Architectural Design and Indoor Microbial Pollution

2 The Architect's Concern about Indoor Pollution PETER S. HOCKADAY INTRODUCTION : THE ISSUE EMERGES Indoor pollution has clearly arrived as a unique issue in the fields of architecture and interior design .

Author: Ruth B. Kundsin

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195044363

Category: Architecture

Page: 338

View: 412


Chemical contaminants and other forms of indoor pollution have recently raised serious concern among occupational and environmental health workers, architects and engineers, and the Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Microbial pollutants in the home pose major health risks to adults, children, and particularly the immuno-suppressed, while "sick building syndrome" is a reality for many office workers. This timely book presents an interdisciplinary exploration of these problems by examining the effects of modern, energy-efficient architecture on levels of microbial contamination in air and water supplies. With the common goal of constructing a microbiologically safe environment, the contributors represent the disciplines upon whose combined efforts a solution depends: systems engineering, medicine, microbiology, environmental hygiene, and architecture. Among the topics considered are methods of contamination control in heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems; the microbiologist's role --and the techniques used-- in evaluating the hygienic environment; and assessment of water systems used in health care facilities. Proposing methods for the elimination of the health problems discussed, the contributors stress the need for assessment of architectural design and subsequent preventive maintenance of buildings and their intricate heating and ventilating systems; and they show how poor building design and location affects it occupants. Architectural Design and Indoor Microbial Pollution provides public health professionals, microbiologists, and architects with an authoritative resource for assuring our comfort and safety in the hospitals, homes, and workplaces we inhabit.

Indoor Environmental Quality

Illinois Dept. of Public Health , Integrated Management of Structural Pests in Schools , Springfield , 1994 , Knudsin , R.B. , Ed . , Architectural Design and Indoor Microbial Pollution , Oxford ...

Author: Thad Godish

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420056743

Category: Nature

Page: 480

View: 673


When we think of indoor pollution, we usually think of conditions originating from faulty ventilation systems, second hand smoke, and other air borne pollutants. Taking an in-depth, hard science look at the problems of indoor environmental pollution, Indoor Environmental Quality covers all the major indoor contaminants - inorganic, organic, and bio

Microorganisms in Home and Indoor Work Environments

Morey, P. (1994) Suggested guidance on prevention of microbial contamination for the next revision of ASHRAE Standard 62. ... Architectural Design and Indoor Microbial Pollution, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 198– 217.

Author: Brian Flannigan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203302934

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 790


Despite the large amount of money spent on research into pollution of the indoor environment, the problem remains complex with major gaps in our knowledge of the identities and sources of pollutants and of the effects of prolonged exposure to indoor pollutants on health. Microorganisms in Home and Indoor Work Environments considers one such group o

Indoor Allergens

In: Architectural Design and Indoor Microbial Pollution, R. B. Kundsin, ed. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, pp. 174-197. Woods, J. E., J. E. Janssen, and B. C. Krafthefer. 1986. Rationalization equivalence between the ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309048316

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 701


More than 50 million Americans, one out of five, suffer from hay fever, asthma, and other allergic diseases. Many of these conditions are caused by exposure to allergens in indoor environments such as the house, work, and school--where we spend as much as 98 percent of our time. Developed by medical, public health, and engineering professionals working together, this unique volume summarizes what is known about indoor allergens, how they affect human health, the magnitude of their effect on various populations, and how they can be controlled. The book addresses controversies, recommends research directions, and suggests how to assist and educate allergy patients, as well as professionals. Indoor Allergens presents a wealth of information about common indoor allergens and their varying effects, from significant hay fever to life-threatening asthma. The volume discusses sources of allergens, from fungi and dust mites to allergenic chemicals, plants, and animals, and examines practical measures for their control. Indoor Allergens discusses how the human airway and immune system respond to inhaled allergens and assesses patient testing methods, covering the importance of the patient's medical history and outlining procedures and approaches to interpretation for skin tests, in vitro diagnostic tests, and tests of patients' pulmonary function. This comprehensive and practical volume will be important to allergists and other health care providers; public health professionals; specialists in building design, construction, and maintenance; faculty and students in public health; and interested allergy patients.

Handbook of Modern Hospital Safety

In: R Kundsin (Ed.), Architectural Design and Indoor Microbial Pollution. Oxford University Press, New York, 1988, pp. 296–308. 4. Centers for Disease Control. Prevention and control of tuberculosis in correctional institutions: ...

Author: William Charney

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420047868

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1226

View: 835


It is ironic that those whose job it is to save lives often find themselves injured in the course of performing their duties. In fact, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, healthcare workers have higher injury rates than agriculture workers, miners, and construction workers. The Handbook of Modern Hospital Safety, Second Edition covers exposure paradigms and offers solutions and models of protection for these individuals, presenting the latest science and intervention strategies that have proven successful in the scientific community. Extensively revised, this second edition explores a host of hazardous conditions that are faced by healthcare workers in today’s hospitals, including: infection and infectious diseases back injuries needlesticks workplace violence slip, trip, and fall injuries ergonomic issues electrocautery smoke toxic drugs ethylene oxide aldehydes pentamidine ribavirin In this long-awaited update to William Charney’s seminal work, experts from leading hospitals, universities, and health organizations explore these health risks and suggested preventive measures, discuss recent research and new information on technology to protect workers, cover new legislation and regulations, and provide insight into the philosophy of creating a safe hospital culture.

High Performance Building Guidelines

Ashkin, Stephen P. Green & Clean: The Designer's Impact on Housekeeping and Maintenance, Rochester Midland Corporation, ... "Architecture and Commensal Vertebrate Pest Management," Architectural Design and Indoor Microbial Pollution, ...

Author: Andrea Woodner

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788184680

Category: Architecture

Page: 144

View: 303


High performance buildings maximize operational energy savings; improve comfort, health, & safety of occupants & visitors; & limit detrimental effects on the environment. These Guidelines provide instruction in the new methodologies that form the underpinnings of high performance buildings. They further indicate how these practices may be accommodated within existing frameworks of capital project administration & facility management. Chapters: city process; design process; site design & planning; building energy use; indoor environment; material & product selection; water mgmt.; construction admin.; commissioning; & operations & maintenance.

Construction in Cities

U.S. Green Building Council/Am. Inst. of Architects Conference, 1997, 186. 32. Ibid., 216. 33. Ibid., 216. 34. Frantz, S.C., Architecture and commensal vertebrate pest management, in Architectural Design and Indoor Microbial Pollution, ...

Author: Patricia J. Lancaster

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420037012

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 866


Today's construction environment is more complex than any previous era. The possible impediments to a project's successful completion include not only "bricks and mortar" issues like material availability or curtain wall testing, but a broad array of concerns involving the economic, political, social, environmental, archeological, community, and historic preservation aspects of the project. Costly delays are common; regulatory processes can be prohibitive; stakeholders have more say. All of the people involved in an urban construction project must be knowledgeable about, and conversant with these conditions. Bringing together over 500 years of combined professional experience, Construction in Cities: Social, Environmental, Political, and Economic Concerns provides you with a compendium of knowledge with which to solve problems and propel your projects. Beginning with an overview of the regulations governing construction in cities, the book continues with concrete, practical advice for below-ground work such as tunnels, roadways and foundations. It follows with an examination of five actual projects to explore ways to complete elaborate urban buildings. Finally, the book takes you deep into the murky waters of issues that often halt construction projects. Since the unexpected always happens in construction, you need a book on your shelf to reach for when it does - a source that delineates clean and concise recipes for successfully dealing with such diverse conditions as unexpected archeological finds, dying trees, and toxic air. If you play a role in ensuring the delivery of capital projects in an urban environment, Construction in Cities serves as a handy reference of actions and methods for overriding these barriers.

Indoor Environment

In Kundsin, R. (Ed.) Architectural Design and Indoor Microbial Pollution. Oxford University Press, New York, USA. Romay, F.T.; Liu, B.Y.H.; Chae, S.-J. (1998) Experimental Study of Electrostatic Capture Mechanism in Commercial Electret ...

Author: Lidia Morawska

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527609208

Category: Science

Page: 467

View: 919


Covering the fundamentals of air-borne particles and settled dust in the indoor environment, this handy reference investigates: * relevant definitions and terminology, * characteristics, * sources, * sampling techniques and instrumentation, * exposure assessment, * monitoring methods. The result is a useful and comprehensive overview for chemists, physicists and biologists, postgraduate students, medical practitioners, occupational health professionals, building owners and managers, building, construction and air-conditioning engineers, architects, environmental lawyers, government and regulatory professionals.

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

Architectural design and indoor microbial pollution . New York : Oxford University Press , 1988 : 123–53 . 105. American Society of Heating , Refrigerating and Air - Conditioning Engineers . Chapter 25 : Air cleaners for particulate ...



ISBN: NWU:35558003413784

Category: Diseases


View: 992