Employee supervisor Attitudes in Banks

Occupational Satisfaction Bank In the study of employees ' attitudes towards their profession as “ bank employees ” , 6 % of them said that being a bank employee was " very interesting ” , 38 % thought it was “ interesting " ...

Author: Reza Najafbagy

Publisher: Brill Archive



Page: 353

View: 130


Attitudes Towards Social Limits Undersocialized Behavior and Self presentation in Young People

Although the attitude - behavior relationship is traditionally theorized in terms of attitudes preceding behavior ( the above - explained theory of reasoned action being a classical conceptualization of the attitude - behavior schema ) ...

Author: Hans Grietens

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9061869463

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 146


In this book a study is presented on the attitudes of 12- to 20-year-old youngsters towards social limits, imposed by their social and educational environment by means of laws, rules, values, norms or expectations. The study is part of a research programme on the course and treatment of juvenile delinquency, which started at the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen during the eighties. Young people's attitudes towards social limits are assessed by the 'Standard Reaction Instrument'. A critical incident technique is used to elicit young people's knowledge, behavioral intentions and motivations in ten hypothetical situations including social limits. The instrument was administered from youngsters in secondary schools and from same-aged detained youngsters who have committed at least one criminal offence which has been recorded by police or judicial authorities. The responses of both groups are compared in order to test the validity of the instrument. Further, the relationship is tested between the youngsters' attitudes towards social limits and self-reported delinquent and aggressive behavior. Finally, a comparison is made between the responses of Flemish and Dutch youngsters. Starting point of the empirical study is a social psychological view on juvenile delinquency. In this view, which is based on the self-presentation paradigm developed by the sociologist Ervin Goffman and the early symbolic interactionists, juvenile delinquency is considered as a means of social communication towards significant others (parents, teachers, peers, society). Special attention is paid to the development, maintenance and management of social reputation by the juvenile delinquent.

The Handbook of Attitudes

Applying associative network principles of spreading activation (Anderson, 1983), Judd and his colleagues (Judd et al., 1991; Judd & Krosnick, 1989) theorized that attitudes are linked together in cognitive structures in such a way that ...

Author: Dolores Albarracin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135626174

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 840

View: 766


This new handbook presents, synthesizes, and integrates the existing knowledge of methods, theories, and data in attitudes. The editors' goal is to promote an understanding of the broader principles underlying attitudes across several disciplines. Divided into three parts: one on definitions and methods; another on the relations of attitudes with beliefs, behavior, and affect; and a final one that integrates these relations into the broader areas of cognitive processes, communication and persuasion, social influence, and applications, the handbook also features an innovative chapter on implicit versus explicit attitudes. With contributions from the top specialists, this handbook features unique collaborations between researchers, some who have never before worked together. Every writer was encouraged to work from as unbiased a perspective as possible. A "must have" for researchers in the areas of social, political, health, clinical, counseling, and consumer psychology, marketing, and communication, the handbook will also serve as an excellent reference for advanced courses on attitudes in a variety of departments.

Young Language Learners Motivation and Attitudes

results in a decreased importance of attitudes towards TL groups when it comes to the motivation to learn English (Dörnyei et al., 2006, pp. 46–51; House, 2003, pp. 559–60; Lamb, 2004, p. 14). This line of reasoning has been backed up ...

Author: Sybille Heinzmann

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441194275

Category: Education

Page: 265

View: 621


Taking three different perspectives, this book looks at primary school children's language learning motivation and language attitudes. In adopting a longitudinal perspective, the book fills a research gap and provides a macro-level analysis of motivational development over time. It reveals a surprising amount of stability in primary school children's motivational and attitudinal development. The comparative perspective looks at the learners' affective dispositions with regard to English (theorized as a 'global language') and French (theorized as a 'national language'). The comparisons between global language and national language are relevant across the world, especially in situations where instruction in languages other than English struggles to get attention. The results reveal sizeable differences between the two languages, with children being substantially more motivated to learn English than to learn French. Finally, the explanatory section identifies key antecedents of the learners' motivational and attitudinal dispositions - and thereby opens up paths for intervention relevant for those working in the field of language instruction.

Language Attitudes and Minority Rights

How is this reflected in the attitudes held by local people concerning the two autochthonous languages of French and Catalan? And how can our answers to all of these questions benefit those in analogous situations in other parts of the ...

Author: James Hawkey

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319745978

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 808


This book presents a detailed sociolinguistic study of the traditionally Catalan-speaking areas of Southern France, and sheds new light on language attitudes, phonetic variation, language ideologies and minority language rights. The region’s complex dual identity, both Catalan and French, both peripheral and strategic, is shown to be reflected in the book’s attitudinal findings which in turn act as reliable predictors of phonetic variation. The author’s careful discursive analysis paints a clear picture of the linguistic ideological landscape: in which French dominates as the language of status and prestige. This innovative work, employing cutting-edge mixed methods, provides an in-depth account of an under-examined language situation, and draws on this research to propose a number of policy recommendations to protect minority rights for speakers of Catalan in the region. Combining language attitudes, sociophonetics, discourse studies, and language policy, this will provide an invaluable reference for scholars of French and Catalan studies and minority languages around the world.

Values Beliefs and Attitudes

Some social scientists have referred to evaluative beliefs, which are a hybrid of attitudes and beliefs that express a belief about an object but incorporate an evaluative component. For example, “The Forest Service does a good job of ...

Author: Stewart D. Allen

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437926644


Page: 112

View: 132


Knowing about public values, beliefs, and attitudes (VBA) relevant to public land mgmt. is one foundation for understanding the linkages between the needs of nearby communities, and regional and nat. residents. Managers aware of the systematic differences in VBA held by the public and stakeholders are in a better position to define resource issues, develop alternative ways of addressing them, assess their social and cultural impacts, identify acceptable mgmt. measures, and monitor the results. This guide is designed to acquaint Forest Service staff with the concepts of VBA; to demonstrate ways in which VBA and assoc, concepts can be measured; and to suggest methods for applying VBA info. to decisions about projects and plans. Illus.

Free Will and Reactive Attitudes

or generalized analogues of more personal attitudes such as resentment and hurt feelings, and also of gratitude, love (of certain sorts) and forgiveness: the interpersonal reactive attitudes. Strawson contrasts the moral and ...

Author: Paul Russell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317133001

Category: Philosophy

Page: 340

View: 219


The philosophical debate about free will and responsibility has been of great importance throughout the history of philosophy. In modern times this debate has received an enormous resurgence of interest and the contribution in 1962 by P.F. Strawson with the publication of his essay "Freedom and Resentment" has generated a wide range of discussion and criticism in the philosophical community and beyond. The debate is of central importance to recent developments in the free will literature and has shaped the way contemporary philosophers now approach the problem. This volume brings together a focused selection of the major contributions and reactions to the free will and responsibility debate inspired by Strawson's contribution. McKenna and Russell also provide a comprehensive overview of the debate. This book will be of great value to scholars of Strawson and those interested in the free will debate more generally.

Language Attitudes in Hawick An Empirical Study

3.1 Attitudes and their measurement Since the present study tries to shed some light on language attitudes in a Scottish town, an overview of the major concepts underlying the word “attitude” shall be given here.

Author: Christian Dietz-Verrier

Publisher: diplom.de

ISBN: 9783954898688

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 98

View: 578


Since the referendum on Scottish independence in September 2014, interest on national and local identity in Scotland has soared. Anticipating this interest, the present analysis focuses on two major aspects: the local vernacular as employed in Hawick/Scottish Borders and its usage in the school context at Hawick High School. The emphasis lies on the present linguistic situation in terms of language usage and attitudes of both pupils and teachers. The study supplies a brief social, linguistic, and historical outline of the Hawick community and Southern Scots. The main part of the thesis is subdivided into two sections. Firstly, the linguistic situation in Hawick in general is illustrated and extralinguistic variables are taken into account whenever they prove to be statistically significant. Secondly, language use and attitudes towards the vernacular in the school context are explored. The conclusion summarizes the most important results and might serve as an impetus for further dialect and attitude studies.

Psychological Foundations of Attitudes

SMITH By the mid-1940's, nearly all attitude researchers had adopted the measurement techniques of Thurstone, Likert, and Guttman, including the accompanying restricted focus on only one attribute of attitude, its pro-con or evaluative ...

Author: Anthony G. Greenwald

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9781483258515

Category: Psychology

Page: 426

View: 109


Psychological Foundations of Attitudes presents various approaches and theories about attitudes. The book opens with a chapter on the development of attitude theory from 1930 to 1950. This is followed by separate chapters on the principles of the attitude-reinforcer-discriminative system; a systematic test of a learning theory analysis of interpersonal attraction; a "spread of effect" in attitude formation; Hullian learning theory; and possible origins of learned attitudinal cognitions. Subsequent chapters deal with mechanisms through which attitudes can function as both independent and dependent variables in the attitude-behavior link; and the problem of how people go about applying a summary label to their attitudes and the reciprocal effects that rating has on the content of attitude. The final chapters discuss a commodity theory that relates selective social communication to value formation; the freedoms there are in regard to attitudes; attitude change occasioned by actions which are discrepant from one's previously existing attitudes or values; and the conflict-theory approach to attitude change.

Australian Social Attitudes IV

At both individual and societal levels, attitudes and behaviours about marriage can be expected to reinforce each other via various 'feedback loops' (Nazio and Blossfeld 2003; Emens, Mitchell and Axinn 2008). If we use cohabitation as ...

Author: Clive Bean

Publisher: Sydney University Press

ISBN: 9781743325742

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 845


Around the world, democracies have seen a decline in social and political trust. Australian Social Attitudes IV: The Age of Insecurity is an in-depth look at the economic and geopolitical uncertainty that pervades Australian public discourse. In the decade following the Howard administration, Australian politics has been defined by growing uncertainty, instability, and the emergence of popular disaffection with the political class, similar to what has been seen in the United States and Britain. Featuring contributions from Australia’s leading social scientists, this book explores the connection between insecurities and disaffection, and the ways in which they have manifested ­– in populist voting patterns, suspicions about climate science, and hostilities to immigration. A fascinating insight into what Australians think about contemporary political and social issues, this book is designed to present the public, media, and policymakers with up-to-date analysis of public opinion about important topics confronting Australian politics and society.

The Science of Attitudes

valence, the mere possession of any attitude is useful to the individual in terms of orienting him or her to the object in question. In this sense, the object appraisal function can be considered the primary value of possessing an ...

Author: Joel Cooper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317509615

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 169


The Science of Attitudes is the first book to integrate classic and modern research in the field of attitudes at a scholarly level. Designed primarily for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, the presentation of research will also be useful for current scholars in all disciplines who are interested in how attitudes are formed and changed. The treatment of attitudes is both thorough and unique, taking a historical approach while simultaneously highlighting contemporary views and controversies. The book traces attitudes research from the inception of scientific study following World War II to the issues and methods of research that are prominent features of today’s research. Researchers in the field of attitudes will be particularly interested in classic and modern research on the organization, structure, strength and function of attitudes. Researchers in the field of persuasion will be particularly interested in work on attitude change focusing on propositional and associative learning, metacognition and dynamic theories of dissonance, balance and reactance. The book is designed to present the integration of the properties of the attitude with the dynamic considerations of attitude change. The Science of Attitudes is also the first book on attitudes to devote entire chapters to work on implicit measurements, resistance to persuasion, and social neuroscience.

Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Attitudes

Attitudes. toward. Human. Nature. Lawrence S. Wrightsman Human nature is a pervasive explanatory concept; most of us use it to justify our own behavior and that of others. Our beliefs about human nature may influence everything from how ...

Author: John Paul Robinson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080571102

Category: Psychology

Page: 753

View: 191


This volume is sponsored by Division 9 of the American Psychological Association: The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.****This is an essential reference book for any social scientist or student who uses measuresof attitude or personality in his or her research. The earlier version, published twenty years ago, was to be found on the shelf of virtually everyone who worked in the field. Key Features * Serves as an update and extension of a highly useful book published twenty years ago * Employs a systematic standardized evaluation of 150 scales * Chapters on specific types of scales are written by experts in those subfields

Attitudes and Related Psychosocial Constructs

Attitudes Toward Illness and Disability Among the psychological research studies conducted during the 1990s concerned with attitudes toward illness or disability , a particularly large number dealt with the topic of the disabling ...

Author: Lewis Aiken

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761924531

Category: Psychology

Page: 318

View: 810


In this work, the author provides a compact but comprehensive research-oriented treatment of attitudes and related psychosocial constructs - values, opinions, beliefs, and personal orientations.

The Functional Appoach to the Study of Attitudes

If an attitude favoring budget balancing by the Federal government is tied in strongly with a value system of economic conservatism , it will be more difficult to change than if it were a fairly isolated attitude of the person .


Publisher: Ardent Media




View: 383


The Anatomy of Racial Attitudes

Since our data tell us only about the state of white racial attitudes in the San Francisco Bay Area, strictly speaking, we should limit our comments to how these attitudes bear on the conditions experienced by blacks in the Bay Area.

Author: Richard A. Apostle


ISBN: 9780520305892


Page: 354

View: 857


Racial tension divides American society. Racial equality remains a distant goal. Although the potion of Black Americans has improved in recent years, the widespread enthusiasm for the Civil Rights movement has waned. Why has progress slowed? What makes racial problems in America so difficult to solve? A principal cause, according to The Anatomy of Racial Attitudes, is the way in which white Americans explain, or account for, the social conditions in which most black Americans find themselves. A substantial proportion of whites believe that stereotypes that Black Americans are relatively less well off because blacks do not try hard enough to better themselves or because of the difference due to genertics or to God's plan. Whites who hold such views have relatively little sympathy for programs designed to improve the social conditions. In contrast, whites who believe that Black Americans are kept back either by deliberate discrimination or by the accumulated social results of past discrimination are much more receptive to policies designed to help blacks. Using qualitative and quantitive data, this book explores the variety and extent of these explanations for social differences; it also describes how each explanation--or combination of explanations--influences a person's views on policies designed to bring about greater racial equality. This study promises to influence not only the course of future academic research on race relations but also the formulation of public policy to deal with racial problems. It reveals that the resistance of many whites to policies favorable to racial equality are not isolated phenomenon but instead is part of a comprehensive view of how society works. If strides toward racial equality are to be made in the foreseeable future, the insights provided here must be considered seriously by policy makers and be incorporated into their strategies. This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press's mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1983.

Attitudes and Habits for a Successful Life

Q SPECIFIC ATTITUDES AND HABITS THAT ILL HELP YOU ENRICH YOUR LIFE A great many attitudes and habits have been discussed in previous chapters. Some habits and attitudes stand out as especially important in achieving and enriching a ...

Author: Gene Brady

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9780595411269

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 236

View: 148


This is an inspirational, profound self-improvement, life-planning book designed primarily to help our youth. In fact, it may be the most helpful self-improvement, life-planning book ever written; the health regimen could make medical history and be extremely beneficial in increasing longevity even if started late in life. Much of the book is autobiographical. The wisdom that has taken the author a lifetime to learn is available to the reader just for the taking. The strategies discussed in the book work because I have either tested them successfully in my life or had observed their use in the lives of others. Ten strategies discussed in the book, in particular, can be helpful in ensuring a successful life for you. This is an important book. Its advice on preventive medicine, particularly in the area of diet, exercise, stress management, medical examinations and on developing beneficial attitudes and habits, if followed, could greatly improve the health and quality of life of the nation's citizens. It does seem that if the advice in Mr. Brady's book is followed by everyone, young and old alike, that individuals would be happier and more productive and society as a whole would be much better off. Every parent should read this book and have their son or daughter read it too.

Public perception and attitudes of forest owners towards forests in Europe

In the first group, the mean of the principal component score describing attitudes towards forest protection was positive and that of attitudes towards utilization négative. In other words, the interviewées belonging to this group ...

Author: Daniel Terrasson

Publisher: Quae

ISBN: 9782759214686

Category: Technology & Engineering


View: 191


Within the framework of the COST working group (E3-WG1, 1994-1998), this document presents 15 research papers on the following topics: the European public challenge concerning forest landscapes, environmental and economic aspects, integration of non-commercial values, attitudes of farmers and of the rural world, reafforestation of agricultural lands, public opinion, perception, preferences and appropriation, perception by those involved at the local level, recreational forests.

Attitudes and Perceptions toward Physical Education A Study in Secondary School Students

education class content and teacher to measure students' attitudes toward physical education. Albeit, other factors may influence ... It may illustrate typical item phrasings in student attitude research towards physical education.

Author: Rolf Kretschmann

Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9783954894659

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 149


Physical education teaching and learning efforts obviously target the student. Like parents, teachers, administrators and any other directly or indirectly involved parties, students do have opinions based on their experience on their respective physical e