Anti System Politics

It shows that anti-system politics is stronger in countries that are structurally prone to run trade deficits, have weak or badly designed welfare states, and have electoral rules that artificially suppress the range of political ...

Author: Jonathan Hopkin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190699772

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

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Recent elections in the advanced western democracies have undermined the basic foundations of political systems that had previously beaten back all challenges -- from both the left and the right. The election of Donald Trump to the U.S. presidency, only months after the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union, signaled a dramatic shift in the politics of the rich democracies. In Anti-System Politics, Jonathan Hopkin traces the evolution of this shift and argues that it is a long-term result of abandoning the post-war model of egalitarian capitalism in the 1970s. That shift entailed weakening the democratic process in favor of an opaque, technocratic form of governance that allows voters little opportunity to influence policy. With the financial crisis of the late 2000s these arrangements became unsustainable, as incumbent politicians were unable to provide solutions to economic hardship. Electorates demanded change, and it had to come from outside the system. Using a comparative approach, Hopkin explains why different kinds of anti-system politics emerge in different countries and how political and economic factors impact the degree of electoral instability that emerges. Finally, he discusses the implications of these changes, arguing that the only way for mainstream political forces to survive is for them to embrace a more activist role for government in protecting societies from economic turbulence. A historically-grounded analysis of arguably the most important global political phenomenon at present, Anti-System Politics illuminates how and why the world seems upside down.

The Politics of Religious Party Change

The book examines how religious institutional structures affect Islamist and Catholic political parties in the Middle East and Western Europe.

Author: A. Kadir Yildirim

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781009170741

Category: Political Science

Page: 325

View: 190

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The book examines how religious institutional structures affect Islamist and Catholic political parties in the Middle East and Western Europe.

Escaping Dystopia

Anti-System. Politics? Nation-states, the highest jurisdictional level at which anything resembling democracy is practised, have come under challenge from a variety of forces. Neoliberal ideology has promoted globalization and ...

Author: McBride, Stephen

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781529220636

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

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Multiple crises have led many to conclude that the current economic and political system is broken. The present and future look increasingly precarious – if not outright dystopian Stephen McBride calls for radical solutions to these crises to provide a more rational and sustainable future. He critiques other potential responses which would further curtail democracy and increase the inequalities associated with neoliberal globalism. Demonstrating how mainstream ideas, powerful interests and political institutions face major challenges but block progressive alternatives, he argues that for radical transformation to succeed, institutional changes are necessary.

Why Democracies Develop and Decline

Evaluates the most important explanations for democratization and democratic decline, using new global data extending across modern history.

Author: Michael Coppedge

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316514412

Category: Political Science

Page: 397

View: 322

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Evaluates the most important explanations for democratization and democratic decline, using new global data extending across modern history.

Political Parties and Federalism

has developed to an anti-system party, in particular because of its anti-establishment rhetoric and its concept of a presidential-plebiscitary "Third Republic" (designed to replace the present "Second Republic"). The party system as a ...

Author: Rudolf Hrbek

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company

ISBN: PSU:000056612608

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

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Political parties are key actors in the political process of democratic political systems. The role parties play and how they perform is influenced by special features of the respective political system. The focus of this volume is on political parties in federal systems. The contributions deal with different aspects of the interaction between institutions of federal systems and political parties or the party systems. The articles intend to analyze the role and operations of political parties not only within established federal systems (Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, South Africa), but also in countries like Great Britain (with its devolution project), the Czech Republic and Slovakia (with steps towards a regionalized territorial structure) and in the European Union.

Political Protest and Social Change

Analyzes the reciprocal impact of cultural beliefs, sociopolitical structures, and individual behaviors on protests throughout the world, examining such questions as why people participate in protest activities, what compels them to ...

Author: Charles F. Andrain

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814706305

Category: Political Science

Page: 403

View: 505

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Analyzes the reciprocal impact of cultural beliefs, sociopolitical structures, and individual behaviors on protests throughout the world, examining such questions as why people participate in protest activities, what compels them to participate in non- violent movements, and what leads them to engage in revolutionary protest. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Parliaments in Time

Global in scope, books in the series are characterized by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research.

Author: Michael Koß

Publisher: Comparative Politics

ISBN: 9780198766919

Category: Political Science

Page: 327

View: 373

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Comparative Politics is a series for researchers, teachers, and students of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterized by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu The series is edited by Emilie van Haute, Professor of Political Science, Université libre de Bruxelles; Ferdinand Müller-Rommel, Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University; and Susan Scarrow, John and Rebecca Moores Professor of Political Science, University of Houston. How can we explain the evolution of legislatures in Western Europe? This book analyses ninety procedural reforms which restructured control over the plenary agenda and committee power in Britain, France, Sweden, and Germany between 1866 and 2015. Legislatures evolve towards one of two procedural ideal types: talking (where governments control the agenda) or working legislatures (with powerful committees). All else being equal, legislators' demand for mega-seats on legislative committees triggers the evolution of working legislatures. If, however, legislators fail to centralize agenda control in response to anti-system obstruction, legislative procedures break down. Rather than a decline of legislatures, talking legislatures accordingly indicate the resilience of legislative democracy. In conclusion, the book shows the causal nexus between procedural reforms and (legislative) democracy.

Resilience of Democracy

What role do institutions, actors and structural factors play in this regard? What options do democratic actors have to address illiberal and authoritarian challenges? This book addresses all these questions.

Author: Anna Lührmann

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000842852

Category: Political Science

Page: 221

View: 743

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Illiberalism and authoritarianism have become major threats to democracy across the world. In response to this development, research on the causes and processes of democratic declines has blossomed. Much less scholarly attention has been devoted to the issue of democratic resilience. Why are some democracies more resilient than others to the current trend of autocratization? What role do institutions, actors and structural factors play in this regard? What options do democratic actors have to address illiberal and authoritarian challenges? This book addresses all these questions. The present introduction sets the stage by developing a new concept of democratic resilience as the ability of a democratic system, its institutions, political actors, and citizens to prevent or react to external and internal challenges, stresses, and assaults. The book posits three potential reactions of democratic regimes: to withstand without changes, to adapt through internal changes, and to recover without losing the democratic character of its regime and its constitutive core institutions, organizations, and processes. The more democracies are resilient on all four levels of the political system (political community, institutions, actors, citizens) the less vulnerable they turn out to be in the present and future. This edited volume will be of great value to students, academics, and researchers interested in politics, political regimes and theories, democracy and democratization, autocracy and autocratization, polarization, social democracy, and comparative government. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Democratization.

Politics and Fate

This book will be essential reading for students and scholars of politics, public affairs and political thought.

Author: Andrew Gamble

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745621678

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 343

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Politics was once regarded as an activity which could give human societies control over their fate. However, there is now a deep pessimism about the ability of human beings to control anything very much, least of all through politics. This new fatalism about the human condition claims that we are living in the iron cages erected by vast impersonal forces arising from globalization and technology: a society that is both anti-political and unpolitical, a society without hope or the means either to imagine or promote an alternative future. It reflects the disillusion of political hopes in liberal and socialist utopias in the twentieth century and a widespread disenchantment with the grand narratives of the Enlightenment about reason and progress, and with modernity itself. The most characteristic expression of this disenchantment is the endless discourses on endism - the end of history, the end of ideology, the end of the nation-state, the end of authority, the end of government, the end of the public realm, the end of politics itself - all have been proclaimed in recent years. Andrew Gamble's new book argues against the fatalism implicit in so many of these discourses, as well as against the fatalism that has always been present in many of the central discourses of modernity. It sets out a defence of politics and the political, explains why we cannot do without politics, and probes the complex relationship between politics and fate, and the continuing and necessary tension between them. This book will be essential reading for students and scholars of politics, public affairs and political thought.