The American Suffragette s Journey to Enfranchisement From Seneca Falls to Ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment In Text And Photos



Publisher: Jeffrey Frank Jones


Category: History

Page: 354

View: 138


The 19th Amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote. Achieving this milestone required a lengthy and difficult struggle; victory took decades of agitation and protest. Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change of the Constitution. Few early supporters lived to see final victory in 1920. Beginning in the 1800s, women organized, petitioned, and picketed to win the right to vote, but it took them decades to accomplish their purpose. Between 1878, when the amendment was first introduced in Congress, and August 18, 1920, when it was ratified, champions of voting rights for women worked tirelessly, but strategies for achieving their goal varied. Some pursued a strategy of passing suffrage acts in each state—nine western states adopted woman suffrage legislation by 1912. Others challenged male-only voting laws in the courts. Militant suffragists used tactics such as parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. Often supporters met fierce resistance. Opponents heckled, jailed, and sometimes physically abused them. By 1916, almost all of the major suffrage organizations were united behind the goal of a constitutional amendment. When New York adopted woman suffrage in 1917 and President Wilson changed his position to support an amendment in 1918, the political balance began to shift. On May 21, 1919, the House of Representatives passed the amendment, and 2 weeks later, the Senate followed. When Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the amendment on August 18, 1920, the amendment passed its final hurdle of obtaining the agreement of three-fourths of the states. Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby certified the ratification on August 26, 1920, changing the face of the American electorate forever.

The Politics of Suffrage Extension in the American States

"Suffrage Loses City by Majority of About 9000." Times-Picayune, November 6, 1918. "Suffrage Workers Look to City Vote." Times-Picayune, October 30, 1918. "Suffragists Organizing." Tlie Christian Science Monitor, March 6, 1917.

Author: Corrine M. McConnaughy


ISBN: UOM:39015060560003



View: 632


Alice Paul and the American Suffrage Campaign

For us there can be but one choice. We have made it” (Irwin, Story ofAlice Paul 255). Paul and Spencer were sentenced to seven months in jail; the other two were given thirty days. X'>+>+ From the beginning of 1917, ...

Author: Katherine H Adams

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252090349

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 612


Past biographies, histories, and government documents have ignored Alice Paul's contribution to the women's suffrage movement, but this groundbreaking study scrupulously fills the gap in the historical record. Masterfully framed by an analysis of Paul's nonviolent and visual rhetorical strategies, Alice Paul and the American Suffrage Campaign narrates the remarkable story of the first person to picket the White House, the first to attempt a national political boycott, the first to burn the president in effigy, and the first to lead a successful campaign of nonviolence. Katherine H. Adams and Michael L. Keene also chronicle other dramatic techniques that Paul deftly used to gain publicity for the suffrage movement. Stunningly woven into the narrative are accounts of many instances in which women were in physical danger. Rather than avoid discussion of Paul's imprisonment, hunger strikes, and forced feeding, the authors divulge the strategies she employed in her campaign. Paul's controversial approach, the authors assert, was essential in changing American attitudes toward suffrage.

Public Medievalists Racism and Suffrage in the American Women s College

That broadly medievalist impulse resonated throughout the US suffrage movement, often manifested in costumed parade heralds specifically representing Joan of Arc.6 The imagery focused on Joan as a triumphant female figure of inspiration ...

Author: Mary Dockray-Miller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319697062

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 153

View: 745


This study, part of growing interest in the study of nineteenth-century medievalism and Anglo-Saxonism, closely examines the intersections of race, class, and gender in the teaching of Anglo-Saxon in the American women’s colleges before World War I, interrogating the ways that the positioning of Anglo-Saxon as the historical core of the collegiate English curriculum also silently perpetuated mythologies about Manifest Destiny, male superiority, and the primacy of northern European ancestry in United States culture at large. Analysis of college curricula and biographies of female professors demonstrates the ways that women used Anglo-Saxon as a means to professional opportunity and political expression, especially in the suffrage movement, even as that legitimacy and respectability was freighted with largely unarticulated assumptions of racist and sexist privilege. The study concludes by connecting this historical analysis with current charged discussions about the intersections of race, class, and gender on college campuses and throughout US culture.

An American Suffragette

Woman suffrage is not alone for women , or to enable us to secure certain readjustments of law . It is for our country , which cannot exist half enfranchised and half irresponsible , half democa racy and half a feudalism ...

Author: Isaac Newton Stevens


ISBN: NYPL:33433076062763

Category: Women

Page: 272

View: 863


Woman Suffrage and Women s Rights

The developments that were broadening the class basis and the outlook of American suffragism had prepared American women to respond to the heroism of the British militants.46 The development of militance in the American suffrage ...

Author: Ellen Carol DuBois

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814719008

Category: Law

Page: 333

View: 936


Collects 14 articles on women's suffrage. DuBois (history, U. of California in Los Angeles) traces the trajectory of the suffrage story against the backdrop of changing attitudes to politics, citizenship, and gender, and the resultant tensions over such issues as slavery and abolitionism, sexuality and religion, and class conflict. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

American Woman Suffrage Postcards

Divided backs facilitated what was already a growing interest in postcards with the American public. ... If you look at the postmarks of American suffrage cards, both from official and commercial sources, you can see that many of them ...

Author: Kenneth Florey

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9781476620787

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 305


American women’s suffrage activists were fascinated with suffrage themed postcards. They collected them, exchanged them, wrote about them, used them as fundraisers and organized “postcard day” campaigns. The cards they produced were imaginative and ideological, advancing arguments for the enfranchisement of women and responding to antisuffrage broadsides. Commercial publishers were also interested in suffrage cards, recognizing their profit potential. Their products, though, were reactive rather than proactive, conveying stereotypes they assumed reflected public attitudes—often negative—towards the movement. Cataloging approximately 700 examples, this study examines the “visual rhetoric” of suffrage postcards in the context of the movement itself and as part of the general history of postcards.

An American Suffragette

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations.

Author: Isaac Newton 1858- Stevens

Publisher: Legare Street Press

ISBN: 1014105307


Page: 264

View: 784


This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.