Ape Primitive Man and Child Essays in the History of Behavior

We must therefore expect to observe here a highly peculiar process of development , profoundly unlike what we have seen in the evolution from ape to man . First of all , we must note that the process whereby primitive man became ...

Author: A R Luria

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1878205439

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 114


Available in this first-ever English translation, this study by the well-known Russian psychologists demonstrates that the behavior of modern man is a product of three different lines of development: evolutionary, historical, and ontogenetic. This edition contains reproductions of the artwork from their original manuscript, including rare photographs.

Extractive Industries and Ape Conservation

toring of ape populations throughout the world. Developed by the Department of Primatology at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (MPI-EVA), A.P.E.S. is a collaboration between the IUCN/ SSC Primate Specialist Group ...

Author: Arcus Foundation

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139917339

Category: Social Science


View: 924


Current dominant thinking and practice in the private and public sectors asserts that peoples' development needs are in conflict with, or mutually exclusive to, the need to conserve the biosphere on which we depend. Consequently, we are asked to either diminish development in the name of conservation or diminish conservation in the name of development. Efforts to identify complementary objectives, or mutually acceptable trade-offs and compromises indicate, however, that this does not always have to be the case. This first volume in the State of the Apes series draws attention to the evolving context within which great ape and gibbon habitats are increasingly interfacing with extractive industries. Intended for a broad range of policy makers, industry experts, decision makers, academics, researchers and NGOs, these publications aim to influence debate, practice and policy, seeking to reconcile ape conservation and welfare, and economic and social development, through objective and rigorous analysis.

Giant Ape

Gigantopithecus blacki (jy-gan-toh-PITH-uh-cuss bla-kee) Gigantopithecus blacki was a prehistoric ape. Another name for Gigantopithecus blacki is giant ape. Scientists believe the giant ape was the biggest ape that ever lived.

Author: Michael P. Goecke

Publisher: ABDO Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781617859717

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 24

View: 348


Introduces the characteristics, habitat, and behavior of the prehistoric giant ape.

An Ape Ethic and the Question of Personhood

In such a highly charged sensory environment, the ape responds to the conditional (active perception), not to the unconditional (mental representations). Of course emphasis in my book is on the mutuality of environmental psychology and ...

Author: Gregory F Tague


ISBN: 9781793619716


Page: 250

View: 370


Gregory F. Tague's An Ape Ethic and the Question of Personhood argues that great apes are moral individuals because they engage in a land ethic as ecosystem engineers to generate ecologically sustainable biomes for themselves and other species. Tague shows that we need to recognize apes as eco-engineers in order to save them and their habitats, and that in so doing, we will ultimately save earth's biosphere. The book draws on extensive empirical research from the ecology and behavior of great apes and synthesizes past and current understanding of the similarities in cognition, social behavior, and culture found in apes. Importantly, this book proposes that differences between humans and apes provide the foundation for the call to recognize forest personhood in the great apes. While all ape species are alike in terms of cognition, intelligence, and behaviors, there is a vital contrast: unlike humans, great apes are efficient ecological engineers. Therefore, simian forest sovereignty is critical to conservation efforts in controlling global warming, and apes should be granted dominion over their tropical forests. Weaving together philosophy, biology, socioecology, and elements from eco-psychology, this book provides a glimmer of hope for future acknowledgment of the inherent ethic that ape species embody in their eco-centered existence on this planet.

The Waterside Ape

He used a physiological model to demonstrate that hair has been retained in those skin surfaces which are most directly exposed to the incoming radiation over the scalp, the shoulders and upper arms.7 Our great ape cousins and other ...

Author: Peter H. Rhys Evans

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429627774

Category: Science

Page: 226

View: 397


Why are humans so fond of water? Why is our skin colour so variable? Why aren’t we hairy like our close ape relatives? A savannah scenario of human evolution has been widely accepted primarily due to fossil evidence; and fossils do not offer insight into these questions. Other alternative evolutionary scenarios might, but these models have been rejected. This book explores a controversial idea – that human evolution was intimately associated with watery habitats as much or more than typical savannahs. Written from a medical point of view, the author presents evidence supporting a credible alternative explanation for how humans diverged from our primate ancestors. Anatomical and physiological evidence offer insight into hairlessness, different coloured skin, subcutaneous fat, large brains, a marine-type kidney, a unique heat regulation system and speech. This evidence suggests that humans may well have evolved, not just as savannah mammals, as is generally believed, but with more affinity for aquatic habitats – rivers, streams, lakes and coasts. Key Features: Presents the evidence for a close association between riparian habitats and the origin of humans Reviews the "savannah ape" hypothesis for human origins Describes various anatomical adaptations that are associated with hypotheses of human evolution Explores characteristics from the head and neck such as skull and sinus structures, the larynx and ear structures and functions Corroborates a novel scenario for the origin of human kind ‘... a counterpoint to the textbooks or other books which deal with human evolution. I think readers will see it as a clearly written, well-supported discussion of an alternativeperspective on human origins’. —Kathlyn Stewart, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa ‘There is a pressing need to expand discussions of human evolution to includenon-anthropocentric narratives that use comparative data. Dr Rhys-Evans’ specific expertise and experience with the human head, neck, ears, throat, mouth and sinuses, provides him with a distinct perspective from which to approach the subject of human evolution. Moreover, his understanding of non-anthropocentric views of human evolution (water-based models), allow him to apply a biological approach to the subject, missing in more traditional (savannah-based) models’. —Stephen Munro, National Museum of Australia

The Ape And The Sushi Master

One illustration of the power of ape art is how hard it is to emulate. Thierry Lenain, a Belgian art philosopher, recounts in Monkey Painting how an Austrian painter, Arnulf Rainer, tried to copy each and every body move and brush ...

Author: Frans De Waal

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780786724536

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 620


From the New York Times bestselling author of Mama's Last Hug and Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are?, a provocative argument that apes have created their own distinctive cultures In The Ape and the Sushi Master, eminent primatologist Frans de Waal corrects our arrogant assumption that humans are the only creatures to have made the leap from the natural to the cultural domain. The book's title derives from an analogy de Waal draws between the way behavior is transmitted in ape society and the way sushi-making skills are passed down from sushi master to apprentice. Like the apprentice, young apes watch their group mates at close range, absorbing the methods and lessons of each of their elders' actions. Responses long thought to be instinctive are actually learned behavior, de Waal argues, and constitute ape culture. A delightful mix of intriguing anecdote, rigorous clinical study, adventurous field work, and fascinating speculation, The Ape and the Sushi Master shows that apes are not human caricatures but members of our extended family with their own resourcefulness and dignity.

Eug ne Dubois and the Ape Man from Java

We can gather from his first comments on the fossils directly after the discovery, and also from his treatise, that the ape-like character of the skullcap (ape-like in Dubois' eyes, at all events) convinced him that he was not dealing ...

Author: L.T. Theunissen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400922099

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 226


Although the name Pithecanthropus is now seldom used, there are few who study the origin of our species who will fail to recognise the historical place of the usage and its association with Eugene Dubois. During the last thirty or forty years, Australopithecus and its African context has tended to draw attention from the early work on our origins in Java. It is now increasingly common to hear the term 'pithecanthropine' used only to indicate the Asian or Far Eastern examples of Homo erectus which, although probably derived from African ancestry, have some features that in the opinion of some experts may justify their being considered distinctive. This discussion is not within the pages that follow which deal extensively with the work of Eugene Dubois. He was an extraordinary man who did as much as any person since to put the great antiquity of our ancestors firmly in the public domain. Dubois became involved with the study of human origins from a medical and anatomical background as have many since. The jealousies and professional pressures that we think of as a phenomenon of the post-war years were clearly a major factor in deciding the future of his career.

The Ape Men of Xloti

The first of the ape-men, snarling, laughing, had hopped beyond the altar, and the yellow foam of madness was slavering from his jaws. Over his shoulder he howled some jargon which made his hairy legion struggle to catch up with him.

Author: David R. Sparks

Publisher: eStar Books

ISBN: 9781612100050

Category: Fiction


View: 469


KIRBY did not know what mountains they were. He did know that the Mannlicher bullets of eleven bad Mexicans were whining over his head and whizzing past the hoofs of his galloping, stolen horse. The shots were mingled with yelps which pretty well curdled his spine. In the circumstances, the unknown range of snow mountains towering blue and white beyond the arid, windy plateau, offering he could not tell what dangers, seemed a paradise. Looking at them, Kirby laughed harshly to himself.As he dug the heels of his aviator's boots into the stallion's flanks, the animal galloped even faster than before, and Kirby took hope. Then more bullets and more yelps made him think that his advantage might prove only temporary. Nevertheless, he laughed again, and as he became accustomed to the feel of a stallion under him, he even essayed a few pistol shots back at the pack of frantic, swarthy devils he had fooled.Three hours ago he had been eating a peaceful breakfast with his friend and commandant, Colonel Miguel de Castanar, in the sunlit patio of the commandant's hacienda. Castanar, chief of the air patrol for the district, had waxed enthusiastic over the suppression of last spring's revolutionists and the cowed state of up-country bandits. Captain Freddie Kirby, American instructor of flying to Mexican pilots in the making, had agreed with him and asked for one of the Wasps and three days' leave with which to go visiting in Laredo. The simple matter of a broken fuel line, a forced landing two hundred kilometers from nowhere, and the unlucky proximity of the not-so-cowed horsemen, were the things which had changed the day from what it had been to what it was.The one piece of good fortune which had befallen him since the bandits had surrounded the wrecked Wasp, looted it, and taken its lone pilot prisoner, was the break he was getting now. During the squadron's first halt to feed, he had knocked down his guards and made a bolt for the grazing stallion. So far, the attempt was proving worthwhile.

Quest of the Golden Ape

"Portoxsaviour," said the Golden Ape quite distinctly. Then he pointed a forefinger almost the size of Hultax' forearm at the bracelet Hultax wore. Hultax took a deep breath and could feel the strength returning to his legs.

Author: Stephen Marlowe

Publisher: 谷月社


Category: Fiction


View: 974


CHAPTER I Mansion of Mystery CHAPTER II The Great Clock of Tarth CHAPTER III The Man in the Cavern CHAPTER IV John Pride's Story CHAPTER V Question Upon Question CHAPTER VI On the Plains of Ofrid CHAPTER VII The White God CHAPTER VIII The Brown Virgin CHAPTER IX In Custody CHAPTER X The Road to Nadia CHAPTER XI On the Ice Fields of Nadia CHAPTER XII Volna the Beautiful CHAPTER XIII The Journey of No Return CHAPTER XIV Land Beyond the Stars CHAPTER XV The Golden Ape CHAPTER XVI The Raging Beast CHAPTER XVII The Prison Without Bars

Bigfoot and Other Ape Men

The local newspaper in Hannibal, Missouri, reported that a strange ape creature had been seen on an island in the Mississippi. It had been captured by a passing circus, which claimed that it was their escaped orangutan.

Author: Stuart Webb

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9781448871803

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 80

View: 648


The native peoples of North America are the source of the oldest stories about Sasquatch. Tales circulated about a "wild man of the woods," and several newspapers reported of scary encounters by hunters and trappers during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The legend of Bigfoot was born. This enthralling book recounts the long history of the Bigfoot myth, lore, and sightings, adopting a judicious, even-handed approach to the evidence and claims. It also examines the claims made for similar ape-men figures, like the Yeti, the Skunk Ape, the Maricoxi, the Australian Yowie, the Asian Wild Man, and the Orang Pendek. Rich in lore, legend, and lush imagery, this book may make you reconsider everything you thought you knew and believed to be true about the "Big Man."