Agricultural Commercialization And Government Policy In Africa

erefore, the ultimate aim of this study is to reveal the conditioning factors and the multifarious ways of the commercialization of agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa, and its effects for the various parties concerned and for the ...

Author: J. Hinderink

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000448061

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 900

DOWNLOAD →

First published in 1987. The object of this book is to show the nature and the constraints of the commercialization of agriculture in one of the world's major problem areas, Sub-Saharan Africa. Agricultural commercialization started here centuries ago, albeit in small, pockets. It expanded sharply during the colonial period when the sub-continent became integrated into the world's economy. After independence the nature of this integration did not structurally change and the basic characteristics o agricultural commercialization remained unaltered. After an analysis of this process during the colonial period, the study focuses on post-colonial government policies and on spatial variation in the commercialization of Africa's agriculture. Differences in environmental and socio-economic conditions, production performance and government policy are dealt with on two geographical scales: in the fist at the level of macro-regions and individual countries, and the second, by means of case studies at the regional, village and project level. Thee field-work based studies each centre on a specific aspect of commercialization process in a wide variety of countries, viz Swaziland, Sudan, Botswana, Ivory Coast, Mali and Kenya. The final part of the book relates the subject of commercialization and rural development to Africa's present agricultural crisis.

Commercialization of Smallholders

Agricultural commercialization and government policy in Africa. KPI Limited, New York, USA. Immink MDC and Alarcon JA. 1993. Household income, food availability, and commercial crop production by smallholders farmers in the western ...

Author: Berhanu Gebremedhin

Publisher: ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD)

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 30

View: 376

DOWNLOAD →

The literature on commercial transformation of smallholders makes little distinction between market orientation (production decision based on market signals) and market participation (sale of output). This paper analyzes the determinants of market orientation and market participation in Ethiopia separately and examines if market orientation translates into market participation. Empirical results show that market orientation translates strongly into market participation. The key implication of this study is that policy, technological, organizational and institutional interventions aimed at promoting commercial transformation of subsistence agriculture should follow two-pronged approach: improving market orientation of smallholders at production level, and facilitating market entry and participation of households in output and input markets. Focusing on either may not be as effective in achieving the transformation.

Agricultural Marketing in Tropical Africa

313–363. HINDERINK, J. & J.J. STERKENBURG (1987) Agricultural Commercialization and Government Policy in Africa. London: Kegan Paul International. JONES, W.O. (1972) Marketing Staple Food Crops in Tropical Africa.

Author: H. Laurens van der Laan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429863189

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 229

View: 351

DOWNLOAD →

First published in 1999, this volume explores how African agriculture has always had a strong appeal for the people of the Netherlands. This is due to (1) a long-established interest in tropical agriculture going back to the days when Indonesia was a Duth colony; (2) a broad-based desire to help the Third World; and (3) the view that Tropical Africa is highly dependent on agriculture. As practical expertise in Africa and systematic research on African agriculture grew, specialization became both possible and necessary. This volume reflects the specialization in marketing which has been welcomed by economists, geographers and scholars of agricultural marketing. In addition to a general introductory chapter, this book includes five contributions on staple food grains, two on export crops, two on cattle and one on horticulture. Nine of the chapters are country-specific, covering Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cȏte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia.

Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology

Hinderink , Jan and J.J. Sterkenburg Agricultural Commercialization and Government Policy in Africa . London , New York , KPI , 1987. 328 p . ( Monogs . from the African Studies Centre , Leiden ) Hirschman , Albert O. Development ...

Author: Wallace C. Olsen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801426774

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 326

DOWNLOAD →

The first of an eight-volume series, The Literature of the Agricultural Sciences, this book analyzes the trends in the published literature of agricultural economics and rural sociology during the past fifty years. It uses citation analysis and other bibliometric techniques to identify the primary journals, report series, and monographs of current importance to the developed industrial countries as well as those in the Third World.

Agricultural Commercialization Economic Development and Nutrition

“ Income and Employment Generation from Agricultural Processing and Marketing : The Case of Soybean in Indonesia . ... International Food Policy Research Institute . ... Agricultural Commercialization and Government Policy in Africa .

Author: Joachim Von Braun

Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105009693388

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 411

View: 525

DOWNLOAD →

The commercialization of agriculture has been the cornerstone of economic development for many developing countries. Yet there continues to be concern about the effects of commercialization on poverty and nutrition in countries that are promoting the shift away from subsistence agriculture. In Agricultural Commercialization, Economic Development, and Nutrition Joachim von Braun and Eileen Kennedy bring together a distinguished group of authorities who present solid empirical data based on a comprehensive conceptual framework. The authors examine the driving forces of commercialization, such as trade policy and infrastructure, and analyze potential risks to the poor. Original case studies based on one to three years of fieldwork by multidisciplinary teams focus on The Gambia, Kenya, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Zambia, Guatemala, India, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and the Philippines. The authors conclude that commercialization of agriculture can enhance economic development through employment and income growth, which bring about improvements in nutrition, especially for the poor. This is the first comprehensive treatment of the issues that link agricultural commercialization, development, and nutrition. It provides detailed information and highlights specific policies that can further enhance the food security and nutrition effects of agricultural commercialization in a variety of settings.

Agriculture Diversification and Gender in Rural Africa

High-risk environments characterized by insecure rights of tenure and erratic government policies supress commercialization; credit constraints and inflated transaction costs provide further explanations. Monopsonistic output markets in ...

Author: Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198799283

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 686

DOWNLOAD →

This book contributes to the understanding of smallholder agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa through addressing the dynamics of intensification and diversification within and outside agriculture in contexts where women have much poorer access to agrarian resources than men.

Agricultural Commercialization Gender Equality and the Right to Food

This is seen in the influence exerted by the two agribusinesses in agricultural commercialization and gender mainstreaming. ... This was a flagship government policy introduced in 2001 to promote the 'golden age of business' through ...

Author: Joanna Bourke Martignoni

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000688160

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 924

DOWNLOAD →

This volume explores agricultural commercialization from a gender equality and right to food perspective. Agricultural commercialization, involving not only the shift to selling crops and buying inputs but also the commodification of land and labour, has always been controversial. Strategies for commercialization have often reinforced and exacerbated inequalities, been blind to gender differences and given rise to violations of the human rights to food, land, work and social security. While there is a body of evidence to trace these developments globally, impacts vary considerably in local contexts. This book systematically considers these dynamics in two countries, Cambodia and Ghana. Profoundly different in terms of their history and location, they provide the basis for fruitful comparisons because they both transitioned to democracy in the early 1990s, made agricultural development a priority, and adopted orthodox policies of commercialization to develop the sector. Chapters illustrate how commercialization processes are gendered, highlighting distinctive gender, ethnic and class dynamics in rural Ghana and Cambodia and the different outcomes these generate. They also show the ways in which food cultures are changing and the often-problematic impact of these changes on the safety and quality of food. Specific policies and legal norms are examined, with chapters addressing the development and implementation of frameworks on the right to food and land administration. Overall, the volume brings into relief multiple dimensions shaping the outcomes of processes of commercialization, including gender orders, food cultures, policy translation, national and sub-national policies, corporate investments and programmes, and formal and informal legal norms. In doing so, it offers insight not only on our case countries, but also provides proposals to advance rights-based research on food security. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of food security, agricultural development and economics, gender, human rights and sustainable development.

OECD Review of Agricultural Policies South Africa 2006

Principal statistics on farm structure in South African commercial agriculture by group of farms according to economic ... Past government policies, which restricted Blacks to certain regions (homelands) and therefore excluded them from ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264021907

Category:

Page: 180

View: 708

DOWNLOAD →

OECD's first comprehensive OECD review of agricultural policies in South Africa, this book presents an overview of South Africa's agricultural policies combined with an assessment of the level of support provided to South Africa's agriculture.