Argument Structure

In the light of these new developments, the contributions in this volume provide detailed empirical investigations of argument structure phenomena in a wide range of languages.

Author: Eric J. Reuland

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027291264

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 243

View: 907

DOWNLOAD →

Recent developments in the generative tradition have created new interest in matters of argument structure and argument projection, giving prominence to the discussion on the role of lexical entries. Particularly, the more traditional lexicalist view that encodes argument structure information on lexical entries is now challenged by a syntactic view under which all properties of argument structure are taken up by syntactic structure. In the light of these new developments, the contributions in this volume provide detailed empirical investigations of argument structure phenomena in a wide range of languages. The contributions vary in their response to the theoretical questions and address issues that range from the role of specific functional heads and the relation of argument projection with syntactic processes, to the position of argument structure within a broader clausal architecture and the argument structure properties of less studied categories.

Argument Structure in Hindi

tions of the different levels of structure to the total structure of a predicate and its
dependents . ... Argument Structure The information encoded in the argument
structure in terms of theta role representations in many theories is factored apart ...

Author: Tara Mohanan

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)

ISBN: 1881526437

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 269

View: 684

DOWNLOAD →

Conception of linguistic organisation involving the factorisation of syntactically relevant information into at least four parallel dimensions of structure.

Preferred Argument Structure

Genre and Preferred Argument Structure Sources of argument structure in
classroom discourse * Lorraine E. Kumpf California State University , Long Beach
Introduction This study examines the relationship between genre and argument ...

Author: John W. Du Bois

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027226245

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 458

View: 318

DOWNLOAD →

Preferred Argument Structure offers a profound insight into the relationship between language use and grammatical structure. In his original publication on Preferred Argument Structure, Du Bois (1987) demonstrated the power of this perspective by using it to explain the origins of ergativity and ergative marking systems. Since this work, the general applicability of Preferred Argument Structure has been demonstrated in studies of language after language. In this collection, the authors move beyond verifying Preferred Argument Structure as a property of a given language. They use the methodology to reveal more subtle aspects of the patterns, for example, to look across languages, diachronically or synchronically, to examine particular grammatical relations, and to examine special populations or particular genres. This volume will appeal to linguists interested in the relationship of pragmatics and grammar generally, in the typology of grammatical relations, and in explanations derived from data- and corpus-based approaches to analysis.

Argument Structure

Besides distinguishing linked and convergent structures, Thomas also identified
serial structure.3 It struck me that there was ... Thinking of the proponent's answer
as extending his argument, the resulting argument will have a different structure ...

Author: James B. Freeman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400703570

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 947

DOWNLOAD →

This monograph first presents a method of diagramming argument macrostructure, synthesizing the standard circle and arrow approach with the Toulmin model. A theoretical justification of this method through a dialectical understanding of argument, a critical examination of Toulmin on warrants, a thorough discussion of the linked-convergent distinction, and an account of the proper reconstruction of enthymemes follows.

Verbal Prepositions and Argument Structure

On the one hand, we have researchers working within the lexicalist tradition, who
assume that the correct level for stating argument structure information is the
lexicon (cf. Levin & Rappaport Hovav 1995, inter alia; Reinhart 2006 & Reinhart ...

Author: Mai Ellin Tungseth

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027255040

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 187

View: 224

DOWNLOAD →

This book investigates different types of verb-PP combinations and examines the types of meanings which arise when the argument structure of the PP fuses with the verbal argument structure. Focussing mainly on data from Norwegian, the book investigates three different empirical domains of PP-VP combinations and concludes that the arising interpretations result from a combination of the fine-grained structure of the PP, the structure of the verb phrase, and the different modes of combination. The book sheds new light on the syntax-semantics interplay while adding new insight about the properties of the category P in Norwegian. The book also contributes to the debate between Lexicalism and Constructionism, and it concludes that a moderate Constructionist model with a fine-grained syntactic structure determining interpretation is best equipped to handle the enormous flexibility of verb-prepositional phrase combinations of the types explored.

Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure

A discourse-pragmatic explanation for argument representation in child Inuktitut.
Linguistics, 38, 483–521. Allen, S. E. M., & Schröder, H. (2003). Preferred
Argument Structure in early Inuktitut spontaneous speech data. In J. W. Du Bois,
L. E. ...

Author: Melissa Bowerman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780805841947

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 370

View: 583

DOWNLOAD →

Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure: Implications for Learnability offers a unique interdisciplinary perspective on argument structure and its role in language acquisition. Much contemporary work in linguistics and psychology assumes that argument structure is strongly constrained by a set of universal principles, and that these principles are innate, providing children with certain “bootstrapping” strategies that help them home in on basic aspects of the syntax and lexicon of their language. Drawing on a broad range of crosslinguistic data, this volume shows that languages are much more diverse in their argument structure properties than has been realized. This diversity raises challenges for many existing proposals about language acquisition, affects the range of solutions that can be considered plausible, and highlights new acquisition puzzles that until now have passed unnoticed. The volume is the outcome of an integrated research project and comprises chapters by both specialists in first language acquisition and field linguists working on a variety of lesser-known languages. The research draws on original fieldwork and on adult data, child data, or both from seventeen languages from eleven different language families. Some chapters offer typological perspectives, examining the basic structures of a given language with language-learnability issues in mind. Other chapters investigate specific problems of language acquisition in one or more languages. Taken as a whole, the volume illustrates how detailed work on crosslinguistic variation is critical to the development of insightful theories of language acquisition. Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure integrates important contemporary issues in linguistics and language acquisition. With its rich crosslinguistic base and the innovative empirical methods it showcases for studying the role of argument structure in language acquisition, it will be of great interest to linguists and language acquisition specialists alike, as well as to upper-level students in linguistics and psychology in the United States and abroad.

Argument Structure and Syntactic Relations

Princeton University Although current generative theory acknowledges the
existence of argument structure (AS), it nevertheless continues to assume that
syntax is the primary computational system, which explains why it has failed to
produce ...

Author: Maia Duguine

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255419

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

View: 925

DOWNLOAD →

The topic of this collection is argument structure. The fourteen chapters in this book are divided into four parts: Semantic and Syntactic Properties of Event Structure; A Cartographic View on Argument Structure; Syntactic Heads Involved in Argument Structure; and Argument Structure in Language Acquisition. Rigorous theoretical analyses are combined with empirical work on specific aspects of argument structure. The book brings together authors working in different linguistic fields (semantics, syntax, and language acquisition), who explore new findings as well as more established data, but then from new theoretical perspectives. The contributions propose cartographic views of argument structure, as opposed to minimalistic proposals of a binary template model for argument structure, in order to optimally account for various syntactic and semantic facts, as well as data derived from wider cross-linguistic perspectives. "Argument structure plays a central role in the articulation of syntax. Yet whether this contribution is primordial or derivative, derivational or representational, minimalist or cartographic, is entirely up for grabs. This is what makes a book like the present one equivalent to a murder thriller: one cannot finish one chapter without wanting to read the next. While the solution to the underlying mystery remains as open as it ever was, the clues offered here seem just impossible to ignore."

Aspects of Argument Structure Acquisition in Inuktitut

This book seeks to add to the field of crosslinguistic acquisition through an
investigation of certain aspects of morphological and syntactic development
related to argument structure in Inuktitut, the language of the Inuit of arctic
Quebec ...

Author: Shanley Allen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027224798

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 677

DOWNLOAD →

This book discusses the first language acquisition of three morphosyntactic mechanisms of transitivity alternation in arctic Quebec Inuktitut. Data derive from naturalistic longitudinal spontaneous speech samples collected over a nine-month period from four Inuit children. Both basic and advanced forms of passive structures are shown to be used productively by Inuktitut-speaking children at an early age relative to English-speaking children, but consistent in age with speakers of non-Indo-European languages reported on in the literature; potential explanations of this difference include frequency of caregiver input and details of language structure. Morphological causatives appear slightly later in the acquisition sequence, and their first instances reflect use of unanalyzed routines. Lexical causatives are present from the earliest ages studied. Evidence of a period of overgeneralization of lexical causatives in one subject at the same time as the morphological causative shows signs of being productively acquired suggests that the seeming overgeneralization may reflect nothing more than as yet unstable use of the morphological causative. Noun incorporation structures are shown to be used productively by Inuktitut-speaking children at an early age relative to Mohawk-speaking children; potential explanations of this difference include details of language structure and relative language use in the environments of the learners. Findings are considered in light of current debates in the literature concerning continuity versus maturation of grammatical structure, and concerning the functional categories available to the child at early stages of acquisition. Data presented argue against late maturation, and suggest that all functional categories may be accessed by the Inuktitut-speaking child early in the acquisition process.

The Syntax of Argument Structure

While current generative theory acknowledges the importance of argument
structure and productive morphological processes, it nevertheless continues to
be essentially syntactocentric and has therefore failed to produce a fully
integrated, ...

Author: Leonard H. Babby

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521417976

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 307

View: 356

DOWNLOAD →

Proposes a theory of a verb's argument structure.

Argument Structure in Flux

Argument structure in flux Johanna Barédal & Michela Cennamo University of
Bergen / University of Naples Federico II This volume originates in papers given
at the conference “Variation and Change in Argument Realization”, held in
Naples ...

Author: Elly van Gelderen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027272287

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 578

View: 869

DOWNLOAD →

The present volume is centered around five linguistic themes: argument structure and encoding strategies; argument structure and verb classes; unexpressed arguments; split intransitivity; and existential and presentational constructions. The articles also cover a variety of typologically different languages, and they offer new data from under-researched languages on the issues of event and argument structure. In some cases novel perspectives from widely discussed languages on highly debated topics are offered, also addressing more theoretical aspects concerning the predictability and derivation of linking. Several contributions apply current models of the lexicon–syntax interface to synchronic data. Other contributions focus on diachrony and are based on extensive use of corpora. Yet others, although empirically and theoretically grounded, privilege a methodological discussion, presenting analyses based on thorough and long-standing fieldwork.

Icelandic Morphosyntax and Argument Structure

This book is about the elements that build verbs, the elements that introduce
arguments, and how these elements interact to determine the interpretation of
arguments and events. A theory of argument structure is a theory how arguments
are ...

Author: Jim Wood

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319091389

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 316

View: 113

DOWNLOAD →

This book provides a detailed study of Icelandic argument structure alternations within a syntactic theory of argument structure. Building on recent theorizing within the Minimalist Program and Distributed Morphology, the author proposes that much of what is traditionally attributed to syntax should be relegated to the interfaces, and adapts the late insertion theory of morphology to semantics. The resulting system forms sound-meaning pairs by generating hierarchical structures that can be translated into morphological representations, on the one hand, and semantic representations, on the other. The syntactic primitives, however, underdetermine both morphophonology and semantics. Without appealing to special stipulations, the theory derives constraints on the external argument of causative-alternation verbs, interpretive restrictions on nominative objects, and the optionally agentive interpretation of verbs denoting self-directed motion.

The End of Argument Structure

ARGUMENT. STRUCTURE. Marı ́a. Cristina. Cuervo. and. Yves. Roberge. 1.
INTRODUCTION This volume explores a basic but central question that drives
much of the current research in formal syntax. Simply put, this question asks
where the ...

Author: Maria Cristina Cuervo

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9781780523767

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 299

View: 369

DOWNLOAD →

Includes papers that explore the issues and re-assess generally accepted premises on the relationship between lexical meaning and the morphosyntax of sentences by confronting two competing approaches to this issue.

Phrase Structure and Argument Structure

In generative grammar, theoretical principles such as the Theta Criterion posit the
adicities that verbs have by requiring that the verb's arguments be present in the
syntactic structure. The view is that the adicities of a verb are part of the verb's ...

Author: Terje Lohndal

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191664816

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 253

DOWNLOAD →

This book focuses on the relationship between syntax and meaning. Terje Lohndal's core claim is that it is possible to create a transparent mapping from syntax to logical form such that each syntactic Spell-Out domain directly corresponds to a conjunct at logical form. The argument focuses on two domains of grammar - phrase structure and argument structure - and brings together two independently established but seemingly unconnected hypotheses: that verbs do not require arguments, and that specifiers are not required by the grammar. Following the introduction, the second chapter looks in detail at the separation of the verb from its thematic arguments, and presents data from argument structure, reciprocals, and adjectival passives, while the third examines the claim that specifiers do not play a role as the target of various grammatical operations. Chapter 4 then brings these arguments together and proposes a syntax that maps transparently onto logical forms where all thematic arguments are severed from the verb. Moreover, the broader consequences of this approach are outlined in terms of Spell-Out, movement, linearization, thematic uniqueness, and agreement. The book closes with an examination of the relationship between grammatical and conceptual meaning, and a detailed discussion of the nature of compositionality.

Argument Structure and Grammatical Relations

Bernard Comrie The theme chosen for the Second International Symposium on
the Languages of Europe and North and Central Asia (LENCA 2) was “argument
structure and grammatical relations”, and all papers selected for presentation at ...

Author: Pirkko Suihkonen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027205933

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 406

View: 873

DOWNLOAD →

This book is a collection of articles dealing with various aspects of grammatical relations and argument structure in the languages of Europe and North and Central Asia (LENCA). Topics covered with respect to individual languages are: split-intransitivity (Basque), causativization (Agul), transitives and causatives (Korean and Japanese), aspectual domain and quantification (Finnish and Udmurt), head-marking principles (Athabaskan languages), and pragmatics (Eastern Khanty and Xibe). Typology of argument-structure properties of 'give' (LENCA), typology of agreement systems, asymmetry in argument structure, typology of the Amdo Sprachbund, spatial realtors (Northeastern Turkic), core argument patterns (languages of Northern California), and typology of grammatical relations (LENCA) are the topics of articles based on cross-linguistic data. The broad empirical sweep and the fine-tuned theoretical analysis highlight the central role of argument structure and grammatical relations with respect to a plethora of linguistic phenomena.

Case Argument Structure and Word Order

4. Nominalization. and. argument. structure. Evidence. for. the. dual-base.
analysis. of. ditransitive. constructions. in. Japanese. 1 INTRODUCTION In the
study of ditransitive constructions in Japanese, there is a debate that reflects a
tension ...

Author: Shigeru Miyagawa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415878593

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 328

View: 351

DOWNLOAD →

Over the years, a major strand of Miyagawa's research has been to study how syntax, case marking, and argument structure interact. In particular, Miyagawa's work addresses the nature of the relationship between syntax and argument structure, and how case marking and other phenomena help to elucidate this relationship. In this collection of new and revised pieces, Miyagawa expands and develops new analyses for numeral quantifier stranding, ditransitive constructions, nominative/genitive alternation, "syntactic" analysis of lexical and syntactic causatives, and historical change in the accusative case marking from Old Japanese to Modern Japanese. All of these analyses demonstrate an intimate relation among case marking, argument structure, and word order.

New Perspectives on Argument Structure in Functional Grammar

Another look at second and third arguments Javier Martín Arista 1. ... light is shed
on argument structure because the argument status of certain participants of
intransitive and transitive constructions Another look at second and third
arguments ...

Author: Ricardo Mairal Uson

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311017393X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 355

View: 608

DOWNLOAD →

The present monograph deals with lexical representation and linking within the framework of Functional Grammar. The notion of predicate frame as originally proposed in 1978 and subsequent refinements of the theory are challenged in that a new format of representing argument taking properties is formulated. This new format opens new lines of research towards the design of a new linking algorithm in Functional Grammar.

Enriched Composition and Inference in the Argument Structure of Chinese

Achievements This dissertation started out with laying out the empirical focus of
the research, namely, the argument structure phenomena in Chinese involving
non-transparent relations between the predicator (often a verb) of a sentence and
 ...

Author: Ren Zhang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135876425

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

View: 801

DOWNLOAD →

As with many other languages, Mandarin Chinese exhibits a rich variety of ways in expressing the arguments of the predicator in a sentence. Unlike other languages, such variation is typically devoid of any formal marking. Previous attempts in explaining such phenomena usually focus on the syntax as an explanatory tool. This book argues that a large majority of such argument structure phenomena are better accounted for by recourse to enriched representations in lexical semantics. Drawing insights from conceptual semantics, cognitive semantics, Generative Lexicon, construction grammar and formal syntax, this book constitutes the first attempt at a comprehensive account of lexical semantic issues in Mandarin Chinese.

Hindi Verb Classes and their Argument Structure Alternations

Alexiadou, Artemis, Elena Anagnostopoulou & Martin Everaet (eds.) 2004.
Introduction. In The Unaccusativity Puzzle-Explorations of the Syntax-Lexicon
Interface. 1-21. Oxford University Press. Alsina, Alex. 1992. On the Argument
Structure of ...

Author: Richa Srishti

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443832236

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 195

View: 746

DOWNLOAD →

This book is an endeavour to probe into the areas of Hindi syntax which have been rather under-explored in generative literature. It investigates the syntax and semantics of Hindi verbs and their argument structure alternations within the minimalist framework. In the course of this exploration it examines unaccusativity, unergativity, transitive, causative alternations and passives in Hindi. The book will be of interest to theoretical linguists and computational linguists, as well as to Hindi syntax specialists.

Prolegomenon to a Theory of Argument Structure

Argument. Structure. 7.1 Events and States In this chapter, we deal briefly with
questions of stativity. Our discussion is much more speculative here than
elsewhere, because this is an area in which we feel somewhat insecure. We
begin with a ...

Author: Ken Hale

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026226305X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 296

View: 388

DOWNLOAD →

This work is the culmination of an eighteen-year collaboration between Ken Hale and Samuel Jay Keyser on the study of the syntax of lexical items. It examines the hypothesis that the behavior of lexical items may be explained in terms of a very small number of very simple principles. In particular, a lexical item is assumed to project a syntactic configuration defined over just two relations, complement and specifier, where these configurations are constrained to preclude iteration and to permit only binary branching. The work examines this hypothesis by methodically looking at a variety of constructions in English and other languages.

Learnability and Cognition new edition

As Pinker writes in a new preface, "The Secret Life of Verbs," the phenomena and ideas he explored in this book inspired his 2007 bestseller The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature.

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262314282

Category: Psychology

Page: 512

View: 316

DOWNLOAD →

A classic book about language acquisition and conceptual structure, with a new preface by the author, "The Secret Life of Verbs." Before Steven Pinker wrote bestsellers on language and human nature, he wrote several technical monographs on language acquisition that have become classics in cognitive science. Learnability and Cognition, first published in 1989, brought together two big topics: how do children learn their mother tongue, and how does the mind represent basic categories of meaning such as space, time, causality, agency, and goals? The stage for this synthesis was set by the fact that when children learn a language, they come to make surprisingly subtle distinctions: pour water into the glass and fill the glass with water sound natural, but pour the glass with water and fill water into the glass sound odd. How can this happen, given that children are not reliably corrected for uttering odd sentences, and they don't just parrot back the correct ones they hear from their parents? Pinker resolves this paradox with a theory of how children acquire the meaning and uses of verbs, and explores that theory's implications for language, thought, and the relationship between them. As Pinker writes in a new preface, "The Secret Life of Verbs," the phenomena and ideas he explored in this book inspired his 2007 bestseller The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature. These technical discussions, he notes, provide insight not just into language acquisition but into literary metaphor, scientific understanding, political discourse, and even the conceptions of sexuality that go into obscenity.