A Choctaw Reference Grammar

The authoritative reference on the grammar of the Choctaw language, written and compiled by its leading scholarly expert.

Author: George Aaron Broadwell

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803213158

Category: Social Science

Page: 375

View: 881


The authoritative reference on the grammar of the Choctaw language, written and compiled by its leading scholarly expert.

Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar

Valence,Semantic Case, and Grammatical Relations, Studies in Language Companion Series 1, ... Nicklas, T. Dale: 1979, Reference Grammar of the Choctaw Language,

Author: William D. Davies

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400945302

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 202

View: 325


The Choctaw language, indigenous to the southeastern United States, now with its greatest concentrations ofspeakers in Missis sippi, Oklahoma, and Los Angeles, has in the main escaped the scrutinyoftheoreticallinguistics. ItisnotthatChoctaw isanintrin sicallyuninterestinglanguage- aquickglanceataclausewithfive agreement controllers and a mismatch between the caseofafree standingnominaland its agreement affix should dispelthat notion. Rather it is, I think, the question of what we can learn from a languageinwhichNPsdon'tmovearound, "WHs"don'tfront, and gaps simply arise from pronominalization. My hope is that the presentvolume, takentogetherwithagrowingliteraturespurredon by the workofPamMunro and her students atUCLA, will bring Choctawintothelightofdayand into the circleoflanguagescon sidered when constructing theories that define "possible human language". Thepresentstudy, arevisionofmy 1981dissertation(University ofCalifornia, SanDiego), focusesfirstandforemostontheChoctaw agreementsystem, takingthisasthekeytothestructureofChoctaw syntax. The immediate goal, then, is to provide a unified account ofthestructures and rules underlyingtheagreement system. Along the way a rangeofgrammatical phenomena is examined, taken as evidence for particular structural configurations, and incorporated into awell-integratedaccountofmorphologicaland syntacticfacts. The resultsbearon anumber ofcurrent issues, includingthe Un accusative Hypothesis, the existence of demotions, the nature of antipassive, disjunctive rule application, universals of causative constructions, and others. For these reasons Choctawdeserves the scrutinyoftheoreticians. The data forming the corpus for analysis represent a variety of Oklahoma Choctaw. They were collected from a nativespeaker in San Diego between 1978 and 1982 and from various speakers in Oklahoma during two extended visits to Broken Bow in 1980. I lX PREFACE x wishtothankthespeakerswhohelpedmebysharingtheirlanguage andencouragingmystudies. MyworkonChoctawwassupportedin partbyfundsfrom theNationalScienceFoundation(throughgrant numberBNS78-17498totheUniversityofCalifornia, SanDiego), theAmericanPhilosophicalSociety(throughaPhillipsFundgrant), andtheDepartmentofLinguisticsatUCSD.

Cherokee Reference Grammar

He suggests that the word might come from a Choctaw word meaning 'cave' that gained usage through the Mobilian Trade Jargon. By the eighteenth century three ...

Author: Brad Montgomery-Anderson

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806149332

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 536

View: 566


The Cherokees have the oldest and best-known Native American writing system in the United States. Invented by Sequoyah and made public in 1821, it was rapidly adopted, leading to nineteenth-century Cherokee literacy rates as high as 90 percent. This writing system, the Cherokee syllabary, is fully explained and used throughout this volume, the first and only complete published grammar of the Cherokee language. Although the Cherokee Reference Grammar focuses on the dialect spoken by the Cherokees in Oklahoma—the Cherokee Nation and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians—it provides the grammatical foundation upon which all the dialects are based. In his introduction, author Brad Montgomery-Anderson offers a brief account of Cherokee history and language revitalization initiatives, as well as instructions for using this grammar. The book then delves into an explanation of Cherokee pronunciation, orthography, parts of speech, and syntax. While the book is intended as a reference grammar for experienced scholars, Montgomery-Anderson presents the information in accessible stages, moving from easier examples to more complex linguistic structures. Examples are taken from a variety of sources, including many from the Cherokee Phoenix. Audio clips of various text examples throughout can be found on the accompanying CDs. The volume also includes three appendices: a glossary keyed to the text; a typescript for the audio component; and a collection of literary texts: two traditional stories and a historical account of a search party traveling up the Arkansas River. The Cherokee Nation, as the second-largest tribe in the United States and the largest in Oklahoma, along with the United Keetoowah Band and the Eastern band of Cherokees, have a large number of people who speak their native language. Like other tribes, they have seen a sharp decline in the number of native speakers, particularly among the young, but they have responded with ambitious programs for preserving and revitalizing Cherokee culture and language. Cherokee Reference Grammar will serve as a vital resource in advancing these efforts to understand Cherokee history, language, and culture on their own terms.

Studies in Relational Grammar 2

References Byington , Cyrus . 1870. “ Grammar of the Choctaw Language . ” Ed . Daniel G. Brinton . Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society ...

Author: David M. Perlmutter

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226660516

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 385

View: 326


Vol. 2 coed. by Carol G. Rosen ; Vol. 3 ed. by Paul M. Postal and Brian D. Joseph.

Switch Reference 2 0

A Choctaw Reference Grammar. Lincoln NB: University of Nebraska Press. Carden, Guy, Gordon, Lynn & Munro, Pamela. 1982. Raising rules and the projection ...

Author: Rik van Gijn

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266774

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 503

View: 180


Switch reference is a grammatical process that marks a referential relationship between arguments of two (or more) verbs. Typically it has been characterized as an inflection pattern on the verb itself, encoding identity or non-identity between subject arguments separately from traditional person or number marking. In the 50 years since William Jacobsen’s coinage of the term, switch reference has evolved from an exotic phenomenon found in a handful of lesser-known languages to a widespread feature found in geographically and linguistically unconnected parts of the world. The growing body of information on the topic raises new theoretical and empirical questions about the development, functions, and nature of switch reference, as well as the internal variation between different switch-reference systems. The contributions to this volume discuss these and other questions for a wide variety of languages from all over the world, and endevaour to demonstrate the full functional and morphosyntactic range of the phenomenon.

Pre removal Choctaw History

... Choctaw Language and Culture: Chahta Anumpa (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001); and George A. Broadwell, A Choctaw Reference Grammar (Lincoln: ...

Author: Greg O'Brien

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806149882

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 523


In the past two decades, new research and thinking have dramatically reshaped our understanding of Choctaw history before removal. Greg O’Brien brings together in a single volume ten groundbreaking essays that reveal where Choctaw history has been and where it is going. Distinguished scholars James Taylor Carson, Patricia Galloway, and Clara Sue Kidwell join editor Greg O’Brien to present today’s most important research, while Choctaw writer and filmmaker LeAnne Howe offers a vital counterpoint to conventional scholarly views. In a chronological survey of topics spanning the precontact era to the 1830s, essayists take stock of the great achievements in recent Choctaw ethnohistory. Galloway explains the Choctaw civil war as an interethnic conflict. Carson reassesses the role of Chief Greenwood LeFlore. Kidwell explores the interaction of Choctaws and Christian missionaries. A new essay by O’Brien explores the role of Choctaws during the American Revolution as they decided whom to support and why. The previously unpublished proceedings of the 1786 Hopewell treaty reveal what that agreement meant to the Choctaws. Taken together, these and other essays show how ethnohistorical approaches and the “new Indian history” have influenced modern Choctaw scholarship. No other recent collection focuses exclusively on the Choctaws, making Pre-removal Choctaw History an indispensable resource for scholars and students of American Indian history, ethnohistory, and anthropology.

Conversational Dialogue Systems for the Next Decade

Broadwell GA (2006) A Choctaw reference grammar. U of Nebraska Press 6. Broadwell GA (2017) Parallel affix blocks in Choctaw. In: Proceedings of the 24th ...

Author: Luis Fernando D'Haro

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811583957

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 406

View: 687


This book compiles and presents a synopsis on current global research efforts to push forward the state of the art in dialogue technologies, including advances to the classical problems of dialogue management, language generation, question answering, human–robot interaction, chatbots design and evaluation, as well as topics related to the human nature of the conversational phenomena such as humour, social context, specific applications for e-health, understanding, and awareness

The Mississippi Encyclopedia

Instead, Choctaw has a special set of verbs to indicate the positional and spatial ... A Choctaw Reference Grammar (1996); James M. Crawford, ed., ...

Author: Ted Ownby

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781496811592

Category: Reference

Page: 1600

View: 214


The perfect book for every Mississippian who cares about the state, this is a mammoth collaboration in which thirty subject editors suggested topics, over seven hundred scholars wrote entries, and countless individuals made suggestions. The volume will appeal to anyone who wants to know more about Mississippi and the people who call it home. The book will be especially helpful to students, teachers, and scholars researching, writing about, or otherwise discovering the state, past and present. The volume contains entries on every county, every governor, and numerous musicians, writers, artists, and activists. Each entry provides an authoritative but accessible introduction to the topic discussed. The Mississippi Encyclopedia also features long essays on agriculture, archaeology, the civil rights movement, the Civil War, drama, education, the environment, ethnicity, fiction, folklife, foodways, geography, industry and industrial workers, law, medicine, music, myths and representations, Native Americans, nonfiction, poetry, politics and government, the press, religion, social and economic history, sports, and visual art. It includes solid, clear information in a single volume, offering with clarity and scholarship a breadth of topics unavailable anywhere else. This book also includes many surprises readers can only find by browsing.

A Grammar of Creek Muskogee

2006 A Choctaw Reference Grammar. Studies in the Anthropology of North American Indians. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.

Author: Jack B. Martin

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803211063

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 472

View: 698


Creek (or Muskogee) is a Muskogean language spoken by several thousand members of the Muscogee (Creek) and Seminole nations of Oklahoma and by several hundred members of the Seminole Tribe of Florida. This volume is the first modern grammar of Creek, compiled by a leading authority on the languages of the southern United States. ø Intended for scholars, students, and Creek instructors, this reference grammar describes all the major morphological and syntactic patterns in the language. Special attention is given to pitch accent and tone, active agreement, locative prefixes, tense, aspect, and switch reference. The description covers several hundred years of documentation and draws heavily on materials written by Creek speakers. It is likely to be the definitive source on the language for years to come.

Hualapai Reference Grammar

An alphabet system , where there is one symbol for one phoneme , was introduced to the Choctaw , and a Bible translation was undertaken in 1848 .

Author: Lucille J. Watahomigie


ISBN: UIUC:30112000464682

Category: Hualapai language

Page: 575

View: 239


A first and modest beginning toward a grammar of the Hualapai language, a Pai branch of the Yuman language family, this reference book is intended for use by: the Hualapai people to reaffirm the vitality of their language; the Hualapai teachers in their preparation of language materials for teaching; younger Haulapais to find the regularity and complexity of the language; and the linguists and general public to see the richness of the Hualapai language. Consisting of six parts, the reference book: reviews how a writing system was selected for the Hualapai language; explains the alphabet used and how each letter is pronounced; discusses the basic structure of Hualapai sentences with attention to noun and verb usage; explains how different types of sentences are formed and what they mean; and presents a discussion on nouns and pronouns. Other information provided includes an analysis of verbs in detail, a discussion of verbal expressions, and an explanation of sound symbolism; types and formation of useful expressions (modal, habit and repetition, and degree) are discussed and ways in which sentences can be expanded into longer and more complex ones are explained. Two appendices provide the vocabulary words and grammatical morphemes (Hualapai-English and English-Hualapai) that appear in the book. (ERB)

New Perspectives on Language Variety in the South

Paper presented at the Symposium on Grammatical Description of Undocumented Languages, SIL, Dallas, TX. ... Reference grammar of the Choctaw language.

Author: Michael D. Picone

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817318154

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 813

View: 970


An outgrowth of the LAVIS III symposium (2004), New Perspectives on Language Variety in the South: Historical and Contemporary Approaches comprises forty-five original essays (revised and reviewed) on a range of topics regarding the languages and dialects of the American South.

Here Hither Hence and Related Categories

A Choctaw reference grammar. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. Buchholz, Oda & Wilfried Fiedler. 1987. Albanische Grammatik. Leipzig: Enzyklopädie.

Author: Julia Nintemann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110672640

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 568

View: 193


As a follow-up study to the global comparison of spatial interrogatives (Studia Typologica 20), the present book examines the spatial declarative counterparts which are provided by the expression class of spatial deictic adverbs. In a functionally motivated typological approach, equivalents of Early Modern English here – hither – hence and there – thither – thence are identified across a sample of 250 languages from all macro-areas. These are also quantitatively assessed to extrapolate areal and global trends of coding patterns. The formal relationships between spatial interrogative and spatial declarative paradigms are analyzed with a focus on the syncretism of categories and of individual cells. Qualitative discussions of patterns precede in-depth treatments of problematic cases and other relevant issues related to the research topic. The quantitative results strongly point to areal linguistic trends concerning the distribution of distinct and non-distinct coding of the three spatial relations Place, Goal, and Source. Additional aspects such as quantitative evaluations of constructional complexity are addressed subsequently.

Linguistic Diversity in Space and Time

Choctaw morphophonemics. In Crawford ed. (1975), 237–49. . 1979. Reference Grammar of the Choctaw Language. Durant, OK; Choctaw Bilingual Education Program, ...

Author: Johanna Nichols

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226580593

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 374

View: 482


In this ground-breaking book, Johanna Nichols proposes means of describing, comparing, and interpreting linguistic diversity, both genetic and structural, providing the foundations for a theory of diversity based upon population science. This book will interest linguists, archaeologists, and population specialists. "An awe-inspiring book, unequalled in scope, originality, and the range of language data considered."—Anna Siewierska, Linguistics "Fascinating. . . . A brilliant pioneering study."—Journal of Indo-European Studies "A superbly reasoned book."—John A. C. Greppin, Times Literary Supplement

The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages

A Choctaw reference grammar. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Broadwell, George Aaron. 2015. Timucua -ta: Muskogean parallels.

Author: Daniel Siddiqi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351810265

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 598

View: 243


The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages is a one-stop reference for linguists on those topics that come up the most frequently in the study of the languages of North America (including Mexico). This handbook compiles a list of contributors from across many different theories and at different stages of their careers, all of whom are well-known experts in North American languages. The volume comprises two distinct parts: the first surveys some of the phenomena most frequently discussed in the study of North American languages, and the second surveys some of the most frequently discussed language families of North America. The consistent goal of each contribution is to couch the content of the chapter in contemporary theory so that the information is maximally relevant and accessible for a wide range of audiences, including graduate students and young new scholars, and even senior scholars who are looking for a crash course in the topics. Empirically driven chapters provide fundamental knowledge needed to participate in contemporary theoretical discussions of these languages, making this handbook an indispensable resource for linguistics scholars.

Basic Linguistic Theory Volume 3

Further Grammatical Topics R. M. W. Dixon. Boas, Franz. 1911b. 'Introduction', pp. ... A Choctaw reference grammar. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Author: R. M. W. Dixon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199571093

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 547

View: 824


R. M. W. Dixon provides a comprehensive guide to the nature of human languages and their description and analysis. The volumes comprise a one-stop introduction for undergraduate and graduate students of linguistics. "Truly a guide for the perplexed. Basic Linguistic Theory is destined to be a classic." Nick Enfield

Compendium of the World s Languages

Choctaw Broadwell, G.A. (2006) A Choctaw Reference Grammar, Lincoln, NE. Byington, C. (1870) Grammar of the Choctaw Language, Philadelphia.

Author: George L. Campbell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136258466

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1984

View: 798


This third edition of Compendium of the World’s Languages has been thoroughly revised to provide up-to-date and accurate descriptions of a wide selection of natural language systems. All cultural and historical notes as well as statistical data have been checked, updated and in many cases expanded. Presenting an even broader range of languages and language families, including new coverage of Australian aboriginal languages and expanded treatment of North American and African languages, this new edition offers a total of 342 entries over nearly 2000 pages. Key features include: Complete rewriting, systematization and regularisation of the phonology sections Provision of IPA symbol grids arranged by articulatory feature and by alphabetic resemblance to facilitate use of the new phonology sections Expansion of morphology descriptions for most major languages Provision of new illustrative text samples Addition of a glossary of technical terms and an expanded bibliography Comparative tables of the numerals 1-10 in a representative range of languages, and also grouped by family Drawing upon a wealth of recent developments and research in language typology and broadened availability of descriptive data, this new incarnation of George Campbell’s astounding Compendium brings a much-loved survey emphatically into the twenty-first century for a new generation of readers. Scholarly, comprehensive and highly accessible, Compendium of the World’s Languages remains the ideal reference for all interested linguists and professionals alike.


A Choctaw reference grammar. (Studies in the Anthropology of North American Indians). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. Bromley, H. Myron. 1981.

Author: Ksenia Shagal

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110633382

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 365

View: 482


The book is the first large-scale typological study of participles, based on data from more than 100 languages. Its main aim is to model the diversity of non-finite verb forms involved in adnominal modification. Participles are examined with respect to several morphological and syntactic parameters, and are shown to be a versatile cross-linguistic category. The book is of interest to language typologists and descriptive linguists.

The Languages of Native North America

Choctaw morphophonemics . In Crawford , ed . 237 - 49 1979 . Reference grammar of the Choctaw language . Curant , Oklahoma : Choctaw Bilingual Education ...

Author: Marianne Mithun

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052129875X

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 773

View: 579


An authoritative and detailed survey of the languages of the North American Indians.

Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics

Broadwell G.A. A Choctaw reference grammar. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2005. Davies W. Choctaw verb agreement and universal grammar.


Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080547848

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 9000

View: 439


The first edition of ELL (1993, Ron Asher, Editor) was hailed as "the field's standard reference work for a generation". Now the all-new second edition matches ELL's comprehensiveness and high quality, expanded for a new generation, while being the first encyclopedia to really exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics. * The most authoritative, up-to-date, comprehensive, and international reference source in its field * An entirely new work, with new editors, new authors, new topics and newly commissioned articles with a handful of classic articles * The first Encyclopedia to exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics through the online edition * Ground-breaking and International in scope and approach * Alphabetically arranged with extensive cross-referencing * Available in print and online, priced separately. The online version will include updates as subjects develop ELL2 includes: * c. 7,500,000 words * c. 11,000 pages * c. 3,000 articles * c. 1,500 figures: 130 halftones and 150 colour * Supplementary audio, video and text files online * c. 3,500 glossary definitions * c. 39,000 references * Extensive list of commonly used abbreviations * List of languages of the world (including information on no. of speakers, language family, etc.) * Approximately 700 biographical entries (now includes contemporary linguists) * 200 language maps in print and online Also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. The first Encyclopedia to exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics Ground-breaking in scope - wider than any predecessor An invaluable resource for researchers, academics, students and professionals in the fields of: linguistics, anthropology, education, psychology, language acquisition, language pathology, cognitive science, sociology, the law, the media, medicine & computer science. The most authoritative, up-to-date, comprehensive, and international reference source in its field