A Comparative Overview of Mammalian Fertilization

It is hoped that this volume will serve to stimulate students to discover the myriad of fascinating research problems in gamete and reproductive biology.

Author: Bonnie S. Dunbar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: UOM:39015024806294

Category: Nature

Page: 457

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Chapters in the first section discuss the coevolution of mammalian gametes, comparative morphology, mammalian sperm membranes, sperm acrosomal enzymes and the acrosome reaction, morphogenesis of the mammalian egg cortex, and mammalian zonae pelucidae. Subsequent chapters focus on selected species--marsupials; bats; the mouse, golden hamster, rat, guinea pig, and rabbit; dogs and cats; the pig, horse, cow, and rhesus monkey; and man. Finally, new approaches for studying mammalian gametes are presented--micromanipulation, molecular biology to study sperm function, and to study development and function of oocytes. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

A Comparative Overview of Mammalian Fertilization

2 Comparative Morphology of Mammalian Gametes David M. Phillips and Gil L. Dryden 1. INTRODUCTION Among mammals there is a wide variation in gamete structure—particularly of male gametes. Interspecies differences exist on the gross ...

Author: Bonnie S. Dunbar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475789829

Category: Science

Page: 458

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In 1964, the Fertilization and Gamete Physiology Research Training Program (FERGAP) was established at the Marine Biological Laboratories, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Over the course of the next 12 years, under the directorship of Dr. Charles B. Metz, FERGAP brought together, trained, and inspired a generation of students in reproductive biology from all over the world. As students of C. B. Metz and as FERGAP trainees, we would like to dedicate this collected work on comparative mammalian fertilization to our teacher and mentor, Dr. Charles B. Metz. Like a number of authors contributing to this volume, we have been struck by the significant impact that C. B. Metz and FERGAP had on the development of students of reproductive biology. Applying both the classical and molecular techniques of cell biology and immunology to problems of gamete biology, Dr. Metz emphasized a comparative and analytical approach that was reflected in his own research on fertilization in Paramecia, sea urchins, frogs, and mammals. It is hoped that this volume will serve to stimulate students to discover the myriad of fascinating research problems in gamete and reproductive biology. Bonnie S. Dunbar Michael G. O'Rand Houston, Texas Chapel Hill, North Carolina ix Contents Part I COMPARATIVE OVERVIEW OF MAMMALIAN GAMETES The Coevolution of Mammalian Gametes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 J. Michael Bedford I. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. Gamete Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1. Monotremes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2. Marsupials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3. Eutherians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3. Gamete Maturation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 .1. Oocyte Maturation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2. Sperm Maturation in the Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 . . . . . . . . . .

Fertilization in Protozoa and Metazoan Animals

Dandekar P. Talbot P (1992) Perivitelline space of mammalian oocytes: extracellular matrix of unfertilized oocytes and ... Gamete Res 6:257–265 Dunbar BS, O'Rand MG (eds) (1991) A comparative overview of mammalian fertilization.

Author: Juan J. Tarin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642583018

Category: Science

Page: 318

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Reproduction is the origination of new organisms from pre-existing ones. Among more than 35 separated forms of reproduction including several types of gamogony, parthenogenesis, agamogenesis, fission and division, and plas motomy, the bisexual mode of reproduction via fertilization provides genetic variability that allows species to adapt quickly to competitive and constantly changing environments. Several excellent reviews and books have been written in the past to analyse the mechanisms of fertilization in different eukaryotic species. During the last few years, however, renewed attention has been paid to examining the process of oocyte fertilization at the cellular/molecular level not only within a single species/group but also through different phylogenetic lineages. As a result of this effort, knowledge of the molecular pathways used by oocytes and spermatozoa at fertilization has increased, but still many ques tions remain to be answered. Being aware of the necessity of providing an inte grated view of the process of fertilization, this book has been entirely devoted to reviewing the process of oocyte fertilization at the cellular/molecular level in two different and separated groups of eukaryotic organisms: protozoa and metazoan animals. The book is organized into six sections dealing with oocyte fertilization in protozoa, invertebrates, teleost fishes, amphibians, birds and mammals. These sections are followed by a summary/concluding chapter that provides a com parative overview of the process of fertilization in these groups of eukaryotes.

Veterinary Embryology

Neill. Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 597—601. Dunbar, BS. and O'Rand, M.G. (Eds.) (1991) A Comparative Overview of Mammalian Fertilization. Plenum Press, New York. Eisenbach, M. (1995) Sperm changes enabling fertilization in mammals.

Author: T. A. McGeady

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118708163

Category: Medical

Page: 719

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A thorough appreciation of the cellular, molecular and tissue changes which precede the birth of an animal is a fundamental requirement for understanding normal structural development and also abnormal processes which result in congenital defects. This textbook provides information relevant to many subjects taught in preclinical, paraclinical and clinical years. Early chapters describe and explain sequential events relating to the division, growth and differentiation of cells and to the formation of foetal membranes, implantation and placentation. Succeeding chapters trace the origin, growth, development and maturation of the major body systems. Age determination of the embryo and foetus is reviewed in a single chapter. Genetic, chromosomal and environmental factors which adversely affect pre-natal development are reviewed in the final chapter. A reading list at the end of each chapter offers additional sources of information on the topics discussed. Tables, flow diagrams and numerous hand-drawn illustrations provide information in a form which complements the concepts presented in the text. Key features: Written by a team which includes members with expertise in developmental anatomy, molecular biology and clinical aspects of veterinary medicine. The authors have extensive experience in the teaching of veterinary embryology and cognate subjects. Illustrations, hand-drawn by a veterinary graduate, are used extensively to explain organogenesis and system development. An explanatory glossary provides concise information on specialised terms used in the text. The index is designed for easy retrieval of information.

Evaluation and Treatment of the Infertile Male

A Comparative Overview of Mammalian Fertilization . New York : Plenum Press . Dunbar , B.S. , Prasad , S.V. & Timmons , T.M. ( 1991 ) . Comparative structure and function of mammalian zonae pellucidae . In A Comparative Overview of ...

Author: Grace M. Centola

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521602734

Category: Medical

Page: 342

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This volume provides a comprehensive account of the evaluation and treatment of the infertile male. It is suitable for all physicians who encounter this common medical problem. Despite the prevalance of male infertility as a common underlying cause of infertility, its evaluation and treatment remains a difficult and misunderstood area for many doctors - a problem this volume aims to overcome. It includes chapters which review the full range of modern techniques now available for analysing semen and identifying the underlying cause of infertility, and then goes on to consider the various treatment options. The volume also discusses endocrine assessment and treatment, psychological aspects of male infertility, and includes a chapter on female infertility. This will be a valuable source of reference for general practitioners and physicians, urologists and gynaecologists.

International Review of Cytology

''A Comparative Overview of Mammalian Fertilization.'' Plenum Press, New York. Einspanier, R., Laner, B., Wollenbanpt, K., and Schoeneck, C. (1996). Influence of semen proteins on the route of fertilization. Reprod. Domest. Anim.

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080489117

Category: Science

Page: 349

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International Review of Cytology presents current advances and comprehensive reviews in cell biology-both plant and animal. Articles address structure and control of gene expression, nucleocytoplasmic interactions, control of cell development and differentiation, and cell transformation and growth. Authored by some of the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for future research. Key Features * Cellular and Molecular Biology of Capacitation and Acrosome Reaction in Spermatozoa * Growth Factors and Epithelial-Stromal Interactions in Prostate Cancer Development * PCR-Detected Genome Polymorphism in Malignant Cell Growth * Cellulose Microfibrils in Plants: Biosynthesis, Deposition, and Integration into the Cell Wall * Cell Biology of Peroxisomes and Their Characteristics in Aquatic Organisms * Cellular Responses to Vasectomy

Gametes The Oocyte

A Comparative Overview of Mammalian Fertilization , New York : Plenum Press , 1991 : 457 . Blandau RJ . Biology of eggs and implantatation . In : Young WC , ed . Sex and Internal Secretions . London : Baillière , Tindall & Cox ...

Author: J. G. Grudzinskas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521479959

Category: Medical

Page: 458

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This is a detailed, comprehensive and timely account of the oocyte and its reproductive function.

Fertilization Mechanisms in Man and Mammals

The aim of this book, which is an extension of my recent review of cell surface interactions in fertilization (Gwatkin, 1976), is to present a brief, but well documented, account of the new knowledge that has been attained.

Author: Ralph Gwatkin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: UCAL:B4524622

Category: Nature

Page: 184

View: 763

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Fertilization in mammals normally occUrs within the oviduct, where it is relatively inaccessible to study. However, as a result of painstaking research, most of it carried out over the last five years, this barrier to experimentation has been largely overcome by the development of in vitro fertilization techniques for at least 11 different species, including man. The result has been a rapid increase in our knowledge of the physiological and bio chemical mechanisms involved in the fertilization process. The aim of this book, which is an extension of my recent review of cell surface interactions in fertilization (Gwatkin, 1976), is to present a brief, but well documented, account of the new knowledge that has been attained. Although this book deals with mammalian fertilization mechanisms, I have included some recent experiments on am phibian and invertebrate gametes to supplement the mammalian picture. This information is particularly valuable as the rela tively large number of eggs available from these lower forms has advanced our knowledge of certain fertilization mechanisms beyond what is known in mammals. However, in the interest of brevity, I have omitted details of morphology and minor varia tions between species. For these, and other aspects not covered here, the reader is referred to the books of Austin (1965, 1968), vii viii PREFACE Austin and Short (1972), Metz and Monroy (1969), Monroy (1965), Lord Rothschild (1956a), and Zamboni (l971a).

Introduction to Mammalian Reproduction

Zaneveld L.J.D., de Jonge C.J. “Mammalian Sperm Acrosomal Enzymes and the Acrosome Reaction.” In A Comparative Overview of Mammalian Fertilization, B. Dunbar, M. O'Rand, eds. New York: Plenum Press, 1991, 63-79. 6.

Author: Daulat Tulsiani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461502739

Category: Science

Page: 403

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Introduction to Mammalian Reproduction is a welcome contribution to the fields of gametogenesis, gamete transport, fertilization, and reproduction technologies. Key topics covered include: *formation and maturation of male gametes; *morphology and physiology of female gametes; *how the sperm meets the egg; *sperm-egg fusion, egg activation, and implantation of fertilized egg; *assisted reproduction and environmental chemicals that have an effect on formation and function of male and female gametes. This book is for both researchers and students involved in reproductive biology.

Fertilization

Fertilization occurs soon thereafter , as spermatozoa penetrate the cumulus oophorus , contact and penetrate the zona ... The comparative anatomy , histology and morphology of the mammalian oviduct . ... In " A Comparative Overview ...

Author: D. L. Garbers

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123116295

Category: Medical

Page: 456

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Gamete reansport / Susan S. Suarez -- Sperm motility activation and chemoattraction / Timothy A. Quill and David L. Garbers -- Capacitation / Bijay S. Jaiswal and Michael Eisenbach -- Function of the egg's extracellular matrix / Richard A. Cardullo and Catherine D. Thaler -- Sperm adhesion to the extracellular / Ming Bi, Michael J. Wassler, and Daniel M. Hardy -- Signal transduction mechanisms regulating sperm acrosomal exocytosis / Gregory S. Kopf -- Regulation of sperm ion currents / Alberto Darszon, Felipe Espinosa, Blanca Galindo, Daniel Sánchez, and Carmen Beltrán -- Function of the sperm acrosome/ George L. Gerton -- Gamete fusion in mammals / Paul Primakoff and Diana G. Myles -- Membrane events of egg activation / Karl Swann and Keith T. Jones -- Molecular genetics of fertilization / Patricia Olds-Clarke and Stephen H. Pilder -- Gemete immunobiology / M.G. O'rand and I.A. Lea -- Fertilization biophysics / D.P.L. Green -- Applications of fertility regulation for the management of ...