Biological Control of Insect Pests Using Egg Parasitoids

This book will be useful for supplementary reading for MSc Agriculture and PhD Agriculture students, besides MSc/PhD research students in Zoology/Environmental Biology, who are specialising in Entomology.

Author: S. Sithanantham

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9788132211815

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 639

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The theme of the book is highly relevant to the current emphasis on environment conservation, with focus on native biodiversity conservation in agro-ecosystems. The current impetus being given to organic farming and export oriented agri-hortculture in the country calls for access to relevant scientific knowledge base among the stakeholders. Research on biological pest control is more than a century old in India. Egg parasitoids, which are mainly tiny wasps, led by the family Trichogrammatidae, are the most widely utilized natural enemies for biological control globally. Over thirty countries are using these bioagents to protect over 10 million hectares of agricultural and forestry crops from many important insect pests. The book comprises 18 chapters, which are arranged in continuum, commencing with basic aspects of knowledge and ending in their utilization targets. The chapters cover broadly four areas: bio-diversity and natural occurrence of egg parasitoids, behaviour and adaptation of egg parasitoids, mass production and safe use of egg parasitoids and utilisation of egg parasitoids in different crop ecosystems. Some of the chapters cater to the needs of discipline-wise update on the current R&D scenario-like insect taxonomy, biotechnology, mass-production and quality control of the target organisms - egg-parasitoids, which are useful for laboratory scientists/researchers. There are also chapters devoted to knowledge status and scope for utilization of egg parasitoids in different target crops, which cater to requirements of field entomologists and extensionists for use in their tasks of guiding farmers/local guides. The book is different in approach, method, structure and content and ensures holistic coverage of the topic. The chapters are written by active and experienced workers in different crops and aspects and co-edited by four very experienced experts who have over three decades R&D experience in the subject. All the authors have uniformly focussed on comprehensive literature study and critical identification of knowledge gaps for future R&D, thus the book is novel in outlook, up-to-date in content and comprehensive in coverage of themes. This book will be useful for supplementary reading for MSc Agriculture and PhD Agriculture students, besides MSc/PhD research students in Zoology/Environmental Biology, who are specialising in Entomology. It would also serve as a very useful reference book for researchers worldwide, though focus is also there on Indian work. It addresses the special information needs of students and faculty, besides practitioners and extensionists in the Australasia and Africa regions and thus not limited to the R&D knowledge generated in developed countries.

Egg Parasitoids in Agroecosystems with Emphasis on Trichogramma

The large number of contributors in several fields of Entomology makes this book the most comprehensive source of information for students and researchers working on egg parasitoids, biological control practitioners interested in applying ...

Author: Fernando L. Consoli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402091100

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 526

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Egg Parasitoids in Agroecosystems with emphasis on Trichogramma was conceived to help in the promotion of biological control through egg parasitoids by providing both basic and applied information. The book has a series of chapters dedicated to the understanding of egg parasitoid taxonomy, development, nutrition and reproduction, host recognition and utilization, and their distribution and host associations. There are also several chapters focusing on the mass production and commercialization of egg parasitoids for biological control, addressing important issues such as parasitoid quality control, the risk assessment of egg parasitoids to non-target species, the use of egg parasitoids in integrated pest management programs and the impact of GMO on these natural enemies. Chapters provide an in depth analysis of the literature available, are richly illustrated, and propose future trends.

Predators and Parasitoids

Any reduction in enemy number can result in an insect outbreak. Applied biological control is thus one strategy for restoring functional biodiversity in many agroecosystems. Predators and Parasitoids addresses the role of natural enemies i

Author: Opender Koul

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203302569

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 113

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Their natural enemies largely determine the population size and dynamic behavior of many plant-eating insects. Any reduction in enemy number can result in an insect outbreak. Applied biological control is thus one strategy for restoring functional biodiversity in many agroecosystems. Predators and Parasitoids addresses the role of natural enemies i

Theory and Practice of Biological Control

This book is an ideal source for plant pathologists and researchers, microbiologists, parasitologists, and public health professionals.

Author: C.B. Huffaker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323142441

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 810

View: 427

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The Theory and Practice of Biological Control covers conventional biological control achievement in the major crop types and in public health problems. Composed of five sections encompassing 28 chapters, this book discusses the basic information concerning developments in other biologically based alternatives to chemical pesticides. The first two sections discuss the philosophy, theory, scope, history, and the biological and ecological bases of biological control. These sections also deal with the impact of predators and the host relationships of parasitoids and pathogens. The following section presents the methodological aspects of biological control. Discussions on the variability of natural enemies as encountered in biological control work; the fitness of individuals and populations; the ways fitness is being or can be influenced by importation procedures; and the ability of imported natural enemies to adapt to the new environment are included. The fourth section outlines the accomplishments of conventional biological control in various types of crops, forests, and public health areas. Lastly, the various components of integrated pest control other than conventional biological control that forms the essential ways used in the integrated control approach are covered in the last section of the book. This book is an ideal source for plant pathologists and researchers, microbiologists, parasitologists, and public health professionals.

Biological Control with Egg Parasitoids

This text provides a broad overview of the use and potential of egg parasitoids in biological control.

Author: E. Wajnberg

Publisher: C A B International

ISBN: STANFORD:36105018262910

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 175

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This text provides a broad overview of the use and potential of egg parasitoids in biological control. Its 12 chapters cover both theoretical and practical aspects and have been developed by members of the working group "Trichogramma and Other Egg Parasitoids."

Chemical Ecology of Insect Parasitoids

Specific relevant case studies are also presented. The book is intended to be accessible to a large number of potential readers from University students to senior scientists worldwide.

Author: Eric Wajnberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118409602

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 145

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Insect parasitoids are a fascinating group of animals in manyrespects. Perhaps the most fascinating point is that these insects,in the course of the evolutionary time, have developed animpressive way to use chemical compounds to dialogue with thedifferent protagonists of their environment (i.e.,conspecifics, their hosts and the plants on which their hosts areliving). Unravelling the evolutionary meaning of such chemicalcommunication networks can give new insights into the ecology ofthese insects and especially on how to improve their use for thecontrol of noxious pests in biological control programmes. Chemical Ecology of Insect Parasitoids is a timelypublication, with organised chapters to present the most importantknowledge and discoveries that have taken place over the lastdecade, and their potential use in pest control strategy.Specific relevant case studies are presented to enhance thereader's experience. Suited to graduate students and professional researchers andpractitioners in pest management, entomology, evolutionary biology,behavioural ecology, and chemical ecology, this book is essentialfor anyone needing information on this important group ofinsects.

Cottage Industry of Biocontrol Agents and Their Applications

This book analyses the mass production and application of biological control products for biotic and abiotic factors affecting agricultural production. It also describes how to develop sustainable agriculture under Egyptian conditions.

Author: Nabil El-Wakeil

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030331610

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 466

View: 121

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This book analyses the mass production and application of biological control products for biotic and abiotic factors affecting agricultural production. It also describes how to develop sustainable agriculture under Egyptian conditions. The book is divided into four parts covering: 1) mass production of parasitoids, insects and mite predators, 2) mass production of the microbial control agents for managing insect pests, 3) biocontrol products for plant diseases, and 4) bioproducts against abiotic factors. It discusses various methods of controlling insect pests and plant diseases in order to increase agricultural production, improve the quality of field crops and reduce the food gap by applying a range of technologies. This book helps increase our understanding and awareness of how to produce healthy products for local consumption and utilization as well as for exports.

Biocontrol Potential and its Exploitation in Sustainable Agriculture

This volume, describes the various biological agents used to control insect pests of a variety of crops. Readers may also be interested in Volume 1: Crop diseases, Weeds and Nematodes, published in December 2000, ISBN 0-306-46460-8.

Author: Rajeev K. Upadhyay

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461513773

Category: Science

Page: 421

View: 170

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Plant based Biotechnology has come to represent a means of mitigating the problems of global food security in the twenty first century. Products and processes in agriculture are increasingly becoming linked to science and cutting edge technology, to enable the engineering of what are in effect, designer plants. One of the most successful, non chemical approaches to pest management and disease control, which seeks a solution in terms of using living organisms to regulate the incidence of pests and and pathogens, providing a `natural control' while still maintaining the biological balance with the ecosystem. This volume, describes the various biological agents used to control insect pests of a variety of crops. Readers may also be interested in Volume 1: Crop diseases, Weeds and Nematodes, published in December 2000, ISBN 0-306-46460-8.

Parasitic Wasps on Butterfly Expedition

Parasitic wasps or parasitoids are a large group of insects, whose larvae live in or other host insects and kill the latter after finishing their development.

Author: Nina Fatouros

Publisher:

ISBN: 3832513132

Category:

Page: 181

View: 984

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Parasitic wasps or parasitoids are a large group of insects, whose larvae live in or other host insects and kill the latter after finishing their development. The main task of the female parasitoid is to find the right host, i.e. oviposition site, for her offspring. The host foraging behavior of parasitoids is intensively studied with the main goal to enhance their effectiveness as biological control agents of crops against insect pests. A tremendous variety of host location strategies are known, in which chemical cues, i.e. infochemicals, play an important role.This thesis focuses on interactions and infochemicals transferred between parasitoids of eggs and larvae of the large cabbage white ( Pieris brassicae) and its host plant Brussels sprouts plants. A fascinating strategy by Trichogramma egg parasitoids was shown and adds a new dimension to our understanding of host-parasitoid associations: the minute wasps hitch a ride on the female butterfly to the oviposition site and subsequently attack the butterfly eggs after being deposited. To detect the mated female butterfly the egg parasitoids spy on a chemical host cue, a so-called anti-aphrodisiac, transferred during mating to the female. Furthermore the impact of infochemicals of the host plant, on parasitoids was demonstrated. Butterfly eggs deposited on Brussels sprouts plants were shown to induce chemical modifications of the leaf surface detected by the Trichogramma wasps and arresting them in the vicinity of the eggs. Again the butterfly anti-aphrodisiac plays a key role, this time in interactions between the host eggs, the host plant and the egg parasitoids.Feeding caterpillars of the large cabbage white induce Brussels sprouts plants to emit a modified volatile bouquet of chemicals detected by Cotesia larval parasitoids. Here, it was demonstrated that the induced plant volatile production decreases after a successful recruitment of the Cotesia wasps, with an advantage for both the parasitoids and the plant itself.The knowledge assembled in this thesis provides additional information to both fundamental and applied research and may help to improve a targeted application of parasitoids as biological control agents of crop pests.