3D Biometrics

This book introduces four typical 3D imaging methods, and presents some case studies in the field of 3D biometrics. This book also includes many efficient 3D feature extraction, matching, and fusion algorithms.

Author: David Zhang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461474005

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 953

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Automatic personal authentication using biometric information is becoming more essential in applications of public security, access control, forensics, banking, etc. Many kinds of biometric authentication techniques have been developed based on different biometric characteristics. However, most of the physical biometric recognition techniques are based on two dimensional (2D) images, despite the fact that human characteristics are three dimensional (3D) surfaces. Recently, 3D techniques have been applied to biometric applications such as 3D face, 3D palmprint, 3D fingerprint, and 3D ear recognition. This book introduces four typical 3D imaging methods, and presents some case studies in the field of 3D biometrics. This book also includes many efficient 3D feature extraction, matching, and fusion algorithms. These 3D imaging methods and their applications are given as follows: - Single view imaging with line structured-light: 3D ear identification - Single view imaging with multi-line structured-light: 3D palmprint authentication - Single view imaging using only 3D camera: 3D hand verification - Multi-view imaging: 3D fingerprint recognition 3D Biometrics: Systems and Applications is a comprehensive introduction to both theoretical issues and practical implementation in 3D biometric authentication. It will serve as a textbook or as a useful reference for graduate students and researchers in the fields of computer science, electrical engineering, systems science, and information technology. Researchers and practitioners in industry and R&D laboratories working on security system design, biometrics, immigration, law enforcement, control, and pattern recognition will also find much of interest in this book.

3D Biometrics

This book introduces four typical 3D imaging methods, and presents some case studies in the field of 3D biometrics. This book also includes many efficient 3D feature extraction, matching, and fusion algorithms.

Author: David Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461474019

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 502

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Automatic personal authentication using biometric information is becoming more essential in applications of public security, access control, forensics, banking, etc. Many kinds of biometric authentication techniques have been developed based on different biometric characteristics. However, most of the physical biometric recognition techniques are based on two dimensional (2D) images, despite the fact that human characteristics are three dimensional (3D) surfaces. Recently, 3D techniques have been applied to biometric applications such as 3D face, 3D palmprint, 3D fingerprint, and 3D ear recognition. This book introduces four typical 3D imaging methods, and presents some case studies in the field of 3D biometrics. This book also includes many efficient 3D feature extraction, matching, and fusion algorithms. These 3D imaging methods and their applications are given as follows: - Single view imaging with line structured-light: 3D ear identification - Single view imaging with multi-line structured-light: 3D palmprint authentication - Single view imaging using only 3D camera: 3D hand verification - Multi-view imaging: 3D fingerprint recognition 3D Biometrics: Systems and Applications is a comprehensive introduction to both theoretical issues and practical implementation in 3D biometric authentication. It will serve as a textbook or as a useful reference for graduate students and researchers in the fields of computer science, electrical engineering, systems science, and information technology. Researchers and practitioners in industry and R&D laboratories working on security system design, biometrics, immigration, law enforcement, control, and pattern recognition will also find much of interest in this book.

Contactless 3D Fingerprint Identification

This unique work is a must-read for all researchers seeking to make further advances in this area, towards the exciting opportunities afforded by contactless 3D fingerprint identification for improving the hygiene, user convenience, and ...

Author: Ajay Kumar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319676814

Category: Computers

Page: 123

View: 486

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This important text/reference presents the first dedicated review of techniques for contactless 3D fingerprint identification, including novel and previously unpublished research. The text provides a systematic introduction to 3D fingerprint identification, covering the latest advancements in contactless 2D and 3D sensing technologies, and detailed discussions on each key aspect in the development of an effective 3D fingerprint identification system. Topics and features: introduces the key concepts and trends in the acquisition and identification of fingerprint images, and a range of 3D fingerprint imaging techniques; proposes a low-cost method for online 3D fingerprint image acquisition, and an efficient 3D fingerprint imaging approach using coloured photometric stereo; describes pre-processing operations on point cloud 3D fingerprint data, and explains the specialized operations for reconstructing 3D fingerprints from live finger scans; examines the representation of minutiae in 3D space, providing details on recovering these features from point cloud data, and on matching such 3D minutiae templates; reviews various 3D fingerprint matching methods, including binary surface code-based approaches and a tetrahedron-based matching approach; discusses the uniqueness of 3D fingerprints, evaluating the benefits of employing 3D fingerprint identification over conventional 2D fingerprint techniques. This unique work is a must-read for all researchers seeking to make further advances in this area, towards the exciting opportunities afforded by contactless 3D fingerprint identification for improving the hygiene, user convenience, and matching accuracy of fingerprint biometric technologies.

Advanced Fingerprint Recognition From 3D Shape to Ridge Detail

Kumar, A.: Contactless 3D Fingerprint Identification. Springer, Cham (2018) Parziale, G., Diaz-Santana, E., Hauke, R.: The surround imager tm: A ...

Author: Feng Liu

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811541285

Category: Computers

Page: 214

View: 836

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Fingerprints are among the most widely used biometric modalities and have been successfully applied in various scenarios. For example, in forensics, fingerprints serve as important legal evidence; and in civilian applications, fingerprints are used for access and attendance control as well as other identity services. Thanks to advances in three-dimensional (3D) and high-resolution imaging technology, it is now feasible to capture 3D or high-resolution fingerprints to provide extra information and go beyond the traditional features such as global ridge patterns and local ridge singularities used in conventional fingerprint recognition tasks. This book presents the state of the art in the acquisition and analysis of 3D and high-resolution fingerprints. Based on the authors’ research, this book focuses on advanced fingerprint recognition using 3D fingerprint features (i.e., finger shape, level 0 features) or high-resolution fingerprint features (i.e., ridge detail, level 3 features). It is a valuable resource for researchers, professionals and graduate students working in the field of computer vision, pattern recognition, security/biometrics practice, as well as interdisciplinary researchers.

Ear Biometrics in 2D and 3D

This book presents the state-of-the-art techniques and recent research progress on Ear Biometrics.

Author: Surya Prakash

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789812873750

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 116

View: 780

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This book presents the state-of-the-art techniques and recent research progress on Ear Biometrics. Among the various physiological traits, the reasons for the ear to gain much attention in recent years are many folds. It has been found to be a reliable biometrics for human verification and identification. Ears are remarkably consistent and unlike face, it does not change shape with different expressions or age, and remain fixed in the middle of the side of the head against a predictable background. The book contains figures, tables and plots to illustrate the techniques in an easy and lucid manner. The book also provides an extensive literature on the subject, where readers have the benefit of receiving all the relevant material at one place in a very comprehensive manner. This book caters students, academics, researchers, practitioners who are interested in the field of Ear Biometrics and its applications in face recognition and security.

Multispectral Biometrics

Describing several new biometric technologies, such as high-resolution fingerprint, finger-knuckle-print, multi-spectral backhand, 3D fingerprint, tongueprint, 3D ear, and multi-spectral iris recognition technologies, this book analyzes a ...

Author: David Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319224855

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 229

View: 973

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Describing several new biometric technologies, such as high-resolution fingerprint, finger-knuckle-print, multi-spectral backhand, 3D fingerprint, tongueprint, 3D ear, and multi-spectral iris recognition technologies, this book analyzes a number of efficient feature extraction, matching and fusion algorithms and how potential systems have been developed. Focusing on how to develop new biometric technologies based on the requirements of applications, and how to design efficient algorithms to deliver better performance, the work is based on the author’s research with experimental results under different challenging conditions described in the text. The book offers a valuable resource for researchers, professionals and postgraduate students working in the fields of computer vision, pattern recognition, biometrics, and security applications, amongst others.

Advanced Biometrics

Therefore, it is of high interest to explore new biometrics recognition techniques: 3D Biometrics. With the development of 3D techniques, it is possible to ...

Author: David Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319615455

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 335

View: 565

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This book describes a range of new biometric technologies, such as high-resolution fingerprint, finger-knuckle-print, multi-spectral backhand, 3D fingerprint, tongueprint, 3D ear, and multi-spectral iris technologies. Further, it introduces readers to efficient feature extraction, matching and fusion algorithms, in addition to developing potential systems of its own. These advanced biometric technologies and methods are divided as follows: 1. High-Resolution Fingerprint Recognition; 2. Finger-Knuckle-Print Verification; 3. Other Hand-Based Biometrics; and 4. New Head-Based Biometrics. Traditional biometric technologies, such as fingerprint, face, iris, and palmprint, have been extensively studied and addressed in many research books. However, all of these technologies have their own advantages and disadvantages, and there is no single type of biometric technology that can be used for all applications. Many new biometric technologies have been developed in recent years, especia lly in response to new applications. The contributions gathered here focus on how to develop a new biometric technology based on the requirements of essential applications, and how to design efficient algorithms that yield better performance.

Encyclopedia of Biometrics

Malassiotis et. al [2] conclude that given the current results biometric systems that exploit 3D hand geometry would be more suitable in low security ...

Author: Stan Z. Li

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387730028

Category: Computers

Page: 1433

View: 661

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With an A–Z format, this encyclopedia provides easy access to relevant information on all aspects of biometrics. It features approximately 250 overview entries and 800 definitional entries. Each entry includes a definition, key words, list of synonyms, list of related entries, illustration(s), applications, and a bibliography. Most entries include useful literature references providing the reader with a portal to more detailed information.

Biometrics

Edited by a panel of experts, this book fills a gap in the existing literature by comprehensively covering system, processing, and application aspects of biometrics, based on a wide variety of biometric traits.

Author: N. V. Boulgouris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470522348

Category: Computers

Page: 762

View: 396

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Edited by a panel of experts, this book fills a gap in the existing literature by comprehensively covering system, processing, and application aspects of biometrics, based on a wide variety of biometric traits. The book provides an extensive survey of biometrics theory, methods,and applications, making it an indispensable source of information for researchers, security experts, policy makers, engineers, practitioners, and graduate students. The book's wide and in-depth coverage of biometrics enables readers to build a strong, fundamental understanding of theory and methods, and provides a foundation for solutions to many of today’s most interesting and challenging biometric problems. Biometric traits covered: Face, Fingerprint, Iris, Gait, Hand Geometry, Signature, Electrocardiogram (ECG), Electroencephalogram (EEG), physiological biometrics. Theory, Methods and Applications covered: Multilinear Discriminant Analysis, Neural Networks for biometrics, classifier design, biometric fusion, Event-Related Potentials, person-specific characteristic feature selection, image and video-based face, recognition/verification, near-infrared face recognition, elastic graph matching, super-resolution of facial images, multimodal solutions, 3D approaches to biometrics, facial aging models for recognition, information theory approaches to biometrics, biologically-inspired methods, biometric encryption, decision-making support in biometric systems, privacy in biometrics.

Human Ear Recognition by Computer

At the frontier of research, this book offers complete coverage of human ear recognition.

Author: Bir Bhanu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848001299

Category: Computers

Page: 206

View: 260

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At the frontier of research, this book offers complete coverage of human ear recognition. It explores all aspects of 3D ear recognition: representation, detection, recognition, indexing and performance prediction. It uses large datasets to quantify and compare the performance of various techniques. Features and topics include: Ear detection and recognition in 2D image; 3D object recognition and 3D biometrics; 3D ear recognition; Performance comparison and prediction.

Advances in Biometrics

3D. Biometric. Systems. Shankru Guggari and D. V. Rajeshwari Devi ... Biometrics is the asset of a person comprising of physical appearance and behavioral ...

Author: G.R. Sinha

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030304362

Category: Medical

Page: 355

View: 589

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This book provides a framework for robust and novel biometric techniques, along with implementation and design strategies. The theory, principles, pragmatic and modern methods, and future directions of biometrics are presented, along with in-depth coverage of biometric applications in driverless cars, automated and AI-based systems, IoT, and wearable devices. Additional coverage includes computer vision and pattern recognition, cybersecurity, cognitive computing, soft biometrics, and the social impact of biometric technology. The book will be a valuable reference for researchers, faculty, and practicing professionals working in biometrics and related fields, such as image processing, computer vision, and artificial intelligence. Highlights robust and novel biometrics techniques Provides implementation strategies and future research directions in the field of biometrics Includes case studies and emerging applications

Advances in Biometrics

This paper proposes a new face representation (called a 3D signature) which is ... 2.1 ICP Match-Score 3D Face Biometrics Several ICP based 3D face matchers ...

Author: Massimo Tistarelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642017926

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1302

View: 447

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2009, held in Alghero, Italy, June 2-5, 2009. The 36 revised full papers and 93 revised poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 250 submissions. Biometric criteria covered by the papers are assigned to face, speech, fingerprint and palmprint, multibiometrics and security, gait, iris, and other biometrics. In addition there are 4 papers on challenges and competitions that currently are under way, thus presenting an overview on the evaluation of biometrics.

Biometrics

These devices have been used for other forms of 3D biometrics. 3D face and ear biometrics have been researched, but palm biometrics is still not capable of ...

Author: Yingzi (Eliza) Du

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789814364133

Category: Computers

Page: 326

View: 142

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This book introduces readers to the basic concepts, classical approaches, and the newest design, development, and applications of biometrics. It also provides a glimpse of future designs and research directions in biometrics. In addition, it discusses some latest concerns and issues in this area. Suitable for a wide range of readers, the book explains professional terms in plain English. Some concepts and designs discussed are so new that commercial systems based on them may not arrive in the market in the next 10 to 20 years.

Human Recognition at a Distance in Video

In addition, the work considers new video-based techniques for face profile recognition, and for the super-resolution of facial imagery obtained at different angles.

Author: Bir Bhanu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0857291246

Category: Computers

Page: 253

View: 631

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Most biometric systems employed for human recognition require physical contact with, or close proximity to, a cooperative subject. Far more challenging is the ability to reliably recognize individuals at a distance, when viewed from an arbitrary angle under real-world environmental conditions. Gait and face data are the two biometrics that can be most easily captured from a distance using a video camera. This comprehensive and logically organized text/reference addresses the fundamental problems associated with gait and face-based human recognition, from color and infrared video data that are acquired from a distance. It examines both model-free and model-based approaches to gait-based human recognition, including newly developed techniques where the both the model and the data (obtained from multiple cameras) are in 3D. In addition, the work considers new video-based techniques for face profile recognition, and for the super-resolution of facial imagery obtained at different angles. Finally, the book investigates integrated systems that detect and fuse both gait and face biometrics from video data. Topics and features: discusses a framework for human gait analysis based on Gait Energy Image, a spatio-temporal gait representation; evaluates the discriminating power of model-based gait features using Bayesian statistical analysis; examines methods for human recognition using 3D gait biometrics, and for moving-human detection using both color and thermal image sequences; describes approaches for the integration face profile and gait biometrics, and for super-resolution of frontal and side-view face images; introduces an objective non-reference quality evaluation algorithm for super-resolved images; presents performance comparisons between different biometrics and different fusion methods for integrating gait and super-resolved face from video. This unique and authoritative text is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students of computer vision, pattern recognition and biometrics. The book will also be of great interest to professional engineers of biometric systems.

Signal and Image Processing for Biometrics

The aim of this book is to deal with biometrics in terms of signal and image processing methods and algorithms.

Author: Amine Nait-Ali

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118588192

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 751

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The aim of this book is to deal with biometrics in terms of signal and image processing methods and algorithms. This will help engineers and students working in digital signal and image processing deal with the implementation of such specific algorithms. It discusses numerous signal and image processing techniques that are very often used in biometric applications. In particular, algorithms related to hand feature extraction, speech recognition, 2D/3D face biometrics, video surveillance and other interesting approaches are presented. Moreover, in some chapters, Matlab codes are provided so that readers can easily reproduce some basic simulation results. This book is suitable for final-year undergraduate students, postgraduate students, engineers and researchers in the field of computer engineering and applied digital signal and image processing. 1. Introduction to Biometrics, Bernadette Dorizzi. 2. Introduction to 2D Face Recognition, Amine Nait-Ali and Dalila Cherifi. 3. Facial Soft Biometrics for Person Recognition, Antitza Dantcheva, Christelle Yemdji, Petros Elia and Jean-Luc Dugelay. 4. Modeling, Reconstruction and Tracking for Face Recognition, Catherine Herold, Vincent Despiegel, Stéphane Gentric, Séverine Dubuisson and Isabelle Bloch. 5. 3D Face Recognition, Mohsen Ardabilian, Przemyslaw Szeptycki, Di Huang and Liming Chen. 6. Introduction to Iris Biometrics, Kamel Aloui, Amine Nait-Ali, Régis Fournier and Saber Naceur. 7. Voice Biometrics: Speaker Verification and Identification, Foezur Chowdhury, Sid-Ahmed Selouani and Douglas O’Shaughnessy. 8. Introduction to Hand Biometrics, Régis Fournier and Amine Nait-Ali. 9. Multibiometrics, Romain Giot, Baptiste Hemery, Estelle Cherrier and Christophe Rosenberger. 10. Hidden Biometrics, Amine Nait-Ali, Régis Fournier, Kamel Aloui and Noureddine Belgacem. 11. Performance Evaluation of Biometric Systems, Mohamad El-Abed, Romain Giot, Baptiste Hemery, Julien Mahier and Christophe Rosenberger. 12. Classification Techniques for Biometrics, Amel Bouchemha, Chérif Nait-Hamoud, Amine Nait-Ali and Régis Fournier. 13. Data Cryptography, Islam Naveed and William Puech. 14. Visual Data Protection, Islam Naveed and William Puech. 15. Biometrics in Forensics, Guillaume Galou and Christophe Lambert.

Handbook of Remote Biometrics

r Propose a method for a 3D face-based biometric authentication system for banking applications. Which sensor technology is appropriate?

Author: Massimo Tistarelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848823853

Category: Computers

Page: 381

View: 939

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The development of technologies for the identi?cation of individuals has driven the interest and curiosity of many people. Spearheaded and inspired by the Bertillon coding system for the classi?cation of humans based on physical measurements, scientists and engineers have been trying to invent new devices and classi?cation systems to capture the human identity from its body measurements. One of the main limitations of the precursors of today’s biometrics, which is still present in the vast majority of the existing biometric systems, has been the need to keep the device in close contact with the subject to capture the biometric measurements. This clearly limits the applicability and convenience of biometric systems. This book presents an important step in addressing this limitation by describing a number of methodologies to capture meaningful biometric information from a distance. Most materials covered in this book have been presented at the International Summer School on Biometrics which is held every year in Alghero, Italy and which has become a ?agship activity of the IAPR Technical Committee on Biometrics (IAPR TC4). The last four chapters of the book are derived from some of the best p- sentations by the participating students of the school. The educational value of this book is also highlighted by the number of proposed exercises and questions which will help the reader to better understand the proposed topics.

Advanced Fingerprint Recognition From 3D Shape to Ridge Detail

This book presents the state of the art in the acquisition and analysis of 3D and high-resolution fingerprints.

Author: Feng Liu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811541302

Category: Computers

Page: 214

View: 232

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Fingerprints are among the most widely used biometric modalities and have been successfully applied in various scenarios. For example, in forensics, fingerprints serve as important legal evidence; and in civilian applications, fingerprints are used for access and attendance control as well as other identity services. Thanks to advances in three-dimensional (3D) and high-resolution imaging technology, it is now feasible to capture 3D or high-resolution fingerprints to provide extra information and go beyond the traditional features such as global ridge patterns and local ridge singularities used in conventional fingerprint recognition tasks. This book presents the state of the art in the acquisition and analysis of 3D and high-resolution fingerprints. Based on the authors’ research, this book focuses on advanced fingerprint recognition using 3D fingerprint features (i.e., finger shape, level 0 features) or high-resolution fingerprint features (i.e., ridge detail, level 3 features). It is a valuable resource for researchers, professionals and graduate students working in the field of computer vision, pattern recognition, security/biometrics practice, as well as interdisciplinary researchers.

Handbook of Biometric Anti Spoofing

This authoritative and comprehensive handbook is the definitive work on the current state of the art of Biometric Presentation Attack Detection (PAD) – also known as Biometric Anti-Spoofing.

Author: Sébastien Marcel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319926278

Category: Computers

Page: 519

View: 363

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This authoritative and comprehensive handbook is the definitive work on the current state of the art of Biometric Presentation Attack Detection (PAD) – also known as Biometric Anti-Spoofing. Building on the success of the previous, pioneering edition, this thoroughly updated second edition has been considerably expanded to provide even greater coverage of PAD methods, spanning biometrics systems based on face, fingerprint, iris, voice, vein, and signature recognition. New material is also included on major PAD competitions, important databases for research, and on the impact of recent international legislation. Valuable insights are supplied by a selection of leading experts in the field, complete with results from reproducible research, supported by source code and further information available at an associated website. Topics and features: reviews the latest developments in PAD for fingerprint biometrics, covering optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology, and issues of interoperability; examines methods for PAD in iris recognition systems, and the application of stimulated pupillary light reflex for this purpose; discusses advancements in PAD methods for face recognition-based biometrics, such as research on 3D facial masks and remote photoplethysmography (rPPG); presents a survey of PAD for automatic speaker recognition (ASV), including the use of convolutional neural networks (CNNs), and an overview of relevant databases; describes the results yielded by key competitions on fingerprint liveness detection, iris liveness detection, and software-based face anti-spoofing; provides analyses of PAD in fingervein recognition, online handwritten signature verification, and in biometric technologies on mobile devicesincludes coverage of international standards, the E.U. PSDII and GDPR directives, and on different perspectives on presentation attack evaluation. This text/reference is essential reading for anyone involved in biometric identity verification, be they students, researchers, practitioners, engineers, or technology consultants. Those new to the field will also benefit from a number of introductory chapters, outlining the basics for the most important biometrics.

Advances in Biometrics

The University of Kentucky proposed a 3D touchless device for the simultaneous capture of the ten fingerprints of both hands based on structured light ...

Author: N. K. Ratha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781846289200

Category: Computers

Page: 503

View: 755

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Written for researchers, advanced students and practitioners to use as a handbook, this volume captures the very latest state-of-the-art research contributions from leading international researchers in the field.