African Religion Defined

African religion is ancestor worship; that is, funeral preparations, burial of the dead with ceremony and pomp, belief in eternal existence of souls of the dead as ancestors, periodic remembrance of ancestors, and belief that they influence ...

Author: Anthony Ephirim-Donkor

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761853299

Category: Religion

Page: 160

View: 831


African religion is ancestor worship; that is, funeral preparations, burial of the dead with ceremony and pomp, belief in eternal existence of souls of the dead as ancestors, periodic remembrance of ancestors, and belief that they influence the affairs of their living descendants. Whether called Akw?sidai, Homowo, Voodoo, Nyant?r (Aboakyir), CandomblZ, or Santeria in Africa or the African Diaspora, ancestor worship centers on the ancestors and deities. This makes it a tenably viable religion, because living descendants are genetically linked to their ancestors. The author, a traditional king and professor, studies the Akan in Ghana to demonstrate that ancestor worship is as pragmatic, systematic, theological, teleological, soteriological — with a highly trained clerical body and elders as mediators — and symbolic as any other religion in the world. Ancestor worship follows prescribed rites and rituals, formulas, precepts for ritual efficacy, and festivities of honor with music and dances to provoke ancestors and deities into joining in the celebration.

African Religion Defined

This book is an integrative study of ancestor worship, a study focusing ritually on African (Akan) religious and ... For example, Budge defines ancient Egyptian (African) religion, which he refers to, as “Ancestor Worship,” as the ...

Author: Anthony Ephirim-Donkor

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780761868453

Category: Religion

Page: 266

View: 450


This edition updates the scholarship on ancestor worship—with the addition of three new chapters. Beginning with Akan theology and ending with sacrifices, the study examines Akan conception of God, the abosom (gods and goddesses) relative to creation, centrality of the ancestors’ stool as the ultimate religious symbol housing the soul of the Akan, and organized annual propitiatory festivities carried out among the Akan in honor of the ancestors (Nananom Nsamanfo) and abosom. The book, therefore, serves as an invaluable resource for those interested in the phenomenon of African religion, because it provides real insight into ancestor worship in ways that are meaningful, practical, systematic, and as a way of life by an Akan Traditional ruler (Ↄdikro) and a professor of Africana studies.

African Traditional Religion in South Africa

McVeigh's definition of African traditional religion, as an equivalent of other world religions, refers to religious beliefs and practices of sub-Saharan Africa before the arrival of Islam and Christianity. Although the book therefore ...

Author: David Chidester

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313304743

Category: Religion

Page: 462

View: 857


A comprehensive guide to the indigenous religious heritage of South Africa that reviews the literature and provides introductory essays and detailed annotations that define the field of study.

Religion and Politics in South Africa

African Religion fell in the hands of western scholarship who used foreign terms to define the indigenous religion . The religion had to be defined not on its own terms , but from Christian dogmas . African Religion had to define itself ...

Author: Abdulkader Tayob

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 383095719X

Category: Apartheid


View: 541


New Trends and Developments in African Religions

About the Contributors Peter B. Clarke is Professor of History and Sociology of Religion at King's College ... Islam ( with P. Byrne ) ; Religion Defined and Explained ; Mahdism in West Africa : The Case of the Ijebu Prophet and New ...

Author: Reader in Modern History and Fellow Peter Clarke

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 031330128X

Category: Religion

Page: 309

View: 974


Chapters examine how African religions display themselves in the contemporary world and look at their continued dynamism and relationship with other religious traditions.

Engaging Religions and Worldviews in Africa

Religion has been defined from various perspectives: anthropological, sociological, phenomenological, psychological, ... A functional definition of religion is necessary in order to apply the theological method to the study of African ...

Author: Yusufu Turaki

Publisher: Langham Publishing

ISBN: 9781783688418

Category: Religion

Page: 510

View: 123


In a world of increasing globalization, we live amidst a clash of cultures, religions, and worldviews – each battling for the human heart and mind. In this in-depth study, Yusufu Turaki offers a theological framework for engaging this clash of perspectives in Africa, where traditional African religions, colonialism, and exposure to Christianity have each had a lasting impact on contemporary African worldviews. Professor Turaki undertakes a systematic analysis of the nature of African Traditional Religion, its complex history with Christianity, and the need for African Christian theology to address its cultural and historical roots effectively. He provides both a conceptual framework and practical guide for engaging African cultures and religions with compassion, understanding, and a firm foundation rooted in scriptural truth. This book is an excellent resource for students of religion and theology, as well as those interested in Africa’s traditional heritage or drawn to the important work of cross-cultural and inter-religious dialogue.

Christianity Is an African Religion

This book affirms that Christianity was based on Black Egyptian African Spirituality.

Author: Donald Henry Matthews, Ph.d.

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1530290988


Page: 82

View: 915


This book affirms that Christianity was based on Black Egyptian African Spirituality. This fact has been obscured, hidden and ignored by the impact of White Christian Religious Racism. Prior to the development of modern racism, with the beginning of the Transatlantic Slave Trade and its Rapetalistic Ideology of Racial, Sexual and Economic Oppression, it was widely accepted that African Spirituality was the basis for the major theological and ethical perspectives found in the Western religions of Christianity, Judaism and Islam. Due to Institutional Racism these facts have been withheld or misrepresented by our educational institutions. This miseducation serves to support racist ideas of Black Inferiority and White Supremacy that are used to oppress Americans of African descent. Black Egyptian Africans were the original recipients and developers of the revelations of theological and ethical concepts that defined the Western Religious Traditions. Concepts such as: Monotheism, Moral Codes, Eternal Life, Resurrection, A Dying and Rising Savior, Power of the Divine Feminine, and Scripture are just a few of the fundamental truths that these ancient Black African priests and scribes gave to the world which were then used to develop Western Religions. The book is based on an article written by Dr. Donald H. Matthews in the Journal of the American Academy of Religion (JAAR), the official professional journal of the American Academy of Religion. This book It is written in a style that makes it accessible to the general public. The afore mentioned article is reprinted for the benefit of the scholarly community and for those who wish to delve further into the subject.

Religions of South Africa Routledge Revivals

In another sense, however, witchcraft beliefs and practices defined violence in African religious thought If violence can be defined as direct harm to persons or property, then witches and sorcerers were sources of violence in the world ...

Author: David Chidester

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317649878

Category: Religion

Page: 286

View: 735


First published in 1992, this title explores the religious diversity of South Africa, organizing it into a single coherent narrative and providing the first comparative study and introduction to the topic. David Chidester emphasizes the fact that the complex distinctive character of South African religious life has taken shape with a particular economic, social and political context, and pays special attention to the creativity of people who have suffered under conquest, colonialism and apartheid. With an overview of African traditional religion, Christian missions, and African innovations during the nineteenth century, this reissue will be of great value to students of religious studies, South African history, anthropology, sociology, and political studies.

Religion Defined and Explained

Natural History of Religion, The, 100 naturalism, vii, 84 natural kinds, 18–21 natural religion, 99 new religions, 206 numinous, 24, 188 Oedipus and Job in West African Religion, 194 oedipus complex, 181–3 Otto, R., 24, 188, ...

Author: P. Clarke

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230374249

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 155


This book examines a selection of major types of theory explaining religion: religious, philosophical, sociological, socio-economic and psychological. It treats of the presuppositions behind such theories and the grounds of their necessity and validity. It looks at major styles in the definition of religion. It argues that the case for making religion the subject of large scale theorising has not been made and contends that the explanation of religion proceeds better by concentrating on the specifics of religious history and the interconnections between religious ideas.

African Instituted Churches

Diversities, Growth, Gifts, Spirituality and Ecumenical Understanding of African Initiated Churches Rufus Okikiolaolu Olubiyi Ositelu. I INTRODUCTION Religion which is generally defined as the belief in the existence of a supernatural ...

Author: Rufus Okikiolaolu Olubiyi Ositelu

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3825860876

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 879


This book is provided for those who desire to study the African initiatives in Christanity. The book is intended to serve as a valuable material to teachers and students of African Instituted Churches.

The Critical Analysis of Religious Diversity

also suggests that problems of defining religion must have been solved.” In this chapter, I explore how in post-apartheid South Africa religious diversity is defined, regulated and constituted in the medium of the law.

Author: Lene Kühle

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004367111

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 717


This book explores a selection of trans-contextual case studies within religious diversity scholarship to develop a series of theoretical and methodological considerations for scholars to utilize when they conduct their own studies of religious diversity.

Africa s Social and Religious Quest

(Indeed, they bear a very crucial correspondence to the reality and dynamics of “powercraft”11 in African religion in its primal origins.12) The following features stand out: folk-rural setting, an everyday realism and religion defined ...

Author: Randee Ijatuyi-Morphé

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761862680

Category: History

Page: 646

View: 851


This well-crafted book probes the key dimensions of Africa’s existential predicament. It constitutes an intellectual response to a gnawing “African situation”—the starting point for grasping Africa’s social and religious quest. Beyond split explanations of external versus internal factors (e.g., colonization/slavery vs. leadership/cultural values), this study accounts more comprehensively for emergent issues shaping this situation. The situation reflects a gamut of problems in traditional African religion and material culture, which hitherto defines African communality, polities, and destinies vis-à-vis the cosmos and nature. Thus, African religion and communities, each with its own attendant values, do not operate by critical engagement with larger issues of society and civilization, especially those shaped by the advent of (post-) modernity. Rather, they operate via adaptation. The communal drive for natural and social harmony inevitably produces a preservationist view of culture (“leaving things as they are”). This study takes an integrative approach to religion, society, and civilization; eschews dichotomies; and broadly defines and re-signifies life and wholeness as a true end of Africans’ quest today.

Understanding Socioeconomic Transformation in South Africa What has not changed two decades into democracy

Political Religion Religion defines a way of life. ... One of the reasons it has remained difficult to unite Africans is the way all sorts of religions are accommodated on this continent. We have already defined politics as the process ...

Author: Alson Bhebe


ISBN: 9781387840793

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 671


This book is a narration of the prevailing socio-economic environment in South Africa. A background is given on how this environment evolved. More than two decades into democracy, the third largest economy in Africa is failing to offer economic independence to its indigenous citizens. It is quite concerning that the economy is creating billionaires by the day whilst the majority of the population is wallowing in poverty. The book discusses how this environment can be changed. A few practical examples are also used to justify assumptions made. This is a must-read book for anyone interested in understanding the socioeconomic environment and interested in influencing a transformational trajectory. The book is written in plain and simple fashion that can be understood by anyone. An Index is included for those seeking to use the book for academic purposes to navigate with ease.

Routledge Handbook of African Politics

RELIGION. AND. POLITICS. Stephen. Ellis. and. Gerrie. ter. Haar. Politics, however it is defined precisely, is a way of conceiving and organizing relations of power. In modern times it has become closely identified with the sovereign ...

Author: Nic Cheeseman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351550482

Category: Political Science

Page: 456

View: 729


Providing a comprehensive and cutting edge examination of this important continent, Routledge Handbook of African Politics surveys the key debates and controversies, dealing with each of the major issues to be found in Africas politics today. Structured into 6 broad areas, the handbook features over 30 contributions focused around:The State Identity Conflict Democracy and Electoral Politics Political Economy & Development International Relations Each chapter deals with a specific topic, providing an overview of the main arguments and theories and explaining the empirical evidence that they are based on, drawing on high-profile cases such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, Rwanda and Zimbabwe. The Handbook also contains new contributions on a wide range of topical issues, including terrorism, the growing influence of China, civil war, and transitional justice, making it required reading for non-specialists and experts alike. Featuring both established scholars and emerging researchers, this is a vital resource for all students of African Studies, democratization, conflict resolution and Third World politics.

A Day in a Working Life 300 Trades and Professions through History 3 volumes

A RESILIENT RELIGION The religion of western Africa, emphasizing interactions with ancestors and the unseen spirits who inhabit the world, ... African Religion Defined: A Systematic Study of Ancestor Worship among the Akan.

Author: Gary Westfahl

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781610694032

Category: History

Page: 1373

View: 675


Ideal for high school and college students studying history through the everyday lives of men and women, this book offers intriguing information about the jobs that people have held, from ancient times to the 21st century. • Provides detailed, interesting essays describing more than 300 professions and occupations across a broad range of eras, including the 21st century, and from around the world, which will give readers a wider understanding of how people have supported themselves throughout time • Supplies historical primary documents that provide personal perspectives on past occupations • Offers fascinating information on how professions began, who did them, and continuity in occupations across time, such as that 18th-century journalists were often imprisoned for displeasing those in authority, and yet 21st-century U.S. journalists may still spend time in jail for refusing to reveal their sources

Religion and State in Tanzania Revisited

2 African Religion A definition of ARs entails two steps. The first is to describe what religion is. This is important, because unless the concept is clearly delineated it will be almost impossible to understand what African Religion ...

Author: Thomas Ndaluka

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643905468

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 227


This book looks at the relationship between religion and state in Tanzania as a feature of the Tanzanian social scene, from pre-colonial/colonial times to post-colonial times. It examines the changes in the character of religion and state relations, especially after independence, and the way these changes are experienced in different communities - particularly by African traditionalists, Muslims, and Christians. The book studies the nature of the relationship between religion and state, the way it is conceptualized and experienced, and the implications for the democratic aspirations of pluralist Tanzania. (Series: Interreligious Studies - Vol. 7) [Subject: History, African Studies, Religious Studies, Politics]

Black Atlantic Religion

This book contests both the recent conviction that transnationalism is new and the long-held supposition that African culture endures in the Americas only among the poorest and most isolated of black populations.

Author: J. Lorand Matory

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400833973

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 864


Black Atlantic Religion illuminates the mutual transformation of African and African-American cultures, highlighting the example of the Afro-Brazilian Candomblé religion. This book contests both the recent conviction that transnationalism is new and the long-held supposition that African culture endures in the Americas only among the poorest and most isolated of black populations. In fact, African culture in the Americas has most flourished among the urban and the prosperous, who, through travel, commerce, and literacy, were well exposed to other cultures. Their embrace of African religion is less a "survival," or inert residue of the African past, than a strategic choice in their circum-Atlantic, multicultural world. With counterparts in Nigeria, the Benin Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Trinidad, and the United States, Candomblé is a religion of spirit possession, dance, healing, and blood sacrifice. Most surprising to those who imagine Candomblé and other such religions as the products of anonymous folk memory is the fact that some of this religion's towering leaders and priests have been either well-traveled writers or merchants, whose stake in African-inspired religion was as much commercial as spiritual. Morever, they influenced Africa as much as Brazil. Thus, for centuries, Candomblé and its counterparts have stood at the crux of enormous transnational forces. Vividly combining history and ethnography, Matory spotlights a so-called "folk" religion defined not by its closure or internal homogeneity but by the diversity of its connections to classes and places often far away. Black Atlantic Religion sets a new standard for the study of transnationalism in its subaltern and often ancient manifestations.