A Novel Approach

"A student-centered approach to teaching whole class novels"--

Author: Kate Roberts

Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books

ISBN: 0325088659

Category: Education

Page: 167

View: 908


"A student-centered approach to teaching whole class novels"--

A Novel Approach to China

... Can Learn from Contemporary Chinese Novelists Gengsong Gao. A Novel Approach to China What China Debaters Can Learn from Contemporary Chinese Novelists Gengsong Gao A Novel Approach to China Gengsong Gao A Novel Approach. Front Cover.

Author: Gengsong Gao

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811665189

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 233

View: 787


This book explores Chinese novelists’ distinctive contributions to the China debate in terms of the key issues of Chinese language, power dynamics and Confucian tradition. As China is rising, Chinese scholars and policymakers are debating heatedly over China’s past, present and future. Who are the major debaters? How do they analyze China’s problems and figure out solutions? What are the main achievements and weaknesses of the Chinese intellectual debate and discourse? Chinese novelists also get involved in the China debate. However, their voices are rarely heard. This book argues that, by dramatizing the diversities of ordinary social actors’ everyday languages, active discursive practices and enchanted local traditions, Chinese novelists do not merely illustrate the dominant liberal, the New Left and the New Confucian ideologies, but enrich the China debate and provide a “novel” approach to our understanding of modern China.

A Novel Approach to Neutrosophic Soft Rough Set under Uncertainty

Thus the proposed approach fails to handle this case. Table 8. Accuracy measures of the alternatives in the NSS (G,A). Alternatives x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 CNSR M 0 0 0 0 0 7. Conclusions We proposed a novel approach to rough sets based on ...

Author: Ashraf Al-Quran

Publisher: Infinite Study


Category: Mathematics

Page: 16

View: 648


To handle indeterminate and incomplete data, neutrosophic logic/set/probability were established. The neutrosophic truth, falsehood and indeterminacy components exhibit symmetry as the truth and the falsehood look the same and behave in a symmetrical way with respect to the indeterminacy component which serves as a line of the symmetry. Soft set is a generic mathematical tool for dealing with uncertainty. Rough set is a new mathematical tool for dealing with vague, imprecise, inconsistent and uncertain knowledge in information systems. This paper introduces a new rough set model based on neutrosophic soft set to exploit simultaneously the advantages of rough sets and neutrosophic soft sets in order to handle all types of uncertainty in data. The ideaof neutrosophic right neighborhood is utilised to define the concepts of neutrosophic soft rough (NSR) lower and upper approximations. Properties of suggested approximations are proposed and subsequently proven. Some of the NSR set concepts such as NSR-definability, NSR-relations and NSR-membership functions are suggested and illustrated with examples. Further, we demonstrate the feasibility of the newly rough set model with decision making problems involving neutrosophic soft set. Finally, a discussion on the features and limitations of the proposed model is provided.




Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)

ISBN: 9783954899135

Category: Computers

Page: 123

View: 564


In decades, authentication system is relying on username and password as passphrase object for authentication process. The username and password mechanism bring major problem lately and raising the system developer worries on security for client server communication. Many methods and mechanisms are being introduced to overcome this authentication flaws. One of mechanism that has been introduce is graphical password mechanism on purpose to reduce human memory burden based on psychological study that shows human is better at recognizing and remembering images. However, the current method result many security flaw on graphical password authentication mechanism and require specific tool which is cannot be easily implement on any computer system platform. To overcome current method flaws, pixel value graphical password scheme is being introduced by combining the text-based password mechanism and graphical password mechanism where the authentication system extracting pixel value that resides in a digital image file. The extracted eight bits pixel value is used as the passphrase alongside with username during authentication process. The design and development of this method is based on identified graphical password enhancement and user requirement through literature review analysis. Results on literature analysis are being referred to develop the system flow and system design as the design concept which is being used for prototyping development. The developed prototype is being tested with several collections of image specimens as image experimental testing. Results and output from the testing show promising results as the result for Pixel Value graphical password scheme is bring an extremely positive impact. In other words, pixel value graphical password scheme is bringing graphical password scheme a secure promising authentication implementation.

A novel approach to neutrosophic sets in UP algebras

See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340220603 A novel approach to neutrosophic sets in UP-algebras Article · March 2020 DOI: 10.22436/jmcs.021.01.08 CITATIONS ...

Author: Metawee Songsaeng

Publisher: Infinite Study


Category: Mathematics

Page: 22

View: 773


In this paper, the notions of special neutrosophic UP-subalgebras, special neutrosophic near UP-filters, special neutrosophic UP-filters, special neutrosophic UP-ideals, and special neutrosophic strong UP-ideals of UP-algebras are introduced, and several properties are investigated. Conditions for neutrosophic sets to be special neutrosophic UP-subalgebras, special neutrosophic near UP-filters, special neutrosophic UP-filters, special neutrosophic UP-ideals, and special neutrosophic strong UP-ideals of UP-algebras are provided. Relations between special neutrosophic UP-subalgebras (resp., special neutrosophic near UP-filters, special neutrosophic UP-filters, special neutrosophic UP-ideals, special neutrosophic strong UP-ideals) and their level subsets are considered.

Conjugate Gaze Somato Emotional Release A Novel Approach to Physiotherapeutic Mind Body Therapy

A Novel Approach to Physiotherapeutic Mind-Body Therapy Vincent L. Perri. Practitioners will be surprised to learn just how many patients will actually enjoy the deeper releases they experience when the 'somato-emotional complex” begins ...

Author: Vincent L. Perri

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781627340083

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 114

View: 887


Conjugate Gaze Somato-Emotional Release is a novel approach in the release of repressed mind-body traumatisms. The Conjugate Gaze approach works toward facilitating central nervous system processing through the activation of the hypothalamic limbic axis, and the use of specific reflex contacts and verbal cues. Such diverse topics as "the psychic space" and "the alternate psyche" will open new avenues in the treatment of somato-emotional disorders.

Applications of Nanomaterials A Novel Approach for Pollution Abatement in Industries

About the Book The book “Applications of Nanomaterials: A Novel Approach for Pollution Abatement in Industries” highlights an in-depth research about applications of nanotechnology for dye decolouration and abatement of pollutants from ...

Author: Prof. Dr. Nirmal Kumar, J.I.

Publisher: Google Play Books


Category: Science

Page: 166

View: 460


The book “Applications of Nanomaterials: A Novel Approach for Pollution Abatement in Industries” highlights an in-depth research about applications of nanotechnology for dye decolouration and abatement of pollutants from industrial effluents and agriculture. The authors have emphasized the significance of synthesis of metallic nanoparticles and their applications in dye decolouration, biocidal activity, and pollution abatement. Wastewaters are producing gradually with rapid development in different type of industries such as textile, leather, pulp, and paper, printing, photographs, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, commerce, hospitals, and health-care services. The industry use water as a principal medium for removing impurities, applying dyes, and finishing agents. Therefore, the main concern is the discharge of wastewater. Significant quantities of toxic and hazardous chemicals are being generated as an industrial waste. At present, there are thousands types of toxic chemicals commercially generated. Their virulence, firmness to natural disintegration and prolong accumulation in the environment are the cause of much concern to societies and regulatory authorities around the world. There are numerous methods for abatement of organic and inorganic compounds from the wastewater such as filtration, electrolysis, precipitation, ion exchange, coagulation, and adsorption processes. Most of these methods require high capital and recurring expenditure and consequently they are not suitable for small-scale industries. Besides, all the above-mentioned methods, photocatalysis is a highly effective and cheap process than the other methods. The search for novel technologies for the remediation and reduction of pollutants has attracted attention to adsorption phenomenon. The adsorption process involves a solid phase (biosorbent) and a liquid phase (solvent, normally water) containing dissolved species to be sorbed (sorbate, metal ions). As sorbent possess higher affinity for the sorbate species, the latter is attracted and attaches thereby different mechanisms. Metallic oxide nanoparticles are crystalline solids consisting of a metal cation and an oxide anion. Metals with high oxidation state forms oxides. Ionic metal oxides react with water to produce hydroxides. Transition metal oxides are compounds composed of oxygen atoms bound to transition metals. These are mainly used for their enhanced catalytic activity and semiconductor properties. Due to presence of superior physical and chemical properties, metal oxide nanoparticles express potential environmental remediation applications. When compared to bulk materials, they display novel properties that lead to the development of electronic and optoelectronic nano-devices with superior performance. It is well known that size and morphology are very important parameters in nanostructures. But there is limited information about the use of different nanoparticles as a photocatalytical removal of different pollutants from wastewater and in agriculture soils. Among the oxide nanoparticles, Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide and Iron oxide are the main compounds used in environment remediation study. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2), Zinc Oxide (ZnO) and Iron Oxide (FeO) nanoparticles are unique materials with band gap 3.2 eV, 3.37 eV, and 3.06 eV, correspondingly & wavelength of all three particles is above 400 nm. This means that UV light irradiation with a wavelength lower than 400 nm begins a photoreaction. The characteristic of TiO2, ZnO, FeO is the more powerful oxidative power of the VB holes than the reducibility of photo-induced electrons. Morphology, crystal structure, and elemental composition as characterization are important to understand nanoparticles based study. Widespread techniques used for morphological analysis are Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM); Particle Size Analysis (PSA), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), etc. Chemical-based Techniques used are X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy (UV-Vis Spectroscopy), and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX). In the present era, thousands of dyes and pigments are produced in industries. A significant increase in the use of synthetic complex organic dyes as coloring material by textile industry has been presented. Comprehensively, synthetic dyestuffs are used in paper, textiles, printing industries, and dye houses. Estimation for the loss of color in waste stream during the manufacturing or processing operations of textile dyes indicates approximately 10 to 20% loss. Textile wastewater poses carcinogenic and genotoxic properties and affects the immune system and reproductive system. It is reported that most of the dyes and poisonous metals used in the color industries are stable to light and are non-biodegradable. In order to reduce the risk of environmental pollution from such waste, it is mandatory to treat them before discharging into the environment. Nanophotocatalyst can decompose most organic or inorganic substances in air or water by photocatalytic oxidation and reduce harmful inorganic substances in water. Current use of nanomaterials has been expanded in every fields of science including agriculture. Plants are very crucial to human and their surroundings but very few studies have been performed to assess the potentiality of nanoparticles in agriculture crops. It has been reported that use of micronutrient fertilizers in the form of NPs is a crucial way to release desired nutrients gradually and in a controlled way, which is fundamental to diminish the problems of fertilizer pollutions. It is because of that when materials are transformed to a nanoscale, which they revolutionize, their physical, chemical, and biological properties as well as catalytic properties and even more increase the chemical and biological activities. It is demonstrated that micronutrients in the form of NPs can be used in crop production to increase yield. Study on the effect of nanoparticles on the germination, growth and yield of crops is the need of an hour. Despite their great potential, the use of nanoparticles suffers certain restrictions under industrial process conditions like loss of nanoparticles, difficulty in separation and reuse of nanoparticles. To circumvent these limitations, several strategies for immobilization of nanocatalysts in polymer have been suggested. Nanoparticles immobilization appears to be an attractive approach to develop efficient catalyst with improved performances such as enhanced resistance to thermal and chemical inactivation, remarkable storage and operational stabilities, short response time and high reproducibility and reuse. Recently various immobilization materials like Ca-alginate beads, Chitosan, Polyvinyl Alcohol, Nanoporous Silica Gel, Polyacrylamide have been used for immobilization by researchers. Entrapment in Calcium alginate beads is of particular interest because of very mild and simple preparation conditions, non-toxicity, low cost and best performance. Indeed, Alginate is a natural anionic polysaccharide comprised of repetitive units of α-L-guluronic acid and β-D-mannuronic acid residues. Alginate chains are usually prepared by cross-linking of Guluronic acid with Mannuronic acid residues in the presence of divalent cations like Ca2+, Ba2+, Co2+. Therefore, in the present study an effort has been made on comparative investigations on synthesis, characterization of metallic nanoparticles and their applications in dye decolouration, biocidal activity, and abatement of pollutants from industrial effluents and agriculture. The present book would certainly be helpful to graduates, researchers, industrialists, practitioners and managers to use it as benchmark, concrete and conclusive remarks for dye decoloration as well as nutrients remediation of natural and anthropogenic industrial effluents using synthesized metallic nanoparticles at lab and industrial scales at regional, national and global scales.

A Novel Approach Neutro Spot Topology and Its Supra Topology With Separation Axioms and Computing the Impact on COVID 19

Abdel-Baset, M.; Chang, V.; Gamal, A. Evaluation of the green supply chain management practices: A novel neutrosophic approach. Computers in Industry 2019, 108, 210-220. 15. Abdel-Basset, M.; Mohamed, M.; Smarandache, F. An Extension of ...

Author: V. Chinnadurai

Publisher: Infinite Study


Category: Mathematics

Page: 25

View: 490


Neutrosophic soft set is a parametric set of uncertainty, whereas the neutrosophic soft point is an exceptional type of it which used highly to explore the separation axioms. In this study, the impression of neutrosophic soft topological space is stretched to a new topology which contains neutrosophic soft points as its elements and named as neutro-spot topological space. One more topology is defined on the complement of neutrosophic soft points which satisfies the condition of supra topological space and named as neutro-supra spot topological space. Also, defined the notion of interior and closure, and are approached in a different way, along with the concept of subspace topology of such topological spaces. Some related properties have been proved and disproved with counterexamples. Moreover, the approach to separation axioms in such spaces has been presented with descriptive examples. The current epidemic situation discussed as a real life application in decision making problem to detect the major impact of COVID-19 and recover them quickly. The affected people investigated by the doctors according to their symptoms and other medical issues. The process of solving specified in the algorithm and the estimation formula stated for calculation. The appropriate treatment is provided for affected people as per the estimated value.

A Novel Approach Of Computing With Words By Using Neutrosophic Information

A Novel Approach Of Computing With Words By Using Neutrosophic Information Ling Xin, Bin Zhou, Haitao Lin, Arindam Dey Abstract—The computing with Words (CW) is a well known soft computing method to find the solutions of many decision ...

Author: Ling Xin

Publisher: Infinite Study


Category: Mathematics

Page: 10

View: 172


The computing with Words (CW) is a well known soft computing method to find the solutions of many decision making problems in real life scenarios which consists of selective information used in natural language.

A Novel Approach for the Selection of Power Generation Technology Using a Linguistic Neutrosophic CODAS Method A Case Study in Libya

This paper presents a novel approach for treating uncertainty based on the application of LNN. An LNN-based approach is the integration of linguistic variables in neutrosophic decision theory. The LNN approach takes into account the ...

Author: Dragan Pamucar

Publisher: Infinite Study


Category: Mathematics

Page: 25

View: 439


This paper introduces an original multicriteria decision-making Pairwise-CODAS model in which the modification of the CODAS method was made using Linguistic Neutrosophic Numbers (LNN). The paper also suggests a new LNN Pairwise (LNN PW) model for determining the weight coefficients of the criteria developed by the authors.