American Aircraft Development Second World War Legacy

This volume focuses on the influence of America’s Second World War aviation development and experience, subsequent aviation technological advances, and world events, in shaping American choices in military aircraft and associated ...

Author: William J. Norton

Publisher: Fonthill Media

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 768

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This volume focuses on the influence of America’s Second World War aviation development and experience, subsequent aviation technological advances, and world events, in shaping American choices in military aircraft and associated weapons’ development during the few years following the war. It shows how air warfare weapons from the last conflict were carried forward and altered, how new systems evolved from these, and how the choices fared in the next war―Korea. The period was one of remarkable progress in a short span of time via a great many aircraft and weapons programs, and associated technological progress. These systems were of immense importance influencing and growing the engineering, production, and operational capabilities to be exploited for the next generation of weapons that soon followed. Emphasized is the innovative features or new technology and how these contributed to advancing American military aviation, influencing the evolution of follow-on models or types. Included are military prototype, experimental, and research aircraft that are equally important in understanding the history of American aircraft development. Combat employment, progress, and equipment adaptation during the Korean Conflict is then highlighted. Tabulated characteristics are provided of those aircraft that entered production or represented significant technological advances influencing others that follow.

American Aircraft Development Second World War Legacy

This volume details the influence of Second World War aviation development, experience and subsequent technological advances in shaping American choices in military aircraft development and weapons.

Author: William Norton

Publisher:

ISBN: 1781558280

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 332

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This volume details the influence of Second World War aviation development, experience and subsequent technological advances in shaping American choices in military aircraft development and weapons. It shows how air warfare weapons were carried forward and altered, how new systems evolved from these, and how the choices fared in the next war--Korea.

American Aircraft Development of the Second World War

82–92 McLaren, D. R., “The North American Aviation P-51H Mustang, Part I,” AAHS Journal, Vol. 25 No. 2, Summer 1980, pp. 124–139 Mikesh, R., “Made in Japan ... Tested in America! The Full Story of Allied Technical Air Intelligence and ...

Author: William Norton

Publisher: Fonthill Media

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 652

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This book presents a little-known aspect of America's aircraft development of World War II in emphasizing unique and non-production aircraft or modifications for the purpose of research and experimentation in support of aircraft development, advancing technology, or meeting narrow combat needs. It describes some important areas of American aviation weapons maturation under the pressure of war with emphasis on advanced technology and experimental aircraft configurations. The great value of the work is illumination of little known or minimally documented projects that significantly advanced the science of aeronautics, propulsion, aircraft systems, and ordnance, but did not go into production. Each chapter introduces another topic by examining the state-of-the-art at the beginning of the war, advantages pursued, and results achieved during the conflict. This last is the vehicle to examine the secret modifications or experiments that are little known. Consequently, this is an important single-source for a fascinating and diverse collection of wartime efforts never before brought together under a single cover. The "war stories" are those of military staffs, engineering teams, and test pilots struggling against short schedules and tight resource constraints to push the bounds of technology. These epic and sometimes life-threatening endeavors were as vital as actual combat operations.

B 17 Flying Fortress

Through the work of Air Force historian Frederick A. Johnsen, one of the world's greatest living experts on the B-17, you'll stand on airfields in wartime England beside Fortresses insouciantly named "Shoo Shoo Shoo Baby," "Egg Haid," "Mon ...

Author: Frederick A. Johnsen

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing

ISBN: UOM:39015050044489

Category: History

Page: 159

View: 512

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Rare vignettes and little-known facts punctuate this fond look back at the symbol of American victory in World War II Europe. Features 150 black and white photos, including some that have never been seen before--until now. Gorgeous 8-page color photo insert complements eye-opening details about the people, the missions, the production, and the development of the B-17.

Technological Innovation as an Evolutionary Process

The US Army's electronics needs in the early 1950s placed a premium on miniaturization , robustness and moderate power ... Vannevar Bush's Second World War Office of Scientific Research and Development , together with the legacy of the ...

Author: John Ziman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521542170

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 813

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Ground-breaking yet non-technical analysis of the analogy that technological artefacts 'evolve' like biological organisms.

Hellions of the Deep

For this book, Robert Gannon conducted numerous interviews over a twenty-year period with scientists, engineers, physicists, submarine skippers, and Navy bureaucrats, all involved in the development of the advanced weapons technology that ...

Author: Robert Gannon

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 027101508X

Category: History

Page: 241

View: 851

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Ultimately, World War II was the first war won by technology, but within only a few weeks after the war began, the U.S. Navy realized its torpedo program was a dismal failure. Submarine skippers reported that most of their torpedoes were either missing the targets or failing to explode if they did hit. The United States had to work fast if it expected to compete with the Japanese Long Lance, the biggest and fastest torpedo in the world, and Germany's electric and sonar models. Hellions of the Deep tells the dramatic story of how Navy planners threw aside the careful procedures of peacetime science and initiated &"radical research&": gathering together the nation's best scientists and engineers in huge research centers and giving them freedom of experimentation to create sophisticated weaponry with a single goal&—winning the war. The largest center for torpedo work was a requisitioned gymnasium at Harvard University, where the most famous names in science worked with the best graduate students from all around the country at the business of war. They had to produce tangible weapons, to consider production and supply tactics, to take orders from the military, and, in many cases, also to teach the military how to use the weapons they developed. World War II grew into a chess match played by scientists and physicists, and it became the only war in history to be won by weapons invented during the conflict. For this book, Robert Gannon conducted numerous interviews over a twenty-year period with scientists, engineers, physicists, submarine skippers, and Navy bureaucrats, all involved in the development of the advanced weapons technology that won the war. While the search for new weapons was deadly serious, stretching imagination and resourcefulness to the limit each day, the need was obvious: American ships were being blown up daily just outside the Boston harbor. These oral histories reveal that, in retrospect, surprising even to those who went through it, the search for the &"hellions of the deep&" was, for many, the most exciting period of their lives.

The British Pacific Fleet Experience and Legacy 1944 50

combined exercises with the US 7th Fleet at Subic in the spring ... so not only could we report ready to COMNAVFE, ... The developments in naval aviation technology during the Second World War had allowed the Royal Navy to advance the ...

Author: Jon Robb-Webb

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317039822

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 543

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The British Pacific Fleet was formed in October 1944 and dispatched to fight alongside the USN in the Central Pacific under Admiral Nimitz. Deploying previously unpublished documents, this book reveals how relations between the UK and US forces developed from a starting point of barely repressed suspicion, to one where both navies came to understand each other and eventually find a remarkable bond. Born out of a shared experience of Kamikaze attacks, extended operations against bitterly hostile shores, the pooling of knowledge and experience, the two navies underpinned the diplomatic moves in both Washington and London. The book carries the legacy of this experience through to the next Anglo-American participation in war, Korea. It illustrates and explains how and why certain lessons were incorporated into the composition, behaviour and structure of the post-war Navy. It demonstrates the significance of what was learned from the USN by the RN and by USN from the RN. As well as examining the background to the largest fleet the Royal Navy ever put to sea, the book also charts its effects on Anglo-American relations, multinational operations, alliance building, and the ways naval forces are shaped by and in turn shape politics. It addresses a period of rapid technological development that witnessed profound changes in the international system, and which raised fundamental questions of what navies were for and how should they operate and organize themselves. In so doing the study illustrates how the experience of a few long months at the end of the war in the Pacific would cast a long shadow over these issues in the very different circumstances of the post-war world.

Contemporary Sociological Theory

Instead, the rise of the middle classes owed a great deal to the legacies of the Second World War. For one thing the development of the war industries stimulated greater spatial and social mobility as it fostered movement from ...

Author: Steven Loyal

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781529735826

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 712

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Introduces readers to the most important thinkers and schools of thought in contemporary sociological theory – from Parsons and Merton to the Frankfurt School to Foucault, Bourdieu, Giddens and Hochschild - locating each thinker within their own social, political and historical context and helping readers use these ideas to understand the contemporary world.

Maritime Strategy And The Balance Of Power

In addition to their innovative use of aircraft in trade defence the British had led the world in the development of the aircraft-carrier, and by the end of the First World War had begun to use shipborne aviation in an aggressive way.

Author: John B Hattendorf

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781349093922

Category: Political Science

Page: 373

View: 680

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A collection of essays on British and American maritime relationships in the 20th century together with details on the British organization of warfare, Anglo-American maritime theory, their rivalries and coalitions and their plans for dealing with a future war in the nuclear age.

The Historical Atlas of World War II

The legacy of the Second World is still with us today. The Historical Atlas of World War II chronicles both the major and minor campaigns of the war in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and the Pacific.

Author: John Pimlott

Publisher: Henry Holt and Company

ISBN: 0805039295

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 600

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The Second World War was the largest event in human history. During its course an estimated fifty million people perished, and even today the scale of the mobilization it generated--involving human, financial, and industrial resources--is almost unimaginable. Millions across the globe fled war zones to be replaced by soldiers of all creeds and backgrounds. The recent opening of archives in Washington, London, and Moscow has thrown new light on certain events of the war--revealing, for example, just how close the Allies came to defeat in 1942 when the Axis armies were in ascendancy everywhere. Equally amazing was the growth of economic activity. The U.S. economy alone grew by 50 percent in five years, producing millions of weapons: an aircraft carrier every two weeks, a tank every forty minutes, a rifle every twenty-four seconds. Between September 1939 and September 1945 the world changed completely and forever. The technological revolution, which effected the progression from 200 mph aircraft used to defend Warsaw to the nuclear bomber sent to obliterate Hiroshima, was matched by the political unheaval. Ancient empires collapsed and were replaced by superpowers that would dominate the world for more than forty years. The legacy of the Second World is still with us today. The Historical Atlas of World War II chronicles both the major and minor campaigns of the war in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and the Pacific. It also provides the political, economic, and social background needed for a full understanding of the war. Consisting of more than one hundred specially commissioned full-color maps providing even greater detail, more than one hundred captioned color and black-and-white photographs, and an authoritative text by two leading military historians, this atlas is destined to become the definitive historical reference of the twentieth century's most tumultuous event.