Argumentation

Argumentation: Critical Thinking in Action, 2nd ed., explores a wide variety of issues and concepts connected to making arguments, responding to the arguments of others, and using good critical thinking skills to analyze persuasive ...

Author: Lapakko Ph. D. David Lapakko Ph. D.

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781440168383

Category: Education

Page: 275

View: 401

DOWNLOAD →

Argumentation: Critical Thinking in Action, 2nd ed., explores a wide variety of issues and concepts connected to making arguments, responding to the arguments of others, and using good critical thinking skills to analyze persuasive communication. Key topics include the nature of claims, evidence, and reasoning; common fallacies in reasoning; traits associated with good critical thinking; how language is used strategically in argument; ways to organize an argumentative case; how to refute an opposing argument or case; cultural dimensions of argument; and ways to make a better impression either orally or in writing.

Argumentation in Theorie und Praxis

Bevor jedoch ausgeführt wird , wie ein solcher Unterricht aussehen kann und welche didaktischen und methodischen Möglichkeiten er offenbart , sollen kurz das Konzept und der Zweck von critical thinking ( kurz ct ) erklärt werden .

Author: Günther Kreuzbauer

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3825893561

Category: Persuasion (Rhetoric)

Page: 263

View: 679

DOWNLOAD →

Dialogue Argumentation and Education

... design must remain open-ended and true to the unpredictable 'risky' potential of human action (Biesta 2006, 2013). ... all of them stress the importance of critical thinking, except for the traditional bookish approach.

Author: Baruch B. Schwarz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107141810

Category: Education

Page: 316

View: 482

DOWNLOAD →

This book presents the historical, theoretical and empirical foundations of educational practices involving dialogue and argumentation.

International Handbook of Research on Environmental Education

Enhancing the quality of argumentation in school science. Journal of Research in Scince Teaching, 41(10), 994–1020. Paul, R. (1990). Critical thinking: What every person needs in a rapidly changing world. Sonoma, US: Sonoma State ...

Author: Robert B. Stevenson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136699313

Category: Education

Page: 592

View: 808

DOWNLOAD →

The environment and contested notions of sustainability are increasingly topics of public interest, political debate, and legislation across the world. Environmental education journals now publish research from a wide variety of methodological traditions that show linkages between the environment, health, development, and education. The growth in scholarship makes this an opportune time to review and synthesize the knowledge base of the environmental education (EE) field. The purpose of this 51-chapter handbook is not only to illuminate the most important concepts, findings and theories that have been developed by EE research, but also to critically examine the historical progression of the field, its current debates and controversies, what is still missing from the EE research agenda, and where that agenda might be headed. Published for the American Educational Research Association (AERA).

The Routledge International Handbook of Research on Teaching Thinking

Is the argument assessed in terms of its structural quality according to (a) length, (b) complexity, ... Teaching/learning argumentation and critical thinking The terms “critical thinking” and 391 Epistemic practices and thinking in ...

Author: Rupert Wegerif

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317752301

Category: Education

Page: 488

View: 804

DOWNLOAD →

The Routledge International Handbook of Research on Teaching Thinking is a comprehensive guide to research on teaching thinking. Teaching thinking is key to growing a more successful economy, is needed for increased democratic engagement and is vital for the well-being of individuals faced with the complexity of a globalised world. However, there are questions about what we mean by ‘thinking’, how best to teach it and how best to assess it, and it is these questions that this handbook explores and addresses. Containing surveys and summaries of international, cutting-edge research on every aspect of teaching thinking in a range of contexts, the handbook is thorough in its delivery, examining many different approaches and methods to help readers understand what teaching thinking is and how we can best take this movement forward. Key topics include: • Theoretical perspectives on teaching thinking • Approaches for teaching thinking • Developing creative thinking • Developing critical thinking and metacognition • The assessment of thinking • Teaching thinking in the context of STEM • Collaborative thinking and new technology • Neuro-educational research on teaching thinking This book is an essential guide for policy-makers, teachers and researchers who are interested in teaching thinking

Integrating Social Work Theory and Practice

It is suggested that for successful learning to take place learners must reflect in and on action (Schön 1983). ... The concept encompasses critical thinking, critical questioning, critical reading, critical writing, critical reasoning, ...

Author: Pam Green Lister

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136487408

Category: Social Science

Page: 134

View: 553

DOWNLOAD →

All social work students study theory and undertake practice placements. Integrating the two – so that each informs the other – is both essential and notoriously tricky. This accessible book demystifies the process and offers helpful evidence-based strategies for doing it successfully. Structured around different approaches to learning, Integrating Social Work Theory and Practice covers: Adult and student centred learning Learning and teaching techniques and assessment methods How to locate and identify theory How to critically analyse theory Key theoretical concepts in social science Issues surrounding anti-oppressive theory and practice Methods of intervention Integrating theory and practice in academic work and on placements. This essential text helps students to identify, critically analyse and apply theory appropriately, enhancing their practice. It will be useful to all social work students struggling with the theory-practice gap.

In Defense of Informal Logic

But I am troubled by his conclusion that a conflict , such as the one over abortion or affirmative action , may not be ... Fogelin's challenge to critical thinking is based on the insight that argument is possible only where certain ...

Author: D.S. Levi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792361482

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 598

DOWNLOAD →

"Against the Logicians" is what the author calls his eclectic collection of 15 essays spanning the last 15 years. In topics ranging from affirmative action and capital punishment to the existence of Santa Claus and material taken from "Dear Abby" columns, he breaks free from logician's traditional premises and his earlier belief that proficiency in formal or symbolic logic is what separates real philosophers from sophomores. While trying not to alienate the very audience he seeks to address, Levi (U. of Oregon, Eugene) defends informal logic by critiquing the occupational hazards of critical thinking, argumentation, paradoxes, and "the unbearable vagueness of being."Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

On Reasoning and Argument

Essays in Informal Logic and on Critical Thinking David Hitchcock ... Doing something includes as the most elementary case (1) a simple physical action, such as raising one's arm. More complex cases are (2) a series of physical actions ...

Author: David Hitchcock

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319535623

Category: Philosophy

Page: 553

View: 997

DOWNLOAD →

This book brings together in one place David Hitchcock’s most significant published articles on reasoning and argument. In seven new chapters he updates his thinking in the light of subsequent scholarship. Collectively, the papers articulate a distinctive position in the philosophy of argumentation. Among other things, the author:• develops an account of “material consequence” that permits evaluation of inferences without problematic postulation of unstated premises.• updates his recursive definition of argument that accommodates chaining and embedding of arguments and allows any type of illocutionary act to be a conclusion. • advances a general theory of relevance.• provides comprehensive frameworks for evaluating inferences in reasoning by analogy, means-end reasoning, and appeals to considerations or criteria.• argues that none of the forms of arguing ad hominem is a fallacy.• describes proven methods of teaching critical thinking effectively.

Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference

... W., 91 action, 451 action under uncertainty, 133 actual frequency, 400 actual values, 141 ad ignoratiam rule, ... 6,425, 449 artificial language, 67 Association for Informal Logic and Critical Thinking, 383 asymmetry thesis, Index.

Author: R.H. Johnson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080532912

Category: Computers

Page: 508

View: 954

DOWNLOAD →

The Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference is an authoritative reference work in a single volume, designed for the attention of senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in all the leading research areas concerned with the logic of practical argument and inference. After an introductory chapter, the role of standard logics is surveyed in two chapters. These chapters can serve as a mini-course for interested readers, in deductive and inductive logic, or as a refresher. Then follow two chapters of criticism; one the internal critique and the other the empirical critique. The first deals with objections to standard logics (as theories of argument and inference) arising from the research programme in philosophical logic. The second canvasses criticisms arising from work in cognitive and experimental psychology. The next five chapters deal with developments in dialogue logic, interrogative logic, informal logic, probability logic and artificial intelligence. The last chapter surveys formal approaches to practical reasoning and anticipates possible future developments. Taken as a whole the Handbook is a single-volume indication of the present state of the logic of argument and inference at its conceptual and theoretical best. Future editions will periodically incorporate significant new developments.

The Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning

Conditional reasoning, causality, and the structure of semantic memory: Strength of association as a predictive factor for content effects. ... Argumentation in artificial intelligence. ... Critical thinking: Why is it so hard to teach?

Author: Michael Waldmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199399567

Category: Psychology

Page: 542

View: 448

DOWNLOAD →

Causal reasoning is one of our most central cognitive competencies, enabling us to adapt to our world. Causal knowledge allows us to predict future events, or diagnose the causes of observed facts. We plan actions and solve problems using knowledge about cause-effect relations. Although causal reasoning is a component of most of our cognitive functions, it has been neglected in cognitive psychology for many decades. The Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning offers a state-of-the-art review of the growing field, and its contribution to the world of cognitive science. The Handbook begins with an introduction of competing theories of causal learning and reasoning. In the next section, it presents research about basic cognitive functions involved in causal cognition, such as perception, categorization, argumentation, decision-making, and induction. The following section examines research on domains that embody causal relations, including intuitive physics, legal and moral reasoning, psychopathology, language, social cognition, and the roles of space and time. The final section presents research from neighboring fields that study developmental, phylogenetic, and cultural differences in causal cognition. The chapters, each written by renowned researchers in their field, fill in the gaps of many cognitive psychology textbooks, emphasizing the crucial role of causal structures in our everyday lives. This Handbook is an essential read for students and researchers of the cognitive sciences, including cognitive, developmental, social, comparative, and cross-cultural psychology; philosophy; methodology; statistics; artificial intelligence; and machine learning.

Reasoning Argumentation and Deliberative Democracy

Consideration of the critical spirit suggests the importance of teaching in what Siegel (1988) called “the critical manner. ... 45) Deanna Kuhn (2019) conceptualized critical thinking as, most fundamentally, a matter of argumentation.

Author: David Moshman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000201994

Category: Psychology

Page: 176

View: 288

DOWNLOAD →

In light of the latest research from cognitive and developmental psychology, this key text explores reasoning, rationality, and democracy, considering the unique nature of each and their relationship to each other. Broadening our understanding from the development of reasoning and rationality in individuals to encompass social considerations of argumentation and democracy, the book connects psychological literature to philosophy, law, political science, and educational policy. Based on psychological research, Moshman sets out a system of deliberative democracy that promotes collaborative reasoning, rational institutions such as science and law, education aimed at the promotion of rationality, and intellectual freedom for all. Also including the biological bases of logic, metacognition, and collaborative reasoning, Moshman argues that, despite systematic flaws in human reasoning, there are reasons for a cautiously optimistic assessment of the potential for human rationality and the prospects for democracy. Reasoning, Argumentation, and Deliberative Democracy will be essential reading for all researchers of thinking and reasoning from psychology, philosophy, and education.

Using Debate in the Classroom

Definitions of critical thinking shared by the Delphi panelists, philosophers, and psychologists all include argument construction, analysis, and evaluation (Dwyer, Hogan, & Stewart, 2014; Ennis, 1993; Facione, 1990; Halpern, 2014; ...

Author: Karyl A. Davis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317480952

Category: Education

Page: 164

View: 484

DOWNLOAD →

Debate holds enormous potential to build 21st century skills such as critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and conflict resolution in the K-12 classroom, but teachers often struggle to implement and contextualize it effectively. Using Debate in the Classroom draws on research from a variety of academic disciplines to explain the benefits of debate across subject areas, and describes how teachers can use debate to enliven their curriculum and support the aims of the Common Core. Topics include: Introducing debate as a pedagogical practice to engage students, improve school culture, and disrupt the school to prison pipeline. Using debate to teach critical literacy and improve students’ reading, writing, and speaking skills. Implementing role-playing techniques to strengthen information literacy and reasoning skills. Building students’ empathy, perspective-taking skills, and cultural humility as they confront difficult social issues through debate. Appendices provide a variety of tools to assist K-12 teachers in implementing debate in the classroom, including ready-made debate activities, student handouts, and a step-by-step guide to introducing students to debate in just one week.

Adam Smith s Pluralism

Contemporary argumentation theory describes a lived argumentation that takes history, perspective, audience, and emotion into account. It regards action as ... Rather, many theorists argue that critical thinking is best done while a ...

Author: Jack Russell Weinstein

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300163759

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 661

DOWNLOAD →

In this thought-provoking study, Jack Russell Weinstein suggests the foundations of liberalism can be found in the writings of Adam Smith (1723-1790), a pioneer of modern economic theory and a major figure in the Scottish Enlightenment. While offering an interpretive methodology for approaching Smith's two major works, "The Theory of Moral Sentiments "and "The Wealth of Nations," Weinstein argues against the libertarian interpretation of Smith, emphasizing his philosophies of education and rationality. Weinstein also demonstrates that Smith should be recognized for a prescient theory of pluralism that prefigures current theories of cultural diversity.

Critical Thinking

When we ask for a reason in this way we are asking for a justification for taking the action recommended or accepting ... Critical thinkers should primarily be interested in argu- ments and whether they succeed in providing us with good ...

Author: Tracey Bowell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134290826

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 916

DOWNLOAD →

Attempts to persuade us - to believe something, to do something, to buy something - are everywhere. What is less clear is how to think critically about such attempts and how to distinguish those that are sound arguments. Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide is a much needed guide to argument analysis and a clear introduction to thinking clearly and rationally for oneself. Accessibly written, this book equips students with the essential skills required to tell a good argument from a bad one. Key features of the book include: * clear, jargon-free discussion of key concepts in argumentation * how to avoid common confusions surrounding words such as 'truth', 'knowledge' and 'opinion' * how to identify and evaluate the most common types of argument * how to spot fallacies and tell good reasoning from bad * chapter summaries, exercises, examples and a glossary. The second edition has been updated to include topical new examples from politics, sport, medicine and music, as well as new exercises throughout.

Writing That Makes Sense 2nd Edition

Critical Thinking in College Composition David S. Hogsette ... The objective is to present the strongest argument. ... In calls to action, argumentation is used to present a particular point of view and then to defend a recommended ...

Author: David S. Hogsette

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532650109

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 626

View: 949

DOWNLOAD →

The second edition of Writing That Makes Sense takes students through the fundamentals of the writing process and explores the basic steps of critical thinking. Drawing upon over twenty years of experience teaching college composition and professional writing, David S. Hogsette combines relevant writing pedagogy and practical assignments with the basics of critical thinking to provide students with step-by-step guides for successful academic writing in a variety of rhetorical modes. New in the second edition: -Expanded discussion of how to write effective thesis statements for informative, persuasive, evaluative, and synthesis essays, including helpful thesis statement templates. -Extensive templates introducing students to conventions of academic discourse, including integrating outside sources, interacting with other writers' ideas, and dialoguing with multiple perspectives. -Examples of academic writing from different disciplines illustrating essay titles, abstracts, thesis statements, introductions, conclusions, and voice. -Expanded discussion of voice in academic writing, including an exploration of active and passive voice constructions in different disciplines and tips on how to edit for clarity. -A new chapter on writing in the disciplines. -Updated sample student papers. -New readings with examples of opposing views and multiple perspectives.

Creative Writing for Critical Thinking

Rethinking Reason: New Perspectives in Critical Thinking. ... Educational Action Research: Theory, Practice and Action. ... Topos som meningsskapare; Retorikens topiska perspektiv på tänkande och lärande genom argumentation.

Author: Hélène Edberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319654911

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 416

View: 912

DOWNLOAD →

This book explores narrative imagination and emotion as resources for learning critical meta-reflection. The author examines the learning trajectories of several students as they engage in learning to think critically through a new approach to creative writing, and details how learning through writing is linked to new discoursal identities which are trialled in the writing process. In doing so, she analyses the processes of expansion and change that result from the negotiations involved in learning through writing. This volume offers a completely new approach to creative writing, including useful practical advice as well as a solid theoretical base. It is sure to appeal to students of creative writing and discourse analysis as well as applied linguistics and language as identity.

Lived Democracy in Education

Facilitating critical citizenship in education and developing critical citizenship is imperative, and learning through controversies is central. Key capacities to be developed include communication, argumentation, critical thinking and ...

Author: Rune Herheim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000475784

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 625

DOWNLOAD →

This book outlines the notion of ‘lived democracy in education’, bringing together interdisciplinary educational research on young citizens’ democratic practices in kindergartens, schools, and teacher education. Presenting both theoretical and empirical studies, and drawing on a variety of approaches, the book investigates participatory education practices where young learners are given the opportunity to influence a course of action or a discussion through expressing arguments, information and critique. Lived democracy in education is understood as opportunities for young learners to influence a decision or line of thought through enacting the values of freedom of speech and equality, and the book shows how such opportunities can be positioned in educational practices. Chapters also investigate what kind of pedagogical situations promote lived democracy and what qualities are present in these situations. The book will be of interest to academics, researchers, graduate students and post-graduate students in the fields of educational theory, educational philosophy and democracy in education concerning several school subjects.

The Literature Review

Academic databases, 69, 70 (figure) Action dispositions, 10 collegiality and, 10 deliberation and, ... 74–75, 74 (figure), 76 (figure), 88 Critical thinking process, 5, 6 (figure), 8–9, 9 (figure) action dispositions and, ...

Author: Lawrence A. Machi

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 9781506345536

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 134

DOWNLOAD →

From daunting to doable in six steps The process of literature search and composing a formal literature review can be intimidating. But masters and doctoral candidates in Education and related fields have found academic argumentation to be seamlessly intuitive with the six-step process pioneered by this book. This updated third edition features a wealth of all-new content including: A flowchart that graphically illustrates Machi and McEvoy’s process. Reflective Oversight boxes in each chapter, prompting readers to direct metacognitive activities. Links to online guides and resources. Expanded examples illustrating theoretical concepts.

Higher Education Handbook of Theory and Research

Among the various threads in the above definition, we can distinguish the following: critical thinking as skills in inference-making and argumentation; critical thinking as (reflective) judgment formation, and critical thinking as a ...

Author: Michael B. Paulsen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319128351

Category: Education

Page: 603

View: 111

DOWNLOAD →

Published annually since 1985, the Handbook series provides a compendium of thorough and integrative literature reviews on a diverse array of topics of interest to the higher education scholarly and policy communities. Each chapter provides a comprehensive review of research findings on a selected topic, critiques the research literature in terms of its conceptual and methodological rigor and sets forth an agenda for future research intended to advance knowledge on the chosen topic. The Handbook focuses on a comprehensive set of central areas of study in higher education that encompasses the salient dimensions of scholarly and policy inquiries undertaken in the international higher education community. Each annual volume contains chapters on such diverse topics as research on college students and faculty, organization and administration, curriculum and instruction, policy, diversity issues, economics and finance, history and philosophy, community colleges, advances in research methodology and more. The series is fortunate to have attracted annual contributions from distinguished scholars throughout the world.