The End of Argument Structure

Includes papers that explore the issues and re-assess generally accepted premises on the relationship between lexical meaning and the morphosyntax of sentences by confronting two competing approaches to this issue.

Author: María Cristina Cuervo

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9781780523774

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 350

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Includes papers that explore the issues and re-assess generally accepted premises on the relationship between lexical meaning and the morphosyntax of sentences by confronting two competing approaches to this issue.

Linking

The text explores the hypothesis that the positions of syntactic arguments are strictly determined by lexical argument geometry.

Author: Janet H. Randall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402083075

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 325

View: 460

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Linking – how semantic arguments map to the syntax – is one of the challenges invloved with theories of the syntax-semantics interface. The text explores the hypothesis that the positions of syntactic arguments are strictly determined by lexical argument geometry.

Argument Structure

Argument Structure is a contribution to linguistics at the interface between lexical syntax and lexical semantics.

Author: Jane Barbara Grimshaw

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 0262071258

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 202

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Argument Structure is a contribution to linguistics at the interface between lexical syntax and lexical semantics. It formulates an original and highly predictive theory of argument structure that accounts for a large number of syntactic phenomena. The main analytical focus is on passives, nominals, psychological predicates, and the theory of external arguments. In the course of Argument Structure, Jane Grimshaw suggests that, contrary to the prevailing view, argument structure is in fact structured; it encodes prominence relations among arguments which reflect both their thematic and their aspectual properties. The prominence relations support a new theory of external arguments, with far reaching consequences for the syntactic behavior of predicates, and the nature of cross-categorial variation in argument structure. Jane Grimshaw is Associate Professor of Linguistics and Cognitive Science at Brandeis University.

Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure

This book offers a unique interdisciplinary perspective on argument structure and its role in language acquisition.

Author: Melissa Bowerman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136792540

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 384

View: 101

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This book offers a unique interdisciplinary perspective on argument structure and its role in language acquisition. Drawing on a broad range of crosslinguistic data, this volume shows that languages are much more diverse in their argument structure properties than has been realized. The volume is the outcome of an integrated research project and comprises chapters by both specialists in first language acquisition and field linguists working on a variety of lesser-known languages. The research draws on original fieldwork and on adult data, child data, or both from seventeen languages from eleven different language families. Some chapters offer typological perspectives, examining the basic structures of a given language with language-learnability issues in mind. Other chapters investigate specific problems of language acquisition in one or more languages. Taken as a whole, the volume illustrates how detailed work on crosslinguistic variation is critical to the development of insightful theories of language acquisition. Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure integrates important contemporary issues in linguistics and language acquisition.

Preferred Argument Structure

Grammar as Architecture for Function John W. Du Bois, Lorraine Edith Kumpf, ... Genre and Preferred Argument Structure Sources of argument structure in ...

Author: John W. Du Bois

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027226245

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 458

View: 347

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Preferred Argument Structure offers a profound insight into the relationship between language use and grammatical structure. In his original publication on Preferred Argument Structure, Du Bois (1987) demonstrated the power of this perspective by using it to explain the origins of ergativity and ergative marking systems. Since this work, the general applicability of Preferred Argument Structure has been demonstrated in studies of language after language. In this collection, the authors move beyond verifying Preferred Argument Structure as a property of a given language. They use the methodology to reveal more subtle aspects of the patterns, for example, to look across languages, diachronically or synchronically, to examine particular grammatical relations, and to examine special populations or particular genres. This volume will appeal to linguists interested in the relationship of pragmatics and grammar generally, in the typology of grammatical relations, and in explanations derived from data- and corpus-based approaches to analysis.

Argument Structure

In the light of these new developments, the contributions in this volume provide detailed empirical investigations of argument structure phenomena in a wide range of languages.

Author: Eric J. Reuland

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027291264

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 243

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Recent developments in the generative tradition have created new interest in matters of argument structure and argument projection, giving prominence to the discussion on the role of lexical entries. Particularly, the more traditional lexicalist view that encodes argument structure information on lexical entries is now challenged by a syntactic view under which all properties of argument structure are taken up by syntactic structure. In the light of these new developments, the contributions in this volume provide detailed empirical investigations of argument structure phenomena in a wide range of languages. The contributions vary in their response to the theoretical questions and address issues that range from the role of specific functional heads and the relation of argument projection with syntactic processes, to the position of argument structure within a broader clausal architecture and the argument structure properties of less studied categories.

Argument Structure

Besides distinguishing linked and convergent structures, Thomas also identified ... At the core, then, of argument structure and motivating four different ...

Author: James B. Freeman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400703570

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 892

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This monograph first presents a method of diagramming argument macrostructure, synthesizing the standard circle and arrow approach with the Toulmin model. A theoretical justification of this method through a dialectical understanding of argument, a critical examination of Toulmin on warrants, a thorough discussion of the linked-convergent distinction, and an account of the proper reconstruction of enthymemes follows.

The Noun in Turkish

This book shows on both semantic as well as morphological grounds that for Turkish such a stance is untenable, and also that the enormous range of patterns we find in complements can be accounted for in a relatively simple way by assuming ...

Author: Gerjan van Schaaik

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 3447044500

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 302

View: 970

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The Noun in Turkish. Its Argument Structure and the Compounding Straitjacket is a comprehensive study of the rich system of nominal compounds in Turkish. This language builds compounds in an enormous diversity of forms and shapes, ranging from extremely simple forms to much more complex and at the same time structurally less transparent types of construction. This diversity is not limited to internal complexity as such, but is also determined by the immense variety in the types of complement the head noun of a compound may take. In linguistic theory it is generally assumed that verbs are lexically coded for a number of arguments. It is also believed by some theoreticians that a noun derived through nominalization has one or more inherited arguments. This book shows on both semantic as well as morphological grounds that for Turkish such a stance is untenable, and also that the enormous range of patterns we find in complements can be accounted for in a relatively simple way by assuming that noun phrases, clauses and sentences can be captured by one unifying notion. This leads to the insight that a seemingly wide variety of constructions form one class as a result of the morphological process of compounding, rather than analyzing them syntactically.Furthermore, this study includes a discussion of the questions: why does Turkish have such an extremely productive system of compound formation that virtually knows no limits with respect to both complexity as well as expressibility, and secondly, how does this system relate to theoretical alternatives such as adjectivization?

Argument Structure in Hindi

I argue that , like the incorporation construction ( $ 5.2 . ) ... On the other hand , as we will see , the argument structure of a clause containing a CP is ...

Author: Tara Mohanan

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)

ISBN: 1881526437

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 269

View: 347

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Conception of linguistic organisation involving the factorisation of syntactically relevant information into at least four parallel dimensions of structure.

Argument Structure

An account of the proper reconstruction of enthymemes and issues at the border of structural analysis versus evaluation of arguments conclude the book.

Author: James B. Freeman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9400735537

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 267

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This monograph first presents a method of diagramming argument macrostructure, synthesizing the standard circle and arrow approach with the Toulmin model. A theoretical justification of this method through a dialectical understanding of argument, a critical examination of Toulmin on warrants, a thorough discussion of the linked-convergent distinction, and an account of the proper reconstruction of enthymemes follows.

Argument Structure and Syntactic Relations

In their contribution to this volume (“Nominalization, event, aspect, and argument structure: a syntactic approach”), Sleeman and Brito argue that the ...

Author: Maia Duguine

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027288134

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

View: 137

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The topic of this collection is argument structure. The fourteen chapters in this book are divided into four parts: Semantic and Syntactic Properties of Event Structure; A Cartographic View on Argument Structure; Syntactic Heads Involved in Argument Structure; and Argument Structure in Language Acquisition. Rigorous theoretical analyses are combined with empirical work on specific aspects of argument structure. The book brings together authors working in different linguistic fields (semantics, syntax, and language acquisition), who explore new findings as well as more established data, but then from new theoretical perspectives. The contributions propose cartographic views of argument structure, as opposed to minimalistic proposals of a binary template model for argument structure, in order to optimally account for various syntactic and semantic facts, as well as data derived from wider cross-linguistic perspectives.

Icelandic Morphosyntax and Argument Structure

This is an argument structure alternation, independent of any lexical root, because there are aspects of the (a) structure which systematically correspond ...

Author: Jim Wood

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319091389

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 316

View: 897

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This book provides a detailed study of Icelandic argument structure alternations within a syntactic theory of argument structure. Building on recent theorizing within the Minimalist Program and Distributed Morphology, the author proposes that much of what is traditionally attributed to syntax should be relegated to the interfaces, and adapts the late insertion theory of morphology to semantics. The resulting system forms sound-meaning pairs by generating hierarchical structures that can be translated into morphological representations, on the one hand, and semantic representations, on the other. The syntactic primitives, however, underdetermine both morphophonology and semantics. Without appealing to special stipulations, the theory derives constraints on the external argument of causative-alternation verbs, interpretive restrictions on nominative objects, and the optionally agentive interpretation of verbs denoting self-directed motion.

Verbal Prepositions and Argument Structure

In the second chapter , I argue that properties of cases like the ones in ( 8 ) can be handled properly ... 1.3 The interface between argument structure and ...

Author: Mai Ellin Tungseth

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027255040

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 187

View: 441

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This book investigates different types of verb-PP combinations and examines the types of meanings which arise when the argument structure of the PP fuses with the verbal argument structure. Focussing mainly on data from Norwegian, the book investigates three different empirical domains of PP-VP combinations and concludes that the arising interpretations result from a combination of the fine-grained structure of the PP, the structure of the verb phrase, and the different modes of combination. The book sheds new light on the syntax-semantics interplay while adding new insight about the properties of the category P in Norwegian. The book also contributes to the debate between Lexicalism and Constructionism, and it concludes that a moderate Constructionist model with a fine-grained syntactic structure determining interpretation is best equipped to handle the enormous flexibility of verb-prepositional phrase combinations of the types explored.

Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure

lexicon with two arguments, they do not both always appear overtly; ... between argument structure and event structure: a full theory of argument structure ...

Author: Melissa Bowerman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780805841947

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 370

View: 438

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Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure: Implications for Learnability offers a unique interdisciplinary perspective on argument structure and its role in language acquisition. Much contemporary work in linguistics and psychology assumes that argument structure is strongly constrained by a set of universal principles, and that these principles are innate, providing children with certain “bootstrapping” strategies that help them home in on basic aspects of the syntax and lexicon of their language. Drawing on a broad range of crosslinguistic data, this volume shows that languages are much more diverse in their argument structure properties than has been realized. This diversity raises challenges for many existing proposals about language acquisition, affects the range of solutions that can be considered plausible, and highlights new acquisition puzzles that until now have passed unnoticed. The volume is the outcome of an integrated research project and comprises chapters by both specialists in first language acquisition and field linguists working on a variety of lesser-known languages. The research draws on original fieldwork and on adult data, child data, or both from seventeen languages from eleven different language families. Some chapters offer typological perspectives, examining the basic structures of a given language with language-learnability issues in mind. Other chapters investigate specific problems of language acquisition in one or more languages. Taken as a whole, the volume illustrates how detailed work on crosslinguistic variation is critical to the development of insightful theories of language acquisition. Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure integrates important contemporary issues in linguistics and language acquisition. With its rich crosslinguistic base and the innovative empirical methods it showcases for studying the role of argument structure in language acquisition, it will be of great interest to linguists and language acquisition specialists alike, as well as to upper-level students in linguistics and psychology in the United States and abroad.

Aspects of Argument Structure Acquisition in Inuktitut

1.3 Argument structure Argument structure refers to the relationship between a predicate and its arguments. Predicates (e.g. verbs, adpositions, ...

Author: Shanley Allen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027224798

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 370

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This book discusses the first language acquisition of three morphosyntactic mechanisms of transitivity alternation in arctic Quebec Inuktitut. Data derive from naturalistic longitudinal spontaneous speech samples collected over a nine-month period from four Inuit children. Both basic and advanced forms of passive structures are shown to be used productively by Inuktitut-speaking children at an early age relative to English-speaking children, but consistent in age with speakers of non-Indo-European languages reported on in the literature; potential explanations of this difference include frequency of caregiver input and details of language structure. Morphological causatives appear slightly later in the acquisition sequence, and their first instances reflect use of unanalyzed routines. Lexical causatives are present from the earliest ages studied. Evidence of a period of overgeneralization of lexical causatives in one subject at the same time as the morphological causative shows signs of being productively acquired suggests that the seeming overgeneralization may reflect nothing more than as yet unstable use of the morphological causative. Noun incorporation structures are shown to be used productively by Inuktitut-speaking children at an early age relative to Mohawk-speaking children; potential explanations of this difference include details of language structure and relative language use in the environments of the learners. Findings are considered in light of current debates in the literature concerning continuity versus maturation of grammatical structure, and concerning the functional categories available to the child at early stages of acquisition. Data presented argue against late maturation, and suggest that all functional categories may be accessed by the Inuktitut-speaking child early in the acquisition process.

Phrase Structure and Argument Structure

Thus, arguments can be complements or specifiers, depending on their role in event structure. I will argue that specifiers and complements are relationally ...

Author: Terje Lohndal

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199677122

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 171

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This book looks at the relationship between syntax and semantics, bringing together two seemingly unrelated hypotheses: that verbs do not require arguments, and that specifiers are not required by the grammar. The analysis has consequences for the theory of locality, agreement, serial verbs, and multidominance structures.

New Perspectives on Argument Structure in Functional Grammar

gument structure is dissociated from morphosyntactic coding. In other words, argument structure is not formally constrained – which I have put down to the ...

Author: Ricardo Mairal Usón

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110895872

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 369

View: 716

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The present monograph deals with lexical representation and linking within the framework of Functional Grammar. The notion of predicate frame as originally proposed in 1978 and subsequent refinements of the theory are challenged in that a new format of representing argument taking properties is formulated. This new format opens new lines of research towards the design of a new linking algorithm in Functional Grammar.