Certain Tax and Trade Alcohol Fuel Initiatives

7 gasoline marketers and blenders with expanded flexibility to produce high quality motor fuel products blended with alcohol fuels . On November 29 , 1979 , Senator Birch Bayh stated : I have long felt that alcohol is a versatile fuel ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means


ISBN: PSU:000017169493

Category: Alcohol as fuel

Page: 336

View: 491


Alcohol Fuel Options and Federal Policies

A permanent extension of the $ 0.04 per gallon Federal motor fuel excise tax exemption , for all fuel containing at least 10 percent biomass alcohol , as the President has proposed , would encourage investors to build new alcohol fuel ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Energy Development and Applications


ISBN: MINN:31951D00275589K

Category: Alcohol as fuel

Page: 292

View: 534


Fuel alcohol

INTRODUCTION The National Alcohol Fuels Commission ( NAFC ) was established by Congress in 1978 under the Surface Transportation Act in order " to make a full and complete investigation and study of the long- and short - term potential ...

Author: U.S. National Alcohol Fuels Commission


ISBN: MINN:31951D002972420


Page: 1096

View: 164


Nanomaterials for Alcohol Fuel Cells

Among different types of fuel cells, Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells (DAFC) has emerged as a promising technology which has the potential to replace the existing fossil fuel-based machinery. To overcome the various hurdles faced by the ...

Author: Inamuddin

Publisher: Materials Research Forum LLC

ISBN: 9781644900192

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 398

View: 552


Alcohol fuel cells are very attractive as power sources for mobile and portable applications. As they convert the chemical energy of fuels into electricity, much recent research is directed at developing suitable and efficient catalysts for the process. The present book focuses on pertinent types of nanomaterial-based catalysts, membranes and supports.

Alcohol Fuels Bibliography

Citation Number Subject Section Citation Title 80A002280 80A000300 80A002181 80A002273 80A002278 VI VIII I X VI Fuel Study Indicates that Producing Industrial Use of a Practical Handbook on the Distillation of Title Keyword ALCOHOL from ...



ISBN: WISC:89043727452



View: 262


Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells for Portable Applications

[61] Q. Zhang, X. Wang, L. Zhong, Y. Zhou, X. Qiu, L. Liu, Design, optimization and microfabrication of a micro-direct methanol fuel cell with microblocks in anode structure, Sens. Actuators A 154 (2) (2009) 247–254.

Author: Alexandra M. F. R. Pinto

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128118986

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 353

View: 783


Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells for Portable Applications: Fundamentals, Engineering and Advances presents the fundamental concepts, technological advances and challenges in developing, modeling and deploying fuel cells and fuel cell systems for portable devices, including micro and mini fuel cells. The authors review the fundamental science of direct alcohol fuel cells, covering, in detail, thermodynamics, electrode kinetics and electrocatalysis of charge-transfer reactions, mass and heat transfer phenomena, and basic modeling aspects. In addition, the book examines other fuels in DAFCs, such as formic acid, ethylene glycol and glycerol, along with technological aspects and applications, including case studies and cost analysis. Researchers, engineering professionals, fuel cell developers, policymakers and senior graduate students will find this a valuable resource. The book’s comprehensive coverage of fundamentals is especially useful for graduate students, advanced undergraduate students and those new to the field. Provides a comprehensive understanding of the fundamentals of DAFCs and their basic components, design and performance Presents current and complete information on the state-of-the-art of DAFC technology and its most relevant challenges for commercial deployment Includes practical application examples, problems and case studies Covers the use of other fuels, such as formic acid, ethylene glycol and glycerol

Alcohol Fuels

The alcohol fuel has more advantages compared with fossil fuels, and they are given below: • Both lower molecular weight alcohols can be made out of indigenous energy resources such as biomass, coal and natural gas, which are available ...

Author: Yongseung Yun

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9781789850437

Category: Science

Page: 136

View: 763


Alcohol fuels must remain as an essential component for the realization of a sustainable low-carbon society. Use of locally available, under-utilized feedstock becomes important for local energy security as well as an option for distributed energy infrastructure. Utilizing the available feedstock that has not been properly regarded as a legitimate resource due to economic and social reasons should be the focal point in the search for possible resources for alcohol fuels. Lignocellulosic biomass and algal species are feedstocks that suit the purpose. This book can provide a brief introduction regarding the recent advances in the alcohol fuel field that is in constant challenge from recent issues on CO2, shale oil, power-to-gas, and hydrogen.

Alcohol Fuels

Because alcohol fuels have low cetane numbers, little research has been done on their use in diesel engines. Ethanol, for example, has a cetane rating of 6, and methanol of 35. Diesel fuel ranges from 45 to 55. Alcohol fuels cannot ...

Author: Doann Houghton-alico

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429724657

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 116


Since the 1973 OPEC oil crisis, the rise of imported crude oil prices, and the questionable availability of petroleum supplies, the United States has been forced to investigate liquid-fuel alternatives. Alcohol fuels, including methanol and ethanol, offer the most realistic near-term potential as gasoline extenders or substitutes. This book is the

Use of Alcohol from Farm Products in Motor Fuel

It may be further noted that the Gurney bill , like the Gillette bill , also fails to specifically exempt alcohol fuels which might be used for stationary engines or power devices , under our interpretation of the ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance


ISBN: UOM:39015067125412

Category: Alcohol as fuel

Page: 207

View: 441