Andalus and Sefarad

Sarah Stroumsa offers an integrative new approach to Jewish and Muslim philosophy in al-Andalus, where the cultural commonality of the Islamicate world allowed scholars from diverse religious backgrounds to engage in the same philosophical ...

Author: Sarah Stroumsa

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691176437

Category: History

Page: 248

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An integrative approach to Jewish and Muslim philosophy in al-Andalus Al-Andalus, the Iberian territory ruled by Islam from the eighth to the fifteenth centuries, was home to a flourishing philosophical culture among Muslims and the Jews who lived in their midst. Andalusians spoke proudly of the region's excellence, and indeed it engendered celebrated thinkers such as Maimonides and Averroes. Sarah Stroumsa offers an integrative new approach to Jewish and Muslim philosophy in al-Andalus, where the cultural commonality of the Islamicate world allowed scholars from diverse religious backgrounds to engage in the same philosophical pursuits. Stroumsa traces the development of philosophy in Muslim Iberia from its introduction to the region to the diverse forms it took over time, from Aristotelianism and Neoplatonism to rational theology and mystical philosophy. She sheds light on the way the politics of the day, including the struggles with the Christians to the north of the peninsula and the Fāṭimids in North Africa, influenced philosophy in al-Andalus yet affected its development among the two religious communities in different ways. While acknowledging the dissimilar social status of Muslims and members of the religious minorities, Andalus and Sefarad highlights the common ground that united philosophers, providing new perspective on the development of philosophy in Islamic Spain.

Iberian Moorings

Iberian Moorings traces how al-Andalus and Sefarad were invested with political, cultural, and historical significance across the Middle Ages and analyzes the tropes of Andalusi and Sefardi exceptionalism that linger in today's scholarship, ...

Author: Ross Brann

Publisher: Middle Ages

ISBN: 9780812252880

Category: History

Page: 240

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To Muslims the Iberian Peninsula was al-Andalus, to Jews it was Sefarad. Iberian Moorings traces how al-Andalus and Sefarad were invested with political, cultural, and historical significance across the Middle Ages and analyzes the tropes of Andalusi and Sefardi exceptionalism that linger in today's scholarship, literature, and film.

Andalus and Sefarad

discussion of their main focus of interest (in the case of Jewish philosophy) or as mere chapters in it (in the case of Muslim philosophy).88 A comparison with the modern study of the Christians of al-Andalus brings into even sharper ...

Author: Sarah Stroumsa

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691195452

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 557

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An integrative approach to Jewish and Muslim philosophy in al-Andalus Al-Andalus, the Iberian territory ruled by Islam from the eighth to the fifteenth centuries, was home to a flourishing philosophical culture among Muslims and the Jews who lived in their midst. Andalusians spoke proudly of the region's excellence, and indeed it engendered celebrated thinkers such as Maimonides and Averroes. Sarah Stroumsa offers an integrative new approach to Jewish and Muslim philosophy in al-Andalus, where the cultural commonality of the Islamicate world allowed scholars from diverse religious backgrounds to engage in the same philosophical pursuits. Stroumsa traces the development of philosophy in Muslim Iberia from its introduction to the region to the diverse forms it took over time, from Aristotelianism and Neoplatonism to rational theology and mystical philosophy. She sheds light on the way the politics of the day, including the struggles with the Christians to the north of the peninsula and the Fāṭimids in North Africa, influenced philosophy in al-Andalus yet affected its development among the two religious communities in different ways. While acknowledging the dissimilar social status of Muslims and members of the religious minorities, Andalus and Sefarad highlights the common ground that united philosophers, providing new perspective on the development of philosophy in Islamic Spain.

Looking Back at Al Andalus

Eternal al-Andalus/Sefarad In the final verses of the poem, Ibn Ezra grants his poems an eternal quality not bound to this world. He is far from the literary culture of al-Andalus—and the place that produced him—and the thriving Judeo- ...

Author: Alexander E. Elinson

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004166806

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 185

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"Looking Back at al-Andalus" focuses on Arabic and Hebrew Literature that expresses the loss of al-Andalus from multiple vantage points. In doing so, this book examines the definition of al-Andalusa (TM) literary borders, the reconstruction of which navigates between traditional generic formulations and actual political, military and cultural challenges. By looking at a variety of genres, the book shows that literature aiming to recall and define al-Andalus expresses a series of symbolic literary objects more than a geographic and political entity fixed in a single time and place. "Looking Back at al-Andalus" offers a unique examination into the role of memory, language, and subjectivity in presenting a series of interpretations of what al-Andalus represented to different writers at different historical-cultural moments.

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Medieval Iberia

SEFARAD. David Wacks From its linguistic origins as a Biblical land of great wealth across the sea, to its more recent nostalgic imaginary as a lost ... In al-Andalus, as we will see, al-Andalus and Sefarad were practically synonyms.

Author: E. Michael Gerli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351809788

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 668

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The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Medieval Iberia: Unity in Diversity draws together the innovative work of renowned scholars as well as several thought-provoking essays from emergent academics, in order to provide broad-range, in-depth coverage of the major aspects of the Iberian medieval world. Exploring the social, political, cultural, religious, and economic history of the Iberian Peninsula, the volume includes 37 original essays grouped around fundamental themes such as Languages and Literatures, Spiritualities, and Visual Culture. This interdisciplinary volume is an excellent introduction and reference work for students and scholars in Iberian Studies and Medieval Studies. SERIES EDITOR: BRAD EPPS SPANISH LIST ADVISOR: JAVIER MUÑOZ-BASOLS

The Routledge Handbook of Muslim Iberia

Marín, M. “Abū Saʿīd Ibn al-Aʿrābī et le développement du soufisme en al-Andalus”. ... Marín, M. “The Early Development of zuhd in al-Andalus”. ... Stroumsa, S. Andalus and Sefarad: On Philosophy and Its History in Islamic Spain.

Author: Maribel Fierro

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317233541

Category: History

Page: 840

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This handbook offers an overview of the main issues regarding the political, economic, social, religious, intellectual and artistic history of the Iberian Peninsula during the period of Muslim rule (eighth–fifteenth centuries). A comprehensive list of primary and secondary sources attests the vitality of the academic study of al-Andalus (= Muslim Iberia) and its place in present-day discussions about the past and the present. The contributors are all specialists with diverse backgrounds providing different perspectives and approaches. The volume includes chapters dealing with the destiny of the Muslim population after the Christian conquest and with the posterity of al-Andalus in art, literature and different historiographical traditions. The chapters are organised in the following sections: Political history, concentrating on rulers and armies Social, religious and economic groups Intellectual and cultural developments Legacy and memory of al-Andalus Offering a synthetic and updated academic treatment of the history and society of Muslim Iberia, this comprehensive and up-to-date collection provides an authoritative and interdisciplinary guide. It is a valuable resource for both specialists and the general public interested in the history of the Iberian Peninsula, Islamic and Medieval studies.

Medieval Exegesis and Religious Difference

For a slightly modified version of this paper, see Sarah Stroumsa, Al-Andalus und Sefarad: von Bibliotheken und Gelehrten im muslimischen Spanien, Arye Maimon Vortrag an der Universität Trier, 5. Oktober 2009 (Trier: Kliomedia, 2010).

Author: Ryan Szpiech

Publisher: Fordham Univ Press

ISBN: 9780823264636

Category: Religion

Page: 352

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Jews, Christians, and Muslims all have a common belief in the sanctity of a core holy scripture, and commentary on scripture (exegesis) was at the heart of all three traditions in the Middle Ages. At the same time, because it dealt with issues such as the nature of the canon, the limits of acceptable interpretation, and the meaning of salvation history from the perspective of faith, exegesis was elaborated in the Middle Ages along the faultlines of interconfessional disputation and polemical conflict. This collection of thirteen essays by world-renowned scholars of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam explores the nature of exegesis during the High and especially the Late Middle Ages as a discourse of cross-cultural and interreligious conflict, paying particular attention to the commentaries of scholars in the western and southern Mediterranean from Iberia and Italy to Morocco and Egypt. Unlike other comparative studies of religion, this collection is not a chronological history or an encyclopedic guide. Instead, it presents essays in four conceptual clusters (“Writing on the Borders of Islam,” “Jewish-Christian Conflict,” “The Intellectual Activity of the Dominican Order,” and “Gender”) that explore medieval exegesis as a vehicle for the expression of communal or religious identity, one that reflects shared or competing notions of sacred history and sacred text. This timely book will appeal to scholars and lay readers alike and will be essential reading for students of comparative religion, historians charting the history of religious conflict in the medieval Mediterranean, and all those interested in the intersection of Jewish, Christian, and Muslim beliefs and practices.

The Cambridge History of Judaism Volume 5 Jews in the Medieval Islamic World

Elmer H. Douglas and Howard W. Yoder (Leiden, 1978), 16–26, and especially 24; also Sarah Stroumsa, “Al-Andalus und Sefarad. Von Bibliotheken und Gelehrten im muslimischen Spanien,” trans. Christoph Cluse, in Arye Maimon-Institut für ...

Author: Phillip I. Lieberman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781009038591

Category: Religion

Page:

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Volume 5 examines the history of Judaism in the Islamic World from the rise of Islam in the early sixth century to the expulsion of Jews from Spain at the end of the fifteenth. This period witnessed radical transformations both within the Jewish community itself and in the broader contexts in which the Jews found themselves. The rise of Islam had a decisive influence on Jews and Judaism as the conditions of daily life and elite culture shifted throughout the Islamicate world. Islamic conquest and expansion affected the shape of the Jewish community as the center of gravity shifted west to the North African communities, and long-distance trading opportunities led to the establishment of trading diasporas and flourishing communities as far east as India. By the end of our period, many of the communities on the 'other' side of the Mediterranean had come into their own—while many of the Jewish communities in the Islamicate world had retreated from their high-water mark.

Iberian Jewish Literature

Between al-Andalus and Christian Europe Jonathan P. Decter ... Having once been a Hebrew term that functioned discursively as the equivalent of al-Andalus, Sefarad came to designate a region with no real political boundaries that ...

Author: Jonathan P. Decter

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253116956

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 320

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This stimulating and graceful book explores Iberian Jewish attitudes toward cultural transition during the 12th and 13th centuries, when growing intolerance toward Jews in Islamic al-Andalus and the southward expansion of the Christian Reconquista led to the relocation of Jews from Islamic to Christian domains. By engaging literary topics such as imagery, structure, voice, landscape, and geography, Jonathan P. Decter traces attitudes toward transition that range from tenacious longing for the Islamic past to comfort in the Christian environment. Through comparison with Arabic and European vernacular literatures, Decter elucidates a medieval Hebrew poetics of estrangement and nostalgia, poetic responses to catastrophe, and the refraction of social issues in fictional narratives. Published with the generous support of the Koret Foundation.

The Idea of Semitic Monotheism

The Andalus of Averroes was , for Renan , where the comparative reflection on the three monotheistic religions had ... On the interaction between Jewish and Islamic philosophy in Andalus , see Sarah Stroumsa , Andalus and Sefarad : On ...

Author: Guy G. Stroumsa

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192653864

Category: Religion

Page: 256

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The Idea of Semitic Monotheism examines some major aspects of the scholarly study of religion in the long nineteenth century—from the Enlightenment to the First World War. It aims to understand the new status of Judaism and Islam in the formative period of the new discipline. Guy G. Stroumsa focuses on the concept of Semitic monotheism, a concept developed by Ernest Renan around the mid-nineteenth century on the basis of the postulated and highly problematic contradistinction between Aryan and Semitic families of peoples, cultures, and religions. This contradistinction grew from the Western discovery of Sanskrit and its relationship with European languages, at the time of the Enlightenment and Romanticism. Together with the rise of scholarly Orientalism, this discovery offered new perspectives on the East, as a consequence of which the Near East was demoted from its traditional status as the locus of the Biblical revelations. This innovative work studies a central issue in the modern study of religion. Doing so, however, it emphasizes the new dualistic taxonomy of religions had major consequences and sheds new light on the roots of European attitudes to Jews and Muslims in the twentieth century, up to the present day.

The Literature of Al Andalus

al-Andalus/Sefarad and its culture, he remained steeped in the consciousness of al-Andalus and its discursive languages. Lyrics with Neoplatonic underpinnings, seemingly frivolous Egyptian poems, and the poet's lifelong embrace of the ...

Author: María Rosa Menocal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521030236

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 507

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The Literature of Al-Andalus is an exploration of the culture of Iberia, present-day Spain and Portugal, during the period when it was an Islamic, mostly Arabic-speaking territory, from the eighth to the thirteenth century, and in the centuries following the Christian conquest when Arabic continued to be widely used. The volume embraces many other related spheres of Arabic culture including philosophy, art, architecture and music. It also extends the subject to other literatures - especially Hebrew and Romance literatures - that burgeoned alongside Arabic and created the distinctive hybrid culture of medieval Iberia. Edited by an Arabist, an Hebraist and a Romance scholar, with individual chapters compiled by a team of the world's leading experts of Islamic Iberia, Sicily and related cultures, this is a truly interdisciplinary and comparative work which offers a interesting approach to the field.

Arabic and Hebrew Love Poems in Al Andalus

Spanish Hebrew Poetry and the Arabic Literary Tradition: Arabic Themes in Hebrew Andalusian Poetry. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1994. Schirmann, Ḥaim. Ha-Shirah ha-`Ivrit be-Sefarad u-ve-Provans. Jerusalem: Mossad Bialik, 1954.

Author: Shari Lowin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135131531

Category: History

Page: 328

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Arabic and Hebrew Love Poems in al-Andalus investigates a largely overlooked subset of Muslim and Jewish love poetry in medieval Spain: hetero- and homo-erotic love poems written by Muslim and Jewish religious scholars, in which the lover and his sensual experience of the beloved are compared to scriptural characters and storylines. This book examines the ways in which the scriptural referents fit in with, or differ from, the traditional Andalusian poetic conventions. The study then proceeds to compare the scriptural stories and characters as presented in the poems with their scriptural and exegetical sources. This new intertextual analysis reveals that the Jewish and Muslim scholar-poets utilized their sacred literature in their poems of desire as more than poetic ornamentation; in employing Qur’ānic heroes in their secular verses, the Muslim poets presented a justification of profane love and sanctification of erotic human passions. In the Hebrew lust poems, which utilize biblical heroes, we can detect subtle, subversive, and surprisingly placed interpretations of biblical accounts. Moving beyond the concern with literary history to challenge the traditional boundaries between secular and religious poetry, this book provides a new, multidisciplinary, approach to existing materials and will be of interest to students, scholars and researchers of Islamic and Jewish Studies as well as to those with an interest in Hebrew and Arabic poetry of Islamic Spain.

The Routledge Handbook of Spanish Translation Studies

José María Millás Vallicrosa, for example, studied the translation of Arabian scientific texts in the Late Middle Ages in a long series of studies published in scholarly journals such as Al-Andalus or Sefarad, ...

Author: Roberto A. Valdeón

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315520117

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 576

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Written by leading experts in the area, The Routledge Handbook of Spanish Translation Studies brings together original contributions representing a culmination of the extensive research to-date within the field of Spanish Translation Studies. The Handbook covers a variety of translation related issues, both theoretical and practical, providing an overview of the field and establishing directions for future research. It starts by looking at the history of translation in Spain, the Americas during the colonial period and Latin America, and then moves on to discuss well-established areas of research such as literary translation and audiovisual translation, at which Spanish researchers have excelled. It also provides state-of-the-art information on new topics such as the interface between translation and humour on the one hand, and the translation of comics on the other. This Handbook is an indispensable resource for postgraduate students and researchers of translation studies.

Love Magic and Control in Premodern Iberian Literature

Sims, Holly. “El yo de Juan Ruiz: Autobiografia y estuctura narrative en el 'Libro de buen amor'.” eHumanista, vol. 29, 2015, pp. 446–460. Strouma, Sarah. Andalus and Sefarad: On Philosophy and Its History in Islamic Spain.

Author: Veronica Menaldi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000421767

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 168

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This book explores the complexity of Iberian identity and multicultural/multi-religious interactions in the Peninsula through the lens of spells, talismans, and imaginative fiction in medieval and early modern Iberia. Focusing particularly on love magic—which manipulates objects, celestial spheres, and demonic conjurings to facilitate sexual encounters—Menaldi examines how practitioners and victims of such magic as represented in major works produced in Castile. Magic, and love magic in particular, is an exchange of knowledge, a claim to power and a deviation from or subversion of the licit practices permitted by authoritative decrees. As such, magic serves as a metaphorical tool for understanding the complex relationships of the Christian with the non-Christian. In seeking to understand and incorporate hidden secrets that presumably reveal how one can manipulate their environment, occult knowledge became one of the funnels through which cultures and practices mixed and adapted throughout the centuries.

The Formation of al Andalus Part 1

HISTORY AND SOCIETY — 361 Settlement and Fortification in Southern al-Andalus 15 attack on the “traditionalist” view in ... Gerona, 1985, Spanish trans. in F. Maillo Salgado, España, Al-Andalus, Sefarad: sintesis y nuevas perspectivas, ...

Author: Manuela Marin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351889605

Category: History

Page: 552

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These two volumes present a conspectus of current research on the history and culture of early medieval Spain and Portugal, from the time of the Arab conquest in 711 up to the fall of the caliphate. They trace the impact of Islamisation on the pre-existing Roman and Visigothic political and social structures, the continuing interaction between Christian and Muslim, and describe the particular development and characteristics of Muslim Spain- al-Andalus. Together, they comprise 38 articles, of which 32 have been translated into English specially for this publication. The first volume focuses on political and social history, and looks in detail at settlement patterns and urbanisation; the second examines questions of language and covers the brilliant cultural and intellectual history of the period.

Gerichtspraxis Im Stadtstaat C rdoba

Introducción al estudio de la economía andalusí ( siglos VIII — XI ) , in : España , Al - Andalus , Sefarad : Sintesis y nevas perspectivas . Hrsg . F. Maíllo Salgado , Salamanca 1988 , S. 113–128 . Al - Andalus , in : Historia de ...

Author: Christian Müller

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004113541

Category: Religion

Page: 468

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This study focuses on judicial practice in the Andalusian metropolis of Cordoba during the years 456/1064 to 464/1072. The author analyses the writings of councils of the judiciary, who commented, often controversially, on cases heard by courts pertaining to different judiciary systems. These texts offer new insights into the organization of the city's judiciary and its social and economic life. They allow for a precise definition of the relation between the qadi and governmental jurisdiction. By examining both realms, the author demonstrates -for the first time in a pre-Ottoman context- that "fiqh," the Islamic system of ethical and juridical norms, was held, by all forms of the judiciary of this Muslim capital, to constitute a fundamental component of the legal system. The author develops a new interpretation of the reciprocity between society and law.

Dominion Built of Praise

Perhaps [Sefarad] will be a treading ground for his footsteps, a treading ground for Pharaoh's chariots. ... Iraq (Shinar), Palestine (Canaan), and al-Andalus (Sefarad) all focus their gaze upon Egypt (Miṣrayim) because of the “king who ...

Author: Jonathan Decter

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812295245

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

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A constant feature of Jewish culture in the medieval Mediterranean was the dedication of panegyric texts in Hebrew, Judeo-Arabic, and other languages to men of several ranks: scholars, communal leaders, courtiers, merchants, patrons, and poets. Although the imagery of nature and eroticism in the preludes to these poems is often studied, the substance of what follows is generally neglected, as it is perceived to be repetitive, obsequious, and less aesthetically interesting than other types of poetry from the period. In Dominion Built of Praise, Jonathan Decter demurs. As is the case with visual portraits, panegyrics operate according to a code of cultural norms that tell us at least as much about the society that produced them as the individuals they portray. Looking at the phenomenon of panegyric in Mediterranean Jewish culture from several overlapping perspectives—social, historical, ethical, poetic, political, and theological—he finds that they offer representations of Jewish political leadership as it varied across geographic area and evolved over time. Decter focuses his analysis primarily on Jewish centers in the Islamic Mediterranean between the tenth and thirteenth centuries and also includes a chapter on Jews in the Christian Mediterranean through the fifteenth century. He examines the hundreds of panegyrics that have survived: some copied repeatedly in luxurious anthologies, others discarded haphazardly in the Cairo Geniza. According to Decter, the poems extolled conventional character traits ascribed to leaders not only diachronically within the Jewish political tradition but also synchronically within Islamic and, to a lesser extent, Christian civilization and political culture. Dominion Built of Praise reveals more than a superficial and functional parallel between Muslim and Jewish forms of statecraft and demonstrates how ideas of Islamic political legitimacy profoundly shaped the ways in which Jews conceptualized and portrayed their own leadership.

Al Andalus Sepharad and Medieval Iberia

“Fiestas cristianas en al-Andalus. (Materiales para su estudio). I: Al-Durr al-munazzam de al-Azafi.” Al-Andalus 34.1 (1969): 1-53. Herlihy, David. ... 1-26. Nirenberg, David. “A Female Rabbi in 14th-century Zaragoza?” Sefarad 51.1 ...

Author: Ivy Corfis

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047441540

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 697

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This volume show the many facets of contact in al-Andalus and Medieval Iberia, with issues still vital after more than a millennium as cultures face off and open or close frontiers to ideas, customs, ideologies and the arts.