The Making of the American Creative Class

class was disintegrating and the long historical phase in which it had acted as an agent for progress had ended . ... the Author's League of America chartered a new division , the Radio Writers Guild , in July 1937.

Author: Shannan Clark

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199912643

Category: History


View: 705


During the middle decades of the twentieth century, the production of America's consumer culture was centralized in midtown Manhattan to an extent unparalleled in the history of the modern United States. Within a few square miles of skyscrapers were the headquarters of networks like NBC and CBS, the editorial offices of book publishers and mass circulation magazines such as Time and Life, numerous influential newspapers, and major advertising agencies on Madison Avenue. Every day tens of thousands of writers, editors, artists, performers, technicians, secretaries, and other white-collar workers made advertisements, produced media content, and enhanced the appearance of goods in order to boost sales. While this center of creativity has often been portrayed as a smoothly running machine, within these offices many white-collar workers challenged the managers and executives who directed their labors. In this definitive history, The Making of the American Creative Class examines these workers and their industries throughout the twentieth century. As manufacturers and retailers competed to attract consumers' attention, their advertising expenditures financed the growth of enterprises engaged in the production of culture, which in turn provided employment for an increasing number of clerical, technical, professional, and creative workers. The book explores employees' efforts to improve their working conditions by forming unions, experimenting with alternative media and cultural endeavors supported by public, labor, or cooperative patronage, and expanding their opportunities for creative autonomy. As blacklisting and attacks on militant unions left them destroyed or weakened, workers in advertising, design, publishing, and broadcasting in the late twentieth century were constrained in their ability to respond to economic dislocations and to combat discrimination in the culture industries. At once a portrait of a city and the national culture of consumer capitalism it has produced, The Making of the American Creative Class is an innovative narrative of modern American history that addresses issues of earnings and status still experienced by today's culture workers.

Teaching Creative Writing in Asia

In my own creative writing classes— overwhelmingly homogeneous in terms of the class, caste, and religious identities— a mere “fixing” of the narratives students produce, as it is often done in the American workshops, therefore, ...

Author: Darryl Whetter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000425574

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 228

View: 919


This book examines the dynamic landscape of creative educations in Asia, exploring the intersection of post-coloniality, translation, and creative educations in one of the world’s most relevant testing grounds for STEM versus STEAM educational debates. Several essays attend to one of today’s most pressing issues in Creative Writing education, and education generally: the convergence of the former educational revolution of Creative Writing in the anglophone world with a defining aspect of the 21st-century—the shift from monolingual to multilingual writers and learners. The essays look at examples from across Asia with specific experience from India, Singapore, China, Hong Kong, the Philippines and Taiwan. Each of the 14 writer-professor contributors has taught Creative Writing substantially in Asia, often creating and directing the first university Creative Writing programs there. This book will be of interest to anyone following global trends within creative writing and those with an interest in education and multilingualism in Asia.

American Creative Writers on Class

At a time when economic inequality is on all of our minds, this collection of nonfiction and poetry from accomplished American writers focuses on intimate moments, personal relationships, and common daily experiences at the intersection of ...

Author: Oliver de la Paz

Publisher: Big Wonderful LLC

ISBN: 1937806006

Category: American poetry

Page: 102

View: 505


At a time when economic inequality is on all of our minds, this collection of nonfiction and poetry from accomplished American writers focuses on intimate moments, personal relationships, and common daily experiences at the intersection of people of different economic status.

Creative Writing Studies

Chief among them is a firmly entrenched star system in American Creative Writing programs, a system that results in a ... In fact, the title itself is drawn from two very different accounts of a writing workshop, Master Class: Scenes ...

Author: Graeme Harper

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847690197

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 169

View: 711


Here creative writers who are also university teachers monitor their contribution to this popular discipline in essays that indicate how far it has come in the USA, the UK and Australia.

Images of Montenegro in Anglo American Creative Writing and Film

He doubtless considered it a luxury of a priceless kind, and it cut us to the heart to drink that man's beer. ... They also noticed that the merchant class was made of Turks and Albanians, who travelled a lot and were highly educated.

Author: Marija Krivokapić

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443862707

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 776


This book observes images of Montenegro in Anglo-American creative writing and films from the late eighteenth century until 2016. Like the Balkans as a whole, Montenegro usually reappeared in the West’s consciousness with the outbreak of wars, but remained marginalized on the larger Balkan map because of its peripheral political influence and, therefore, remained little known. In the past, Montenegro was experienced as almost unapproachable, barren, and wild. Its people, like their mountains, were seen as massive and fierce, while their primitivism equally delighted and repulsed visitors. Even today, when one searches the Internet for “Montenegro,” one finds titles mostly containing modifiers circling around “undiscovered,” “magical,” and “mysterious.” The book follows these vignettes chronologically to point out how the rhetoric they share dangerously builds a caricature of the country. However, they also provide a very lively mosaic of landscapes, history, people, their costumes, houses, and everyday life, which are sometimes distorted. No one can claim that these descriptions were not influenced by the ideologies the travellers inherited at home and were not filtered through their own cultural grids, but, significantly, they evoke places that are now forever lost – destroyed in wars, by earthquakes, faulty development planning, or, simply, by time.

Negotiating Difference

... Fromm attacks the most renowned voices to have emerged from the black critical class, emphasizing, as does Littlejohn in his assessment of Afro-American creative writers, their psychologically maladjusted and divided natures.

Author: Michael Awkward

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226033013

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 225

View: 583


Encamped within the limits of experience and "authenticity," critics today often stake out their positions according to race and ethnicity, sexuality and gender, and vigilantly guard the boundaries against any incursions into their privileged territory. In this book, Michael Awkward raids the borders of contemporary criticism to show how debilitating such "protectionist" stances can be and how much might be gained by crossing our cultural boundaries. From Spike Lee's She's Gotta Have It to Michael Jackson's physical transmutations, from Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon to August Wilson's Fences, from male scholars' investments in feminism to white scholars' in black texts—Awkward explores cultural moments that challenge the exclusive critical authority of race and gender. In each instance he confronts the question: What do artists, scholars, and others concerned with representations of Afro-American life make of the view that gender, race, and sexuality circumscribe their own and others' lives and narratives? Throughout he demonstrates the perils and merits of the sort of "boundary crossing" this book ultimately makes: a black male feminism. In pursuing a black male feminist criticism, Awkward's study acknowledges the complexities of interpretation in an age when a variety of powerful discourses have proliferated on the subject of racial, gendered, and sexual difference; at the same time, it identifies this proliferation as an opportunity to negotiate seemingly fixed cultural and critical positions.

Re Writing Craft

Composition, Creative Writing, and the Future of English Studies Tim Mayers ... to a single poem in a single creative writing course—I think the incident is representative of American creative writing pedagogy in a number of ways.

Author: Tim Mayers

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 9780822973287

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 495


(Re)Writing Craft focuses on the gap that exists in many English departments between creative writers and compositionists on one hand, and literary scholars on the other, in an effort to radically transform the way English studies are organized and practiced today. In proposing a new form of writing he calls "craft criticism," Mayers, himself a compositionist and creative writer, explores the connections between creative writing and composition studies programs, which currently exist as separate fields within the larger and more amorphous field of English studies. If creative writing and composition studies are brought together in productive dialogue, they can, in his view, succeed in inverting the common hierarchy in English departments that privileges interpretation of literature over the teaching of writing.

Creative Writing and the New Humanities

This book examines the institutional history and disciplinary future of creative writing in the contemporary academy, looking well beyond the perennial questions 'can writing be taught?' and 'should writing be taught?

Author: Paul Dawson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134320851

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 912


This book examines the institutional history and disciplinary future of creative writing in the contemporary academy, looking well beyond the perennial questions 'can writing be taught?' and 'should writing be taught?'. Paul Dawson traces the emergence of creative writing alongside the new criticism in American universities; examines the writing workshop in relation to theories of creativity and literary criticism; and analyzes the evolution of creative writing pedagogy alongside and in response to the rise of 'theory' in America, England and Australia. Dawson argues that the discipline of creative writing developed as a series of pedagogic responses to the long-standing 'crisis' in literary studies. His polemical account provides a fresh perspective on the importance of creative writing to the emergence of the 'new humanities' and makes a major contribution to current debates about the role of the writer as public intellectual.

Composition Creative Writing Studies and the Digital Humanities

Workshops of Empire: Stegner, Engle, and American Creative Writing During the Cold War. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2015. Print. Berlin James. “Rhetoric and Ideology in the Writing Class.” College English 50 (1988): 477–94.

Author: Adam Koehler

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472591951

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 176

View: 211


In an era of blurred generic boundaries, multimedia storytelling, and open-source culture, creative writing scholars stand poised to consider the role that technology-and the creative writer's playful engagement with technology-has occupied in the evolution of its theory and practice. Composition, Creative Writing Studies and the Digital Humanities is the first book to bring these three fields together to open up new opportunities and directions for creative writing studies. Placing the rise of Creative Writing Studies alongside the rise of the digital humanities in Composition/Rhetoric, Adam Koehler shows that the use of new media and its attendant re-evaluation of fundamental assumptions in the field stands to guide Creative Writing Studies into a new era. Covering current developments in composition and the digital humanities, this book re-examines established assumptions about process, genre, authority/authorship and pedagogical practice in the creative writing classroom.

The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary British and Irish Poetry

Equally there is the 'whole web of attitudes' that lead to easy dismissal of creative writing as a subject, a prompt, a discipline. Ted Hughes puts it thus: the usual English response to the idea of the American Creative Writing class.

Author: Peter Robinson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191652462

Category: Poetry

Page: 784

View: 550


The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary British and Irish Poetry offers thirty-eight chapters of ground breaking research that form a collaborative guide to the many groupings and movements, the locations and styles, as well as concerns (aesthetic, political, cultural and ethical) that have helped shape contemporary poetry in Britain and Ireland. The book's introduction offers an anthropological participant-observer approach to its variously conflicted subjects, while exploring the limits and openness of the contemporary as a shifting and never wholly knowable category. The five ensuing sections explore: a history of the period's poetic movements; its engagement with form, technique, and the other arts; its association with particular locations and places; its connection with, and difference from, poetry in other parts of the world; and its circling around such ethical issues as whether poetry can perform actions in the world, can atone, redress, or repair, and how its significance is inseparable from acts of evaluation in both poets and readers. Though the book is not structured to feature chapters on authors thought to be canonical, on the principle that contemporary writers are by definition not yet canonical, the volume contains commentary on many prominent poets, as well as finding space for its contributors' enthusiasms for numerous less familiar figures. It has been organized to be read from cover to cover as an ever deepening exploration of a complex field, to be read in one or more of its five thematically structured sections, or indeed to be read by picking out single chapters or discussions of poets that particularly interest its individual readers.

Approaches to Teaching the Works of Anton Chekhov

Creative. Writing. Classroom. John. Griswold. Unused. Resources. I've always assumed many writers in the academy feel a debt ... In responses to a survey of faculty members at the top twenty-five American creative writing MFA programs, ...

Author: Michael C. Finke

Publisher: Modern Language Association

ISBN: 9781603292696

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

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Chekhov's works are unflinching in the face of human frailty. With their emphasis on the dignity and value of individuals during unique moments, they help us better understand how to exist with others when we are fundamentally alone. Written in Russia at the end of the nineteenth century, when the country began to move fitfully toward industrialization and grappled with the influence of Western liberalism even as it remained an autocracy, Chekhov's plays and stories continue to influence contemporary writers. The essays in this volume provide classroom strategies for teaching Chekhov's stories and plays, discuss how his medical training and practice related to his literary work, and compare Chekhov with writers both Russian and American. The volume also aims to help instructors with the daunting array of new editions in English, as well as with the ever-growing list of titles in visual media: filmed theater productions of his plays, adaptations of the plays and stories scripted for film, and amateur performances freely available online.

Research Division Report

... they had taken classes or lessons in voice or an instrument , art , acting , ballet , creative writing , craft arts ... Similarly , with just one exception , African - Americans were more apt to report having taken classes in each ...



ISBN: STANFORD:36105112108977

Category: Arts


View: 228


Negotiating the Personal in Creative Writing

In J.M. Moxley (ed.) Creative Writing in America (pp. 3–24). Urbana, IL: NCTE. Skorczewski, D.M. (2005) Teaching One Moment at a Time: Disruption and Repair in the Classroom. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.

Author: Carl Vandermeulen

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847694379

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 229

View: 981


Using the author?s own experiences in addition to a survey of 150 creative writing teachers, this book critiques the creative writing workshop and suggests a possible replacement that ?unsilences? the writer and recognises the complexities of the student?teacher relationship by focussing on dialogue rather than criticism.

Writing African American Women K Z

Yet even within these spheres , African American women themselves were marginalized not just due to their class and ... For instance , during the Harlem Renaissance , African American women had creative and artistic opportunities that ...

Author: Elizabeth Ann Beaulieu

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313331987

Category: African American women in literature

Page: 991

View: 295


"Contributors look at the writers and their works from a feminist-womanist perspective, and address issues relating to race, class, and gender. Topical entries, e.g., "Work," "Protest Tradition," "Religion," "The Use of Myth," and "Memory," provide a rich context for the literature."--Choice review.

Dividing Lines

Americans share a cultural affinity with other middle-class Americans, black or white, such that the nation's primary ... class divisions that had been ongoing in other disciplines, particularly African American creative writing.

Author: Andreá N Williams

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472118618

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 222

View: 344


Dividing Lines is one of the most extensive studies of class in nineteenth-century African American literature. Clear and engaging, this book unveils how black fiction writers represented the uneasy relationship between class differences, racial solidarity, and the quest for civil rights in black communities. By portraying complex, highly stratified communities with a growing black middle class, these authors dispelled popular notions that black Americans were uniformly poor or uncivilized. But even as the writers highlighted middle-class achievement, they worried over whether class distinctions would help or sabotage collective black protest against racial prejudice. Andreá N. Williams argues that the signs of class anxiety are embedded in postbellum fiction: from the verbal stammer or prim speech of class-conscious characters to fissures in the fiction's form. In these telling moments, authors innovatively dared to address the sensitive topic of class differences—a topic inextricably related to American civil rights and social opportunity. Williams delves into the familiar and lesser-known works of Frances E. W. Harper, Pauline Hopkins, Charles W. Chesnutt, Sutton Griggs, and Paul Laurence Dunbar, showing how these texts mediate class through discussions of labor, moral respectability, ancestry, spatial boundaries, and skin complexion. Dividing Lines also draws on reader responses—from book reviews, editorials, and letters—to show how the class anxiety expressed in African American fiction directly sparked reader concerns over the status of black Americans in the U.S. social order. Weaving literary history with compelling textual analyses, this study yields new insights about the intersection of race and class in black novels and short stories from the 1880s to 1900s.

The Routledge Companion to American Literary Journalism

While classes in creative writing have existed for decades at Anglo-American universities, they are only now surfacing in French institutions. That really is a revolution in a culture still impregnated by the genius of the French ...

Author: William E. Dow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315525990

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 558

View: 749


Taking a thematic approach, this new companion provides an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, and international study of American literary journalism. From the work of Frederick Douglass and Walt Whitman to that of Joan Didion and Dorothy Parker, literary journalism is a genre that both reveals and shapes American history and identity. This volume not only calls attention to literary journalism as a distinctive genre but also provides a critical foundation for future scholarship. It brings together cutting-edge research from literary journalism scholars, examining historical perspectives; themes, venues, and genres across time; theoretical approaches and disciplinary intersections; and new directions for scholarly inquiry. Provoking reconsideration and inquiry, while providing new historical interpretations, this companion recognizes, interacts with, and honors the tradition and legacies of American literary journalism scholarship. Engaging the work of disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, African American studies, gender studies, visual studies, media studies, and American studies, in addition to journalism and literary studies, this book is perfect for students and scholars of those disciplines.

Changing Creative Writing in America

The latest neuroscientific findings (e.g. Mark Beeman, Rex Jung, John Kounios) reveal creativity as a whole-brain ... As we have opportunities to shift perspectives in our US creative writing culture, to tell truths as we know them, ...

Author: Prof. Graeme Harper

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781783098835

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 211


In this compelling collection of essays contributors critically examine Creative Writing in American Higher Education. Considering Creative Writing teaching, learning and knowledge, the book recognizes historical strengths and weaknesses. The authors cover topics ranging from the relationship between Creative Writing and Composition and Literary Studies to what it means to write and be a creative writer; from new technologies and neuroscience to the nature of written language; from job prospects and graduate study to the values of creativity; from moments of teaching to persuasive ideas and theories; from interdisciplinary studies to the qualifications needed to teach Creative Writing in contemporary Higher Education. Most of all it explores the possibilities for the future of Creative Writing as an academic subject in America.

Can Creative Writing Really Be Taught

Ultimately, I would like to see creative writers in the academy rally around a redefined purpose—a sense of why we do what we do that differs dramatically from the ways so many of us have thought about this in the past.

Author: Stephanie Vanderslice

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781474285063

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 640


Revised and updated throughout, this 10th-anniversary edition of Can Creative Writing Really Be Taught? is a significantly expanded guide to key issues and practices in creative writing teaching today. Challenging the myths of creative writing teaching, experienced and up-and-coming teachers explore what works in the classroom and workshop and what does not. Now brought up-to-date with new issues that have emerged with the explosion of creative writing courses in higher education, the new edition includes: · Guides to and case studies of workshop practice · Discussions on grading and the myth of “the easy A” · Explorations of the relationship between reading and writing · A new chapter on creative writing research · A new chapter on games, fan-fiction and genre writing · New chapters on identity and activism

Workshops of Empire

Stegner, Engle, and American Creative Writing During the Cold War Eric Bennett ... Here, for example, Wallace Stegner reflects on creative writing classes in the New York Times Book Review in 1948: Beyond the mere dissemination of ...

Author: Eric Bennett

Publisher: University of Iowa Press

ISBN: 9781609383718

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 232

View: 707


During and just after World War II, an influential group of American writers and intellectuals projected a vision for literature that would save the free world. Novels, stories, plays, and poems, they believed, could inoculate weak minds against simplistic totalitarian ideologies, heal the spiritual wounds of global catastrophe, and just maybe prevent the like from happening again. As the Cold War began, high-minded and well-intentioned scholars, critics, and writers from across the political spectrum argued that human values remained crucial to civilization and that such values stood in dire need of formulation and affirmation. Creative writing emerged as a graduate discipline in the United States amid this astonishing swirl of grand conceptions. Workshops of Empire explores this history via the careers of Paul Engle at the University of Iowa and Wallace Stegner at Stanford. In the story of these founding fathers of the discipline, Eric Bennett discovers the cultural, political, literary, intellectual, and institutional underpinnings of creative writing programs within the university Book jacket.

American Writers

Region of Identity: The Construction of America in Women's Fiction, 1885–1914. ... but did not really think of herself as a writer until she took her first creative writing class in college in 1974, at Loyola University in Chicago.

Author: Elizabeth H. Oakes

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 9781438108094

Category: American literature

Page: 430

View: 656


"American Writers focuses on the rich diversity of American novelists