Believing Philosophy

—Paul Copan, Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics, Palm Beach Atlantic University, and author of Loving Wisdom: A Guide to Philosophy and Christian Faith Dolores Morris's Believing Philosophy is an achievement and a lifeline.

Author: Dolores G. Morris

Publisher: Zondervan Academic

ISBN: 9780310109549

Category: Religion

Page: 272

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Believing Philosophy introduces Christians to philosophy and the tools it provides believers, helping them understand, articulate, and defend their faith in an age of unbelief. Philosophy has been a part of Christianity since its earliest days, and theistic philosophy predates Christianity by thousands of years. But Christians today often don't realize or are skeptical of all that philosophy can offer them. In Part 1, author Dolores G. Morris explains why Christians should read and study philosophy. She begins with a historical overview of Christian philosophy from the church fathers to contemporary philosophers and then introduces the basic resources of philosophical reasoning: the role and aim of reason, distinctions between truth and reason and provability, and learning to read like a philosopher. These chapters address three foundational questions: What is philosophy? Why should a Christian study philosophy? How should a Christian study philosophy? In Part 2, Morris introduces students to philosophical arguments and questions relevant to Christians. She presents arguments by three key branches of philosophy: metaphysics, epistemology, and practical philosophy. Building on concepts introduced in Part 1, she explains what philosophical arguments are and how they ought to be evaluated from a philosophical and Christian perspective. The following chapters examine specific questions most pressing for Christians today: The problem of evil Rationality and faith Free will Skeptical theism The moral argument for the existence of God Reformed epistemology Each chapter introduces the problem, explains Christian responses, discusses the strengths and weaknesses of each response, and leaves the final verdict to the reader. Finally, each chapter concludes with a list of recommended further readings.

Feelings of Believing

Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80, no. 1 (2010): 1–19. Kruger, Justin, and David Dunning. “Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties in Recognizing One's Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self–Assessments.

Author: Ryan Hickerson

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498577182

Category: Philosophy

Page:

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In Feelings of Believing: Psychology, History, Phenomenology, Ryan Hickerson demonstrates that philosophers as diverse as Hume, Descartes, Husserl, and William James all treated believing as feeling. He argues that doxastic sentimentalism, therefore, is considerably more central to modern epistemology than philosophers have recognized. When the empirical psychology of overconfidence and attention is brought to bear on the history of philosophy and the phenomenology of believing, all point toward belief as fundamentally affective. Understanding believing as feeling has the potential to make us better believers, both by encouraging suspicion of unexamined certainties and by focusing attention on credulity. Hickerson argues that believing is typically felt but not given attention by the believer, and he suggests that virtuous believers are those who pay careful attention to their own sentiments-- who attempt to raise their beliefs to the level of judgments.

Treatise on the Neurophilosophy of Consciousness

Lycan, William G. (1981a), “Form, function, and feel”, Journal of Philosophy, 78, 2450. . . . —(1981b), Toward a homuncular theory of believing, Cognition and Brain Theory, 4, 139-159. . . . —(1986), “Tacit belief”, in R.J. Bogdan, ed., ...

Author: Dr. Angell O. de la Sierra

Publisher: Trafford Publishing

ISBN: 9781466948990

Category: Reference

Page: 1076

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I would like to invite all those studious of the mind/brain interface puzzle to share our insights. What follows represents an ongoing series of reflections on the ontology of consciousness based on some intuitions on life, language acquisition and survival strategies to accommodate the biological, psychic and social imperatives of human life in its ecological niche, thus the BPS model. For the latest publication click on BPS Model. http://www.delaSierra-Sheffer.net/ID-Neurophilo-net/index.htm

Philosophy in an Age of Science

(B) “When appended to its own quotation yields a sentence such that believing it is not justified” when appended to its own quotation yields a sentence such that believing it is not justified. Now reflect: Is believing (B) justified?

Author: Hilary Putnam

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674050136

Category: Philosophy

Page: 659

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Hilary Putnam's unceasing self-criticism has led to the frequent changes of mind he is famous for, but his thinking is also marked by considerable continuity. A simultaneous interest in science and ethicsÑunusual in the current climate of contentionÑhas long characterized his thought. In Philosophy in an Age of Science, Putnam collects his papers for publicationÑhis first volume in almost two decades. Mario De Caro and David Macarthur's introduction identifies central themes to help the reader negotiate between Putnam past and Putnam present: his critique of logical positivism; his enduring aspiration to be realist about rational normativity; his anti-essentialism about a range of central philosophical notions; his reconciliation of the scientific worldview and the humanistic tradition; and his movement from reductive scientific naturalism to liberal naturalism. Putnam returns here to some of his first enthusiasms in philosophy, such as logic, mathematics, and quantum mechanics. The reader is given a glimpse, too, of ideas currently in development on the subject of perception. Putnam's work, contributing to a broad range of philosophical inquiry, has been said to represent a Òhistory of recent philosophy in outline.Ó Here it also delineates a possible future.

The Believing Primate

If this were an essay in philosophy of mind, multiple arguments would now need to come into play that would adjudicate between those of us who privilege the first-person versus the third-person. I have argued elsewhere against ...

Author: Jeffrey Schloss

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191567841

Category: Religion

Page: 384

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Over the last two decades, scientific accounts of religion have received a great deal of scholarly and popular attention both because of their intrinsic interest and because they are widely seen as potentially constituting a threat to the religion they analyse. The Believing Primate aims to describe and discuss these scientific accounts as well as to assess their implications. The volume begins with essays by leading scientists in the field, describing these accounts and discussing evidence in their favour. Philosophical and theological reflections on these accounts follow, offered by leading philosophers, theologians, and scientists. This diverse group of scholars address some fascinating underlying questions: Do scientific accounts of religion undermine the justification of religious belief? Do such accounts show religion to be an accidental by-product of our evolutionary development? And, whilst we seem naturally disposed toward religion, would we fare better or worse without it? Bringing together dissenting perspectives, this provocative collection will serve to freshly illuminate ongoing debate on these perennial questions.

Believing Scholars

I studied philosophy from 1948 to 1951 and taught that subject at Fordham University from 1951 to 1953. ... This harmony strikes me as a strong asset, since as a believer I could not appropriate any philosophy that did not mesh with my ...

Author: James L. Heft

Publisher: Fordham Univ Press

ISBN: 9780823225279

Category: Religion

Page: 204

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How do Catholic intellectuals draw on faith in their work? And how does their work as scholars influence their lives as people of faith? For more than a generation, the University of Dayton has invited a prominent Catholic intellectual to present the annual Marianist Award Lecture on the general theme of the encounter of faith and profession. Over the years, the lectures have become central to the Catholic conversation about church, culture, and society. In this book, ten leading figures explore the connections in their own lives between the private realms of faith and their public calling as teachers, scholars, and intellectuals. This last decade of Marianist Lectures brings together theologians and philosophers, historians, anthropologists, academic scholars, and lay intellectuals and critics. Here are Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J., on the tensions between faith and theology in his career; Jill Ker Conway on the spiritual dimensions of memory and personal narrative; Mary Ann Glendon on the roots of human rights in Catholic social teaching; Mary Douglas on the fruitful dialogue between religion and anthropology in her own life; Peter Steinfels on what it really means to be a “liberal Catholic”; and Margaret O’Brien Steinfels on the complicated history of women in today’s church. From Charles Taylor and David Tracy on the fractured relationship between Catholicism and modernity to Gustavo Gutiérrez on the enduring call of the poor and Marcia Colish on the historic links between the church and intellectual freedom, these essays track a decade of provocative, illuminating, and essential thought. James L. Heft, S.M., is President and Founding Director of the Institute for Advanced Catholic Studies and University Professor of Faith and Culture and Chancellor, University of Dayton. He has edited Beyond Violence: Religious Sources for Social Transformation in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Fordham).

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology

Journal of Philosophy 87: 27–51. Dennett, D. C. (1989) The Intentional Stance. ... Dummett, M. (2010) The Nature and Future of Philosophy. ... Marcus, R. B. (1990) “Some Revisionary Proposals about Belief and Believing.” Philosophy and ...

Author: Sarah Robins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429534829

Category: Philosophy

Page: 800

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The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology, Second Edition is an invaluable guide and major reference source to the key topics, problems, concepts and debates in philosophy of psychology and is the first companion of its kind. A team of renowned international contributors provide forty-eight chapters organised into six clear parts: Historical Background to Philosophy of Psychology Psychological Explanation Cognition and Representation The Biological Basis of Psychology Perceptual Experience Personhood. The Companion covers key topics such as the origins of experimental psychology; folk psychology; behaviorism and functionalism; philosophy, psychology and neuroscience; the language of thought, modularity, nativism and representational theories of mind; consciousness and the senses; dreams, emotion and temporality; personal identity; and the philosophy of psychopathology. For the second edition six new chapters have been added to address the following important topics: belief and representation in nonhuman animals; prediction error minimzation; contemporary neuroscience; plant neurobiology; epistemic judgment; and group cognition. Essential reading for all students of philosophy of mind, science and psychology, The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology will also be of interest to anyone studying psychology and its related disciplines.

The American Catholic Quarterly Review

Philosophy , as a means of finding the truth , has had very little better success , although the possibilities here are much greater . Separated however from faith ... Indeed , the believing philosopher is but a believing child .

Author: James Andrew Corcoran

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433081754727

Category:

Page:

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Believing and Accepting

Actually I would have thought volition to be a notion held in high suspicion by any philosophy of mind which attempts to "naturalize intentionality". After all, wasn't one of the first moves made by Cybernetics, the ancestor of ...

Author: P. Engel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401140423

Category: Philosophy

Page: 302

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(1) Beliefs are involuntary, and not nonnally subject to direct voluntary control. For instance I cannot believe at will that my trousers are on fire, or that the Dalai Lama is a living God, even if you pay me a large amount of money for believing such things. (2) Beliefs are nonnally shaped by evidence for what is believed, unless they are, in some sense, irrational. In general a belief is rational if it is proportioned to the degree of evidence that one has for its truth. In this sense, one often says that "beliefs aim at truth" . This is why it is, on the face of it, irrational to believe against the evidence that one has. A subject whose beliefs are not shaped by a concern for their truth, but by what she wants to be the case, is more or less a wishful thinker or a self-deceiver. (3) Beliefs are context independent, in the sense that at one time a subject believes something or does not believe it; she does not believe it relative to one context and not relative to another. For instance if I believe that Paris is a polluted city, I cannot believe that on Monday and not on Tuesday; that would be a change of belief, or a change of mind, but not a case of believing one thing in one context and another thing in another context. If I believe something, the belief is more or 4 less pennanent across various contexts.

Divine Creation in Ancient Medieval and Early Modern Thought

of either believing or secular philosopher must meet common criteria and be acceptable to those who do not share the antecedent convictions of the fashioner of the argument. To that degree, the religious faith of the believing ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047419877

Category: History

Page: 480

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This volume contains essays by twenty-two eminent scholars from across North America and Europe, examining various aspects of the Hebraic, Hellenic, patristic, medieval, and early modern understandings of God and creation.