Biological Nitrogen Fixation for the 21st Century

We are now building on more than 100 years of research in this field and looking towards the 21st Century. The International Nitrogen Fixation Congress series Started more than 20 years ago.

Author: Claudine Elmerich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401151597

Category: Science

Page: 708

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Nitrogen availability is one of the most critical factors that limits plant productivity. The largest reservoir of nitrogen is the atmosphere, but this gaseous molecular nitrogen only becomes available to plants through the biological nitrogen fixation process, which only prokaryotic cells have developed. The discovery that microbes were providing fixed nitrogen to legumes and the isolation of the first nitrogen-fixing bacteria occured at the end the 19th Century, in Louis Pasteur's time. We are now building on more than 100 years of research in this field and looking towards the 21st Century. The International Nitrogen Fixation Congress series Started more than 20 years ago. The format of this Congress is designed to gather scientists from very diverse origins, backgrounds, interests and scientific approaches and is a forum where fundamental knowledge is discussed alongside applied research. This confluence of perspectives is, we believe, extremely beneficial in raising new ideas, questions and concepts.

21st Century Homestead Nitrogen Fixing Crops

21st Century Homestead: Nitrogen-Fixing Crops contains everything you need to stay up to date on nitrogen-fixing crops for your sustainable farm or garden.

Author: Stanley Bilello

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781365452901

Category:

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Nitrogen Fixation at the Millennium

This book provides a unique summary of the current state of knowledge that will be indispensable to all students and researchers, actual and potential, interested in biological nitrogen fixation.

Author: G.J. Leigh

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080537573

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 470

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The turn of the millennium from the twentieth to the twenty-first century provides an occasion to review our understanding of a biological process, biological nitrogen fixation, that is of prime importance for the continued survival of mankind. This process has provided a basis for maintaining soil fertility since the beginning of organised agriculture, yet its very existence was confirmed only just over a century ago. In the intervening years, an enormous intellectual effort has dispersed much of the mystery surrounding biological nitrogen fixation. Biological fixation is widely exploited in agriculture, as are nitrogen fertilisers prepared for the last hundred years under extreme conditions of temperature and pressure. However, despite all our efforts, the fundamental nature of the reactions involved at the heart of the biological process remain unknown. This book aims to describe what we have learned in the last one hundred years or so about biological nitrogen fixation, about what its chemistry appears to be, and how it is applied in agriculture. This ambitious objective has not been attempted recently. It is aimed at students and those who wish to enter these very challenging areas of research, and who need to learn the state of the art at the turn of the millennium. The authors are all acknowledged world experts in their fields. They have prepared concise, well referenced and authoritative accounts of their subjects. This book provides a unique summary of the current state of knowledge that will be indispensable to all students and researchers, actual and potential, interested in biological nitrogen fixation.

Maximising the Use of Biological Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture

In Biological Nitorgen Fixation for the 21st Century . Eds . C Elmerich , A Kondorosi and W E Newton . pp . 605-608 . Kluwer Academic Publishers , Dordrecht , The Netherlands . Ladha J K and Reddy P M 2003 Nitrogen fixation in rice ...

Author: Gudni G. Hardarson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402012373

Category: Nature

Page: 236

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Incorporating contributions from microbiologists, molecular biologists, plant breeders and soil scientists this volume reports the results and recommendations of an FAO/IAEA meeting of twelve experts on biological nitrogen fixation. This volume will be invaluable to scientists working on nitrogen fixation, soil microbiology, agronomy and crop production as well as farm advisers and extension specialists. Maximising the Use of Biological Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture is unique in that it: -reviews the latest thinking on various aspects of biological nitrogen fixation technology and applications; -reviews the possibilities in enhancing nitrogen fixation in various cropping systems; -shows ways how biological nitrogen fixation can be used to enhance crop production; -considers the applicability of these technologies to small farmers in developing countries.

Linking Research and Marketing Opportunities for Pulses in the 21st Century

New Horizons in Nitrogen Fixation. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation (Cancín, Mexico, 1992). 1993 ISBN 0-7923-2207-X Th. ... Biological Nitrogen Fixation for the 21st Century. 1998 ISBN 0-7923–4834-6 ...

Author: R. Knight

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401143851

Category: Science

Page: 707

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Proceedings of the Third International Food Legumes Research Conference

Chemistry for the 21st Century

6 WILsoN, P.W. The Biochemistry of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation. ... Application of N15 to the study of biological nitrogen fixation. ... 21 MORTENSON, L.E. Nitrogen fixation in extracts of Clostridium pastearianum.

Author: Ehud Keinan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527612956

Category: Science

Page: 308

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Here, numerous winners of the Wolf prize from all chemical disciplines provide an overview of the new ideas and approaches that will shape this dynamic science over the forthcoming decades and so will have a decisive influence on our living conditions. This glimpse of the future is naturally based on the findings granted us by the rapid increase in chemical research during the 20th century. It may be said that a silent "revolution" took place, the positive results of which are still not fully predicted. For example, chemists in research laboratories nowadays are able to develop drugs in increasingly short times to treat diseases once thought incurable. They can design new materials that withstand extreme conditions, and predict the properties of compounds that no one has even seen yet. In this exceptional book those breakthroughs of modern chemistry are illustrated and explained by leading scientists. It stems from the high-quality papers given at the prestigious ceremony to accompany the presentation of the 20th Wolf Prize. It is an extraordinary source for every chemist in industry and academia to get an overview of the highlights of modern chemistry.

Biological Nitrogen Fixation Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment

Proceedings of the 14th International Nitrogen Fixation Congress Yi-Ping Wang, Min Lin, Zhe-Xian Tian, ... 234-255 Chen DJ et al ( 1998 ) Biological Nitrogen Fixation for 21st century 599-604 Fujita K et al ( 1990 ) Soil Science and ...

Author: Yi-Ping Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402035691

Category: Science

Page: 442

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This volume covers all aspects of fundamental and applied nitrogen-fixation research, extending from biochemistry and chemistry through genetics, regulation and physiology to agricultural practice and environmental impact. It describes recent progress on studies of potential catalysts for nitrogen fixation; how the N2-fixing process is regulated in living cells; the use and impact of genetics and genomics on our understanding of the biological process; the wide variety of associations of nitrogen-fixing microbes with plants, including the formalized Rhizobium-legume and actinorrhizal associations as well as the less formalized associative and endophytic interactions; and the impact of nitrogen fixation in agriculture and forestry, including its effect on the environment. This volume provides an up-to-date referenced source, which can be readily accessed by all practicing and otherwise interested proponents of nitrogen fixation research, including those with related interests in the areas of plant and microbial science, genomics, plant-microbe interactions, genetics and regulation, plant growth and biocontrol, agriculture, forestry, ecology, taxonomy and evolution.

Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture Forestry Ecology and the Environment

Biological nitrogen fixation for the 21st century. (pp. 357-358). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Bertalot, M. J. A., and Mendoza, E. (1998). An observation of aerial nodulation of Casuarina equisetifolia in an ...

Author: Dietrich Werner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402035449

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 350

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Sustainability has a major part to play in the global challenge of continued development of regions, countries, and continents all around the World and biological nitrogen fixation has a key role in this process. This volume begins with chapters specifically addressing crops of major global importance, such as soybeans, rice, and sugar cane. It continues with a second important focus, agroforestry, and describes the use and promise of both legume trees with their rhizobial symbionts and other nitrogen-fixing trees with their actinorhizal colonization. An over-arching theme of all chapters is the interaction of the plants and trees with microbes and this theme allows other aspects of soil microbiology, such as interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and the impact of soil-stress factors on biological nitrogen fixation, to be addressed. Furthermore, a link to basic science occurs through the inclusion of chapters describing the biogeochemically important nitrogen cycle and its key relationships among nitrogen fixation, nitrification, and denitrification. The volume then provides an up-to-date view of the production of microbial inocula, especially those for legume crops.

Russian Journal of Genetics

Roberts , G.P. , Ludden , P.W. , Zhang , Y. , et al . , ADPRibosylation as a Regulatory Mechanism for Nitrogen Fixation , Biological Nitrogen Fixation for the 21st Century , Elmerich , C. , et al . , Eds . , Kluwer Academic , 1998 , pp ...

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ISBN: STANFORD:36105028458060

Category: Genetics

Page:

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Legume Nitrogen Fixation in Soils with Low Phosphorus Availability

In: Elmerich C, Kondorosi A, Newton W (eds) Biological nitrogen fixation for the 21st century. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 465–466 Drevon JJ, Abadie J, Alkama N, Andriamananjara A, Amenc L, Bargaz A, Carlssonn G, ...

Author: Saad Sulieman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319557298

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 287

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This thoughtful and provocative book provides a concise, up-to-date presentation of how current and projected future phosphorus scarcity will affect legume growth and their symbiotic nitrogen-fixing capabilities. It is a timely examination of the physiological and molecular responses of nodules to phosphorous deficiency in attempt to identify common principles. Students and researchers in the many disciplines related to crop productivity will find this title an exciting contribution in the area of plant stress physiology. The knowledge in this volume can also aid plant breeders, particularly through new methods of genetic engineering, in developing unique and adaptive cultivars with higher symbiotic efficiency. The awareness of the rapidly rising world population must translate into a parallel increase in agricultural production in order to sustain the growing population both now and in the future. Hence, the demand for food crops to produce proteins and vegetable oil for human consumption is going to increase considerably during the coming years. The essential role of legumes in agriculture is well-recognized, given the abundant levels of proteins and oils found in plants along with their enormous contribution to the sustainability of agricultural systems and human health. The capacity of legumes to fix nitrogen (N2) in partnership with rhizobia provides an input-saving and resource-conserving alternative, thereby reducing the need for chemical fertilizers while enhancing overall crop productivity. The use of N2-fixing legumes to produce plant proteins results in a substantial decrease in the consumption of fossil fuels and therefore also in the agricultural effects to global warming. However, a major constraint to legume production is low soil phosphorus (P) availability, considering that an overwhelming majority of the world’s soils are classified as P-deficient. Low-P availability is especially problematic for legumes, since legume nodules responsible for N2 fixation have a high P requirement. Therefore, this book explains how nodule N2 fixation responds to low P availability, which is crucial for improving legume production and maintaining agricultural sustainability in the context of the global P crisis.