: 9781839474477

Category:

Page: 336

View: 281

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Principles of Animal Nutrition deals with classification and function of nutrients, deficiency symptoms, digestive processes, characterization of feedstuffs and formulation of diets for domestic animals. Animal nutrition entails the study of the composition and characteristics of the material consumed by the animal, the manner in which this material is metabolized (converted, utilized, and excreted) in the digestive tract and body cells of mono gastric animals (pigs, broilers, layers), ruminants (sheep, cattle, goats), and lower digestive tract fermenters (horses, ostriches). The nutrient requirements of different species animals for various production functions are also addressed. Nutrition is important for a variety of reasons. Animals need the proper nutrition for growth and maintenance, and to provide energy for work and vital functions. Maintenance is the nutrition required for an animal to maintain its current weight. Energy is the ability of the body to perform functions. Proper nutrition is also needed to maintain body temperature, produce milk, reproduce, and develop proper bone structures. Without proper nutrition, animals can develop health problems, which could result in treatment costs or even fatality. Good nutrition is essential for all of the systems of an animal to function and work together properly. This book contains the fundamental and basic information of subject and the selection of contents makes it an appropriate book for the students as well as for scholars.

Total Nutrition

Following the success of Nutricines, the author considers the practical implications and implementation of the theories laid out therein.

Author: Clifford A. Adams

Publisher: Iowa State Press

ISBN: WISC:89084131903

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 537

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Following the success of Nutricines, the author considers the practical implications and implementation of the theories laid out therein. The strategic use of a wide variety of disease avoidance and health maintenance measures will contribute the an improved and more acceptable system of animal production without the use of antibiotic growth promoters.

Animal Nutrition

This volume Animal Nutrition is concerned with the animal feeds and their feeding describing research on feed for ruminants and non-ruminants, including poultry, horses, companion animals and aquatic animals.

Author: Valentin Flater

Publisher:

ISBN: 1681179210

Category:

Page: 452

View: 879

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"Meeting livestock nutritional requirements is enormously significant in maintaining satisfactory performance of neonatal, growing, finishing and breeding animals. From a practical point of view, an optimal nutritional program should ensure sufficient intakes of amino acids (both traditionally classified essential and nonessential), carbohydrates, fatty acids, minerals, and vitamins by animals through a supplementation program that corrects deficiencies in basal diets (e.g., corn- and soybean meal-based diets for swine; milk replacers for calves and lambs; and available forage for ruminants). Also crucial to the nutrition program for animals is water. Modern breeds of dairy animals are able to produce huge amount of milk. In attempt to consume, digest and metabolize enough nutrients to satisfy lactation needs, those animals are exposed to serious stress conditions that can affect their health. Health problems which arise from those conditions are mainly related to impaired ability to metabolize enough nutrients to compensate for those lost in milk. They are known as metabolic or production diseases and may be of great economic importance in milk production systems. Although metabolic diseases have become a common problem on dairy farms, they still require a serious attention to be controlled. The incidences of these disorders can be reduced by proper nutrition of animals. Also, some of the specific strategies in feeding practice offer additional advantages in prevention of nutrition-related metabolic diseases. This volume Animal Nutrition is concerned with the animal feeds and their feeding describing research on feed for ruminants and non-ruminants, including poultry, horses, companion animals and aquatic animals. It encompasses the full coverage of animal nutritional sciences and reviews including, but not limited to, fundamental aspects of animal nutrition such as nutritional requirements, metabolic studies, body composition, energetics, immunology, genetics and molecular and cell biology related to nutrition, and more applied aspects of animal nutrition, such as raw material evaluation, feed additives, nutritive value of novel ingredients and feed safety. This book will be useful for students, researchers, teaching staff, practicing professionals connected with dairy science, animal science, food science, nutrition, physiology, biochemistry, veterinary medicine and other related fields. "

Growth in Animals

The growth in mammals and birds for meat production and its effects on the meat quality of animals are also covered in this book.

Author: T.L.J. Lawrence

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483161853

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 316

View: 458

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Studies in the Agricultural and Food Sciences: Growth in Animals discusses the more advanced concepts of growth, its changes and effects on different animals and systems, and its implications for agriculture. Based on a symposium of the same name, the book defines growth and its effects on the whole body; the biochemical and genetic determinants that affect it; and the effect of thermal environment on growth and its relation with immunity. Growth of bones, muscle nucleic acid and protein, and adipose tissue are also explained. The text also encompasses the relation of growth and gut microflora; the effects of growth-promoting agents in ruminant animals and single-stomach animals; and growth and breeding performance in animals. The growth in mammals and birds for meat production and its effects on the meat quality of animals are also covered in this book. This monograph is recommended for those who would want to start or are currently running animal and poultry farms, as well as for scientists who wish to study the phenomenon of growth for the betterment of agriculture.

Mineral Nutrition of Animals

This text concludes by looking at methods of controlling the adequacy of farm animals' mineral diet. This book will be of interest to students and practitioners in agriculture and food science.

Author: V. I. Georgievskii

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483162720

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 606

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Mineral Nutrition of Animals reviews the research on the mineral nutrition of animals. This book explores the biological function and metabolism of minerals in the body, as well as mineral feeding of various species of farm animals. Topics range from water metabolism and mineral composition of feeds to the physiological role of macroelements such as calcium and potassium and microelements such as iron and copper. This text is comprised of 16 chapters; the first of which provides a historical overview of the science of mineral feeding of animals; mineral elements and their function in animal nutrition; and mineral feeding of animals under industrial conditions. The chapters that follow present general information on minerals, describe the link between biogeochemical regions and biochemical ecology, and analyze the factors affecting the mineral composition of animals' bodies. The reader is also introduced to water metabolism and the water requirements of animals; the metabolism of minerals absorbed into the digestive tract; and the kinetics of mineral metabolism in the blood, organs, and tissues. The next section is devoted to mineral feeding of various species of farm animals such as cattle, sheep, pigs, and poultry. This text concludes by looking at methods of controlling the adequacy of farm animals' mineral diet. This book will be of interest to students and practitioners in agriculture and food science.

Animal Nutrition

The latest edition of this classic text, now in a larger format with improved artwork, continues to provide a clear and comprehensive introduction to the science and practice of animal nutrition. Animal Nutrition covers four main areas.

Author: Peter McDonald

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0582419069

Category: Nature

Page: 693

View: 998

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The latest edition of this classic text, now in a larger format with improved artwork, continues to provide a clear and comprehensive introduction to the science and practice of animal nutrition. Animal Nutrition covers four main areas. Chapters 1-9 explain the basic chemistry and biochemistry of feed constituents, digestion and metabolism; Chapters 10-18 evaluate the energy and nutrient content of feedstuffs and discuss the assessment of nutritional requirements and ration formulation; Chapters 19-25 describe the characteristics of commonly used feedstuffs such as forages, concentrates and by-products; and the Appendix provides comprehensive tables on the composition of foods and feeding standards for dairy and beef cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry, and horses.

Animal Nutrition Science

This book describes how animals obtain, digest and use food and nutrients; how nutrient requirements can be quantified and how nutrient use can affect the environment.

Author: Gordon McL. Dryden

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781780640563

Category: Animal-Food

Page: 302

View: 410

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Principles of Animal Nutrition

Ruminal volatile fatty acid production in relation to animal production from grass. Proc. ... Growth and development of brown adipose tissue: Significance and nutritional regulation. ... In: Biology of Metabolism in Growing Animals.

Author: Guoyao Wu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498721615

Category: Medical

Page: 772

View: 427

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Animals are biological transformers of dietary matter and energy to produce high-quality foods and wools for human consumption and use. Mammals, birds, fish, and shrimp require nutrients to survive, grow, develop, and reproduce. As an interesting, dynamic, and challenging discipline in biological sciences, animal nutrition spans an immense range from chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy and physiology to reproduction, immunology, pathology, and cell biology. Thus, nutrition is a foundational subject in livestock, poultry and fish production, as well as the rearing and health of companion animals. This book entitled Principles of Animal Nutrition consists of 13 chapters. Recent advances in biochemistry, physiology and anatomy provide the foundation to understand how nutrients are utilized by ruminants and non-ruminants. The text begins with an overview of the physiological and biochemical bases of animal nutrition, followed by a detailed description of chemical properties of carbohydrates, lipids, protein, and amino acids. It advances to the coverage of the digestion, absorption, transport, and metabolism of macronutrients, energy, vitamins, and minerals in animals. To integrate the basic knowledge of nutrition with practical animal feeding, the book continues with discussion on nutritional requirements of animals for maintenance and production, as well as the regulation of food intake by animals. Finally, the book closes with feed additives, including those used to enhance animal growth and survival, improve feed efficiency for protein production, and replace feed antibiotics. While the classical and modern concepts of animal nutrition are emphasized throughout the book, every effort has been made to include the most recent progress in this ever-expanding field, so that readers in various biological disciplines can integrate biochemistry and physiology with nutrition, health, and disease in mammals, birds, and other animal species (e.g., fish and shrimp). All chapters clearly provide the essential literature related to the principles of animal nutrition, which should be useful for academic researchers, practitioners, beginners, and government policy makers. This book is an excellent reference for professionals and a comprehensive textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate students in animal science, biochemistry, biomedicine, biology, food science, nutrition, veterinary medicine, and related fields.

Vitamins in Animal Nutrition

This book describes the basic chemical, metabolic, and functional role of vitamins and vitamin supplementation.

Author: Lee Russell McDowell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323139045

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 486

View: 933

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Vitamins in Animal Nutrition presents concise, up-to-date information on vitamin nutrition for livestock and poultry; comparisons with vitamin use in human nutrition are also presented. This book describes the basic chemical, metabolic, and functional role of vitamins and vitamin supplementation. A wealth of photographs illustrate the nutritional aspects of vitamin deficiencies and excesses in livestock, along with their concomitant conditions. This authoritative reference is of interest to professionals in animal nutrition and the livestock industry and is suitable as a graduate-level text on vitamin nutrition in animals. First book of its kind Offers practical and broad coverage of nutrition as it relates to farm livestock, humans, and laboratory animals Clinically identifies and outlines the effects of vitamin excesses and deficiencies in animals and humans Emphasizes vitamin supplementation, and vitamin metabolism and function Illustrated with numerous photographs

Amino Acids in Nutrition and Health

This edited volume comprehensively highlights recent advances in the metabolism, nutrition, physiology, and pathobiology of amino acids in companion (dogs and cats), zoo (carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores), and farm (including cattle, ...

Author: Guoyao Wu

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030544621

Category: Amino acids in animal nutrition

Page: 256

View: 964

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This edited volume comprehensively highlights recent advances in the metabolism, nutrition, physiology, and pathobiology of amino acids in companion (dogs and cats), zoo (carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores), and farm (including cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, chickens, fish, and crustaceans) animals. It enables readers to understand the crucial roles of amino acids and their metabolites in the growth, development, health, and metabolic diseases of these animals. Readers will learn from well-written chapters that amino acids are not only the building blocks of protein but are also signaling molecules and key regulators of gene expression and whole body homeostasis in companion, domestic, aquatic, and captive animals. The book also provides new and useful information on the optimum requirements of the animals for dietary amino acids. This knowledge will guide nutritional practices and daily management to improve the health and survival of all species and to enhance the productivity of livestock, poultry, and aquaculture enterprises worldwide to produce high-quality protein for human consumption. Editor of this volume is an internationally recognized expert in the biochemistry, nutrition and physiology of amino acids. He has over 38 years of experience with research and teaching at world-class universities in the area of amino acid biochemistry, nutrition, and physiology. He has published more than 625 papers in peer-reviewed journals, 62 chapters in books, and authored two text/reference books, with an H-index of 117 and more than 55,000 citations in Google Scholar. This publication is a useful reference for professionals and pet owners, as well as undergraduate and graduate students in animal science, aquaculture, zoology, wildlife, veterinary medicine, biology, biochemistry, food science, nutrition, pharmacology, physiology, toxicology, and other related disciplines. In addition, all chapters provide general and specific references to amino acid nutrition and metabolism for researchers and practitioners in animal agriculture, aquaculture, zoos, biomedicine, and plant science, and for government policy makers. Chapter 7 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Biology of Growth of Domestic Animals

The text considers the interface of growth with other disciplines including nutrition, genetics, and environment management, as well as specific aspects of growth in livestock and companion animal species.

Author: Colin G. Scanes

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 0813829062

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 721

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The latest advances in knowledge of growth biology are now available in a single, seminal volume. Biology of Growth of Domestic Animals critically examines the fundamental process of growth both from a systems viewpoint (mathematical aspects, modeling, cell and molecular biology, hormones, growth factors, the extra-cellular matrix) and at the organ level (muscle, adipose, mammary gland and bone). The text considers the interface of growth with other disciplines including nutrition, genetics, and environment management, as well as specific aspects of growth in livestock and companion animal species. Man's relationship with animals is reviewed as an introduction to the importance of domestic animals which have been critical to human development providing nutrition, income, transportation, locomotive power, companionship and entertainment.

The Role of Chromium in Animal Nutrition

This book addresses recent research on chromium in animal diets; metabolic interactions between chromium and other nutrients; assessments of form and species interactions; supplementation effects; bioavailability of chromium forms and ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309063548

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 96

View: 291

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The American feed industry manufactures tons of dietary supplements and additives each year for inclusion in the diets of food-producing animals. Some scientists have suggested that chromium should be a key ingredient in nutritional supplements. Controversy exists, however, over whether chromium sources should be approved as feed additives and whether enough data exist to establish dietary requirements. Chromium use has been suggested to have positive impacts on farm profitability, and many animal health benefits have been attributed to chromium supplementation, including increased longevity; enhanced reproduction; decreased incidence of metabolic disorders, stress effects, and disease; reduced need for antibiotic usage; improved immune response; and lean carcass quality. This book addresses recent research on chromium in animal diets; metabolic interactions between chromium and other nutrients; assessments of form and species interactions; supplementation effects; bioavailability of chromium forms and sources; and effects of diet composition, stressors, and animal physiological status on chromium utilization. It also provides recommendations on the essentiality of dietary chromium in domestic animal species and guidelines for use of dietary chromium.

The Politics of Humanitarian Technology

Pusztai, A. and S. Bardocz (2005) 'GMO in animal nutrition: potential benefits and risks', in R. Mosenthin, J. Zentek and T. Zebrowska (eds) Biology of Nutrition in Growing Animals. New York; Elsevier. Rabinow, Paul and Nikolas Rose ...

Author: Katja Lindskov Jacobsen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317692973

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 649

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This book offers a detailed exploration of three examples of humanitarian uses of new technology, employing key theoretical insights from Foucault. We are currently seeing a humanitarian turn to new digital technologies, such as biometrics, remote sensing, and surveillance drones. However, such humanitarian uses of new technology have not always produced beneficial results for those at the receiving end and have sometimes exposed the subjects of assistance to additional risks and insecurities. Engaging with key insights from the work of Foucault combined with selected concepts from the Science and Technology Studies literature, this book produces an analytical framework that opens up the analysis to details of power and control at the level of materiality that are often ignored in liberal histories of war and modernity. Whereas Foucault details the design of prisons, factories, schools, etc., this book is original in its use of his work, in that it uses these key insights about the details of power embedded in material design, but shifts the attention to the technologies and attending forms of power that have been experimented with in the three humanitarian endeavours presented in the book. In doing so, the book provides new information about aspects of liberal humanitarianism that contemporary critical analyses have largely neglected. This book will be of interest to students of humanitarian studies, peace and conflict studies, critical security studies, and IR in general.

Animal Nutrition

Professor Bondi clearly outlines the major metabolic pathways in a range of animals, highlighting how individual nutrients are digested and absorbed and how these processes provide the animal with energy and lead to the formation of animal ...

Author: Aron A. Bondi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: UOM:39015023645347

Category: Animal nutrition

Page: 540

View: 102

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A comparative study of the basic biochemical and physiological basis of nutrition in farm animals, with an emphasis on applying new research data to the design of feeding regimes which will result in the most efficient use of feedstuffs for different productive purposes. Professor Bondi clearly outlines the major metabolic pathways in a range of animals, highlighting how individual nutrients are digested and absorbed and how these processes provide the animal with energy and lead to the formation of animal tissues in the form of meat or other products such as milk and eggs.

Natural Compounds as Antimicrobial Agents

Impact of restricting feed and probiotic supplementation on growth performance, mortality and carcass traits of meat-type quails. ... In Biology of Nutrition in Growing Animals; Biology of Growing Animal Series; Elsevier: Amsterdam, ...

Author: Carlos M. Franco

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039360482

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 593

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The world is full of plants and animals that have their own defenses, producing various substances in their daily fight against bacteria, fungi, or other agents. These products are alternatives to conventional antimicrobials that have a poor reputation with consumers. Many of these compounds are well known; however, the multiple types of structures together with the variable responses depending of the type of biocontrol needed in a wide range of applications, such as clinical, agricultural, general hygiene, and food, necessitates the continuous search for specific applications and the continuous study of how to use these substances. The present book provides a summary of reviews and original research works that explore the multiple alternatives for the use of these compounds.

Lactation in Farm Animals

Milk yield prediction models have proven helpful for genetic analysis and for bio-economic modeling. On the whole, this book serves as an inspirational basis for both scientists and farmers.

Author:

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9781789845464

Category: Medical

Page: 142

View: 617

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Greater knowledge of lactation allows us to alter environmental, nutritional, and milking procedures, or general management to maximize production. This book, focusing on lactation in farm animals (biology, physiological basis, nutritional requirements, and modelization), presents invited papers from internationally recognized scientists. This volume contains seven chapters covering the key topics related to milk production and lactation biology and physiology. The authors show that animals raised on a well-controlled nutrition regimen may have significant enhancement of succeeding lactations. Furthermore, the usefulness of a milk yield prediction system depends upon how accurately it can predict daily milking patterns and its ability to adjust to factors affecting supply. Milk yield prediction models have proven helpful for genetic analysis and for bio-economic modeling. On the whole, this book serves as an inspirational basis for both scientists and farmers.

Comparative Nutrition Of Man and Domestic Animals

“ It is only possible to suppress growth entirely by restricting the food when an animal is so emaciated that it has no further reserve stuffs to draw on. From a biological standpoint there are two forces operating in a growing animal ...

Author: H Mitchell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323142984

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 724

View: 472

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Comparative Nutrition of Man and Domestic Animals, Volume I discusses practical phases in the evaluation of the nutrient requirements of man and his domesticated animals and the factors that modify these quanta. This book also covers various nutrients' biochemical nature, functions, and participation in the energy transactions of the body. Organized into 11 chapters, the book initially discusses the principles of the basal metabolism and the activity increment and their role in evaluating maintenance requirement of human and animal for energy. The subsequent chapter focuses on the maintenance requirement of protein under stress and non-stress conditions. Other chapters discuss nutrient requirements for maintenance, such as water and minerals. The book also examines the nutrient requirements for muscle activities, growth, senescence, reproduction, and lactation. A discussion on the storage of nutritive material, such as water, protein, minerals, vitamins, and energy, is included. This volume is an invaluable source for organic chemists, biochemists, animal physiologists, zoologists, and nutritionists.