Attitudes and Changing Contexts

In this book, the author defends a unified externalists account of propositional attitudes and reference, and formalizes this view within possible world semantics.

Author: Robert van Rooij

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402041764

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 273

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In this book, the author defends a unified externalists account of propositional attitudes and reference, and formalizes this view within possible world semantics. He establishes a link between philosophical analyses of intentionality and reference, and formal semantic theories of discourse representation and context change. The relation between belief change and the semantic analyses of conditional sentences and evidential (knowledge) and buletic (desire) propositional attitudes is discussed extensively.

Attitudes Behavior and Social Context

A common reaction to such threat is defensive reinforcement of their “smoker” identity and a concomitant resistance to persuasion and behavioral change. By viewing persuasion, attitude change, and attitude-behavior correspondence in an ...

Author: Deborah J. Terry

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135685881

Category: Psychology

Page: 356

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The reasons why people do not always act in accord with their attitudes has been the focus of much social psychological research, as have the factors that account for why people change their attitudes and are persuaded by such influences as the media. There is strong support for the view that attitude-behavior consistency and persuasion cannot be well understood without reference to the wider social context in which we live. Although attitudes are held by individuals, they are social products to the extent that they are influenced by social norms and the expectations of others. This book brings together an international group of researchers discussing private and public selves and their interaction through attitudes and behavior. The effects of the social context on attitude-behavior relations and persuasion is the central theme of this book, which--in its combination of theoretical exposition, critique, and empirical research--should be of interest to both basic and applied social psychologists.

The Cultural Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty First Century

Within this changing context, marijuana continues to be both a subcultural and a social activity. It is subcultural to the ex- tent that the individuals who use it are likely to share certain attitudes and behaviors in common, ...

Author: Andrew Golub

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136446276

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 230

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Learn why marijuana use has increased in the new millennium According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. The Cultural/Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century takes a close look at present cannabis use trends in the new millennium by providing the latest research findings and most current case studies. Age and ethnographic data are presented in detail always with a constant focus on the unique subcultural contexts in today’s society. This examination explores the most pressing issues in marijuana use, including the increased popularity of blunt smoking, the social ramifications of marijuana use in gangs and Southeast Asian youth, and alternative delivery systems for medical marijuana. The Cultural/Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century discusses various aspects of marijuana being the drug of choice in today’s culture, including the different subgroups of age, economic status, and ethnic background. The book provides a comprehensive view of the people, reasons for use, varied ways of ingesting the drug, and marijuana use “rituals.” Extensive references, charts, tables, and figures are included to enhance clarification of research findings. The Cultural/Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century discusses the latest research findings on: the growth of marijuana use in different social groups during the 1990s medical marijuana blunt smoking and marijuana use rituals as settings for informal social controls marijuana use among minorities marijuana use in youths and young adults marijuana use among gang members adult use production, distribution, and administration of non-smokable marijuana The Cultural/Subcultural Contexts of Marijuana Use at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century is insightful, valuable, and is certain to become a reference source for researchers, educators, students, and policy advocates.

Ethnic Context Race Relations and California Politics

In Ethnic Context , Race Relations , and California Politics ; Bruce Cain , Jack Citrin , and Cara Wong describe public attitudes toward the changing ethnic composition of California and explore how these attitudes are related to voting ...

Author: Bruce E. Cain

Publisher: Public Policy Inst of California

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173010392160

Category: California

Page: 87

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Encyclopedia of the Mind

Nevertheless, changes in attitudes have been documented in countless empirical studies, so it is important to understand the ... The evaluative significance of a given attitude object can change dramatically across different contexts.

Author: Harold Pashler

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412950572

Category: Psychology

Page: 839

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It’s hard to conceive of a topic of more broad and personal interest than the study of the mind. In addition to its traditional investigation by the disciplines of psychology, psychiatry, and neuroscience, the mind has also been a focus of study in the fields of philosophy, economics, anthropology, linguistics, computer science, molecular biology, education, and literature. In all these approaches, there is an almost universal fascination with how the mind works and how it affects our lives and our behavior. Studies of the mind and brain have crossed many exciting thresholds in recent years, and the study of mind now represents a thoroughly cross-disciplinary effort. Researchers from a wide range of disciplines seek answers to such questions as: What is mind? How does it operate? What is consciousness? This encyclopedia brings together scholars from the entire range of mind-related academic disciplines from across the arts and humanities, social sciences, life sciences, and computer science and engineering to explore the multidimensional nature of the human mind.

Dual process Theories in Social Psychology

When participants are then informed that both public and private contexts . ... then , of comparare influenced by their own statements as they ing attitude change in public contexts under try to achieve a shared understanding with ...

Author: Shelly Chaiken

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1572304219

Category: Psychology

Page: 657

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This informative volume presents the first comprehensive review of research and theory on dual-process models of social information processing. These models distinguish between qualitatively different modes of information processing in making decisions and solving problems (e.g., associative versus rule-based, controlled versus uncontrolled, and affective versus cognitive modes). Leading contributors review the basic assumptions of these approaches and review the ways they have been applied and tested in such areas as attitudes, stereotyping, person perception, memory, and judgment. Also examined are the relationships between different sets of processing modes, the factors that determine their utilization, and how they work in combination to affect responses to social information.

Human Computer Interaction Interaction in Context

2.3 Persuasive Technology and Captology Persuasive technology is defined as any interactive computing system designed to change or alter individual's attitudes or behaviors by applying psychological principles of persuasion including ...

Author: Masaaki Kurosu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319912448

Category: Computers

Page: 663

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The 3 volume-set LNCS 10901, 10902 + 10903 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI 2018, which took place in Las Vegas, Nevada, in July 2018. The total of 1171 papers and 160 posters included in the 30 HCII 2018 proceedings volumes was carefully reviewed and selected from 4346 submissions. HCI 2018 includes a total of 145 papers; they were organized in topical sections named: Part I: HCI theories, methods and tools; perception and psychological issues in HCI; emotion and attention recognition; security, privacy and ethics in HCI. Part II: HCI in medicine; HCI for health and wellbeing; HCI in cultural heritage; HCI in complex environments; mobile and wearable HCI. Part III: input techniques and devices; speech-based interfaces and chatbots; gesture, motion and eye-tracking based interaction; games and gamification.

Public Opinion in a Gendered Political Context

"The Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues: A Study in Organizational Change." Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political ... "Changes in Public Attitudes Toward Women in Politics." Social Science Quarterly 63:3 12-22.

Author: Russell K. Mayer

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015041250799

Category:

Page:

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Social Political and Economic Contexts in Public Relations

Beliefs, attitudes and values. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. ... Attitude and attitude change: The social judgment-involvement approach. Philadelphia: Saunders. ... The economic context is the third perspective offered as part 102 5.

Author: Hugh M. Culbertson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136474972

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

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Two commissions within the Public Relations Society of America have recently defined courses in case-study analysis, research methods, and behavioral-science theory as central to an acceptable public relations curriculum. To date, these three "streams" within PR education have run independently of each other. The authors produced this volume because they believe that there is a growing demand for an integrative "applied theory" approach to the study of public relations cases. The need for PR professionals to study the social, political, and economic contexts of public relations carefully had been apparent for some time as issues management and environment scanning emerged as focal points of modern public relations. Yet there was no systematic framework for such study. This volume, however, with its strong foundation in theory, provides just that framework and is highly suitable for graduate-level courses in public relations.