Before the Big Bang

This is popular science at its best, exploratory, controversial, and utterly engrossing.

Author: Brian Clegg

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1429987421

Category: Science

Page: 320

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According to a recent survey, the most popular question about science from the general public was: what came before the Big Bang? We all know on some level what the Big Bang is, but we don't know how it became the accepted theory, or how we might know what came before. In Before the Big Bang, Brian Clegg (the critically acclaimed author of Upgrade Me and The God Effect) explores the history of this remarkable concept. From the earliest creation myths, through Hershel's realization that the Milky Way was one of many galaxies, to on-going debates about Black Holes, this is an incredible look at the origins of the universe and the many theories that led to the acceptance of the Big Bang. But in classic scientist fashion Clegg challenges the notion of the "Big Bang" itself, and raises the deep philosophical question of why we might want to rethink the origin of the universe. This is popular science at its best, exploratory, controversial, and utterly engrossing.

The Universe Before the Big Bang

The aim of this book is to convey this picture in non-technical language accessibile also to non-specialists.

Author: Maurizio Gasperini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540744214

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 879

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Terms such as "expanding Universe", "big bang", and "initial singularity", are nowadays part of our common language. The idea that the Universe we observe today originated from an enormous explosion (big bang) is now well known and widely accepted, at all levels, in modern popular culture. But what happens to the Universe before the big bang? And would it make any sense at all to ask such a question? In fact, recent progress in theoretical physics, and in particular in String Theory, suggests answers to the above questions, providing us with mathematical tools able in principle to reconstruct the history of the Universe even for times before the big bang. In the emerging cosmological scenario the Universe, at the epoch of the big bang, instead of being a "new born baby" was actually a rather "aged" creature in the middle of its possibly infinitely enduring evolution. The aim of this book is to convey this picture in non-technical language accessibile also to non-specialists. The author, himself a leading cosmologist, draws attention to ongoing and future observations that might reveal relics of an era before the big bang.

Before the Big Bang

Here is a radical approach to the Holy Grail of physics, the "theory of everything," and a new theory that the universe was formed from two particles.

Author: Ernest J. Sternglass

Publisher: Thunder's Mouth Press

ISBN: 1568581890

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 323

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Here is a radical approach to the Holy Grail of physics, the "theory of everything," and a new theory that the universe was formed from two particles.

Grand Slam Theory of the Omniverse

As we shall see through our modern scientific context, this new model of something greater than the universe will help us solve the mysteries about our universe that we have sought throughout the ages. This is the Omniverse.

Author: David Bertolacci

Publisher: Balboa Press

ISBN: 9781452584195

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 232

View: 195

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Grand Slam Theory of the Omniverse: What Happened before the Big Bang? is more than a theory of how the universe began. It is the realization of a larger reality from which its creation was made possible. It is the perception of a universal consciousness as it begins to awaken to its true surroundings. Our universe is rooted in a bigger reality, which it must overcome. As we shall see through our modern scientific context, this new model of something greater than the universe will help us solve the mysteries about our universe that we have sought throughout the ages. This is the Omniverse. Modern science has given us accurate predictions, precise mathematical theories, and countless observations to shape our view of the universe. Throughout the years, discoveries made were like pieces of a puzzle. Some of the latest pieces include the July 4, 2012 observations of the Higgs boson and dark matter. Like separate pieces of a puzzle, we shall see how each part fits together to complete the picture. The Omniverse is the big picture. It is the puzzle pieces arranged together to form the model. The model of the Omniverse is actually quite simple. It consists of a diagram small enough to write on a Post-it note. But what it means to us is huge. It is the universe's path to ascension, described as the Grand Slam. If our entire universe is just the size of a baseball, then picture the stadium, parking lots, and surrounding areas as higher dimensions of the Omniverse. The Omniverse is more than just a new scientific proposal. It is information that awakens us to greater surroundings followed by a new era of scientific discovery. This model will have us dropping assumptions of what humanity knows thus far and realizing infinite possibilities.

Before Time Began

What is the origin of the universe?

Author: Helmut Satz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198792420

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 320

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What is the origin of the universe? What was there before the universe appeared? We are currently witnessing a second Copernican revolution: neither our Earth and Sun, nor our galaxy, nor even our universe, are the end of all things. Beyond our world, in an endless multiverse, are innumerable other universes, coming and going, like ours or different. Fourteen billion years ago, one of the many bubbles constantly appearing and vanishing in the multiverse exploded to form our universe. The energy liberated in the explosion provided the basis for all the matter our universe now contains. But how could this hot, primordial plasma eventually produce the complex structure of our present world? Does not order eventually always lead to disorder, to an increase of entropy? Modern cosmology is beginning to find out how it all came about and where it all might lead. Before Time Began tells that story.

Learning the Physics of Einstein with Georges Lema tre

This book presents the first English translation of the original French treatise “La Physique d’Einstein” written by the young Georges Lemaître in 1922, only six years after the publication of Albert Einstein’s theory of General ...

Author: Georges Lemaître

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030220303

Category: Science

Page: 243

View: 622

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This book presents the first English translation of the original French treatise “La Physique d’Einstein” written by the young Georges Lemaître in 1922, only six years after the publication of Albert Einstein’s theory of General Relativity. It includes an historical introduction and a critical edition of the original treatise in French supplemented by the author’s own later additions and corrections. Monsignor Georges Lemaître can be considered the founder of the “Big Bang Theory” and a visionary architect of modern Cosmology. The scientific community is only beginning to grasp the full extent of the legacy of this towering figure of 20th century physics. Against the best advice of the greatest names of his time, the young Lemaître was convinced, solely through the study of Einstein’s theory of General Relativity, that space and time must have had a beginning with a tremendous “Big Bang” from a “quantum primeval atom” resulting in an ever-expanding Universe with a positive cosmological constant. But how did the young Lemaître, essentially on his own, come to grips with the physics of Einstein? A year before his ordination as a diocesan priest, he submitted the audacious treatise, published in this book, that was to earn him Fellowships to study at Cambridge, MIT and Harvard, and launched him on a scientific path of ground-breaking discoveries. Almost a century after Lemaître’s seminal publications of 1927 and 1931, this highly pedagogical treatise is still of timely interest to young minds and remains of great value from a history of science perspective.

Cosmic DNA at the Origin

This is a thought-provoking theory of the origin of the universe, called The Infinite Spiral Staircase Theory.

Author: Chris H Hardy Ph D

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1511530073

Category:

Page: 368

View: 938

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In Cosmic DNA at the Origin, systems scientist Chris H. Hardy, Ph.D., lays the foundations for a universe in which consciousness is the driving force of creation that we experience in our lives, and yet a hyperdimension of collective intelligence...all the way to the origin. This is a thought-provoking theory of the origin of the universe, called The Infinite Spiral Staircase Theory. In a witty and well-informed style, Hardy takes us on a grand tour of the 5th dimension, black holes, the Zero Point and vacuum, and the hottest cosmologies, to show that adding this ISS hyperdimension of consciousness (interlaced with hyperspace and hypertime) not only is very consistent with most physics discoveries, but also explains why we are endowed with consciousness. Moving beyond the materialistic or random frameworks, Hardy weaves a new cosmological paradigm in which consciousness and matter evolve in synchrony, and a part of our being is hyperdimensional. From the point of origin, an immense time before the first quantum, before particles and matter, space and time are born, this hyperdimension unfolds as a golden spiral driven by the phi ratio-an Infinite Spiral Staircase. It bears on its innumerable spires a boundless field of information issued from parent universes, that contains the imprint of all beings and worlds of many past experiments; and yet, this 'Cosmic DNA' is a field of potentials that is neither deterministic nor limiting for our own universe. Rather, it is a collective consciousness that will grow and choose its innumerable paths; it is the true dimension of our Selfs and individual consciousnesses. Readers aspiring at moving beyond the materialistic paradigm and willing to understand how the universe is a coherent whole, endowed with consciousness, will find this book extremely challenging.

Once Before Time

In 2000, Martin Bojowald, then a twenty-seven-year-old post-doc at Pennsylvania State University, used a relatively new theory called loop quantum gravity—a cunning combination of Einstein’s theory of gravity with quantum mechanics—to ...

Author: Martin Bojowald

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780307594259

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 356

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In 2000, Martin Bojowald, then a twenty-seven-year-old post-doc at Pennsylvania State University, used a relatively new theory called loop quantum gravity—a cunning combination of Einstein’s theory of gravity with quantum mechanics—to create a simple model of the universe. Loop quantum cosmology was born, and with it, a theory that managed to do something even Einstein’s general theory of relativity had failed to do—illuminate the very birth of the universe. Ever since, loop quantum cosmology, or LQC, has been tantalizing physicists with the idea that our universe could conceivably have emerged from the collapse of a previous one. Now the theory is poised to formulate hypotheses we can actually test. If they are verified, the big bang will give way to the big bounce. Instead of a universe that emerged from a point of infinite density, we will have one that recycles, possibly through an eternal series of expansions and contractions, with no beginning and no end. Bojowald’s major realization was that unlike general relativity, the physics of LQC do not break down at the big bang. The greatest mystery surrounding the origin of the universe is what cosmologists call the big bang “singularity”—the point at the beginning of the universe, prior to the existence of space and time, when gravity, along with the temperature and density of the universe, becomes infinite. The equations of general relativity can’t cope with such infinities, and as a result big bang theory has never been able to give any explanation for the initial condition of our universe, succeeding only in describing and explaining the evolution of the universe from that instant onward. Bojowald’s theory takes us right up to the first moment of the universe—and then back, even before the big bang itself.

Big History

Thus, this inspiring story of exploration and discovery is a celebration not only of science and its own journey but also of ourselves.

Author: Paul Singh

Publisher: Singh Global Initiatives

ISBN: 1949454215

Category: Art

Page: 352

View: 129

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Big History traces the chronology of our universe from before the Big Bang to now. It raises the most important questions that concern us all and then provides answers from the naturalistic point of view. Where did everything come from? How did we get here? Why are humans so biologically similar? Why do we let small differences divide us? Paul Singh draws on the latest findings from the physical and biological sciences, astronomy and cosmology, geology and genetics, and pre-history and archeology in search of answers to these and many other questions. He lucidly and engagingly demonstrates; the answers science gives about ourselves and the universe in which we live are incomparably more surprising and interesting than any mythical tale of a creator ever devised by any human culture. Indeed, science's proud journey of exploration and discovery is humanity's finest narrative yet, about how we trusted our intelligence to find out what we really are and who we can be ̶ intrepidly going wherever the evidence led. Even though science reveals that humanity may have no special place in the universe, humanity is truly special because of our ability to comprehend our universe to a large extent. Thus, this inspiring story of exploration and discovery is a celebration not only of science and its own journey but also of ourselves.

Before the Big Bang

A revolutionary new account of our universe’s creation—and a breathtaking exploration of the landscape from which we sprang—from one of the world’s most celebrated cosmologists What came before the Big Bang, and what exists outside ...

Author: Laura Mersini-Houghton

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9781328557148

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 971

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A revolutionary new account of our universe’s creation—and a breathtaking exploration of the landscape from which we sprang—from one of the world’s most celebrated cosmologists

Cycles of Time

Intellectually thrilling and accessible, Cycles of Time is another essential guide to the universe from one of our preeminent thinkers"--Provided by publisher.

Author: Roger Penrose

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307278468

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 612

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Originally published: London: Bodley Head, 2010.

Before the Big Bang

What came before the Big Bang, and what exists outside of the universe it created?

Author: Laura Mersini-Houghton

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9781473560956

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 655

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Beyond the Big Bang presents a new cutting-edge theory from a pioneering scientist about the origins of our universe. Professor Laura Mersini-Houghton takes the reader through a brief history of ideas about the universe from ancient Greece to the latest frontiers of theory and observation, in which the author has been a leading participant, to bring us to her theory that our universe is not just one isolated phenomenon, but one of many, part of what she calls “the multiverse”. Blending the personal with the theoretical, the book will explain in layman’s terms Mersini-Houghton’s theory of the origin of our universe and how she came to it. If Mersini-Houghton is proved to be right, the Big Bang theory will be just one other discredited theory and her new theories about the multiverse will represent a paradigm shift as significant as the Copernican Revolution that upended the Ptolemaic model of the heavens, which described the cosmos as having the Earth as the centre of the universe. Beyond the Big Bang completes the story of the before and after the Big Bang by addressing key questions about the origin of the universe and what was there before.

Origins

It journeyed through an email conversation with 100 scientists, including cosmologists and physicists from more than 90 institutions in 18 countries. It resulted in this book.

Author: Ken Masters

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1312753269

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 885

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It began as a simple layperson's question regarding the nature of reality before the Big Bang. It journeyed through an email conversation with 100 scientists, including cosmologists and physicists from more than 90 institutions in 18 countries. It resulted in this book. Unlike most books on this subject which give one perspective while nodding nominally at others before politely dismissing them, this text presents a wide range of differing opinions, showing the variability of possibilities, certainties, hypotheses, guesses and speculations. Written by experts, aimed at a layperson, and with only minor editing for clarity, the text retains the original voice and views. The reader is invited to explore the comments and pursue the further references given to pursue the quest for knowledge.

Cosmic Jackpot

If the universe was bounded by a past singularity, then the big bang was not just the origin of space, but the origin of time too. ... This neatly disposes of the awkward question of what happened before the big bang.

Author: Paul Davies

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0547415761

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 276

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Cosmic Jackpot is Paul Davies’s eagerly awaited return to cosmology, the successor to his critically acclaimed bestseller The Mind of God. Here he tackles all the "big questions," including the biggest of them all: Why does the universe seem so well adapted for life? In his characteristically clear and elegant style, Davies shows how recent scientific discoveries point to a perplexing fact: many different aspects of the cosmos, from the properties of the humble carbon atom to the speed of light, seem tailor-made to produce life. A radical new theory says it’s because our universe is just one of an infinite number of universes, each one slightly different. Our universe is bio-friendly by accident -- we just happened to win the cosmic jackpot. While this "multiverse" theory is compelling, it has bizarre implications, such as the existence of infinite copies of each of us and Matrix-like simulated universes. And it still leaves a lot unexplained. Davies believes there’s a more satisfying solution to the problem of existence: the observations we make today could help shape the nature of reality in the remote past. If this is true, then life -- and, ultimately, consciousness -- aren’t just incidental byproducts of nature, but central players in the evolution of the universe. Whether he’s elucidating dark matter or dark energy, M-theory or the multiverse, Davies brings the leading edge of science into sharp focus, provoking us to think about the cosmos and our place within it in new and thrilling ways.

Quantum Cosmology

Modern techniques are explained in this book which demonstrate how the universe could have come from a non-singular phase before the big bang, how equations for the evolution of structure can be derived, but also what fundamental ...

Author: Martin Bojowald

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441982759

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 488

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Consequences of quantum gravity on grander scales are expected to be enormous: only such a theory can show how black holes really behave and where our universe came from. Applications of loop quantum gravity to cosmology have especially by now shed much light on cosmic evolution of a universe in a fundamental, microscopic description. Modern techniques are explained in this book which demonstrate how the universe could have come from a non-singular phase before the big bang, how equations for the evolution of structure can be derived, but also what fundamental limitations remain to our knowledge of the universe before the big bang. The following topics will be covered in this book: Hamiltonian cosmology: a general basic treatment of isotropy, perturbations and their role for observations; useful in general cosmology. Effective equations: an efficient way to evaluate equations of quantum gravity, which is also useful in other areas of physics where quantum theory is involved. Loop quantization: a new formalism for the atomic picture of space-time; usually presented at a sophisticated mathematical level, but evaluated here from an intuitive physical side. The book will start with physical motivations, rather than mathematical developments which is more common in other expositions of this field. All the required mathematical methods will be presented, but will not distract the reader from seeing the underlying physics. Simple but representative models will be presented first to show the basic features, which are then used to work upwards to a general description of quantum gravity and its applications in cosmology. This will make the book accessible to a more general physics readership.

The Big Bang Theory and Light Spectra

At other times, physicists turn to particle accelerators to try to recreate the conditions and particles of the early universe to show that a theory is supported by experimental research. Before the Big Bang One of the intriguing ...

Author: Rachel Keranen

Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9781502622952

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 395

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Much of our contemporary understanding of space systems dates back to Isaac Newton. It’s surprising to think that the underpinnings of astronomy are centuries old. While for a time it seemed as though major discoveries in the field had stagnated, in the early twentieth century, scientists like Albert Einstein and Max Planck redefined our understanding of light waves. And in 1948 scientists developed a theory about how our entire universe came to be, a theory that would be proven in 1965. The Big Bang Theory and Light Spectra is modeled closely on Next Generation Science Standards. The book explains the science behind these groundbreaking discoveries, profiles the scientists responsible, and details the technology astronomers and astrophysicists use to continue refining our knowledge.

Edge of the Universe

Was there a time before the Big Bang? Could space have unseen dimensions? In this book, physicist and science writer Paul Halpern explains what we know—and what we hope to soon find out—about our extraordinary cosmos.

Author: Paul Halpern

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 0470636246

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 105

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An accessible look at the mysteries that lurk at the edge of the known universe and beyond The observable universe, the part we can see with telescopes, is incredibly vast. Yet recent theories suggest that there is far more to the universe than what our instruments record—in fact, it could be infinite. Colossal flows of galaxies, large empty regions called voids, and other unexplained phenomena offer clues that our own "bubble universe" could be part of a greater realm called the multiverse. How big is the observable universe? What it is made of? What lies beyond it? Was there a time before the Big Bang? Could space have unseen dimensions? In this book, physicist and science writer Paul Halpern explains what we know—and what we hope to soon find out—about our extraordinary cosmos. Explains what we know about the Big Bang, the accelerating universe, dark energy, dark flow, and dark matter to examine some of the theories about the content of the universe and why its edge is getting farther away from us faster Explores the idea that the observable universe could be a hologram and that everything that happens within it might be written on its edge Written by physicist and popular science writer Paul Halpern, whose other books include Collider: The Search for the World's Smallest Particles, and What's Science Ever Done For Us: What the Simpsons Can Teach Us About Physics, Robots, Life, and the Universe

MISSION X In search of what was before the big bang Urknall SUELTZ BOOKS

Mission X was created after the coma and near-death experience of journalist and author Uwe H. Sueltz. Without the quick action of his partner Renate Sueltz he would have died.

Author: Uwe H. Sültz

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783749480937

Category: Fiction

Page: 124

View: 821

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Mission X was created after the coma and near-death experience of journalist and author Uwe H. Sueltz. Without the quick action of his partner Renate Sueltz he would have died. More science fiction short stories have been slumbering in the minds of the author team for decades. About the writing team: Renate Sueltz writes children's books, poetry, cookbooks, short novels and short stories. Renate Sueltz was among others. employed in an advertising agency. There she was responsible for poster designs, as well as web design. She also worked in nursing and was trained here. She was responsible for patient care and support, as well as team organization and leadership. Uwe H. Sültz also writes under different pseudonyms. The list of all genres and subgenres is long. To show that one can make a difference with diligent work, Sültz invested in a dilapidated and run-down doctor's practice, managed it and led the laboratory. He returned the doctor's practice after a short, intensive time in the profit zone and saved so many jobs. He has also worked freelance for a TV station (accreditation). His journalistic contributions included the following Topics: - Art and culture - Car & Traffic - Sports & Entertainment - Nature & Travel - Science and research - Politics & Current Affairs - Business & Management