Alternatives to hierarchies

Giving on occasions a talk on the subject of this book, one of the queries raised was, 'surely, what you mean are flat hierarchies'.

Author: Ph.G. Herbst

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468469455

Category: Social Science

Page: 122

View: 436


Giving on occasions a talk on the subject of this book, one of the queries raised was, 'surely, what you mean are flat hierarchies'. This, I think, gives an indication of how difficult it can be to conceive of organizations which do not have a hierarchical structure. A rather similar response was obtained when, in the 1950's, an account was given to a manager of the British Coal Board of an autonomous composite team of more than 40 miners, who had taken over complete responsibility for a three-shift cycle, and divided the income obtained among themselves. His comment was that this could not possibly work. The new mode of work organization which had been evolved by the miners in several pits in the Durham coal fields was, at the time, well ahead of the prevailing concepts and philosophy of both management and the Trade Union. It did not help matters very much that the detailed accounts were presented in an academic and scientific form (Trist et aI. , 1963; Herbst, 1962). I think that we felt that all the backing of systematic research and data analysis would be needed to present the case for modes of organization, which deviated from conventional practice. However, something was learned from this experience. When at the beginning of the 1960's the Norwegian Work Democratization Project was started, a number of demonstration sites were set up which people could look at, and which could function as centers for diffusion.

Models Methods Concepts Applications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process

Do the same when there are several alternatives from which to choose. 10. Do benefit/cost analysis using marginal values. Because we are dealing with dominance hierarchies, ask which alternative yields the greatest benefit; for costs, ...

Author: Thomas L. Saaty

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461435976

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 120


The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a prominent and powerful tool for making decisions in situations involving multiple objectives. Models, Methods, Concepts and Applications of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, 2nd Edition applies the AHP in order to solve problems focused on the following three themes: economics, the social sciences, and the linking of measurement with human values. For economists, the AHP offers a substantially different approach to dealing with economic problems through ratio scales. Psychologists and political scientists can use the methodology to quantify and derive measurements for intangibles. Meanwhile researchers in the physical and engineering sciences can apply the AHP methods to help resolve the conflicts between hard measurement data and human values. Throughout the book, each of these topics is explored utilizing real life models and examples, relevant to problems in today’s society. This new edition has been updated and includes five new chapters that includes discussions of the following: - The eigenvector and why it is necessary - A summary of ongoing research in the Middle East that brings together Israeli and Palestinian scholars to develop concessions from both parties - A look at the Medicare Crisis and how AHP can be used to understand the problems and help develop ideas to solve them.

Leadership Through Collaboration

With a foreword by Thomas Sergiovanni, this book exposes the myths about school leadership which impede educational improvement.

Author: Jeanne Baxter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1138472824



View: 403


With a foreword by Thomas Sergiovanni, this book exposes the myths about school leadership which impede educational improvement. It also profiles 8 successful schools at which student achievement has flourished after collaboration was introduced.

Anarchy and Legal Order

RECTIFYING INJUSTICE COULD HELP TO CREATE ALTERNATIVES TO WORKPLACE HIERARCHIES A. A Nonaggressive Politics Could Lead to Workplace ... Large, hierarchical firms confront challenges created by various diseconomies ofscale (Section B).

Author: Gary Chartier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139852111

Category: Law


View: 928


This book elaborates and defends the idea of law without the state. Animated by a vision of peaceful, voluntary cooperation as a social ideal and building on a careful account of non-aggression, it features a clear explanation of why the state is illegitimate, dangerous and unnecessary. It proposes an understanding of how law enforcement in a stateless society could be legitimate and what the optimal substance of law without the state might be, suggests ways in which a stateless legal order could foster the growth of a culture of freedom, and situates the project it elaborates in relation to leftist, anti-capitalist and socialist traditions.

Hierarchical Decision Modeling

A hierarchical decision model has a goal, criteria that are evaluated for their importance to the goal, and alternatives that are evaluated for how preferred they are with respect to each criterion [5]. The goal, the criteria, ...

Author: Tugrul U. Daim

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319185583

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 802


This volume, developed in honor of Dr. Dundar F. Kocaoglu, aims to demonstrate the applications of the Hierarchical Decision Model (HDM) in different sectors and its capacity in decision analysis. It is comprised of essays from noted scholars, academics and researchers of engineering and technology management around the world. This book is organized into five parts: Technology Policy Planning, Strategic Technology Planning, Technology Assessment, Application Extensions, and Methodology Extensions. Dr. Dundar F. Kocaoglu is one of the pioneers of multiple decision models using hierarchies, and creator of the HDM in decision analysis. HDM is a mission-oriented method for evaluation and/or selection among alternatives. A wide range of alternatives can be considered, including but not limited to, different technologies, projects, markets, jobs, products, cities to live in, houses to buy, apartments to rent, and schools to attend. Dr. Kocaoglu’s approach has been adopted for decision problems in many industrial sectors, including electronics research and development, education, government planning, agriculture, energy, technology transfer, semiconductor manufacturing, and has influenced policy locally, nationally, and internationally. Moreover, his students developed advanced tools and software applications to further improve and enhance the robustness of the HDM approach. Dr. Kocaoglu has made many contributions to the field of Engineering and Technology Management. During his tenure at Portland State University, he founded the Engineering and Technology Management program, where he served as Program Director and later, Department Chair. He also started the Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), which organizes an annual conference in international locations such as Korea, Turkey, South Africa, Thailand, and Japan. His teaching has won awards and resulted in a strong sense of student loyalty among his students even decades later. Through his academic work and research, Dr. Kocaoglu has strongly supported researchers of engineering management and has provided tremendous service to the field. This volume recognizes and celebrates Dr. Kocaoglu’s profound contributions to the field, and will serve as a resource for generations of researchers, practitioners and students.

The Future of Management

Here, horizontal processes for control and coordination largely substitute for vertical processes. For thousands of years, markets and hierarchies were the only alternatives when it came to aggregating human effort.

Author: Gary Hamel

Publisher: Harvard Business Press

ISBN: 9781422102503

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 296


What fuels long-term business success? Not operational excellence, technology breakthroughs, or new business models, but management innovation?new ways of mobilizing talent, allocating resources, and formulating strategies. Through history, management innovation has enabled companies to cross new performance thresholds and build enduring advantages. In The Future of Management, Gary Hamel argues that organizations need management innovation now more than ever. Why? The management paradigm of the last century?centered on control and efficiency?no longer suffices in a world where adaptability and creativity drive business success. To thrive in the future, companies must reinvent management. Hamel explains how to turn your company into a serial management innovator, revealing: The make-or-break challenges that will determine competitive success in an age of relentless, head-snapping change. The toxic effects of traditional management beliefs. The unconventional management practices generating breakthrough results in ?modern management pioneers.” The radical principles that will need to become part of every company's ?management DNA.” The steps your company can take now to build your ?management advantage.” Practical and profound, The Future of Management features examples from Google, W.L. Gore, Whole Foods, IBM, Samsung, Best Buy, and other blue-ribbon management innovators.

Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis State of the Art Surveys

Then we use two hierarchies for the purpose and make the choice by forming the ratio from them of the benefits priority / costs priority for each alternative . One asks which is most beneficial in the benefits hierarchy ...

Author: José Figueira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038723067X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1045

View: 808


MULTIPLE CRITERIA DECISION ANALYSIS: State of the Art Surveys is the most comprehensive work available to survey the state of the art in MCDA to date. Its 25 chapters are organized in eight parts and are written by 52 international leading experts. Each of these parts covers one of the central streams of multiple criteria decision analysis literature. These literature streams are: MCDA today, Foundations of MCDA, Our Ranking Methods, Multiattribute Utility Theory, Non-Classical MCDA Approaches, Multiobjective Mathematical Programming, Applications, and MCDM Software. The handbook presents the most up-to-date discussions on well-established methodologies and theories in the field, while systematically surveying emerging fields in MCDA such as conjoint measurement, fuzzy preferences, fuzzy integrals, rough sets, etc. MULTIPLE CRITERIA DECISION ANALYSIS: State of the Art Surveys is a valuable reference volume (more than 2000 references) for the field of decision analysis. It provides graduate students, researchers, and practitioners with a sweeping survey of MCDA theory, methodologies, and applications. It is a handbook that is particularly suitable for use in seminars in Decision Analysis, Decision Support, and Decision Theory.

Involving the Public and the Hierarchy in Corps of Engineers Survey Investigations

The public and the hierarchy should know the sources of data if they are to be properly informed. ... public and reviewed by the hierarchy, what constitutes a full range of alternatives and what information on the alternatives should be ...

Author: Stanford University Program in Engineering Economic Planning


ISBN: STANFORD:36105046330598

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 350

View: 709