Argumentation

Argumentation: Critical Thinking in Action, 2nd ed., explores a wide variety of issues and concepts connected to making arguments, responding to the arguments of others, and using good critical thinking skills to analyze persuasive ...

Author: Lapakko Ph. D. David Lapakko Ph. D.

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781440168383

Category: Education

Page: 275

View: 687

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Argumentation: Critical Thinking in Action, 2nd ed., explores a wide variety of issues and concepts connected to making arguments, responding to the arguments of others, and using good critical thinking skills to analyze persuasive communication. Key topics include the nature of claims, evidence, and reasoning; common fallacies in reasoning; traits associated with good critical thinking; how language is used strategically in argument; ways to organize an argumentative case; how to refute an opposing argument or case; cultural dimensions of argument; and ways to make a better impression either orally or in writing.

Argumentation Critical Thinking in Action

Argumentation: Critical Thinking in Action, 3rd ed., explores a wide variety of issues and concepts connected to making arguments, responding to the arguments of others, and using good critical thinking skills to analyze persuasive ...

Author: David Lapakko, Ph.D.

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781491745908

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 322

View: 221

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Argumentation: Critical Thinking in Action, 3rd ed., explores a wide variety of issues and concepts connected to making arguments, responding to the arguments of others, and using good critical thinking skills to analyze persuasive communication. Key topics include the nature of claims, evidence, and reasoning; common fallacies in reasoning; traits associated with good critical thinking; how language is used strategically in argument; ways to organize an argumentative case; how to refute an opposing argument or case; cultural dimensions of argument; and ways to make a better impression either orally or in writing. “An accessible, contemporary explanation of argumentation concepts, with many good examples. It gives my general-science students the conceptual framework to formulate, analyze, and refute arguments relating to important issues facing us today.” - Dr. Steven Mellema, Professor of Physics, Gustavus Adolphus College

Argumentation

Argumentation: Critical Thinking in Action explores a wide variety of issues and concepts connected to making arguments, responding to the arguments of others, and using good critical thinking skills to analyze persuasive communication.

Author: David Lapakko

Publisher:

ISBN: 0595520820

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 244

View: 354

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Argumentation: Critical Thinking in Action explores a wide variety of issues and concepts connected to making arguments, responding to the arguments of others, and using good critical thinking skills to analyze persuasive communication. Key topics include the nature of claims, evidence, and reasoning; common fallacies in reasoning; traits associated with good critical thinking; how language is used strategically in argument; ways to organize an argumentative case; how to refute an opposing argument or case; and ways to make a better impression either orally or in writing.

Critical Thinking Skills for Education Students

Previously, information literacy has not been explicitly associated with critical
thinking, but many of the skills used by ... Action: A guide to critical thinking and
writing. ... Lapakko, D (2009) Argumentation: Critical Thinking in Action, 2nd edn.

Author: Lesley-Jane Eales-Reynolds

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 9781446281796

Category: Education

Page: 128

View: 183

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Revised and extended to cover critical reflection and evaluation of information resources, this new edition of Critical Thinking Skills for Education Students is a practical and user-friendly text to help education students develop their understanding of critical analysis. It outlines the skills needed to examine and challenge data and encourages students to adopt this way of thinking to enrich their personal and professional development. The text helps students to develop their self-evaluation skills in order to recognise personal values and perceptions. Critical analysis, modeling, case studies, worked examples and reflective tasks are used to engage the reader with the text - building both skills and confidence. This book is part of the Study Skills in Education Series. This series addresses key study skills in the context of education courses, helping students identify their weaknesses, increase their confidence and realise their academic potential. Titles in this series are suitable for students on: any course of Initial Teacher Training leading to QTS; a degree in Education or Education Studies; a degree in Early Years or Early Childhood Education; a foundation degree in any education related subject discipline. Lesley-Jane Eales-Reynolds is Pro Vice Chancellor (Education) at Kingston University. Brenda Judge is a Senior Lecturer at Manchester Metropolitan University. Elaine McCreery is Head of Primary, Early Years and Education Studies programmes at Manchester Metropolitan University. Patrick Jones, now retired, was Senior Lecturer in Primary Education at Manchester Metropolitan University.

The Palgrave Handbook of Critical Thinking in Higher Education

Note, however, the phenomenon of action is not mentioned in the Delphi
definition. It is, in principle possible ... Broadly speaking, then, this sense of the
term “critical thinking” is seen as involving skills in argumentation. Critical
thinking in this ...

Author: M. Davies

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137378057

Category: Education

Page: 646

View: 339

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The Palgrave Handbook of Critical Thinking in Higher Education provides a single compendium on the nature, function, and applications of critical thinking. This book brings together the work of top researchers on critical thinking worldwide, covering questions of definition, pedagogy, curriculum, assessment, research, policy, and application.

Fallacies in Medicine and Health

Fallacies in Medicine and Health merits a large and welcoming reception in both places.” – John Woods, Director of The Abductive Systems Group, University of British Columbia, Canada This textbook examines the ways in which arguments ...

Author: Louise Cummings

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030285135

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 289

View: 548

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This textbook examines the ways in which arguments may be used and abused in medicine and health. The central claim is that a group of arguments known as the informal fallacies – including slippery slope arguments, fear appeal, and the argument from ignorance – undertake considerable work in medical and health contexts, and that they can in fact be rationally warranted ways of understanding complex topics, contrary to the views of many earlier philosophers and logicians. Modern medicine and healthcare require lay people to engage with increasingly complex decisions in areas such as immunization, lifestyle and dietary choices, and health screening. Many of the so-called fallacies of reasoning can also be viewed as cognitive heuristics or short-cuts which help individuals make decisions in these contexts. Using features such as learning objectives, case studies and end-of-unit questions, this textbook examines topical issues and debates in all areas of medicine and health, including antibiotic use and resistance, genetic engineering, euthanasia, addiction to prescription opioids, and the legalization of cannabis. It will be useful to students of critical thinking, reasoning, logic, argumentation, rhetoric, communication, health humanities, philosophy and linguistics.

The Rise of Informal Logic

ESSAYS ON ARGUMENTATION, CRITICAL THINKING, REASONING AND
POLITICS Ralph H. Johnson ... Second, in extending critical thinking to the
sphere of action, Ennis takes his stand on what I call the scope problem: What is
the scope ...

Author: Ralph H. Johnson

Publisher: University of Windsor

ISBN: 9780920233719

Category: Philosophy

Page: 259

View: 263

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We are pleased to release this digital edition of Ralph Johnson’s The Rise of Informal Logic as Volume 2 in the series Windsor Studies in Argumentation. This edition is a reprint of the previous Vale Press edition with some minor corrections. We have decided to make this the second volume in the series because it is such a compelling account of the formation of informal logic as a discipline, written by one of the founders of the field. The book includes essential chapters on the history and development of informal logic. Other chapters are key reflections on the theoretical issues raised by the attempt to understand informal argument. Many of the papers were previously published in important journals. A number of them were co-authored with J. Anthony Blair. Three of them have appeared only in the present book.

Argumentation and Debate

Argumentation, Critical Thinking, and Decision Making | n the spring of 201 1,
facing a legacy of problematic US. military involvements in Bosnia, ... Public
debate was robust as the administration sought to determine its most appropriate
action.

Author: Austin J. Freeley

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781285545851

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 544

View: 380

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Widely praised, ARGUMENTATION AND DEBATE, 13E, uses a clear, concise, and engaging presentation that makes even complex material easy for students to understand. The authors have adapted the text over the years to match changing practices in debate and teaching while preserving classical and conventional approaches to learning debate. This edition retains its rhetorical roots with a flexible tone open to a diverse array of debate styles that is appropriate in the contemporary context. It values the importance of inclusion and sensitivity to differences of culture, gender, orientation, class and other factors as they impact communicative choices and argumentation. The authors have a preference for team topic evidence-based policy debate; however, the text strives to offer viable tools for a wide range of readers interested in improving their critical thinking for reasoned decision making. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Critical Thinking fourth edition

The book gives a lucid treatment of the differences between descriptive and evaluative meaning: one person's freedom fighter is another person's terrorist.

Author: William Hughes

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 1551115735

Category: Philosophy

Page: 403

View: 542

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"William Hughes's Critical Thinking, recently revised and updated by Jonathan Lavery, is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the essential skills required to make strong arguments. Hughes and Lavery give a thorough treatment of such traditional topics as deductive and inductive reasoning, logical fallacies and how to spot them, the importance of inference, how to recognise and avoid ambiguity, and how to assess what is or is not relevant to an argument. But they also cover a variety of topics not always treated in books of this sort - special concerns to keep in mind when reasoning about ethical matters and how the nature of a language can affect the structure of an argument. The book gives a lucid treatment of the differences between descriptive and evaluative meaning: one person's freedom fighter is another person's terrorist." "For the fourth edition, Jonathan Lavery has added a new chapter on scientific reasoning, expanded the treatment of analogies, added numerous examples, and revised and updated the text throughout."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Critical Thinking

Critical thinkers should primarily be interested in arguments andwhether they
succeed inproviding us with good reasonsfor ... argumentative and non
argumentative techniques to get us to accept apointof view or takea certain
course of action.

Author: Tracy Bowell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317677178

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

View: 441

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We are frequently confronted with arguments. Arguments are attempts to persuade us – to influence our beliefs and actions – by giving us reasons to believe this or that. Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide will equip students with the concepts and techniques used in the identification, analysis and assessment of arguments. Through precise and accessible discussion, this book provides the tools to become a successful critical thinker, one who can act and believe in accordance with good reasons, and who can articulate and make explicit those reasons. Key topics discussed include: core concepts in argumentation how language can serve to obscure or conceal the real content of arguments; how to distinguish argumentation from rhetoric how to avoid common confusions surrounding words such as ‘truth’, ‘knowledge’ and ‘opinion’ how to identify and evaluate the most common types of argument how to distinguish good reasoning from bad in terms of deductive validly and induction. This fourth edition has been revised and updated throughout, with a new introduction for each chapter and up-to-date topical examples. Particular revisions include: practical reasoning; understanding quantitative data, statistics, and the rhetoric used about them; scientific reasoning; the connection to formal logic and the logic of probability; conditionals; ambiguity; vagueness; slippery slope arguments; and arguments by analogy. The dynamic Routledge Critical Thinking companion website provides thoroughly updated resources for both instructors and students including new examples and case studies, flashcards, sample questions, practice questions and answers, student activities and a testbank of questions for use in the classroom.

Ethical Argumentation

And argumentation used in persuasion dialogue is worth studying in critical
thinking and logic precisely because it is the ... Or in other cases, they may be
about policies concerning types of action under a certain description, like
abortion or ...

Author: Douglas N. Walton

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739103490

Category: Religion

Page: 311

View: 917

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Bridging the gap between applied ethics and ethical theory, Ethical Argumentation draws on recent research in argumentation theory to develop a more realistic model of how ethical justification actually works. Douglas Walton presents a new model of ethical argumentation in which ethical justification is analyzed as a defeasible form of argumentation considered in a balanced dialogue. Walton's new model employs techniques such as: asking the appropriate critical questions, probing accepted values, finding nonexplicit assumptions in an ethical argument, and deconstructing emotive terms and persuasive definitions. This book will be of significant interest to scholars and advanced students in applied ethics and theory.

Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation

If there are any questionable aspects of the argument that should be considered ,
identify critical questions that should be asked . ... form of argumentation is used
where one party in a dialogue says to the other , “ This action would not be good ,
because it could have bad consequences . ” For example , suppose you are
thinking of taking a certain medication and your doctor says , “ You have high
blood ...

Author: Douglas Walton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521823196

Category: Philosophy

Page: 343

View: 858

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Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation presents the basic tools for the identification, analysis, and evaluation of common arguments for beginners. The book teaches by using examples of arguments in dialogues, both in the text itself and in the exercises. Examples of controversial legal, political, and ethical arguments are analyzed. Illustrating the most common kinds of arguments, the book also explains how to analyze and evaluate each kind by critical questioning. Douglas Walton shows how arguments can be reasonable under the right dialogue conditions by using critical questions to evaluate them.

Critical Thinking For Strategic Intelligence

If you know where you are in the analytic process and can communicate your
plan of action, you build credibility and ... Much of the literature on critical thinking
processes and models focuses on the logic and argumentation thinkers use to ...

Author: Katherine Hibbs Pherson

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 9781452226675

Category: Political Science

Page: 329

View: 405

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Accomplished instructors and intelligence practitioners Beebe and Pherson have created a set of twelve robust, class-tested cases on events in foreign intelligence, counterintelligence, terrorism, homeland security, law enforcement, and decision-making support. The case studies are designed to give analysts-intraining a hands-on opportunity to apply structured analytic techniques to tackle real-life problems. Each case delivers a compelling narrative and a set of step-by-step instructions that make teaching and learning as effective and efficient as possible. Key Features: - Questions at the start of each case challenge the student to think critically and help the students bring the case into focus; - Carefully crafted narratives provide the right amount of detail to give a realistic sense of the complexity and challenges of the case; - Recommended readings at the end of each narrative allow room for further research - Sections entitled "Structured Analytic Techniques in Action" frame the analytic tasks and provide step-by-step instructions for applying three to fi ve analytic techniques in a series of exercises for each case study; - Two hundred photos, maps, figures, tables, boxes, and technique templates support analysis and instruction; and - A matrix of the cases and techniques used in each cases augment the annotated table of contents and provide students and instructors an all-in-one view of the contents.

In Defense of Informal Logic

But I am troubled by his conclusion that a conflict, such as the one over abortion
or affirmative action, may not be rationally ... Fogelin's challenge to critical
thinking is based on the insight that argument is possible only where certain
beliefs and ...

Author: D.S. Levi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792361482

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 259

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This book is distinguished from others on the market by its determination to base what it has to say on samples of actual argument. Outstanding features of the book include: criticism of logical theory for encouraging faulty and misleading readings of an argument; an approach to the informal fallacies and the enthymeme that is based on the recognition of the limitations of the requirement that an argument be reconstructed as a sequence of premises and conclusion; a treatment of certain paradoxes and of the Geltier problem that argues that there is something to resolve only because of the unwarranted assumption that formal logic is taken to have applications to fields other than itself; an emphasis on developing an alternative conflict resolution conception of argumentation. Many of the essays in this book are written in response to what other scholars in the field have said. However, the book addresses anyone who wonders, as the author does, about what can be achieved by argumentation and why it can be achieved

Argumentation

The " AMR " Conception of Critical Thinking ? The defining characteristic of
critical thinking , I think , is this : the focus on reasons and the power of reasons to
warrant or justify beliefs , claims , and actions . A critical thinker , then , is one who
is ...

Author: Frans Hendrik Eemeren

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: UOM:39015025031645

Category: Debates and debating

Page:

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Adult Education as Theory Practice and Research

As Brookfield (1987) argues, criticalthinking abouttheself isnot something that
one can suddenly decide to engage in by taking a new and ... For Brookfield, the
critical self-awareness of reflective practice is both requiredby and isaproductof,
action research. ... The medium of critical thinking is an argumentative rather than
an.

Author: Robin Usher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136628283

Category: Education

Page: 212

View: 515

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The authors argue that the aim of research should be to improve practice through a process of critical reflection. Focusing clearly on the everyday concerns and problems of practitioners, they emphasize the importance of practical knowledge. Their definition of ‘practice’ is wide, and includes the generation of theory and the doing of research as well as front-line teaching. They show how notions of ‘adult learning’ and ‘the adult learner’ have been constituted mainly through theory and research in psychology and sociology, and examine action research as a mode of understanding. They conclude by looking at the curriculum implications for the teaching of adult education as reflective practice.

Principles and Types of Speech Communication

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN Argumentation and Critical Thinking I he ability and
desire to think critically is central to your ... being bombarded with requests ,
appeals , and pleas to change your beliefs or to adopt new behaviors or actions .
Sorting ...

Author: Bruce E. Gronbeck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: IND:30000004401737

Category: Oral communication

Page: 521

View: 176

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Dialog Theory for Critical Argumentation

brings them together into a unified framework as representing communicative
actions that are used in different types of dialog ... Also , because it is
programmed , it seems strange to think it is somehow autonomous . The notion of
autonomy is hard to 132 Dialog Theory for Critical Argumentation Agent
communication systems.

Author: Douglas N. Walton

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027218854

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 307

View: 940

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Because of the need to devise systems for electronic communication on the internet, multi-agent computing is moving to a model of communication as a structured conversation between rational agents. For example, in multi-agent systems, an electronic agent searches around the internet, and collects certain kinds of information by asking questions to other agents. Such agents also reason with each other when they engage in negotiation and persuasion. It is shown in this book that critical argumentation is best represented in this framework by the model of reasoned argument called a dialog, in which two or more parties engage in a polite and orderly exchange with each other according to rules governed by conversation policies. In such dialog argumentation, the two parties reason together by taking turns asking questions, offering replies, and offering reasons to support a claim. They try to settle their disagreements by an orderly conversational exchange that is partly adversarial and partly collaborative.